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Jake E. Barralet of McGill's Faculty of Dentisty and colleagues have adapted a printer to produce synthetic, three-dimensional structures to make bone grafts. Tests indicate that such porous, tailor-made structures could one day be implanted into patients to serve as biodegradable scaffolds for regrowing missing or damaged bone.
Half of all new HIV transmissions occur when people are unlikely to know they carry the virus and in some cases, wouldn't test positive for it because they are so newly infected, according to a new study authored by Mark Wainberg, director of the McGill AIDS Centre. The study is to be published in the April edition of the Journal of Infectious Diseases and is one of the first in the world to quantify how many of the newly infected are responsible for spreading the disease to others.
The McGill Martlets women's hockey team is the beneficiary of the largest single monetary donation to a women's sports program in Canadian university history. David Kerr and his wife Sheryl, Montreal natives and former McGill student-athletes, have bestowed a $1-million gift to ensure the women's program will always have a full-time head coach.
McGill cardiologists perform a new procedure that lets patients avoid open-heart surgery and return home within 48 hours. According to Dr. Joe Martucci and Dr. Adrian Dancea, the procedure can significantly delay the need for open-heart surgery and greatly reduce the life-long morbidity associated with some heart malformations.
Vikram Bhatt, Director of the Minimum Cost Housing Group of the McGill School of Architecture, and his team of students have been travelling the world over the last three years with a project called "Making the Edible Urban Landscape," designed to use even an impoverished piece of land to benefit those who live there — and the planet itself.
Morbidly obese men tend to have more breathing difficulties than morbidly obese women, partly because they have much larger waistlines, a new study suggests. Dr Gerald S. Zavorsky from the McGill University Health Centre and colleagues led the study.
"The idea that evolution is an important determinant of who we are as human beings is unquestionable," says Laurence Kirmayer, director of the division of social and transcultural psychiatry at McGill. "The question is, what does our evolutionary history or our theories of evolution tell us specifically about the nature of human problems or about their potential solutions?" The Los Angeles Times writes on evolutionary psychology, a burgeoning field that is starting to influence psychotherapy. Evolutionary psychology sees the mind as a set of evolved mechanisms, or adaptations, that have promoted survival and reproduction.
McGill researchers have found that a good dose of motherly love may be enough to alter our genetic code, leaving us less fearful and stressed out in later life. If the finding is confirmed it could lead to dramatic new insights into the effects of upbringing and life experiences on a vast range of medical conditions, including obesity, diabetes and depression. The study, by Moshe Szyf, Michael Meaney, Ian Weaver and their team at McGill, is published in the Journal of Neuroscience.
A McGill- and Harvard-sponsored conference held recently in Boston brought together about three dozen dairy researchers, from nutritional epidemiologists to dairy scientists, to discuss the hypothesis that hormones and growth factors in dairy increase cancer risk. Michael Pollak, an oncologist who studies cancer risk and IGF-1 at McGill, was one of the conference organizers.
The country's deep thinkers gather in Montreal this week for a conference marking the Charter of Rights and Freedoms' 25th birthday on April 17. Supreme Court judges from Canada and the U.S., constitutional experts and even the backroom boys who helped draft the law have been invited. Antonia Maioni, director of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada, is calling the event a "celebration," a review of both the triumphs and questions arising from this pivotal piece of legislation.
The genes associated with a risk of developing type 2 diabetes have been identified. The research, published online in Nature, is the first time the genetic makeup of any disease has been mapped in such detail. It should enable scientists to develop a genetic test to show an individual their likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. Rob Sladek and Constantin Polychronakos from McGill, along with scientists from Imperial College, London, and other international institutions, believe their findings explain up to 70% of the genetic background of type 2 diabetes.
Science Magazine looks at the International Laboratory for Brain, Music, and Sound Research (BRAMS), a joint project of McGill and Université de Montréal. The members of BRAMS, including McGill's Robert Zatorre, Université de Montréal's Isabelle Peretz and nine other Montreal-based lead investigators, aim to explore music's mysteries. They seek to understand how humans cooperate to perform together, how children and adults learn to play music, and the relationship between music and language. "BRAMS will allow us to use music as a portal into the most complex aspects of human brain function," says Dr. Zatorre.
The decades-long war between brand-name and generic drug manufacturers shows no signs of abating. But with a rapidly aging population and the spectre of new diseases on the horizon, there's new pressure to find a solution soon that can both motivate innovative research and sustain affordable drug prices. McGill's Richard Gold, director of the Centre for Intellectual Property Policy and a professor in IP and common-law property, is interviewed for this story in the Canadian Bar Association's National Magazine.
Victoria Kaspi laughs at the prediction beside her name in the high school yearbook. "My ambition was to be a famous scientist and mother of six." At 39, she's at least halfway there. An astrophysicist at McGill, Kaspi's groundbreaking research tracking pulsar stars has won her many accolades, most recently the CAP Herzberg medal and Steacie Prize, national awards for research excellence.
The United States lags far behind virtually all wealthy countries with regard to family-oriented workplace policies such as maternity leave, paid sick days and support for breast-feeding, according to a new study released by Harvard and McGill University researchers. The study, by lead author Jody Heymann, founder of the Harvard-based Project on Global Working Families and director of McGill's Institute for Health and Social Policy, says, "More countries are providing the workplace protections that millions of Americans can only dream of."