Russia's northern forests are magnificent carbon containers, the elimination of which could bring about catastrophic climate change. "The threats to the boreal forests don't seem significant right now," explains Nigel Roulet, a carbon cycle specialist at McGill University in Montreal. "But I'm convinced pressure will increase as the region gets warmer and it gets easier to operate there. "Also, I expect these resources to become more valuable as others are exhausted. That's why it's important to lock in legislation now."