Quick Links

HIST 203 - Canada since 1867

Liaison librarian

  • eamon [dot] duffy [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Email) 514-398-4697

Secondary Sources



The difference between a scholarly book and a popular book is the intended audience. There are several indicators that a book might be scholarly, such as the inclusion of footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography, if it is published by a university press or written by an academic.



Popular articles appear in magazines and other publications aimed at the general reader. Scholarly articles appear in academic journals that put submissions through the peer-review process before they are published. Many databases will allow you to limit your results to scholarly articles only.


Theses and Dissertations

These documents are written by masters or doctoral degrees as a requirement for earning their degree.




Primary Sources

The best way to identify relevant primary sources is by finding a good secondary source first and using its bibliography. You can also use the library catalogue in addition to the resources below.






Diaries and memoirs

These documents are first-person accounts of a person’s private or public life.


Government Documents (Electronic Databases)





Questions? Ask us!  Chat • Email • Text • Call            Send feedback    Report a problem