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REVIEW: Law and Communication (St. Petersburg, 11-12 December 2014)

mer, 01/07/2015 - 04:58

Review by Dmitry Poldnikov (Moscow)

International conference: "Law and Communication" (St. Petersburg, 11-12 December 2014)The international conference "Law and Communication" was organized at St. Petersburg State University, Faculty of Law, to honour the 60th anniversary of professor Andrey Polyakov, the leading protagonist of the "law-as-communication" legal theory in Russia. This occasion attracted over 70 reporters (theoreticians of law, philosophers, practitioners) who collaborate with professor Polyakov and share his approach to study law.Russian scholars came not only from St. Petersburg and Moscow, but also from Kaliningrad, Krasnoyarsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Tambov, Tomsk, Volgograd, Vladivostok. Foreign colleagues represented Belarus, Belgium, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Ukraine, and USA.Russian key-note presentations were made by Mikhail Antonov (St. Petersburg), Ilya Chestnov (St. Petersburg), Valentina Lapayeva (Moscow), Valery Lasarev (Moscow), Jenevra Lukovskaya (St. Petersburg), Leonid Mamut (Moscow), Vladimir Syrykh (Moscow), Elena Timoshina (St. Petersburg).Among the renowned foreign participants were Wilfried Bergmann (Petersburger Dialog e.V.), Edoardo Fittipaldi (Milan), Werner Krawietz (Münster), Norbert Rouland (Aix-Marseille), William Simons (Leiden, Trento, Tartu), Mark Van Hoecke (Gent), Csaba Varga (Budapest).Despite a variety of topics, most participants of the conference found their crossing points in the subject-centred perspective and the plurality of approaches to study the complex phenomenon of law in the period of post-modernity. The main ideas of the key-note presentations have been already developed and published in the two-volume "Festschrift" for professor Andrey Polyakov (Alef-Press, 2014, in Russian).The main reason for a legal historian to participate at the conference (and to write a review thereof) is to foster the dialogue between legal history and legal theory in the methodological field. One of the major claims of Andrey Polyakov (and the St. Petersburg school of legal theoreticians, which goes back to Leon Petrazycki) is that law, in all its complexity, is basically a way of communication between human beings. This communication is based on the psychological interpretation of legal texts which leads to social interaction through claims, duties and liabilities. One can find similar perspective on law in Van Hoecke’s «Law as Communication» (2002) published almost simultaneously with Polyakov’s habilitation thesis (2001). Both professors underline the importance of communication or interaction between the subjects to create, develop and legitimate the law. This ontological perspective on law justifies the need for "multi-level approach" (Krawietz) to study and to uncover the "unsolvable enigma of law" (Chestnov).Legal historians could also benefit from these methodological tenets, especially when dealing with the medieval disputes among creators and practitioners of the learned law (ius commune). Yet, legal theoreticians still underestimate the importance of this heritage. Apparently due to insufficient knowledge of history. For example, in Russian translation (2012) of Van Hoecke’s "Law as Communication" (2002) medieval learned law was called "primarily a matter of power" (instead of "authority", as in the English original). Although Van Hoecke’s own claim that "Legal science was also a matter of authority, not of rational consensus" (p.6) is also debatable. Most researchers of the medieval learned law would agree that it was based on both authority and reason (ratio), as Renoux-Zagamé put it.Hopefully, the "law-as-communication" theory would encourage interdisciplinary communication to justify circulation of a saying: «historicus iuris sine philosopho iuris parum valet, philosophus iuris sine historico iuris nihil».
Conference web-page: http://law.spbu.ru/Science/SemConf.aspx#konf121214 (in Russian)

Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Call for conference reports

mer, 01/07/2015 - 04:07
Call for conference reports
The European Society for Comparative Legal History invites all members interested in diffusing reports on conferences they attended through its blog (http://eschl.blogspot.com). The ESCLH blog has acquired the status of standard news and communication channel for legal historians (including researchers from various connected disciplines). The present call aims to further exploit the communication possibilities of the medium, emphasizing the fast publication of conference reports. We gladly accept summaries or more extensive comments on scientific events (conferences, colloquia, workshops) taking place all over the globe, related to comparative legal history. New blog entries should be in English, and will contain a short presentation of the authors. Although there is no formal word limit, we advise prospective authors to limit themselves to about 1 000 words. Conference reports will be treated and presented as expressing solely the opinions of their author.
Proposals can be mailed to Flavia Mancini (Webmaster; esclhblog@gmail.com; manciniflavia@hotmail.it) or Frederik Dhondt (Frederik.Dhondt@UGent.be).
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Historia et Ius (n.6, December, 2014)

lun, 12/22/2014 - 04:28

Journal, n. 6, 2014All information here

Num. 6 - dicembre 2014                                                                          
Temi e questioni
  • 1) Marco Cavina, De Praeda Militari. Geometrías de la ilicitud del saqueo en la cultura juridica entre la Edad Media y la Moderna - PDF
  • 2) Giovanni Cazzetta, Intervento dello Stato e libertà contrattuale fra Otto e Novecento - PDF

Studi (valutati tramite peer review)
  • 3) Paolo Angelini, L’utilizzo del titolo imperiale nei documenti dei sovrani slavi (XIII-XIV secolo) -PDF 
  • 4) Chiara Galligani, Il tramonto del fedecommesso nel Granducato di Toscana. Una prima ricognizione dell'istituto nella legislazione sette-ottocentesca - PDF
  • 5) Cristina Danusso, Il V Congresso giuridico e la tutela penale dei poveri (1903) - PDF
  • 6) Antonio Grilli, Realizzare il sogno europeo: la nascita della “burocrazia” comunitaria (1952–1965) - PDF
  • 7) Alessandro Dani, Il concetto giuridico di "beni comuni" tra passato e presente - PDF

  • 8) Jacques Bouineau, Devenir et limites des droits de l’homme - PDF
  • 9) Dolores Freda, La regolamentazione dell’emigrazione in Italia tra Ottocento e Novecento: una ricerca in corso - PDF
  • 10) Paolo Marchetti, Race and crime. A late nineteenth century Italian debate - PDF
  • 11) Martina Giovannini, Per una storia degli istituti penali per i minorenni: il caso di Bologna - PDF
  • 12) Francesco D'Urso, Sul “ritmo” del processo romanico-canonico (a proposito di K. W. Nörr, Romanisch-kanonisches Prozessrecht. Erkenntnisverfahren erster Instanz in civilibus, Berlin-Heidelberg, Springer, 2012) - PDF
  • 13) Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina, Per i trecento anni dalla nascita di Emer de Vattel (1714-2014) (a proposito di Walter Rech, Enemies of Mankind. Vattel’s Theory of Collective Security, Leiden- Boston, Nijhoff, 2013) - PDF
  • 14) Federico Sciarra, Una storia della cultura giuridica francese (a proposito di Fréderic Audren-Jean-Louis Halpérin, La culture juridique française Entre mythes et réalités. XIXe-XXe siècles, Paris, Editions du Cnrs, 2013) - PDF
  • 15) Alberto Torini, Diritto Penale e “Nuove Scienze” a confronto nei periodici di fine Ottocento (a proposito di L. Lacchè, M. Stronati (curr.), Una Tribuna per le scienze criminali. La Cultura delle riviste nel dibattito penalistico tra Otto e Novecento, Macerata, EUM, 2012) - PDF
Páginas españolas
  • 16) Nacimiento de las páginas españolas de la Revista Historia et ius - PDF
  • 17) Margarita Serna Vallejo, El contenido de las revistas de Historia del Derecho publicadas en España correspondientes al año 2013 - PDF

Centro di studi e ricerche per la storia della giustizia criminale 
  • 18) Marco Cavina, Il Centro di studi e ricerche per la storia della giustizia criminale. Centre for Study and Research. History of Criminal Justice. Alma Mater - Università degli Studi di Bologna -PDF
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Law and Time (Geneva, 12-13 June 2014)

jeu, 12/18/2014 - 09:46
(image source: graduateinstitute.ch)
The Department of International Law at the Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies (Geneva) organizes a conference on "International Law and Time".Time is an inherent component of many of the most important international law concepts. However, it also fundamentally determines international law as a field. International law has been in constant dynamic change since its inception. Capturing and understanding this change in time is one of the discipline’s fundamental challenges, as is the difficulty of working with the constantly changing materiae of international law in practice.
The Graduate Institute's International Law Department is opening a call for papers to create an opportunity to reflect and debate about the fundamentals of international law in depth. The conference is open to both junior and senior international law scholars and practitioners. The deadline for abstract submissions is February 15, 2015. The Conference will be held at the Graduate Institute's Barton site.

The conference will be structured in six panels:

1.    Attributing Meaning to Time: Visions of History and Future
2.    International Law on a Given Day
3.    Role of Time in Creation and Operation of Norms
4.    International Law between Change and Stability
5.    Continuity, Discontinuity, Recurrence
6.    Regulating the Past: The Problem of Retroactivity Panel descriptions:
Panel 1 – Attributing Meaning to Time: Visions of History and FutureHow do lawyers' conceptions of history (both in their visions of the future and representations of the past) influence the structure of international law and the idea we have of it? As shown by authors like Jacob Taubes, different forms of eschatological beliefs (regarding, that is, the final events of history and the destiny of humanity) have strongly influenced several fields of western culture, from philosophy to politics. Is international law immune from these dynamics or is it itself the consequence of particular "prophecies"? For instance, what impact did the Kantian idea of a "History with a Cosmopolitan Purpose" have on the development of contemporary international law and some of its distinctive features (e.g. the idea of an "international community" or the establishment of international organizations)? Will globalization lead to legal fragmentation or legal integration, and what impact may these different visions of the future have on the development of international law? Similar questions may be raised regarding the different ways international law's history is narrated today. How does the way we think of past heritage influence our present conception of international law?

Panel 2 – International Law on a Given DayWhat conduct does international law permit or prohibit as of today? What as of 1st January of last year? How does one determine whether there is any law whatsoever? The foundation for any legal undertaking is the ability to ascertain the content of international law at a given moment. However, in reality this is often quite a challenging exercise. International law displays a high measure of fluidity thanks to being in large part customary, and because it assigns a normative character to relevant practice that modifies the content of existing international treaties. How should one work with this dynamic character of international law, with norms being created through a decentralized and heterogeneous process? Can one identify the precise moment in time a customary rule has come into existence? It has been argued that the content of international law is an inherently ex post facto construct. If so, what are the implications on the regulatory power of international law?

Panel 3 – Role of Time in the Creation and Operation of NormsWhat are the various forms of conceiving and measuring time in international law and what bearing do these choices have on the creation and operation of norms? Temporal notions are especially prominent in the identification of legally relevant facts that contribute to law-making processes such as the traditional requirement of usus longaevus in the formation of customary international law. Moreover, the use of certain techniques dispels contingency from the judicial process, as exemplified by the seemingly rigorous notion of critical date and its ramifications for applicable law, or the temporal notion of continuity that buttresses effective territorial occupation. In treaty law, there is a strong dialectic tension between past and future, especially regarding treaty interpretation and the accompanying notions of original meaning, object and purpose, and effectiveness.

Panel 4 - International Law between Change and StabilityInternational law is in constant tension between the need to adapt to changing circumstances and its vocation towards maintaining systemic stability. How is this tension reconciled? What prompts changes to occur and what are the mechanisms of change in international law? Additionally, while analyzing the dynamic development of international law, any change in international law often needs to be detected and evaluated. How can such ongoing change be identified and worked with in the practice of international law?

Panel 5 – Continuity, Discontinuity, RecurrenceIdeas and concepts in international law disappear and come back again transformed. The idea of self-determination, which was transfigured from a call for democratic self-government into a cry for independence, is a prime example. The notion of international responsibility and its relationship to its protean avatars within the law of prize and diplomatic protection presents another illustration of conceptual notions traveling overtime. This panel discusses the presence of past concepts in different contexts and moments, as well as their flexibility, autonomy and capacity to reinvigorate the future.

Panel 6 – Regulating the Past: The Problem of RetroactivityThe debate surroinding retroactivity in international law has so far mainly concerned the fields of dispute settlement, criminal law and human rights, with regard to the ex-post facto prohibition of crimes and punishments. Yet, the notion of retroactivity is rich in its implications for the relationship between time and law generally, and is relevant for all branches of international law. To what extent can States "regulate the past", and what are the implications of contemporary facts and actions on the way lawyers assess the past? What is the difference between an ex-post facto rule and an innovative interpretation of a norm? Against what law shall past acts be assessed in case of secession or accession of States? And how can international law help societies come to terms with their past? 
The call for papers can be found here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Conference: Elections and Electoral Corruption in the Early Modern Period (1500-1800) – Bern, 12.03.-14.03.2015 (DEADLINE 15 JANUARY 2015)

lun, 12/15/2014 - 04:30
Simona Slanicka / Maud Harivel / Florian SchmitzHistorisches Institut, Universität BernPlease find below a German and a French version of the textThe organizing committee of the conference Elections and Electoral Corruption in the Early Modern Period (1500-1800) invites paper proposals from prospective speakers. For the past few years, we have observed an increased interest in elections as an object of historical research. The same applies to the research on corruption, especially on political corruption, which has led to numerous conferences and publications over the last decade. Bringing researchers from both fields together, our conference aims to fathom the field of electoral corruption.We invite prospective speakers to present their research on political as well as ecclesiastical votes. The focus will be set on the electoral system (itself) as well as on the campaigns before and after the vote. Special attention shall be paid to the acts manipulation of elections as well as the legal and societal response. We are looking for both case studies on specific events and/or regions as well as comparative and conceptual approaches. The conference covers the early modern period, however, contributions dealing with the transition period to modernity (Sattelzeit) are appreciated as well.The conference will take place in Bern on 12-14 March 2015. Travel and accommodation expenses will be borne by the conference committee. The presentations may be held in French or English, the following debate will be in English. Prospective speakers are invited to submit abstracts of 500 words. Submissions should include name, durable contact details as well as a detailed CV and list of publications. The deadline for submissions is 15 January 2015. In order to contribute to gender equality in academic research the conference committee strongly encourages young female researchers to submit proposals. For more information about the conference or to submit an abstract, please email at: florian.schmitz@hist.unibe.ch ---Internationale Konferenz: Wahlen und Wahlkorruption in der Frühen Neuzeit (1500-1800) – Bern, 12.03.-14.03.2015Simona Slanicka / Maud Harivel / Florian SchmitzHistorisches Institut, Universität BernIn den letzten Jahren hat sich die Geschichtswissenschaft verstärkt politischer Korruption als Forschungsgegenstand zugewandt. Gleiches gilt für die Erforschung von Wahlen in frühneuzeitlichen Gesellschaften. Die Konferenz Elections and Electoral Corruption in the Early Modern Period möchte Forscher aus beiden Themenbereichen zusammenbringen und ein noch weitgehend unbestelltes Forschungsfeld ausmessen: Wahlkorruption.Thematischer Schwerpunk der Konferenz werden politische oder kirchliche Wahlverfahren an sich, sowie die ihnen vorhergehenden und nachfolgenden Kampagnen sein. Besondere Aufmerksamkeit soll dabei den Manipulationspraktiken und deren rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Verarbeitung gewidmet werden. Denkbar sind dabei sowohl Fallstudien zu bestimmten Wahlen und/der Regionen, als auch vergleichende und konzeptuelle Studien. Der zeitliche Schwerpunkt der Konferenz wird auf der Frühen Neuzeit liegen, Beiträge zum Übergang zur ‚Moderne‘ (Sattelzeit) sind aber ausdrücklich willkommen. Die Konferenz wird vom 12. Bis zum 14. März 2015 in Bern stattfinden. Reise- und Unterkunftskosten werden vom Veranstalter übernommen. Die Vorträge können in französischer oder englischer Sprache gehalten werden, die sich anschliessende Diskussion wird auf Englisch stattfinden. Wir bitten um die Einsendung eines Abstracts im Umfang von 500 Wörtern, sowie eines aussagekräftigen Lebenslaufes und einer Publikationsliste bis zum 15. Januar 2015. Im Sinne der Gleichstellung der Geschlechter in der wissenschaftlichen Forschung möchten wir insbesondere Nachwuchswissenschaftlerinnen ermutigen auf diesen Call for Paper zu antworten.Bei Fragen und für die Einsendung des Abstracts wenden Sie sich bitte an: florian.schmitz@hist.unibe.ch---Colloque international: Élections et corruption électorale à l’époque moderne (1500-1800) – Berne, 12, 13 et 14 mars 2015Simona Slanicka / Maud Harivel / Florian SchmitzHistorisches Institut, Universität BernLes élections et la corruption sont deux champs de recherche qui font l’objet de plusieurs manifestations scientifiques et publications au cours de la dernière décennie sans être vraiment mis en relation. En rassemblant des chercheurs sur ces deux objets d’étude, le colloque a pour objectif d’aborder une thématique encore peu explorée, celle de la corruption électorale.Nous invitons les chercheurs intéressés à proposer une contribution aussi bien sur les élections politiques, laïques et ecclésiastiques. Nous voulons placer au centre du débat les procédures des élections ainsi que les campagnes électorales avant comme après le vote. Il sera demandé de se concentrer en particulier sur les actes de manipulation des élections ainsi que sur leur réception légale et sociétale. Des cas d’étude à propos d’évènements particuliers ou des régions précises sont acceptées; les approches comparatives et conceptuelles sont également les bienvenues. L’époque moderne sera à l’honneur mais nous prenons aussi en compte la période de transition entre Ancien Régime et époque contemporaine (Sattelzeit).Le colloque aura lieu à Berne du 12 au 14 mars 2015. Le transport et les frais d’hôtel seront pris en charge par les organisateurs. Les personnes intéressées sont priées de soumettre une proposition de contribution de 500 mots. Les propositions de communication sont à envoyer avant le 15 janvier 2015 avec un CV et une liste de publications. Les contributions peuvent être faites en anglais ou en français. La discussion aura lieu en anglais.Pour plus d’informations sur la conférence ou pour soumettre une proposition, envoyez un courriel à l’adresse suivante: maud.harivel@hist.unibe.ch (français) ou florian.schmitz@hist.unibe.ch (anglais).
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Phd Studentship in the area of Historical Criminology (Leeds, 2015)

mar, 12/09/2014 - 16:49

WHAT:  Phd Studentship in the area of Historical Criminology
WHERE: School of Law at the University of Leeds
WHEN: 2015

The School of Law at the University of Leeds is offering fully funded PhD studentships in the area of historical criminology. Further information is available at the link below. People interested in applying are encouraged to contact Dr Henry Yeomans to discuss this further (h.p.yeomans@leeds.ac.uk). 

Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: N. LAURENT-BONNE, At the Origins of the Freedom to Dispose between Spouses (Paris: LGDJ, 2014).

mar, 12/09/2014 - 13:34

Prof. Nicolas Laurent-Bonne (Université d'Auvergne) published his doctoral dissertation (Paris II, 2012, Prix "André Isoré" for private law; "Prix de l'Université Panthéon-Assas" and "Prix de l'Institut de Droit Romain") in the "Bibliothèque d'histoire du droit et de droit romain" at LGDJ.

Presentation (in French):

Prix de thèse André Isoré en droit privé - Prix Lévy-Ullmann en Droit comparé - Prix de l’Université Panthéon-Assas - Prix de l’Institut de Droit romainOuvrage honoré d’une subvention du Centre d’Histoire du Droit et des Institutions de l’Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)4e de couv.Au lendemain de la renaissance juridique du XIIe siècle, civilistes et canonistes s’attachent à bâtir, sur des fondements romains, un principe général de prohibition des donations entre époux. L’épouse, souvent comparée à la prostituée, et le mari, parfois représenté sous les traits du vieux barbon, se rencontrent sous la plume moralisatrice des juristes du second Moyen Âge. Spoliation mutuelle, prix des jouissances libidineuses, négligence de l’éducation des enfants: cette trilogie justificative est devenue l’un des lieux communs de la doctrine romano-canonique. À cette interdiction de principe n’échappent pas même l’interposition de personne et la simulation lorsque de tels procédés permettent d’avantager un conjoint.
À la charnière du Moyen-Âge et de l’Époque moderne, docteurs et praticiens assouplissent cependant les restrictions, vidant progressivement le principe de sa substance. En dépit de ces nombreux expédients, des entraves ont persisté dans les législations séculières, rédigées et inlassablement réformées à l’aune du droit romain, tout au long des Temps modernes.Conséquence mutilée d’une romanité en ruine, la prohibition des donations entre époux est longtemps demeurée dans la plupart des droits contemporains d’Europe continentale et au-delà. Remontant aux origines d’une telle interdiction, ce livre propose plus généralement une déconstruction historique du discours moralisateur pesant sur les rapports patrimoniaux entre époux.Sommaire
PREMIÈRE PARTIE. - LES ENTRAVES À LA LIBERTÉ DE DISPOSER ENTRE ÉPOUXTitre I. - La prohibition des donations entre épouxChapitre 1. La nature de la prohibitionChap. 2. Les conditions de la prohibitionTitre II. - Le régime des donations prohibéesChap. 1. - La dissolution du régime matrimonialChap. 2. - Le remariage du donataireChap. 3. - La survenance d’enfantsDEUXIÈME PARTIE. - LES LIBERTÉS DE DISPOSER ENTRE ÉPOUXTitre I. - Les exceptions d’origines romaine et canoniqueChap. 1. - Les exceptions des compilations justiniennesChap. 2. - L’irrévocabilité conventionnelleTitre II. - Le don mutuel entre épouxChap. 1. - Les conditions de validité du don mutuelChap. 2. - Les charges du don mutuelChap. 3. - Le régime juridique du don mutuel(source: Nomôdos)
(more information on LGDJ's website)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: M. MORABITO, "French Constitutional History from 1789 to the Present" (Paris: LGDJ, 2014, ISBN :978-2-275-04158-2)

mar, 12/09/2014 - 03:22

Nomôdos announces the publication of Marcel Morabito (Sciences Po)'s manual of French constitutional history (series "Domat - Droit Public"). The thirteenth edition counts 550 pages.

Presentation (in French):
Présentation éditeurCet ouvrage s’adresse tout particulièrement aux étudiants des Facultés de droit et des Instituts d’études politiques, auxquels il s’efforce de livrer une connaissance précise des mécanismes qui forment le socle de notre culture constitutionnelle et politique. Il intéresse plus généralement tous ceux qui voient dans l’histoire une dimension nécessaire à la compréhension de l’actualité. 
  • Marcel Morabito est professeur à l’Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris.
SommaireL’ouvrage comprend quatre parties: 
I. - La formation des traditions constitutionnelles françaises (1789- 1848) 
II. - Vers une synthèse constitutionnelle (1848-1879)
III. - L’impossible réforme de l’État (1879-1958)
IV. - La Cinquième République: une synthèse inédite (de 1958 à nos jours) More information: publisher's website.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: R. OPSOMMER & O. RYCKEBUSCH (eds.), Guerre, frontière, barrière et paix en flandre – études transfrontalières à l’occasion du tricentenaire des paix d’Utrecht et de Rastatt (Ypres : Archives de la Ville d’Ypres, 2014, ISBN 978902882229912)

lun, 12/08/2014 - 07:31

Rik Opsommer (UGent) and Olivier Ryckebusch (Lille-III) published an edited volume on warfare and peace negotiations in the Southern Netherlands and Northern France in the early eighteenth century.

Table of Contents:
• Préface du maire de Dunkerque (Patrice Vergriete)
 • Voorwoord door de schepen van Archief van de stad Ieper (Eva Ryde)
• drs. Olivier Ryckebusch (Lille-III) & Prof. dr. Rik Opsommer (UGent/Stadsarchief Ieper), “Préface”
• dr. Agathe Leyssens (Dunkerque), “Élites municipales et frontières en Flandre maritime”
• Prof. dr. Cédric Glineur (Le Havre), “Le régime juridique des passeports sous l’Ancien Régime : l’exemple des provinces du Nord”
• dr. Christian Pfister-Langanay (Univ. du Littoral), “La mission du sieur Boutillier à Dunkerque : entre fiscalité et espionnage (1712-1713)”
• dra. Fanny Souillart (Lille-II), “Le Parlement de Flandre, parlement de Louis XIV”
• dr. Frederik Dhondt (UGent), “’The Cursed Sluices of Dunkirk’ : Dunkerque, thermomètre des relations franco-britanniques après Utrecht ?’”
• PD dr. dr. Guido Braun (Bonn), “L’Allemagne et la France au temps de la guerre de succession d’Espagne : politique et culture”
• dr. Guy Thewes (Musée de la ville de Luxembourg), “Barrière ou talon d’Achille ? La défense militaire des Pays-Bas après les traités d’Utrecht (1713-1725)”
• drs. Michael W. Serruys (VUB), “Ypres, la Flandre rétrocédée et la politique de transit au XVIIIe siècle”
• dr. Michel Nuyttens, “La frontière franco-belge à travers les archives des États de Flandre”
• Prof. em. dr. Patrick Villiers (Université du Littoral), “Les corsaires dunkerquois et la frontière”
• Prof. dr. Lucien Bély (Université Paris-Sorbonne), “La frontière au temps de la Paix d’Utrecht : réalités et représentations”
Source: Rechtshistorische Courant (UGent)

More information: contact the Ypres City Archives.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: E. DELIVRE & E. BERGER (eds.), Popular Justice in Europe (18th-19th centuries) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2014, ISBN 342814404X)

lun, 12/08/2014 - 07:27
(image source: isig-fbk.eu)
Emilie Delivré (German-Italian Historical Institute) and Emmanuel Berger (Namur) published an edited volume on Popular Justice in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries.

“Popular justice” can be roughly defined as “the exercise of justice by the people”. The institutions and practices pertaining to this form of justice vary widely across time and geographical space. The 18th and 19th centuries constitute a key historical period for the transition to popular justice in Europe. On the one hand, many long-standing practices (“ducking”, “Rügegerichte”) were progressively called into question. On the other hand, the democratization of European societies and the progressive advent of political liberalism helped bring about the emergence of an institutionalized popular justice with the establishment of institutions such as the justice of the peace and the jury. The legitimacy of popular justice remained nonetheless weak due to the government’s fear of losing control and regal powers. Its establishment further depended on the degree of modernisation of the States, which for the most part remained firmly anchored in the Ancien Régime. Despite the importance of popular justice during the 18th and 19th centuries, scholars have largely ignored this field of research or have limited their study to a national perspective. The very definition of popular justice remains vague and requires further conceptual analyses. This book offers a comparative overview of the history of popular justice in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and England and sets the foundations for future research.  Contributors:
Emmanuel Berger is IAP researcher at the Université de Namur and Fellow at the Institut d’études avancées de Paris. His work concerns social and legal history (18th-19th century Europe). He has published La justice pénale sous la Révolution. Les enjeux d’un modèle judiciaire libéral (2006), L’acculturation des modèles policiers et judiciaires français en Belgique et aux Pays-Bas (1795-1815) (2010), and co-edited a special issue of the European Review of History: Popular Protest and Violence in 19th Century Europe (vol. 20, n°6) in 2013.

Michael Broers is Professor of Western European History at the University of Oxford. His The Napoleonic Empire in Italy, 1796-1814. Cultural Imperialism in a European Context? (Palgrave, 2005) won the Prix Napoléon of the Fondation Napoléon; he was a Visiting Member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 2003. His latest book, Napoleon, Soldier of Destiny, was published by Faber & Faber, in March, 2014.

David Churchill is Economic History Society Anniversary Research Fellow at the Institute of Historical Research in London. His work concerns the contribution of the police and the public to crime control in 19th-century Britain. He has researched policing and civilian responses to crime in industrial cities, and is currently working on security and the lock and safe industry. He has published in Crime, Histoire et Sociétés / Crime, History and Societies, Social History and Urban History.

Giuseppina D’Antuono completed a PhD in «Storia dell’Europa mediterranea». She is a teaching assistant in Modern History at the University of Naples S. Orsola Benincasa. Her research focuses on the Enlightenment and the Napoleonic Era, especially on the relations between France and the Kingdom of Naples (18th-19th centuries). She has published Les juges de paix dans le Royaume de Naples à l’époque napoléonienne, in «Cahiers de la Méditerranée»; Diderot en Italie is forthcoming.

Bram Delbecke (1980) studied history and law at the Catholic University of Leuven. From 2003 to 2010, he was a teaching assistant at his alma mater. In 2010, he presented his PhD on the history of the freedom of the press in nineteenth-century Belgium. After his PhD, he was a postdoctoral researcher affi liated with the Flanders Research Foundation. In 2013, he left academia and joined the bar. His research focuses on the history of press offences, political offences, jury trials, and constitutionalism.

Émilie Delivré (1979) studied at the Universities of Toulouse-le Mirail, Halle-Wittenberg, the Freie Universität Berlin, and Valladolid. She holds a PhD from European University Institute Florence on political catechisms in Germany and Europe (1780-1850). She has published in several languages on political communication and popular justice in the Sattelzeit. She is a researcher at the Istituto storico italo-germanico of the Fondazione Bruno Kessler since 2011 and teaches at the University of Trento.

Peter King is Professor of English Local History in the School of History at Leicester University, England. He has written extensively on the history of criminal justice including two books: Crime, Justice and Discretion in England 1740-1820 (Oxford 2000) and Crime and Law in England 1750-1850; Remaking Justice from the Margins (Cambridge, 2006). He is currently writing a book on The History of Execution Practice and the Post-Execution Punishment of the Criminal Corpse 1700-1834.

Martin Löhnig is Professor of Civil Law, German and European Legal History, and Canon Law at the University of Regensburg since 2008. Born in Nürnberg in 1971, he received his Dr. iur. (Univ. of Regensburg) in 2001 and his Dr. iur. h abil. (Univ. of Regensburg) in 2006. From 2005-2008 he was Professor of Civil Law, Legal History an Canon Law at the University of Konstanz. For a list of his publications, see www. martin-loehnig.de.
Table of contents here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: J. Monballyu, Six Centuries of Criminal Law. History of Criminal Law in the Southern Netherlands and Belgium (1400-2000) (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2014; ISBN 9789004269941)

lun, 12/08/2014 - 07:22
(image source: brill.com
Prof. em. dr. Jos Monballyu (KULeuven) published the English edition of his historical survey of Belgian penal law.

The first overview of the history of criminal law in the area that is currently within the territory of Belgium. Jos Monballyu treats both the sources of criminal law, the different judicial bodies that dealt with criminal issues, the general characteristics of the offences, the manifestations of the offences, the different punishments and their functions, the administration of criminal justice and, finally, some offences and their punishments in particular, namely suicide, witchcraft and press offences. All of these subjects are treated in such a manner that they can immediately be compared with the contents of similar standard works concerning the history of criminal justice in other countries. More information on the Martinus Nijhoff/Brill site.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: B. Piret, The Hundred Thousand Bricks. The Stanleyville Jail and Its Detainees (Lille: Centre d'Histoire Judiciaire, 2014, ISBN 2-910114-26-0)

lun, 12/08/2014 - 07:18
(source: CHJ éditions)
Bérengère Piret (Université Saint-Louis, Brussels) published Les cent mille briques. La prison et les détenus de Stanleyville at the press of the Centre d'Histoire Judiciare in Lille (Université Lille-II). More information on the CHJ's website.

Summary (in French):
Dans les premières années du 20e siècle, alors que l'expansion belge au Congo n'en est qu'à ses débuts, l'une des premières préoccupations de l'administration coloniale est de faire bâtir des centres de détention destinés aux Congolais et aux étrangers ayant contrevenu aux dispositions légales ou s'étant opposés à l'autorité coloniale. L'une des plus grandes prisons édifiées alors se situe à Stanleyville, aujourd'hui Kisangani, et est surnommée Cent mille briques.Cet ouvrage s'intéresse à la fois aux aspects organisationnels, idéologiques et humains qui ont présidé à la construction et au fonctionnement de cet établissement. Au croisement des disciplines, Bérengère Piret a étudié à la fois les projets pénitentiaires; l'architecture et ce qu'elle traduit du projet colonial; ainsi que les acteurs qui sont internés, vivent ou travaillent dans la prison de Stanleyville. Le lecteur est ainsi entraîné de l'autre côté du mur, derrière les Cent mille briques où, aidés des nombreux clichés du cinéaste belge André Cauvin, il peut observer la vie carcérale. A travers la découverte de ce quotidien et, plus particulièrement, de l'organisation des principaux temps de la détention (travail, enseignement et loirsirs), l'auteure a mis en évidence l'existence et la nature d'un véritable projet colonial belge où théories, pratiques et normes se superposent et parfois se heurtent, tant aux plans politique et juridique que social. Source: Rechtshistorische Courant (UGent)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Peter Friedemann, Die Politische Philosophie des Gabriel Bonnot de Mably (1709-1785) (Berlin: LIT, 2014, ISBN 978-3-643-12680-1)

lun, 12/08/2014 - 05:49
(image source: LIT) 
LIT-Verlag published Peter Fridemann's comprehensive study on Gabriel Bonnot de Mably, a major figure of 18th century political and legal thought.

Summary (in German):
Mably gehört zu den bedeutenderen Repräsentanten der französischen Aufklärung. In Deutschland ist er wenig bekannt, obwohl man sich in jüngster Zeit im angloamerikanischen, französischen und italienischen Sprachraum intensiv mit seinen völkerrechtlichen und verfassungspolitischen Studien auseinandergesetzt hat. Der Verfasser hat nach langjähriger Beschäftigung mit diesem politischen Philosophen, einem der Väter der Französischen Revolution, eine Synthese der bisherigen umfangreichen Forschungsergebnisse erarbeitet. Auf der Grundlage neuer Quellenfunde und Dokumente werden Erkenntnisse von aktueller Bedeutung für den demokratischen und sozialen europäischen Rechtsstaat präsentiert.Source: Belgian-Dutch Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK PRESENTATION: Sylvain Soleil, The French Legal Model in the World. An Ambition, An Expansion (16th-19th centuries) (Leuven, 18 December 2014)

lun, 12/08/2014 - 04:57
(image source: KULeuven)
The Catholic University of Leuven (KULeuven) organizes a debate around the latest book by Sylvain Soleil (Rennes) on the "French Legal Model in the World" (Le modèle juridique français dans le monde).

Time and place: Thursday 18 December, 16:00-18:00 in the Leuven law faculty. Participants should notify their presence in advance to Prof. Wim Decock.

More information on the KUL website.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Centre for Legal History and Roman Law at the University of Neuchâtel

lun, 12/08/2014 - 03:52

The University of Neuchâtel (Switzerland) launched a research centre for Legal History, involving the teams of Professors Jean-Jacques Aubert (classical philology and ancient history), Jean-Philippe Dunand (roman law, legal history, labour law), Olivier Christin (early modern history) and Jean-Daniel Morerod (medieval history). Recently, Vincent Peillon, former minister for education in France, has joined the centre as an associate professor.

More information (including a list of past and upcoming research meetings and lectures) on the CIHDDR's website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News