Psychiatry professor Sonia Lupien of the Douglas Hospital
finds that high and sustained levels of cortisol, a stress hormone, can
cause atrophy of the hippocampus, leading to memory impairment.
Margaret Lock, professor of anthropology and social
studies of medicine, publishes Encounters with Aging, a
groundbreaking book that examines the cultural and medical contexts of
menopause in Japan and North America.
McGill researchers Denise Figlewicz, Guy
Rouleau, Jun Goto and Aldis
Krizus are the first to identify a gene that, when defective,
causes the hereditary form of Lou Gehrig's disease.
McGill researcher Judes Poirier is the first to link
Alzheimer's disease to apolipoprotein E (apoE), a protein found in the
McGill researchers Philippe Gros and Emil
Skamene isolate a gene in the mouse that acts as a defence against
a number of infectious diseases, including tuberculosis and leprosy.