The Department of Philosophy at McGill University has particular strength in the following areas: Ancient Philosophy; Early Modern Philosophy; Kant and post-Kantian German Philosophy; Philosophy of Language and Philosophy of Mind; Aesthetics; Moral and Political Philosophy; Feminist Philosophy; History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics; Contemporary European Philosophy; Philosophy of Action. The course of study leading to a PhD in philosophy includes course work and the preparation and defence of a thesis. Students normally take twelve courses over two years, including courses which satisfy requirements in logic, history of philosophy, value theory and metaphysics/epistemology. (Students may take some courses for credit at the Université de Montréal and the Université du Québec à Montréal). Students are expected to work with at least two members of faculty in the preparation of a thesis. The Department has an excellent placement record.