Associate Members

Oliver Coomes

Professor, Department of Geography.  PhD, Wisconsin-Madison

Research Interests

  • Environment and Development in Latin America;
  • Peasant economy;
  • Cultural ecology;
  • Environmental conservation and economic development;
  • Traditional agriculture and rainforest extraction;
  • Peasant adaptation to environmental and economic change in Amazonia.

Selected Publications

  • Wood, S.L.R., J.M. Rhemtulla and O.T. Coomes. 2016. “Intensification of tropical fallow-based agriculture: Trading-off ecosystem services for economic gain in shifting cultivation landscapes?”, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 215: 47-56.
  • Thomas, M., Verzelen, N., Barbillon, P., Coomes, O.T., Caillon, S., McKey, D., Elias, M., Garine, E., Raimond, C., Dounias, E., Jarvis, D.I., Wencélius, J., Leclerc, C., Labeyrie, V., Pham, H.C., Hue, N.T.N, Sthapit, B., Rana, R.B., Barnaud, A., Violon, C., Arias Reyes, L.M., Moreno, L.L., De Santis, P., Massol. F. 2015. A network-based method to detect patterns of local crop biodiversity: validation at the species and infra-species levels. Advances in Ecological Research (in press).
  • Coomes, O.T., S.J. McGuire, E. Garine, S. Caillon, D. McKey, E. Demeulenaere, D. Jarvis, G. Aistara, A. Barnaud, P. Clouvel, L. Emperaire, S. Louafi, P. Martin, F. Massol, M. Pautasso, C. Violon, J. Jean Wencélius. 2015. “Farmer seed networks make a limited contribution to agriculture? Four common misconceptions”, Food Policy 56: 41-50
  • Webb, J., O.T. Coomes, N. Mainville and D. Mergler. 2015. “Mercury contamination of fish from rivers affected by oil extraction and deforestation in the Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazon”, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology DOI 10.1007/s00128-015-1588-3
  • Abizaid, C., O.T. Coomes, Y. Takasaki and S. Brisson. 2015. “Social network analysis and peasant agriculture: cooperative labor as gendered relational networks”, The Professional Geographer 67(3): 447-463. DOI: 10.1080/00330124.2015.1006562.
  • Miltner, B.C. and O.T. Coomes. 2015. “Indigenous innovation incorporates biochar into swidden-fallow agroforestry systems: Charcoal kiln site agriculture in the Peruvian Amazon”, Agroforestry Systems 89(3): 409-420. DOI 10.1007/s10457-014-9775-5.
  • Takasaki, Y., O.T. Coomes and C. Abizaid. 2014. “An efficient nonmarket institution under imperfect markets: labor sharing for tropical forest clearing”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics 96(3): 711-732.
  • Pautasso, M., Aistara, G., Barnaud, A., Caillon, S., Clouvel, P., Coomes, O.T., Delêtre, M., Demeulenaere, E., De Santis, P., Döring, T., Eloy, L., Emperaire, L., Garine, E., Goldringer, I., Jarvis, D., Joly, H.I., Leclerc, C., Louafi, S., Martin, P., Massol, F., McGuire, S., McKey, D., Padoch, C., Soler, C., Thomas, M. and Tramontini, S. 2013 "Seed exchange networks in agrobiodiversity conservation: concepts, methods and challenges". Agronomy for Sustainable Development 33(1): 151-175.
  • Caillon, S. and O.T. Coomes. 2012. "Agriculture traditionnelle et fleurs coupées: un marriage réussi en Amazonie". Journal des Anthropologues 128-129 : 85-113.
  • Salonen, M., T. Toivonen, J-M Cohalan and O.T. Coomes. 2012. "Critical distances: comparing measures of spatial accessibility in the riverine landscapes of Peruvian Amazonia". Applied Geography 32: 501-513.
  • Coomes, O.T., Y. Takasaki, J. Rhemtulla 2011. “Land-use poverty traps identified in shifting cultivation systems shape long-term tropical forest cover” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108 (34): 13925-13930

Franque Grimard

Associate Professor, Department of Economics.  PhD, Princeton

Research Interests

  • Economic Development;
  • Labor Markets;
  • Integration of Women in Labor Force;
  • Credit markets and Bank Failures;
  • Trade and Growth, Tax Reform;
  • Côte d'Ivoire, Pakistan, Peru;
  • Health Economics;
  • Smoking and Low Income Households in Canada;
  • Environment Economics;
  • Agroforestry Practices, Sustainable Agricultural Practices.

Erik Kuhonta

Associate Professor, Department of Political Science.  PhD, Princeton

Research Interests

  • Comparative Politics and Southeast Asian Politics
  • Political Economy of Development
  • Inequality
  • State Formation
  • Political Parties
  • Democracy
  • Religion
  • Qualitative Methods

Comparative-Historical Analysis

Selected publications

Books
  • 2011. The Institutional Imperative: The Politics of Equitable Development in Southeast Asia (Stanford: Stanford University Press).  [Short-listed for the 2012 Canadian Political Science Association Prize in Comparative Politics,Reviewed in 7 journals, 1 newspaper, and 1 webblog; symposium in 1 journal]
  • 2008. Southeast Asia in Political Science: Theory, Region, and Qualitative Analysis. (editor with Dan Slater and Tuong Vu) (Stanford: Stanford University Press; in the East-West Center Series on Contemporary Issues in Asia and the Pacific).[Reviewed in 6 journals; symposium in 1 journal]
Journal Articles
  • 2012. "From the Street to the Ballot Box: The July 2011 Elections and The Rise of Social Movements in Thailand." (with Aim Sinpeng) Contemporary Southeast Asia 34, 3 (December): 389-415.
  • 2011. “Shadows from the Past: Party System Institutionalization in Asia.” (with Allen Hicken) Comparative Political Studies 44, 7 (July): 572-597.
  • 2010. “Roundtable on Southeast Asia in Political Science.” Journal of East Asian Studies 10, 2 (June): 171-208. [This is a roundtable on my co-edited book, in which four political scientists critique the book, and the three co-editors then respond.]
  • 2008. “The Paradox of Thailand’s 1997 ‘People’s Constitution’: Be Careful What You Wish For.” Asian Survey 48, 3 (May/June): 373-392
  • 2006. “Walking a Tightrope: Democracy versus Sovereignty in ASEAN’s Illiberal Peace.” Pacific Review 19, 3 (September): 337-358.
  • 2006. “Thaksin Triumphant: The Implications of One-Party Dominance.” (with Alex M. Mutebi) Asian Affairs 33, 1 (Spring): 39-51.
  • 2004. “United States Foreign Policy in Southeast Asia: The Imperative of Institutions.” Harvard Asia Quarterly (Fall): 4-11.
  • 2003. “The Political Economy of Equitable Development in Thailand.” American Asian Review 21, 4 (Winter): 69-108.
Book chapters
  • 2008. “Development and its Discontents: The Case of the Pak Mun Dam in Northeastern Thailand.” In Dominique Caouette and Sarah Turners, eds., Agrarian Angst and Rural Resistance in Southeast Asia (London: Routledge Press), 135-158.
  • 2008. “Toward Responsible Sovereignty: The Case for Intervention.” In Donald K. Emmerson, ed., Hard Choices: Security, Regionalism, and Democracy in Southeast Asia (Stanford: Walter Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center), 293-313.

Publications available here

Philip Oxhorn

Professor, Department of Political Science.  PhD, Harvard

Research Interests

  • Theories of Civil Society, Democracy and Citizenship
  • The relationship between short-term conflict resolution and longer term goals of development and democratization in fragile and post-conflict states
  • Civil Society and the Promotion of Public Health: A North-South Comparison of Civil Society’s Role in the Prevention and Treatment of Highly Contagious Disease
  • The linkages between gender equality, economic growth and Household Incomes
  • Civil Society and the Resolution of Contemporary Problems: Crime, Low Quality Education and Sustainable Development
  • Latin American Comparative Politics

Selected publications

Books
  • 2011. Sustaining Civil Society: Economic Change, Democracy and the Social Construction of Citizenship in Latin America (University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press).
  • 2009. Beyond Neoliberalism? Patterns, Responses, and New Directions in Latin America and the Caribbean, contributor and co-editor with Kenneth Roberts and John Burdick (New York: Palgrave Macmillan)
  • 2004. Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective: Africa, Asia, and Latin America. contributor and co-editor with Joseph S. Tulchin, and Andrew D. Selee. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press/the Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • 1998. What Kind of Democracy? What Kind of Market? Latin America in the Age of Neoliberalism. co-editor with G. Ducatenzeiler. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
  • 1999. Markets and Democracy in Latin America: Conflict or Convergence? Contributor and Co-editor with Pmela Starr. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner.
  • 1995. Organizing Civil Society: The Popular Sectors and the Struggle for Democracy in Chile. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press.
Journal Articles
  • “Understanding the Vagaries of Civil Society and Participation in Latin America,” in Peter Kingstone and Deborah Yashar, eds., Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics (London: Routledge, forthcoming).
  • “La ciudadanía como consumo o como agencia: comparando las reformas democráticas en Bolivia y Brasil,” in Bokser Liwerant, Judit, Juan Felipe Pozo Block and Gilda Waldman Mitnick, eds., Pensar la globalización, la democracia y la diversidad (Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Coordinación de Estudios de Posgrado, Programa de Posgrado en Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, 2009): 223-246.
  • with Gary Milante, “No Development without Peace,” Development Outreach, 11:2 (October 2009): 20-21.
  • La ciudadanía en América latina en el contexto de la crisis económica internacional (Mexico City: United Nations Development Program, October 2009, 19 pp.).
  • ​​“What We Still Need to Know: Why and How People Become Committed Democrats,” in Gary King, Kay Schlozman, and Norman Nie, eds., The Future of Political Science: 100 Perspectives (London: Routledge, 2009): 56-58.
  • "The challenge of democratisation in Latin America: Lessons for Africa," in K. Matlosa, K. K. Prah, B. Chiroro and L. Toulou, eds., State, Democracy and Poverty Eradication in Africa (Johannesburg: EISA, 2008): 383-397.
  • “El espacio público, el mercado y la democracia,” Metapolítica (Mexico), 12:57(January-February 2008): 50-5.
  • “Citizenship as consumption or citizenship as agency? The challenge for civil society in Latin America,” in Helen James, ed., Civil Society, Religion and Global Governance (London: Routledge, 2007): 100-129.
  • ​“Neopluralism and the Challenges for Citizenship in Latin America,” in Joseph S. Tulchin and Margaret Ruthenberg, eds., Citizenship in Latin America (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006): 123-147.
  • “Social Inequality, Civil Society and the Limits of Citizenship in Latin America,” in Susan Eckstein and Timothy Wickham-Crawley, eds., What Justice? Whose Justice? Fighting for Fairness in Latin America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003): 35-63.
  • ​“From Allende to Lula: Assessing the Legacy,” NACLA REPORT ON THE AMERICAS. Chile: 30 Years Later, 37:1(July/August 2003): 9-13.

Paola Perez Aleman

Associate Professor, Desautels Faculty of Management.  PhD, MIT

Research Interests

  • Economic organization and emerging governance in developing economies, particularly in Latin America;
  • Institutional innovations in the private and public sectors, particularly how governments, firms and associations reshape themselves and their interactions to facilitate learning, adjustment and economic development;
  • Relationships between large and small firms (multinational and local) in production networks, and the process of upgrading the capabilities of producers in developing countries to meet international productivity and quality standards.

Selected publications

  • Perez-Aleman, P. "Regulation in the Process of Building Capabilities: Strengthening Competitiveness while Improving Food Safety and Environmental Sustainability in Nicaragua," Politics & Society, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2013, pp. 589-620.
  • Perez-Aleman, P. “Global Standards and Local Knowledge Building: Upgrading Small Producers in Developing Countries,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, Vol. 109, No. 31, 2012, pp. 12344-12349.
  • Perez-Aleman, P., “Collective Learning in Global Diffusion: Spreading Quality Standards in a Developing Country Cluster,” Organization Science, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2011, pp. 173-189.
  • Perez-Aleman, P. and Sandilands, M., “Building Value at the Top and the Bottom of the Global Supply Chain: MNC-NGO Partnerships,” California Management Review, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2008, pp. 24-49.
  • Perez-Aleman, P., “Cluster Formation, Institutions and Learning: Emergence of Clusters and Development in Chile,” Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2005, pp. 651-677.
  • Perez-Aleman, P., “A Learning-Centered View of Business Associations: Building Business- Government Relations for Development,” Business and Politics, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2003, pp. 195-215.
  • Perez-Aleman, P., “Decentralized Production Organization and Institutional Transformations: Large and Small Firm Networks in Chile and Nicaragua,” Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 27, No. 5, 2003, pp. 789-805.
  • Perez-Aleman, P., “Learning, Adjustment and Economic Development: Transforming Firms, the State and Associations in Chile,” World Development, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2000, pp. 41-55.

Jon Unruh

Associate Professor, Department of Geography.  PhD, University of Arizona

Research Interests

  • Recovery of war-affected societies;
  • Land rights, armed conflict and development;
  • Human adaptation to environmental change;
  • Development dilemmas in Africa;
  • Housing, land and property restitution in the Middle East;
  • Large-scale land acquisitions in the developing world.

Selected publications

  • Unruh JD (2016) Structuring land restitution remedies for peace and stability in fragile states. CAB Reviews 11: 1-9
  • Unruh JD (2016) Mass Claims in Land and Property Following the Arab Spring: Lessons from Yemen. Stability: International Journal of Security & Development 5 (1) 1-19, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/sta.444
  • Unruh JD (2016) Weaponization of the Land and Property Rights System in the Syrian Civil War: Facilitating Restitution? Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. 10: 435-471
  • Unruh JD (2015) The structure and function of keywords in the development of civil wars: opportunities for peace building? Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 21(4) 621-633.
  • Unruh JD (2015) Multi-sector capacity needs in challenging the resource curse in conflict-affected countries. International Journal of Peace Studies 19 (1) 1-19.
  • Unruh JD and Abdul-Jalil MA (2014) Constituencies of conflict and opportunity: land rights, narratives and collective action in Darfur. Political Geography 42:104-115
  • Unruh JD (2014) Pre-emptive and advanced techniques for war-torn land and property rights reacquisition. Land Use Policy 38: 111-122.
  • Corriveau-Bourque A, Nelson I, Pritchard M, Stanfield D, Unruh J (2013) Impacts of forest related large-scale land acquisitions in the Indian Ocean World. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region 9 (2) 208–226.
  • Abdul-Jalil MA and Unruh JD (2013) Land rights under stress in Darfur: A volatile dynamic of the conflict. War and Society 32(2) 156-181
  • Unruh JD (2012) Land and legality in the Darfur conflict. African Security 5:105-128
  • Unruh JD and Shalaby M (2012) A volatile interaction between peacebuilding priorities: road infrastructure (re)construction and land rights in Afghanistan. Progress in Development Studies 12: 47-61.
  • Unruh JD (2012) Eviction policy in postwar Angola. Land Use Policy, 29:661-663.
  • Unruh JD (2012) The interaction between landmine clearance and land rights in Angola: a volatile outcome of non-integrated peacebuilding. Habitat International: A Journal for the Study of Human Settlements, 36:117-125
  • Unruh JD (2010) Tree-based carbon storage in developing countries: neglect of the social sciences. Society and Natural Resources. 24 (2): 185-192.
  • Brottem L, Unruh J (2009) Territorial tensions: rainforest conservation, post-conflict recovery and land tenure. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 99: 995-1002.
  • Unruh JD (2009) Land rights in postwar Liberia: the volatile part of the peace process. Land Use Policy 26: 425-433.
  • Unruh JD (2008) Land policy reform, customary rule of law and the peace process in Sierra Leone. African Journal of Legal Studies 2: 94-117.
  • Unruh JD (2008) Carbon sequestration in Africa: the land tenure problem. Global Environmental Change: Human and Policy Dimensions 18: 700-707.
  • Unruh JD (2007) Urbanization in the developing world and the acutely tenure insecure. City: Analysis of Urban Trends, Culture, Theory, Policy, Action. 11: 115-120.