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HIST 203 - Canada since 1867

Liaison librarian

  • eamon [dot] duffy [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Email) 514-398-4697

Secondary Sources


The difference between a scholarly book and a popular book is the intended audience. There are several indicators that a book might be scholarly, such as the inclusion of footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography, if it is published by a university press or written by an academic.


Popular articles appear in magazines and other publications aimed at the general reader. Scholarly articles appear in academic journals that put submissions through the peer-review process before they are published. Many databases will allow you to limit your results to scholarly articles only.

Theses and Dissertations

These documents are written by masters or doctoral degrees as a requirement for earning their degree.

Primary Sources

Diaries and memoirs

These documents are first-person accounts of a person’s private or public life.

Newspaper Articles

Government Reports and Debates of the House of Commons


See also the sources listed above in the Newspapers section.




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