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BOOK: Bruno MÉNIEL (dir). Writers-Lawyers and Lawyers-Writers, from the Middle Ages to the Age of Enlightenment [Esprit des Lois, Esprit des Lettres, 8]. Paris: Les Classiques Garniers, 2016, 1335 p. ISBN 978-2-8124-5146-1, € 49

(image source: Classiques Garnier)

The Classiques Garnier just published Écrivains juristes et juristes écrivains du Moyen Âge au siècle des Lumières, edited by Bruno Méniel (Nantes), as the eighth volume in the series "Esprit des Lois, Esprit des Lettres". A work of reference of over 1300 pages !

Book presentation:
Does legal practice result in modes of thought, a rapport with language and with reality, which manifest themselves in the works of legal writers? As rigorous as it might be, is it not the case that legal discourse contains an imaginary world that a literary eye can flush out?Table of contents here.
More information on the publisher's website.


Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE and EXHIBITION: "Bad Girls", Deviant and Criminal Women, 19th-20th Centuries (Roubaix/Lille, 29 Apr 2016)


  The University Lille 2-Centre d'Histoire Judiciaire hosts a conference on « Mauvaises filles », déviantes et délinquantes XIXe-XXe siècles, presided by M. Denis Salas, president of the French Association for the History of Justice.


The conference is part of a larger project, including an exhibition on the theme of "Bad Girls". More information on mauvaisesfilles.info


Conference presentation:
Dans la continuité de l’exposition « Mauvaises filles. Déviantes et délinquantes 19e-21esiècles », organisée en 2015 par le Centre d’exposition historique de l’Ecole Nationale de Protection Judiciaire de la Jeunesse, cette manifestation scientifique entend prolonger les débats sur les constructions juridiques et sociologiques de la déviance et de la délinquance des mineures d’un point de vue diachronique.Qu’est-ce qu’une mauvaises fille à travers les époques ? Pourquoi la violence des filles est-elle perçue différemment de celle des garçons ? Comment l’appréhension spécifique de celle-ci résulte-t-elle des stéréotypes de genre et/ou les conforte-t-elle?Des chercheur.e.s en droit, sociologie et histoire s’interrogeront sur les contours de la déviance et de la délinquance des mineures, avec en filigrane la question fondamentale de la sexualité des jeunes filles. Ils questionneront le regard et les attentes sociales portés sur celles-ci, et les mettront en perspective avec ceux qui pèsent sur les jeunes garçons.  Programme:
 8h30 - 9h00 > Accueil
9h00 - 9h15 > Ouverture de la journée par Rosemonde DOIGNIES, Directrice générale de l’ENPJJ et Farid LEKEAL Directeur du CHJ, Université Lille 2.
9h15 - 9h30 > Présentation de la journée d’étude par Véronique BLANCHARD, Commissaire de l’exposition mauvaises filles, ENPJJ /  Hélène DUFFULER-VIALLE, Docteure en histoire du droit, CHJ, Université Lille 2 / Virginie LEFEBVRE, Doctorante en histoire du droit, CHJ, Université Lille 2.

Matinée > Définition des « mauvaises filles »9h30 - 10h30 > Panel 1 : Le contrôle de la sexualité des mineures, sous la présidence de Nadia BEDDIAR, Enseignante-chercheure en droit, ENPJJ, Chercheure associée, CERAPS, Université Lille 2, CIDE

9h30 - 9h50 > « L’éducation sexuelle XIXe-XXIe siècles ». Sylvain CID, archiviste, CNAHES.
9h50 - 10h10 > « Mères sous surveillance. L’Assitance publique de Paris au secours des filles-mères (1880-1920) ». Antoine RIVIERE, Maître de conférences en histoire, Université Paris 8.
10h10 - 10h30 > Discussion
10h30 – 11h00 > Pause

11h00 - 12h00 > Panel 2 : Déviance et délinquance des mineures, sous la présidence d’Annie DEPERCHIN, chercheure associée, CHJ, Université Lille 2.
11h00 - 11h20 > «  De la morphinée à la junkie, les visages de la droguée ». Jean-Jacques YVOREL, Chercheur en histoire, ENPJJ.
11h20 - 11h40 > « Filles vicieuses. Filles victimes. Filles dangereuses. Les mineures prostituées devant leurs juges pendant l’entre-deux guerres ». Hélène DUFFULER-VIALLE, Docteure en histoire du droit, CHJ, Université Lille 2.
11h40 - 12h00 > Discussion
12h00 -14h00 : Pause déjeuner

Après-Midi : (Dé)construction des « mauvaises filles »
14h00 - 15h00 > Panel 3 : Mythe et réalité des « mauvaises filles », sous la présidence de Sabrina MICHEL, Ingénieure d’étude, CHJ, Université Lille 2.
14h00 - 14h20 > « Enjeux politiques des récits sur les origines d’une révolutionnaire : la jeunesse de Louise Michel ». Sidonie VERHAEGHE, Doctorante en sciences politiques, CERAPS, Université Lille 2.
14h20 - 14h40 > « L’enfermement vu de l’intérieur ». Claire DUMAS, Educatrice, AHPJM (Association pour l’Histoire de la Protection Judiciaire des Mineurs).
14h40 - 15h00 > Discussion
15h00 - 15h30 > Pause

15h30 - 16h30 > Panel 4 : Mauvaises filles ou Mauvais garçons, sous la présidence de Hélène CHERONNET, Enseignante chercheure en sociologie, ENPJJ, Chercheure associée, CLERSE, Université Lille 1
15H30 - 16h10 : «  La sexualité des filles et des garçons dans la France d’après-guerre : l’impact du genre ». Véronique BLANCHARD, Commissaire de l’exposition mauvaises filles, ENPJJ / Régis REVENIN, Maître de conférence en sciences de l’éducation, Université Paris-Descartes.
16h10 - 16h30 > Discussion
16h30 - 17h00 > Conclusion par Denis SALAS, Magistrat, Président de l’association française pour l’histoire de la justice.
Scientific Committee:
Christine BARD (Université d’Angers) / Marinette BARRE (Retraitée, Éducatrice) / BLANCHARD Véronique ( Commissaire de l’exposition mauvaises filles, ENPJJ) / Bénédicte BILLARD (Médiathèque ENPJJ) / Jacques BOURQUIN (AHPJM) / Coline CARDI (Paris 8) / Frédéric CHAUVAUD (Université de Poitiers) / Sylvain CID (CNAHES) / Annick DECHATRE (AHPJM) / Héloise DUCHET (Étudiante, Paris 8) / Claire DUMAS (AHPJM) / Hélène DUFFULER-VIALLE (Université de Lille 2) / Gisèle FICHE (AHPJM) / Aurore FRANÇOIS (Université de Louvain) / Mathias GARDET (Paris 8) / David NIGET (Université Angers) / Amélie NUQ (Université de Grenoble) / Régis REVENIN (Paris Descartes) / Antoine RIVIERE (Paris 8) / Rebecca ROGERS (Paris Descartes) / Stéphanie RUBI (Université de Bordeaux) / Myriam TSIKOUNAS (Paris 1) / Jean-Jacques YVOREL (ENPJJ) / Lola ZAPPI (Étudiante, Science Po)Organising committee:
Véronique BLANCHARD, (Commissaire de l’exposition mauvaises filles, ENPJJ) / Hélène DUFFULER-VIALLE (docteure en histoire du droit, CHJ, Université de Lille 2) / Virginie LEFEBVRE (doctorante en histoire du droit, CHJ, Université de Lille 2).  Registration:
For free at mauvaisesfilleslille2@gmail.com.
(source: dr. Hélène Duffuler-Vialle, Lille 2)

Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international XVIII (2016), No. 2

 (image source: Brill)
The new issue of the Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international has just been published.

Contents:
L’institutionnalisation du droit international comme phénomène transnational (1869–1873). Les réseaux européens de Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns (Vincent Genin)

Human Rights for and against Empire – Legal and Public Discourses in the Age of Decolonisation (Fabian Klose)

The Waitangi Tribunal in the Context of New Zealand’s Political Culture and Historiography (Richard P. Boast)

Colonial Laws: Sources, Strategies and Lessons? (Martti Koskenniemi)

In the General Interest of Peace? British International Lawyers and the Spanish Civil War (Ignacio de la Rasilla y del Moral)

The Family of Nations as an Element of the Ideology of Colonialism (Harald Kleinschmidt)

Book reviews:
Le droit international et la Chine impériale dans ses dernières années. Textes, événements et politique* , written by Lai Junnan (Mingzhe Zhu)

Sovereignty, Property and Empire, 1500–2000* , written by A. Fitzmaurice (Mieke Van der Linden)

Freedom of the Seas* , written by J.M.G. de Rayneval (Jean Allain)
More information on Brill's Books and Journals Online website.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

PODCAST: Marta Madero on her latest book (France Culture, La Fabrique de l'Histoire, 21 Mar 2016)

(image source: France Culture)
Marta Madero (Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento), whose recent La loi de la chair (Paris: PUPS) had been announced earlier on this blog, presented her work in an interview with Emmanuel Laurentin (La Fabrique de l'Histoire, France Culture).

The broadcast can be heard here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: S. VANDENBOGAERDE, B. DEBAENST, S. DHALLUIN, H. DUFFULER-VIALLE & I. LELLOUCHE (eds.), (Wo)Men in Legal History [Acta of the XIXth European Forum of Young Legal Historians]. Lille: Université Lille 2-Centre d'Histoire Judiciaire, 2016, ISBN 2...

(image source: CHJ)
The acta of the XIXth European Forum of Young Legal Historians (Ghent University, Legal History Institute/Université Lille 2, Centre d'Histoire Judiciaire) have appeared (CHJ Éditeur). Eighteen papers address various papers presented at the conference back in 2013.

Book abstract:
From May 15 to May 18, 2013 the French Centre d’Histoire Judiciaire (Université Lille 2) and the Belgian Instituut voor Rechtsgeschiedenis (Ghent University) organised the nineteenth European Forum of Young Legal Historians. During three days, more than sixty young researchers from all over Europe and beyond gathered around the theme (Wo)Men in legal history, a subject allowing them to think about women and men in legal history from various scientific angles. The gender concept has become essential in human and social sciences, providing another way of analysing and interpreting society. Masculinity and femininity can thus be seen as a social construction based on biological sex.Two main questions needed an answer: can law, from an evolutionary and dynamic point of view, be seen as a way of reducing differences between men and women? What is the role and place of both genders in legislation and legislative bodies, in justice administration and judicial bodies, as well as in legal science and education, both as subjects and objects?The aim of this book is not to take part in any militant ideology but to consider dispassionately the various scientific ways of the construction of femininity and masculinity. The importance for legal historians is obvious: to think about law as an instrument of subordination and/or way of social change, which can enrich studies about the juridical evolution of societies. Legal rules can be important tools of social engineering in a very explicit way, but, also implicitly every legal system mirrors the cultural role of gender. This book answers the call issued by historians to rethink the dominant narratives of law producing and reflecting cultural and social norms. It challenges legal historians and other scholars to use a gendered approach to law.

Table of contents:
Introduction
S. Vandenbogaerde, (Wo)Men in Legal History: possibilities and challenges for gendered legal historical research.

Gendered Symbolism
•    S. Huygebaert, Justice: Man-judge or earthly mother? Femininity of Justice and her sisters of virtue in Belgian fin-de-siècle legal iconography.
•    R. Silbernagl, Kuss, Mann, Frau, Recht. Skizze zum Lehenskuss im hochmittelalterlichen Deutschland.

Gender & crime: victims and offenders
•    C. Lehne, Sexual relationships and sexual crimes in classical Roman law.
•    E. Bonnaud, Le procès et l’exécution de Marie Stuart, Reine d’Écosse (1586-1587).
•    B. Rodriguez-Arrocha, Women and justice in the Canary Islands during the Ancient Regime: A projection of the female roles?
•    D. Nunes, Woman, revolution, law: The expulsion of Olga Benario Prestes before the Brazilian Supreme Court (1936).

Gender in the private sphere
•    T. Karlovic & I. Milotic, Polygamy among soldiers in the shadow of monogamy in Roman Law.
•    C. Dariescu, How to beat your wife? Regulations on domestic violence in 17th century Moldavia and Walachia.
•    P. Pomianowski, The beginnings of secular divorce in Poland. The Napoleonic Code in the practice of Polish Courts.
•    G. Mecca, Fatherhood cannot be demonstrated. The investigation into paternity in Italy (1865-1922).
•    S. Maslo-Cerkic, Women between family and law: a study of Muslim women’s legal status in Bosnia and Herzigovina under Austro-Hungarian Rule.
•    E. Blücher, How women got full legal capacity in Norway. The act of 1863 and 1888.

Gender in the public sphere
•    A. Skalec, Men and women as neighbours in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt (331 BC-641 AD)
•    F. Dhondt, Bring this mad woman to reason! Elisabeth Farnese as a female ruler in 18th century Europe
•    C. Schmetterer, Die rechtliche Stellung der weiblichen Mitglieder des hauses Habsburg
•    K. Csazar, Objectives of the Hungarian Women’s movements in the age of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy (1867-1918)
•    E. Fiocchi, A life lived in the shadow of her father and her husband: Grazia Mancini Pierantoni and the rights of Italian womenMore information on the publisher's website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

Research Handbook on Global Administrative Law

Juris Diversitas - ven, 04/01/2016 - 12:47
Research Handbook on Global Administrative Law
Edited by Sabino Cassese, Emeritus Justice, Italian Constitutional Court and Emeritus Professor, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd – 2016This Handbook explores the main themes and topics of the emerging field of Global Administrative Law with contributions by leading scholars and experts from universities and organizations around the world. The variety of the subjects addressed and the internationality of the Handbook’s perspectives make for a truly global and multi-dimensional view of the field.The book first examines the growth of global administrations, their interactions within global networks, the emergence of a global administrative process, and the development of the rule of law and democratic principles at a global level. It goes on to illustrate the relationship between global law and other legal orders, with particular attention to regional systems and national orders. The final section, devoted to the emergence of a global legal culture, brings the book full circle by identifying the growth of a global epistemic community.The Research Handbook on Global Administrative Law provides a contemporary overview of the nascent field in detailed yet accessible terms, making it a valuable book for university courses. Academics and scholars with an interest in international law, administrative law, public law, and comparative law will find value in this book, as well as legal professionals involved with international and supranational organizations and national civil servants dealing with supranational organizations.
Critical Acclaim‘This Handbook is an essential introduction to a key component of legal globalization analysis. Global Administrative Law theory is a crucial complement to all existing international law approaches, flowing from the realization that the world is nowadays increasingly governed by bodies – and networks of bodies – that have an administrative rather than political role. The panel of contributors includes most of the issue’s best experts, and they provide us with an indispensable intellectual background to enter into an analysis of what it is made of and how to subject it to the rule of law’
– Jean-Bernard Auby, The Paris Institute of Political Studies, France
FrontispieceContentsSee details
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: The American Journal of Legal History LVI (2016), No. 1 (Mar)



The American Journal of Legal History published its first issue in the new edition under A. L. Brophy and S. Vogenauer, a special issue on the "Future of Legal History".

Update 31/03/2016: all articles are available in open access and can be downloaded for personal use.
Table of contents:
"Introducing the Future of Legal History: On Re-launching the American Journal of Legal History" (Alfred L. Brophy & S. Vogenauer)
"The Future of Legal History: Roman Law"
(Ulrike Babusiaux)
"The Future of the History of Medieval Trade Law"
(Albrecht Cordes)
"Constitutional Meaning and Semantic Instability: Federalists and Anti-Federalists on the Nature of Constitutional Language"
(Saul Cornell)
"A Context for Legal History, or, This is not your Father’s Contextualism"
(Justin Desautels-Stein)
"If the Present were the Past"
(Matthew Dyson)
"For a Renewed History of Lawyers"
(Jean-Louis Halperin)
"Is it Time for Non-Euro-American Legal History?"
(Ron Harris)
"A Comparative History of Insurance Law in Europe"
(Philip Hellwege)
"Legal History as Political Thought"
(Roman J. Hoyos)
"Constitution-making in the Shadow of Empire"
(Daniel J. Hulsebosch)
"First the Streets, Then the Archives"
(Martha S. Jones)
"The Constitution and Business Regulation in the Progressive Era: Recent Developments and New Opportunities"
(Paul Kens)
"Expanding Histories of International Law"
(Martti Koskenniemi)
"Sir Ivor Jennings’ ‘The Conversion of History into Law’"
(H. Kumarasingham)
"Federalism Anew"
(Sara Mayeux & Karen Tani)
"Law, Culture, and History: The State of the Field at the Intersections"
(Patricia Hagler Minter)
"The Future of Digital Legal History: No Magic, No Silver Bullets"
(Eric C. Nystrom & David  S. Tanenhaus)
"Writing Legal History Then and Now: A Brief Reflection"
(Kunal M. Parker)
"Beyond Backlash: Conservatism and the Civil Rights Movement"
(Christopher W. Schmidt)
"Beyond Methodological Eurocentricism: Comparing the Chinese and European Legal Traditions"
(Taisu Zhang)For more information, visit Oxford Journals.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE REPORT: "The Vienna Congress and the Transformation of International Law" (HSozKult, 29 Mar 2016)

(image: Poppelsdorfer Schloss, source: Wikimedia Commons)
HSozKult published a conference report by Chirstophe Wampach (Bonn University, Institute for German and Rhineland Legal History) on the Conference "The Vienna Congress and the Transformation of International Law", held in Bonn on 3-4 September 2015 (see earlier on this blog).

First paragraph:
200 years after the European Great Powers convened in Vienna to discuss the post-Napoleonic era, Miloš Vec, professor of legal and constitutional history at the University of Vienna, and Mathias Schmoeckel, professor of legal history at the University of Bonn, called for an international and interdisciplinary conference to examine the implications of the Congress of 1815 in international law and conflict resolution. Indeed, whereas the political importance of the Congress of Vienna has very often been emphasised in the historical research, its legal aspects, on the contrary, have been left untold for too long. The conference took place on 3rd and 4th September 2015 at the Poppelsdorf Palace (Poppelsdorfer Schloss) in Bonn (Germany) and was financed by both the universities of Vienna and Bonn, and the LOEWE Research Focus ‘Extrajudicial and Judicial Conflict Resolution’ (LOEWE-Schwerpunkt „Außergerichtliche und gerichtliche Konfliktlösung“).Fulltext here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Kaius TUORI, Lawyers and Savages: Ancient History and Legal Realism in the Making of Legal Anthropology. London: Routledge, 2016, 224 p. ISBN 9781138685949, £ 34,99.

(image source: Routledge)

Book summary:
Legal primitivism was a complex phenomenon that combined the study of early European legal traditions with studies of the legal customs of indigenous peoples. Lawyers and Savages: Ancient History and Legal Realism in the Making of Legal Anthropology explores the rise and fall of legal primitivism, and its connection to the colonial encounter. Through examples such as blood feuds, communalism, ordeals, ritual formalism and polygamy, this book traces the intellectual revolution of legal anthropology and demonstrates how this scholarship had a clear impact in legitimating the colonial experience. Detailing how legal realism drew on anthropology in order to help counter the hypothetical constructs of legal formalism, this book also shows how, despite their explicit rejection, the central themes of primitive law continue to influence current ideas – about indigenous legal systems, but also of the place and role of law in development.Contents:
Preface, Chapter 1. Introduction, Chapter 2. Blood: Law as Culture, Chapter 3. Sex: The Fascination of Primitive Law, Chapter 4. Magic: The Realist Revolution, Chapter 5. The Banality of Pluralism, Chapter 6. Conclusions, Bibliography, IndexAbout the author:
Kaius Tuori is Academy of Finland Research Fellow at the University of Helsinki. His research interests include legal history, Roman law, legal anthropology, and classical archaeology.  (source: Law&Humanities Blog)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

WORKSHOP A HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW IN ITALY: The Development of International Law Scholarship in Italy and the Impact of Key Historical and Political Events on International Legal Studies, Firenze: EUI, 18-19 Apr 2016




Prof. Guido Bartolini (Roma III) transmitted the following fascination programme of a two-day workshop on The History of International Law in Italy at the EUI (18-19 Apr).


18 – 19 April 2016
European University Institute
Sala Europa, Villa Schifanoia
via Boccaccio 121
Firenze

Monday 18 April 2016

9.15 - 9.30  Introduction to the Workshop
Nehal Bhuta
What “A History of International Law in Italy” Is for?
Giulio Bartolini
9.30 - 11.00  Early ‘Italian’ Scholars of ius gentium
Claudia Storti Storchi
Discussant: Luigi Lacchè
International Legal Scholarship in Italy from the Late Seventeenth to the Early Nineteenth Century
Walter Rech 
Discussant: Eliana Augusti
11.00 - 11.20  Coffee-break
11.20 – 13.15 The Risorgimento and the ‘Birth’ of the International Law Scholarship in Italy Edoardo Greppi
Discussant: Claudia Storti Storchi
The Italian Legal Scholarships in the Early Decades of the XXth Century
Giulio Bartolini
Discussant: Bardo Fassbender
The Italian Doctrine of International Law in the Post-II WW Period (Antonio Cassese); The Last Decades of the Italian Doctrine
Paolo Palchetti 
Discussant: Nehal Bhuta
13.15 - 14.30  Lunch (speakers only)
14.30 - 17.30  The Dialogue of Private and Public International Law in Italy
Pietro Franzina
Discussant: Roberto Virzo 
The Formation of Scholarly Journals of International Law – Their Role in the Discipline
Ivan Ingravallo
Discussant: Milos Vec
Catholicism and International Law Studies
Mirko Sossai
Discussant: Paolo Benvenuti  
The Influx of International Law Scholars in the Constitution-making Process  Roberto Virzo
Discussant: Sergio Marchisio 


Tuesday 19 April 2016

9.00 - 11.10 Encounters: The Mutual Influence between Italian and Foreign Scholars Robert Kolb and Giovanni DiStefano
Discussant: Anne Peters
The Unification of Italy and International Law
Sergio Marchisio 
Discussant:

Colonialism and Italian International Lawyers
Luigi Nuzzo
Discussant: Matthew Craven 

11.10 - 11.30  Coffee-break
11.30 – 13.30 The “Roman Question”, the Creation of the Vatican City State and the Recognition of the International Legal Personality of the Holy See in the International Law Literature
Tommaso Di Ruzza
Discussant: Edoardo Greppi

Main Post-II WW International Law Issues: 1945-1957
Enrico Milano 
Discussant: Federico Romero
The Impact of Marxism on Italian International Lawyers
Lorenzo Gradoni
Discussant:  Pavel Kolář

13.30  Conclusion of the Workshop

 PARTICIPANTS
Eliana Augusti University of Salento
Giulio Bartolini University of Roma Tre
Paolo Benvenuti University of Roma Tre
Nehal Bhuta European University Institute
Matthew Craven  SOAS, University of London
Tommaso Di Ruzza Financial Information Authority, Holy See
Giovanni DiStefano University of Neuchatel
Bardo Fassbender University of St. Gallen
Pietro Franzina University of Ferrara
Lorenzo Gradoni Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law
Edoardo Greppi University of Turin
Ivan Ingravallo University of Bari
Pavel Kolář  European University Institute
Robert Kolb  University of Geneva
Luigi Lacchè University of Macerata
Sergio Marchisio University of Rome, La Sapienza
Enrico Milano   University of Verona
Luigi Nuzzo  University of Salento
Paolo Palchetti  University of Macerata
Anne Peters  Max Planck Institute, Heidelberg
Walter Rech University of Helsinki
Federico Romero  European University Institute
Mirko Sossai University of Roma Tre
Claudia Storti Storchi University of Milan
Milos Vec University of Vienna
Roberto Virzo  University of Sannio

 ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
Giulio Bartolini University of Roma Tre
Nehal Bhuta European University Institute
Valentina Spiga European University Institute

A PDF of this provisional programme can be found here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Alice TAYLOR, The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290 [Oxford Studies in Medieval European History], Oxford: OUP, 2016, 560 p. ISBN 9780198749202, £85/€ 108,74


(image source: OUP)




Oxford University Press published a volume by Alice Taylor (King's College London) on medieval Scottish law and state formation.

Abstract:
This is the first full-length study of Scottish royal government in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries ever to have been written. It uses untapped legal evidence to set out a new narrative of governmental development. Between 1124 and 1290, the way in which kings of Scots ruled their kingdom transformed. By 1290 accountable officials, a system of royal courts, and complex common law procedures had all been introduced, none of which could have been envisaged in 1124.

The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290 argues that governmental development was a dynamic phenomenon, taking place over the long term. For the first half of the twelfth century, kings ruled primarily through personal relationships and patronage, only ruling through administrative and judicial officers in the south of their kingdom. In the second half of the twelfth century, these officers spread north but it was only in the late twelfth century that kings routinely ruled through institutions. Throughout this period of profound change, kings relied on aristocratic power as an increasingly formal part of royal government. In putting forward this narrative, Alice Taylor refines or overturns previous understandings in Scottish historiography of subjects as diverse as the development of the Scottish common law, feuding and compensation, Anglo-Norman 'feudalism', the importance of the reign of David I, recordkeeping, and the kingdom's military organisation. In addition, she argues that Scottish royal government was not a miniature version of English government; there were profound differences between the two polities arising from the different role and function aristocratic power played in each kingdom.

The volume also has wider significance. The formalisation of aristocratic power within and alongside the institutions of royal government in Scotland forces us to question whether the rise of royal power necessarily means the consequent decline of aristocratic power in medieval polities. The book thus not only explains an important period in the history of Scotland, it places the experience of Scotland at the heart of the process of European state formation as a whole.On the author:
Alice Taylor is Lecturer in Medieval History at King's College London. She was born in London and studied History at St Peter's College, Oxford. After receiving her doctorate from Oxford in 2009, she was a Research Fellow at King's College, Cambridge until 2011. She has published widely on many aspects of medieval Scottish history in journals such as Historical Research, The Scottish Historical Review, and The Haskins Society Journal, and has received prizes for her work from the Institute of Historical Research and the Scottish History Society. This is her first book. More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

COMPARATIVE LEGAL HISTORY, vol. III (2015), Issue 2: Theme Issue on Lay Participation

(image source: Routledge Law)
Comparative Legal History, our Society's official peer review journal (Taylor & Francis/Routledge Law) published its second issue of 2015.

Contents:



Lay participation in modern law: a comparative historical analysis
Markus Dubber & Heikki PihlajamäkiKnowing the law and deciding justice: lay expertise in the democratic Athenian courtsDavid MirhadyIn the rhetorically charged law courts in which ancient Athenian lay judges exercised their knowledge of the laws and so decided questions of justice, particularly where the quaestio iuris was most at issue, they exercised some quite sophisticated thinking. The judges abided by their oath to vote ‘according to the laws’, but did so with a comprehensive understanding both of the multiplicity of laws that might apply to particular cases and of the even greater number of legal principles implicit in them. After sketching the democratic aspects of Athens’ legal system, the paper begins with Plato’s Apology of Socrates before going on to detail legal reasoning advanced in Lysias’ On the Murder of Eratosthenes and Hyperides’ Against Athenogenes. Lay participation: the paradox of the juryAnthony MussonLay participation in the form of the jury has been integral to the administration of justice in England at all levels and in both civil and criminal arenas since the Middle Ages and is popularly regarded as a legacy of Magna Carta by dint of the constitutional significance attributed to the Great Charter over the centuries. Arguably juries provide a bastion against the potential harshness of the state and a buffer against arbitrariness on the part of the judge as well as injecting an element of amateurism to combat the increased professionalism of the legal system. Yet, for all the perceived benefits, serious inadequacies in jurors and even in the apparent fairness of the system have been exposed. Jury decisions, too, have come under scrutiny. This paper examines the paradox of the jury in criminal trials and compares their role in the modern legal system with the historical past. The politics of jury trials in nineteenth-century IrelandNiamh Howlin 
This article considers aspects of lay participation in the Irish justice system, focusing on some political dimensions of the trial jury in the nineteenth century. It then identifies some broad themes common to systems of lay participation generally, and particularly nineteenth-century European systems. These include perceptions of legitimacy, state involvement and interference with jury trials, and issues around representativeness. The traditional lack of scholarship in the area of comparative criminal justice history has meant that many of the commonalities between different jury systems have been hitherto unexplored. It is hoped that this paper will contribute to a wider discussion of the various commonalities and differences in the development of lay participation in justice systems. Forensic oratory and the jury trial in nineteenth-century AmericaSimon Stern At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American jury trial was a form of popular amusement, rivalling the theatre and often likened to it. The jury's ability to find law, as well as facts, was widely if inconsistently defended. These features were consistent with a view of forensic oratory that emphasized histrionics, declamation and emotionally charged rhetoric as means of legal persuasion. By the end of the century, judges had gained more control of the law-finding power and various questions of fact had been transformed into questions of law. Many of the details that would have aided the lawyers’ dramatic efforts were screened out by a host of new exclusionary rules. These changes in forensic style may have helped to facilitate the decline of the trial, by reorienting its function away from a broadly representative one and towards one that emphasized dispassionate analysis in the service of objectivity.The schizophrenic jury and other palladia of liberty: a critical historical analysisMarkus D. Dubber Abstract:The historiography of the jury is interestingly schizophrenic, even paradoxical. On one side is the once traditional, and still popular, history of the jury as palladium of liberty. On the other side is the once revisionist, but now widely accepted, account of the jury's origin as instrument of oppression. On one side is the jury as English, local, indigenous, democratic; on the other is the jury as French, central, foreign, autocratic. This paper reflects on this apparent paradox, regarding it as neither sui generis nor in need of resolution. Instead, from the longue durée comparative-historical perspective of New Historical Jurisprudence, the schizophrenic history of the jury and of other palladia of liberty, notably habeas corpus, can be seen to reflect the fundamental and long-standing tension between two modes of governance, law and police, rooted in the distinction between autonomy and heteronomy that has shaped the Western legal-political project since classical Athens. Book reviews:

Rights and courts in pursuit of social change: legal mobilisation in the multi-level European systemJacques VanderlindenTheologians and contract law: the moral transformation of the ius commune (ca. 1500–1650)Janwillem Oosterhuis Entanglements in legal history: conceptual approachesJean-Louis HalpérinSignposts: new directions in southern legal historySeán Patrick Donlan Five legal revolutions since the 17th century: an analysis of a global legal historyThomas DuveLa religiosité du droitWim Decock Teaching legal history: comparative perspectivesEmanuel van DongenMaster of penance: Gratian and the development of penitential thought and law in the twelfth centuryStephan Dusil 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

LECTURE: World War One and the End of Neutrality: A Question Asked in the Wrong Way ? (Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium, Committee for Legal History/VUB CORE, 7 Apr 2016)



The Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium (Committee for Legal History) and the Research Group CORE (Contextual Research in Law) of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) invite prof. dr. Eric Schnakenbourg (Université de Nantes/CRHIA/Institut Universitaire de France) for a lecture on the topic:


"World War One and the End of Neutrality:
A Question Asked in the Wrong Way ?"

Prof. dr. Eric Schnakenbourg is full-time professor of History at the University of Nantes and Director of the Research Center on International and Atlantic History. He published his Habilitation à diriger des recherches with the Presses Universitaires de Rennes in 2013 (Entre la guerre et la paix. Neutralite et relations internationales, XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles), and, earlier, his doctoral dissertation on France and Northern Europe in the early 18th Century with Honoré Campion.

The event will take place in the Academy Palace (Simon Stevin-Room), from 12:30 to 14:00.



Registration is mandatory, in view of the limited unmber of seats available: click here for the registration page.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

Spring 2016 International Law Colloquium

Juris Diversitas - lun, 03/14/2016 - 16:56


The annual International Law Colloquium sponsored by St. John's Center for International and Comparative Law brings leading scholars to campus to present their works to students and faculty. This year, we're pleased to welcome:
  • Dinah Shelton (2/8), George Washington University, If you Break it, do you own it? Legal Consequences of Environmental Harm from Military Activities
     
  • Susan Franck (2/22), Washington and Lee University, Inside the Arbitral Mind
     
  • Catherine Powell (3/7), Fordham University, How Women Could Transform the World, If Only We Would Let Them: Inclusive Security and Gender Performance
     
  • Carlos Vazquez (4/6), Georgetown Law Center, The 4th Restatement and the Doctrine of Self-Executing Treaties
     
  • Ruti Teitel (4/11), New York Law School, Transitional Justice and the Peace Process in Colombia
     
  • Molly Land (4/25), University of Connecticut, Human Rights and Intermediary Liability
All presentations take place from 4:30-6:30 p.m. in room 3-01H at St. John's Law. If you would like to attend one or more of our April 2016 colloquia, please contact Professor Peggy McGuinness at mcguinnm@stjohns.edu
  law.stjohns.edu
Contact: St. John's University School of Law, 8000 Utopia Parkway, Queens, NY 11439  

Catégories: Comparative Law News

A. HONDEGHEM, X. ROUSSEAUX & F. SCHOENAERS (eds.), Modernisation of the Criminal Justice Chain and the Judicial System [Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice, ed. M. SELLERS & J. MAXEINER], Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2016. XVIII ...

  (image source: Springer)
Springer published a collective work on "Criminal Justice and the Judicial System" (eds. A. Hondeghem, X. Rousseaux & F. Schoenaerts), from an interdisciplinary and historical perspective in the series Ius Gentium. Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice (eds. M. Sellers & J. Maxeiner).

Description:
This book focuses on one part of the judicial system: the criminal justice chain. This involves all the activities and actors dealing with policing, prosecution, judgment, and sanctioning of crimes. In the last decades, reforms have been implemented in several European countries. In Belgium, for example, there was the so-called Octopus reform in 1998. The police was restructured, leading to an integration of the police forces on a national and local level.  New steering instruments were introduced, such as regional security plans. With regard to the sanctioning of crimes, a new institution was installed, called the sentence implementation court. This book evaluates these reforms and discusses the current reform on the reorganization of the judicial landscape. In addition, it examines the relation between trust and distrust and the application to the judicial system. It discusses the human capital aspect of the system, by means of a study on the prosopography of the Belgian magistrates that analyses the Magistracy as socio-professional group, and focuses on situations of system building, transformations under constraint (occupations), and transfers (colonial experience). Lastly, the book presents a comparative study of Belgium and France regarding the new techniques and instruments that are needed to accelerate the judicial response time and to ensure that the judicial system delivers its services on time.​ Contents:
From Octopus to the Reorganisation of the Judicial Landscape in Belgium (A. Hondeghem et al). (3-18)
Indicators or Incentives? Some Thoughts on the Use of the Penal Response Rate for Measuring the Activity of Public Prosecutors’ Offices in France (1999–2010)(C. Mouhanna et al.) (19-35)
Different Methods, Same Results as French Criminal Courts Try to Meet Contradictory Policy Demands (V. Gautron) (37-50)
The Position of the Public Prosecution Service in the New Swiss Criminal Justice Chain (D. Kettiger et al.) (51-64)
 Do Statistics Reinforce Administrative Centralisation? The Contradictory Influence of Quantified Indicators on French National Police (A.-C. Douillet et al.) (65-77)
From Justice Archipelago to Security and Justice Chain: Strategy-Organisation Configurations in the Dutch Criminal Justice System (S. Zouridis et al.) (79-93)
The Concepts of Trust and Distrust in the Belgian Criminal Justice Chain (J. Vanschoenwinkel et al.) (97-113)
Intra- and Interorganisational Trust in a Judicial Context: An Exploratory Case Study (M. Callens et al.) (115-130)
Managing the ‘Overall Integrated Security Policy’ at the Local Level: An Analysis of Inter-institutional Dialogue (A. Croquet et al.) (131-144)
Visible and Invisible Sentencing (N. Hutton) (145-158)
Making Sense or/of Decisions? Collective Action in Early Release Process (J. Bastard et al.) (159-172)
Prosopography, Crisis and Modernisation of Justice—“Belgian Magistrates”: An Introduction (X. Rousseaux) (175-180)
Prosopography in the Digital Age: Current Situation, Prospects and Perspectives in the Light of the Forthcoming “Belgian Magistrates” Application (A. François et al.) (181-193)
Conflicts, Tensions and Solidarity Within the Judicial District: A Socio-Professional Study of the Judiciary of the “Belgian” Departments Under the French Directory (1795–1799) (E. Berger) (195-210)
Magistrates of Congo (1885–1960): Prosopography and Biography as Combined Tools for the Study of the Colonial Judicial Body (L. Montel et al.) (211-232)
Belgian Magistrates and German Occupiers: A Diachronic Comparison (1914–1918/1940–1944) (M. Bost et al.) (233-260)
Prosopography, History and Legal Anthropology: Two Comments on the Belgian Case (J.-C. Farcy et al.) (261-275)
Fee sample pages here.
More information on SpringerLink.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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