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Payam Akhavan

Professeur agrégé

Nouveau Pavillon Chancellor-Day
Salle 614
3644, rue Peel 
Montréal, Québec
Canada H3A 1W9

514-398-8232 [Bureau]
payam [dot] akhavan [at] mcgill [dot] ca (Courriel)


Biographie

Le professeur Payam Akhavan enseigne et poursuit ses recherches dans les domaines du droit international public, du droit pénal international et de la justice transitoire avec un intérêt particulier pour les droits de la personne et multiculturalisme, la répression des crimes de guerre, la réforme de l’ONU et la prévention du crime de génocide.

Il a de nombreuses publications à son nom, y compris « Beyond Impunity: Can International Criminal Justice Prevent Future Atrocities? » (2001) American Journal of International Law 7, un article très cité qui a été sélectionné par l’International Library of Law and Legal Theory comme un des « plus importants essais publiés en études juridiques contemporaines ».

Il est aussi l’auteur du Report on the Work of the Office of the Special Advisor of the United Nations Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide (2005), a été président de la Conférence mondiale sur la prévention du génocide (2007), et est l’un des producteurs du documentaire “Genos.Cide: The Great Challenge” (2009).

Son livre “Reducing Genocide to Law: Definition, Meaning, and the Ultimate Crime” (Cambridge University Press, 2012)  a été approuvé par le Procureur de la Cour pénale internationale comme une « réflexion pénétrante sur les efforts visant à concrétiser des aspirations mondiales."

Payam Akhavan a servi comme premier conseiller juridique auprès du Procureur aux Tribunaux pénaux internationaux pour l’ex-Yougoslavie et le Rwanda (1994-2000) et fait d’importantes contributions à la jurisprudence de ces tribunaux.

Il a également travaillé sur le terrain avec l'Organisation des Nations Unies en Bosnie, en Croatie, au Cambodge, au Guatemala, au Timor-Leste et au Rwanda. Il est membre des barreaux d New York et du Haut-Canada.

Il a comparu comme avocat et défenseur dans les cas devant la Cour internationale de justice (Application de la Convention sur la prévention de la discrimination raciale, Géorgie c. Russie), la Cour pénale internationale (avocat pour la Libye dans l'affaire Kadhafi, et avocat pour l'Ouganda dans l'affaire Kony), la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme (Akçam c. Turquie), la Cour permanente d'arbitrage (Commission d’indemnisation Érythrée-Éthiopie, Guyane c. Suriname pour la délimitation de la frontière maritime, Bangladesh c. Inde pour la délimitation de la frontière maritime), le Tribunal international du droit de la mer (Bangladesh c. Myanmar pour la délimitation des frontières maritimes), et comme amicus curiae devant la Cour suprême des États-Unis (Hamdi c. Rumsfeld et Padilla c. Rumsfeld).

Payam Akhavan est aussi l’un des fondateurs du Iran Human Rights Documentation Centre; il siège au conseil consultatif de nombreuses organisations non gouvernementales  et il a fait campagne au nom de nombreux prisonniers politiques.

On a fait mention de son leadership dans le mouvement de la société civile iranienne dans le New York Times, Maclean’s, et le film documentaire «The Green Wave". Il est apparu souvent sur CNN, BBC, Al Jazeera, CBC, CTV, le New York Times, le Washington Post, le Globe & Mail, et d'autres médias en tant que commentateur et éditorialiste sur les questions de droits de la personne.

Le professeur Payam Akhavan a été reconnu pour ses accomplissements comme un Young Global Leader par le World Economic Forum et il a reçu de nombreuses accolades et prix.

Mentions dans les médias

Entrevue sur l'émission Hardtalk avec Allan Little, BBC World Service, 13 août 2013

Helping the revolution, Maclean's, 17 septembre 2009

International Court Hears Georgian Case, New York Times, 9 septembre 2008

Thinking of Home And of Human Rights, New York Times, 9 janvier 2005

Études

S.J.D., Harvard University, 2001

LL.M., Harvard University, 1990

LL.B., Osgoode Hall Law School, 1989

Membre du Barreau de l’État de New York, 2002 -

Parcours professionnel

Professeur agrégé, Faculté de droit, Université McGill, 2006-

Boursier Boulton senior, Faculté de droit, Université McGill, 2005-2006

Boursier senior, Yale Law School and Yale University Genocide Studies Program, New Haven, 2003-2005

Associé senior, Debevoise & Plimpton, New York, 2001-2003

Chargé d'enseignement senior et boursier, Leiden University, The Netherlands, 2000-2001

Conseiller juridique, Bureau du Procureur, Tribunal pénal international pour l'ancienne Yougoslavie et Tribunal international pour le Rwanda, La Haye, Pays-Bas, 1994-2000

Spécialiste des droits de l'homme, Centre pour les droits de l'homme, Genève, Zagreb et Sarajevo, 1993-1994

Associé de recherche, Institut danois pour les droits de l’homme, Copenhague, Danemark, 1991-1993

Associé de recherche, Institut norvégien pour les droits de l’homme, Oslo, Norvège, 1990-1991

Champs d'intérêt

Droit international, réforme de l’ONU, droit comparé, droit international des droits de la personne, droit des conflits armés, droit et la société, justice transitoire, prévention du crime de génocide, l’Islam et l’Occident, et droit pénal international.

Publications

Publications à venir

“The Quebec Question for the Next Generation”, University of Toronto (7 February 2012) (à paraître)
 

Articles de revue

"Preventing Genocide: Measuring Success by What Does Not Happen." 22:1-33 Criminal Law Forum (2011)
"Self-referrals before the International Criminal Court: Are States the Villains or the Victims of Atrocities?" 21:1 Criminal Law Forum. 103 (2010)
 
"Whither National Courts? The Rome Statute’s Missing Half: Towards An Express and Enforceable Obligation For the National Repression of International Crimes." Journal of International Criminal Justice 1245 (2010).
 
"Self-referrals before the International Criminal Court: Are States the Villains or the Victims of Atrocities?" Criminal Law Forum. 2010; 21:1.

 "Are Tribunals a Disincentive to Peace? Reconciling Judicial Romanticism with Political Realism." Human Rights Quarterly. 2009; 31:3.
 
"Should Duress Apply to All Crimes? A Comparative Appraisal of Moral Involuntariness and the Twenty Crimes Exception under Section 17 of the Criminal Code." Canadian Review of Criminal Law. 2009; 13:271.
 
"Amicus Curiae Brief on Joint Criminal Enterprise in the Matter of the Co-Prosecutors’ Appeal of the Closing Order Against Kaing Guek Eav ‘Duch’ Dated 8 August 2008" (with Provost R. et al). Criminal Law Forum. 2009; 20:2.
 
"Reconciling Crimes Against Humanity with the Laws of War: Human Rights, Armed Conflict, and the Limits of Progressive Jurisprudence." Journal of International Criminal Justice. 2008; 6:21.
 
"Proliferation of Terminology and the Illusion of Progress." Genocide Studies and Prevention. 2007; 2:73.
 
"Report on the Work of the Office of the Special Advisor of the United Nations Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide." Human Rights Quarterly. 2006; 4.
 
"Justice, Power, and the Realities of Interdependence: Lessons from the Milošević and Hussein Trials." Cornell International Law Journal. 2005; 38:973.
 
"The Crime of Genocide in ICTR Jurisprudence." Journal of International Criminal Justice. 2005; 3:989.
 
"The Lord’s Resistance Army Case: Uganda’s Submission of the First State Referral to the International Criminal Court." American Journal of International Law 2005; 99:403.
 
"Justice as Aberration: Reflections on the Historical Significance of the International Criminal Court." World Order 2003; 34.2:51-53.
 
"The International Criminal Court in Context: Mediating the Global and Local in the Age of Accountability." American Journal of International Law. 2003; 97:712.
 
"Beyond Impunity: Can International Criminal Justice Prevent Future Atrocities?" American Journal of International Law. 2001; 95:7.
 
"Justice in the Hague, Peace in the former Yugoslavia? A Commentary on the UN War Crimes Tribunal." Human Rights Quarterly. 1998; 20:737.
 
"The Contribution of the Ad Hoc Tribunals to International Humanitarian Law: The Dilemmas of Jurisprudence." American University International Law Review. 1998; 13.6:1518.
 
"Justice and Reconciliation in the Great Lakes Region of Africa: The Contribution of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda." Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law. 1997; 7:325.
 
"The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda: The Politics and Pragmatics of Punishment." American Journal of International Law. 1996; 90:501.
 
"Enforcement of the Genocide Convention: A Challenge to Civilization." Harvard Human Rights Journal. 1995; 8:229.
 
"Lessons from Iraqi Kurdistan: Self-Determination and Humanitarian Intervention Against Genocide." Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights. 1993; 11:41.
 
"Punishing War Crimes in the Former Yugoslavia: A Critical Juncture for the New World Order." Human Rights Quarterly. 1993; 15:262.
 
"Enforcement of the Genocide Convention Through the Advisory Opinion Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice." Human Rights Law Journal. 1991; 21:285.
 
"Peoples or Populations? Critical Question for the World’s Indigenous People." [In Scandinavian] Nordic Journal of Human Rights. 1991; 3-264.
 
"Self-determination in the New Europe." [in Scandinavian] Nordic Journal of Human Rights. 1991; 4:379.
 
"The Application of the Doctrine of State Responsibility to Refugee Creating States" (with Bergsmo M.). Nordic Journal of International Law. 1989; 58.3/4:243.
 

Livres et monographies

Reducing Genocide to Law: Definition, Meaning, and the Ultimate Crime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
 
Confronting Genocide: Jus Gentium Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice 7 (co-edited with René Provost). Springer Publications. 2010

Yugoslavia, The Former and Future: Reflections by Scholars from the Region. Washington, D.C. & Geneva: Brookings Institute; UN Research Institute for Social Development. 1995; 181 pp.
 

Articles ou chapitres de livre et monographies

"Ayatollah Montazeri’s Brave Struggle For Justice." In: Nader Hashemi & Danny Postel, eds. The People Reloaded: The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran's Future. New York: Melville House. 2011.
 
"Canadian Values and International Human Rights Law: The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination – A Case Study." In Race, femme, enfant, handicap: les conventiones internationales et le droit interne à la lumiere des enjeux pratiques du droit à l’égalité. (Le Tribunal des Droits de la Personne et le Barreau du Québec) (Éditions Yvon Blais, 2011)
 
"International Criminal Justice in the Era of Failed States: The ICC and the Self-Referrals Debate." In: Carstan Stahn, ed. The International Criminal Court and Complementarity: From Theory to Practice. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
 
“The Baha’i Community, Human Rights, and the Construction of a New Iranian Identity”, in Ramin Jahanbegloo (ed.) Democracy and Civil Society in Iran (Lexington Press, 2011)
 
"The Universal Repression of Crimes Against Humanity before National Jurisdictions: The Need for a Treaty-Based Obligation to Prosecute." In: Leila Sadat, ed. Forging a Convention for Crimes Against Humanity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
"International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia." In: Shelton DL, ed. Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. New York: Macmillan Reference USA. 2004.
 
"The Origin and Evolution of Crimes Against Humanity: An Uneasy Encounter Between Positive Law and Moral Outrage." In: Bergsmo M, ed. Human Rights and Criminal Justice for the Downtrodden: Essays in Honour of Asbjørn Eide. Boston & Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers; Brill Academic Publishers. 2003; 3-17.
 
"The New Frontiers of Judicial Enforcement: The International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda." In: Alfredsson G et al., eds. International Human Rights Monitoring Mechanisms: Essays in Honour of Jakob Th. Möller. The Hague & Lund: Martinus Nijhoff; The Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. 2001; 441-456.
 
"Self-Determination and the Disintegration of Yugoslavia: What Lessons for the International Community?" In: Clark D & Williamson R, eds. Self-Determination: International Perspectives. London & New York: MacMillan Press; St. Martin's Press. 1996; 227-248.
 
"The 1993 World Conference on Human Rights: Rhetoric and Reality." In: Bradbury ML & Bushrui S, eds. Divisive Barbarity or Global Civilization? The Ethical Dimensions of Science, Art, Religion and Politics. Bethesda: University Press of Maryland. 1996; 189-200.
 
"The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.” In: Lattanzi F & Sciso E, eds. Dai Tribunali Penali Internazionali Ade Hoc a Una Corte Permanente. Napoli: Editoriale Scientifica. 1996; 191-201
 
"Implications of Twelver Shi’ih Mihdism on Religious Tolerance: The Case of the Bahá’í Religious Minority in the Islamic Republic of Iran." In: Vogt K & Lindholm T, eds. Islamic Law Reform and Human Rights. Copenhagen, Lund, Oslo, Turku/Åbo: Nordic Human Rights Publications. 1993; 197-218.
 

Compte rendus de livres

Book review of Nazila Ghanea, "Human Rights, the UN and the Baha'is in Iran". Baha'i Studies Review. 2004; 12:144-150.
 
Book review of Steven R. Ratner and Jason S. Abrams, "Accountability for Human Rights Atrocities in International Law: Beyond the Nuremberg Legacy". American Journal of International Law. 1999; 93:253.

Communications de congrès

The Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade, February 15th, 2012.
Related Links
Link to testimony
 
Sub-Committee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development, House of Commons, Ottawa, February 15th, 2011, 3rd Session, 40th Parliament.
Related Links
Link to testimony
 
“The Arab Spring and International Criminal Justice”, Canadian Council of International Law, Proceedings of the Annual Conference (5 November 2011) (forthcoming)
 
"The Baha’i Community, Human Rights, and the Construction of a New Iranian Identity." Gozaar: Forum on Human Rights and Democracy in Iran. 2010.
"International Criminal Activity: Policing the Law Breakers and Human Rights." Canadian Council of International Law: Proceedings of the Annual Conference. 15 October 2009.
 
Testimony on the Human Rights Situation in Iran. Sub-Committee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development, House of Commons, Ottawa. 2nd Session, 40th Parliament, 26 February 2009.
Liens : Link to testimony
 
"Heirs to a Rich Civilization: Speech by Payam Akhavan at the Iranian Studies Biannual Conference." Gozaar: Forum on Human Rights and Democracy in Iran. 3 August 2008.
 
"Prevention of Genocide." Global Symposium + 5: Information for Humanitarian Action. Final Report, United Nations. 2008; Keynote 3, 45-48.
 
"Advancing Religious Freedom and Related Human Rights in Iran: Strategies for an Effective U.S. Policy." Public Hearing of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom, Washington, D.C. 21 February 2008.
Liens : Link to testimony
 
Testimony before the Standing Committee on Human Rights of the Senate of Canada on United Nations Human Rights Council and treaty-bodies, Ottawa. 12 February 2007.
Liens : Link to testimony
 
Testimony on the Human Rights Situation in Iran. Sub-Committee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development, House of Commons, Ottawa. 1st Session, 39th Parliament, 27 March 2007.
Liens : Link to testimony
 
"Contributions of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda to Development of Definitions of Crimes against Humanity and Genocide." International Law in Ferment: A New Vision for Theory and Practice, Proceedings of the 94th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law. 2000; 279.
 
"The Genocide Convention after Fifty Years: Contemporary Strategies for Combating a Crime against Humanity." The Challenge of Non-State Actors, Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law. 1998; 7.

Dans les médias

Beyond Freedom: Building Iran’s Future Today, Rooz On-Line (31 November 2011)
 

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