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The ESCLH aims to promote comparative legal history and seeks affiliation with individuals and organisations with complementary aims.
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ARTICLE: "From Gospel to Law: The Lutheran Reformation and Its Impact on Legal Culture", by J. Witte

mar, 11/11/2014 - 05:23

John Witte, Emory University School of Law on From Gospel to Law: The Lutheran Reformation and Its Impact on Legal CultureMark A. Noll and Tal Howard, eds., Protestantism? Reflections in Advance of the 500th Anniversary of the Protestant Reformation, 1517-2017, Forthcoming Emory Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-308  
full text hereAbstractThe Lutheran Reformation transformed not only theology and the church, but also law and the state. Despite Luther’s burning of the canon law books and his berating of lawyers as bad Christians, he soon realized that he needed both law and the legal profession to preserve his theological reforms, and to extend them into the realms of marriage, education, social welfare and more. Luther and his colleagues ultimately reconciled the new dialectics between Gospel and Law, church and state, spiritual life and temporal life through Luther’s complex two-kingdoms theory, which remains at the heart of Lutheran thought to this day. They ultimately synthesized their reforms of public and private life in hundreds of new confessions and catechisms, orders and ordinances, which still shape the laws and policies of Lutheran churches and states to this day.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "How Do Things Get Started? Legal Transplants and Domestication: An Example from Colonial New Zealand", by S. Dorsett

lun, 11/10/2014 - 11:47


SHAUNNAGH DORSETT, University of Technology Sydney, Faculty of Law on "How Do Things Get Started? Legal Transplants and Domestication: An Example from Colonial New Zealand"
full text here

Abstract‘Unearthing’ is a problematic task for historians. To some extent it assumes continuity between the past and the present, and that matters identified by whatever means as ‘traditions’ in the present were understood that way in the past. It is a backward looking task, rather than an exploration of understandings at a moment in time. Rather than ‘unearthing’, this article seeks to start at the beginning and to think about how things get going in colonies. It pays attention to foundations and to questions of institutional design. This article draws on literature on legal transplants, and examines one example of a legal transplant in New Zealand: the Resident Magistrates’ Court, focusing in particular on its civil jurisdiction. If not the ‘number eight wire’ approach, it is a recognition of pragmatism - the ways in which legal forms, both discursive and institutional, circulated Empire and are made and remade in new times and places in response to local circumstance.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: "Dreaming of the International Rule of Law – A History of International Courts and Tribunals" - European Society of International Law, Interest Group History of International Law (Deadline 15 February 2015)

lun, 11/10/2014 - 04:03
We received the following call from the ESIL's Interest Group "History of International Law":

Dreaming of the International Rule of Law – A History of International Courts and Tribunals


(image, "Los caprichos de Goya - "The dream of Reason Creates Monsters" (Google Art Project) source: Wikimedia Commons)

On the occasion of The ESIL 11th Annual Conference, to be held in Oslo, 10 – 12 September 2015. The Judicialization of International Law – A Mixed Blessing? The ESIL’s interest group on the History of International Law http://esilhil.blogspot.co.uk/ invites submissions, in English or French.

For all the current anxiety surrounding the judicialization of international politics, the contemporary growth of international courts and tribunals, which shows the continuing appeal of the “domestic analogy” in shaping the intellectual imagination of the discipline, may arguably be considered a dream made true for the long-standing aspirations of professional relevance of international lawyers. The promise of a more perfected international rule of law is among the factors that account for the fact that the establishment of new international courts and tribunals has accompanied the proliferation of international institutions and the diversification of international law for the last 25 years’-long post-cold war period.

Against this background, submissions are welcomed in two interdependent categories. On the first hand, the IGHIL invites submissions addressed to examine the histories of the creation of “successful” international courts and tribunals, in the sense of institutionally established and operative ones. On the other, the IGHIL welcomes submissions addressed to examine the histories of short-lived, aborted or failed international courts and tribunals as well as the history of projects for international courts of tribunals that remained “dead letter” and/or are still “in nuce".

Authors are invited to consider factors of failure/success in the creation, disappearance or non- emergence of international courts and tribunals in light of their legitimacy of origin and exercise as well as other factors. These may include, but are not limited to e.g. the role of particularly inspirational figures or social movements, the contextual-historical relevance of different international legal philosophies or the impact of context-breaking events in the history of international law.

Each submission should include:
– An abstract of no more than 400 words
– The intended language of presentation
– A short curriculum vitae containing the author’s name, institutional affiliation, contact information and e-mail address.

Applications should be submitted to both Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral and Randall Lesaffer by 15th February 2015. All applicants will be notified of the outcome of the selection process by 15th March 2015.

Selection will be based on scholarly merit and with regard to producing an engaging workshop, without prejudice to gender, seniority, language or geographical location. Please note that the ESIL Interest Group on the History of International Law is unable to provide funds to cover the conference registration fee or related transport and accommodation costs.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: The Next Meeting of the Edinburgh Roman Law Group (Edinburgh, 3 December 2014)

ven, 11/07/2014 - 08:05

WHAT: Property: An Essay in Fan Fiction, meeting of the Edinburgh Roman Law Group
WHERE: MacCormick Seminar Lorimer Room, Old College, Edinburgh
WHEN: 3 December 2014, 5:30 pm
all information here
Speaker
James Lee (Dickson Poon School of Law, KCL)
The speaker has provided the following blurb:“This paper draws upon Roman and contemporary debates about the scope and applicability of property rights in certain instances to consider the extent to which ‘property’ is used in an instrumental and fictive way. It argues that, properly understood, property rights are not essentially fictional, but that their misapplication is potentially harmful to the coherence of the law.”
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Tuori on Ancient History and Legal Realism in the Making of Legal Anthropology

jeu, 11/06/2014 - 08:02
An exciting new book by Kauis Tuori has been published by Routledge.Lawyers and SavagesAncient History and Legal Realism in the Making of Legal AnthropologyLegal primitivism was a complex phenomenon that combined the study of early European legal traditions with studies of the legal customs of indigenous peoples. Lawyers and Savages: Ancient History and Legal Realism in the Making of Legal Anthropology explores the rise and fall of legal primitivism, and its connection to the colonial encounter. Through examples such as blood feuds, communalism, ordeals, ritual formalism and polygamy, this book traces the intellectual revolution of legal anthropology and demonstrates how this scholarship had a clear impact in legitimating the colonial experience. Detailing how legal realism drew on anthropology in order to help counter the hypothetical constructs of legal formalism, this book also shows how, despite their explicit rejection, the central themes of primitive law continue to influence current ideas – about indigenous legal systems, but also of the place and role of law in development.Written in an engaging style and rich in examples from history and literature, this book will be invaluable to those with interests in legal realism, legal history or legal anthropology.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

FELLOSHIP: "Law and Social Science Dissertation Fellowship & Mentoring Program, 2015-2017"

mer, 11/05/2014 - 11:37



Law and Social Science Dissertation Fellowship & Mentoring Program, 2015-2017

PurposeThe Law and Society Association, in collaboration with the American Bar Foundation and the National Science Foundation, seeks applications for the Law and Social Science Dissertation Fellowship and Mentoring Program (LSS Fellowship).
AwardsFellowships are held in residence at the American Bar Foundation in Chicago, IL, where Fellows are expected to participate in the intellectual life of the ABF, including participation in a weekly seminar series. LSS Fellows will receive a stipend of $30,000 per year beginning Fall 2015. Fellows will attend LSA annual meetings in both years of the fellowship and the Graduate Student Workshop in the first year of the fellowship.  Fellows will receive up to $1,500 for research and travel expenses each year.  Relocation expenses up to $2,500 may be reimbursed one time.
EligibilityThird-, fourth-, and fifth-year graduate students who specialize in the field of law and social science and whose research interests include law and inequality are invited to apply.  Fellowship applicants should be students in a Ph.D. program in a social science department or an interdisciplinary program.  Humanities students pursuing empirically-based social science dissertations are welcome to apply.  Applicants are also eligible to apply for the American Bar Foundation’s Doctoral Fellowship Program in Law and Social Science. Only U.S. citizens and permanent residents are eligible to apply.


Application Materials RequiredApplicants should submit:  (1) a 1-2 page letter of application; (2) a 2-3 page description of a research project or interest that relates to law and inequality (broadly defined) with a statement of how the applicant became interested in the research topic; (3) a resume or curriculum vitae; (4) a writing sample (a paper written for a graduate-level course or dissertation prospectus); and (5) three letters of recommendation from faculty members (including one from the faculty member who will serve as the departmental liaison – typically the applicant’s advisor).  If you are also applying for the American Bar Foundation Doctoral Fellowship, please indicate so in your cover letter.
Applications for this fellowship must be received no later than December 1, 2014.
Please submit your complete application for the LSS Fellowship online.  Direct all questions or concerns relating to your application submission to Amanda Ehrhardt, (312) 988-6517, aehrhardt@abfn.org.



Catégories: Comparative Law News

FELLOWSHIP: "ABF Doctoral/Post-Doctoral Fellowship Program in Law and Social Science"

mer, 11/05/2014 - 11:34


ABF Doctoral/Post-Doctoral Fellowship Program in Law and Social Science


PurposeThe American Bar Foundation is committed to developing the next generation of scholars in the field of law and social science.  The purpose of the fellowships is to encourage original and significant research on law, the legal profession, and legal institutions.
EligibilityFor the Doctoral/Post-Doctoral Fellowships, applications are invited from outstanding students who are candidates for Ph.D. degrees in the social sciences.  Applicants must have completed all doctoral requirements except the dissertation by September 1, 2015.  Applicants who will have completed the dissertation prior to September 1, 2015 are also welcome to apply.  Doctoral and proposed research must be in the general area of sociolegal studies or in social scientific approaches to law, the legal profession, or legal institutions. The research must address significant issues in the field and show promise of a major contribution to social scientific understanding of law and legal process.  Minority students are especially encouraged to apply. Applicants are also eligible to apply for the American Bar Foundation and Law and Society Association’s Law and Social Science Dissertation Fellowship & Mentoring Program.
AwardsFellows receive a stipend of $30,000 for 12 months.  Fellows also may request up to $1,500 to reimburse expenses associated with research, travel to meet with advisors, or travel to conferences at which papers are presented.  Relocation expenses up to $2,500 may be reimbursed on application.
TenureFellowships are awarded for 12 months, beginning, September 1, 2015.
ConditionsFellowships are held in residence at the American Bar Foundation.  Appointments to fellowships are full time.  Fellows are expected to participate fully in the academic life of the ABF so that they may develop close collegial ties with other scholars in residence.
Application ProcessApplications must include:  (1) a dissertation abstract or proposal with an outline of the substance and methods of the research; (2) two letters of reference, one of which must be from a supervisor of the dissertation; and (3) a curriculum vitae.  In addition, at the applicant’s option, a short sample of written work may be submitted.
Applications for this fellowship must be received no later than December 15, 2014.
Please apply online. Direct all application questions or concerns to Amanda Ehrhardt, Administrative Associate for Academic Affairs and Research Administration, American Bar Foundation, (312) 988-6517, aehrhardt@abfn.org.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "Adultery, Criminality, and the Myth of English Sovereignty", by Erin L. Sheley

mer, 11/05/2014 - 11:31
Erin L. Sheley, George Washington University Law School, on Adultery, Criminality, and the Myth of English Sovereignty, forthcoming in Law, Culture and the Humanities 11 (2015). 

 Abstract:
This article argues that in Britain over the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the understanding of adultery as a tort was complicated by an accompanying discourse of what I will call “quasi-criminality.” Specifically — while formally trivialized — adultery remained linked to a threat to British kingship. The tension between the weight of relevant monarchical history and the absence of contemporary criminal enforcement created a new cultural narrative about adultery which attempted, itself, to serve a penal function. Examining the development of this discourse alongside the relevant law illuminates the complex social process through which public and private wrongs become distinguished — or conflated.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

REVIEW ESSAY: Allison Tirres's review of Kristin A. Collins, "Illegitimate Borders: Jus Sanguinis Citizenship and the Legal Construction of Family, Race, and Nation" (2014)

mer, 11/05/2014 - 11:16
  Allison Tirres's review of Kristin A. Collins, "Illegitimate Borders: Jus Sanguinis Citizenship and the Legal Construction of Family, Race, and Nation" , appeared in Volume 123 of the Yale Law Journal (2014)
 from Tirres's essay:















 In her article “Illegitimate Borders: Jus Sanguinis Citizenship and the Legal Construction of Family, Race, and Nation,” Kristin Collins looks in depth at the origins, interpretations, and practices of derivative citizenship over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In doing so, she not only systematically destroys the simplistic argument provided by the INS in the Nguyen case, but also reveals the deeply racialized nature of jus sanguinis. She demonstrates that throughout much of our history, derivative citizenship was moored in intertwined visions of women’s subordinate place in the family and of nonwhite persons’ subordinate place in the polity. Courts, agencies, administrators and consular officials across decades found ways to interpret and apply the law of derivative citizenship to favor white children over nonwhite children. Sometimes these efforts were explicit but other times they were hidden. It takes a skilled and capable historian like Collins to be able to dig beneath the surface of decades of government documents and court records and put the pieces of the jus sanguinis puzzle together.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

FELLOWSHIP: The Bonfield Fellowship at Iowa Law (2015/2016)

mer, 11/05/2014 - 11:04


The Law Library welcomes applications for its newly-created Bonfield Fellowship for a visiting researcher.

The aim of the Bonfield Fellowship is to bring a faculty member at another institution to the University of Iowa, to spend a brief time in residence conducting research in the Law Library’s world-class collections. The fellowship is named in honor of Professor Arthur Bonfield, who directed the Law Library from 1985 to 2014.


The University of Iowa Law Library is among the three largest law school libraries in the United States. As of June 30, 2014, the Law Library had nearly 1.2 million hardcopy, microform, and electronic titles, and nearly 1.4 million hardcopy volumes and microform volume equivalents.


The Law Library’s holdings on the law of the United States and all of its states and territories, Great Britain, and the present and former members of the British Commonwealth are exceptionally strong, as is its collection of EU, UN, and WTO materials. It also has one of the most comprehensive collections in the U.S. of international and comparative law materials, and excellent collections from many non-English-speaking countries, including Argentina, Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Mexico, and Russia. The Rare Books Collection includes the Hammond Collection of 1,200 English and Civil law materials and the Leist Collection of 3,000 volumes of German, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Canon law. The Law Library also has strength in Islamic and Jewish law.


The Bonfield Fellowship will provide:
  • Round-trip economy airfare for the Fellow between the Fellow’s home city and the Cedar Rapids/Iowa City airport;
  • Hotel accommodation for the Fellow in Iowa City for up to one week;
  • A student research assistant during the Fellow’s period of residence; and
  • A lockable faculty carrel in the Law Library equipped with a desktop computer.

While in residence, the Bonfield Fellow will be expected to:
  • Conduct scholarly research using the Law Library’s world-class collections;
  • Participate regularly at the Law Faculty lunch table;
  • Present a work in progress at an Iowa Legal Studies Workshop; and
  • Participate in a curricular or extracurricular law student event.
Candidates for the Bonfield Fellowship may be self-nominated or may be nominated by a member of the University of Iowa Law Faculty. A nomination consists of the candidate’s CV, a statement of the candidate’s expected research while in residence, and a general indication of the candidate’s proposed dates of residence. The Fellow’s period of residence should be within the academic year. In 2015-16, the academic year begins on August 25 and ends on April 22.

We anticipate that one or two Bonfield Fellow(s) will be in residence in 2015-16. Nominations must be received by February 1, 2015, and should be sent by e-mail to:

Prof. Thomas Gallanis
Associate Dean for Research (Director of the Law Library)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "For Fear of an Elective King: George Washington and the Presidential Title Controversy of 1789", by Kathleen Bartoloni-Tuazon (2014)

mer, 11/05/2014 - 10:58

For Fear of an Elective King: George Washington and the Presidential Title Controversy of 1789 , by Kathleen Bartoloni-Tuazon, First Federal Congress Project, Cornell University Press, 2014

All information here
Abstract:

For Fear of an Elective King is Kathleen Bartoloni-Tuazon's rich account of the title controversy and its meanings. 

In the spring of 1789, within weeks of the establishment of the new federal government based on the U.S. Constitution, the Senate and House of Representatives fell into dispute regarding how to address the president. Congress, the press, and individuals debated more than thirty titles, many of which had royal associations and some of which were clearly monarchical.The short, intense legislative phase and the prolonged, equally intense public phase animated and shaped the new nation's broadening political community. Rather than simply reflecting an obsession with etiquette, the question challenged Americans to find an acceptable balance between power and the people’s sovereignty while assuring the country’s place in the Atlantic world. Bartoloni-Tuazon argues that the resolution of the controversy in favor of the modest title of "President" established the importance of recognition of the people's views by the president and evidence of modesty in the presidency, an approach to leadership that fledged the presidency’s power by not flaunting it.



How the country titled the president reflected the views of everyday people, as well as the recognition by social and political elites of the irony that authority rested with acquiescence to egalitarian principles. The controversy’s outcome affirmed the republican character of the country’s new president and government, even as the conflict was the opening volley in increasingly partisan struggles over executive power. As such, the dispute is as relevant today as in 1789. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

REVIEW ESSAY: "Towards a New Legal History of Capitalism and Unfree Labor: Law, Slavery, and Emancipation in the American Marketplace" , by Matthew Axtell (2013)

mer, 11/05/2014 - 10:49

Matthew Axtell (Judicial Fellow, US Supreme Court), on the Walter Johnson’s book "River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom", forthcoming in Law & Social Inquiry, 40 (Winter 2015)
Abstract: 
New work on the "history of capitalism" reveals how the personal freedom enjoyed by people living within the liberal capitalist mainstream is often purchased by coerced labor at the social margins. Walter Johnson’s book River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom (2013) makes this argument with force, utilizing the concept of "slave racial capitalism" to suggest how race-based slavery constituted a necessary component of early American economic expansion. Using Johnson’s framework as a starting point, this essay argues that the legal institutions of property and contract, institutions underwriting a genuinely "slave racial capitalist" regime, also contained certain subversive possibilities within themselves, eventually challenging unfree labor as a modality of rule within the modernizing United States.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Making money. Coin, currency and the coming of Capitalism", by Chris Desan (2014)

mer, 11/05/2014 - 10:41


Making money. Coin, currency and the coming of Capitalism, by Chris Desan, Harvard Law; co-founder, Program on the Study of Capitalism, Oxford University Press

Table of contents here

Abstract:


Money travels the modern world in disguise. It looks like a convention of human exchange - a commodity like gold or a medium like language. But its history reveals that money is a very different matter. It is an institution engineered by political communities to mark and mobilize resources. As societies change the way they create money, they change the market itself - along with the rules that structure it, the politics and ideas that shape it, and the benefits that flow from it.One particularly dramatic transformation in money's design brought capitalism to England. For centuries, the English government monopolized money's creation. The Crown sold people coin for a fee in exchange for silver and gold. 'Commodity money' was a fragile and difficult medium; the first half of the book considers the kinds of exchange and credit it invited, as well as the politics it engendered. Capitalism arrived when the English reinvented money at the end of the 17th century. When it established the Bank of England, the government shared its monopoly over money creation for the first time with private investors, institutionalizing their self-interest as the pump that would produce the money supply. The second half of the book considers the monetary revolution that brought unprecedented possibilities and problems. The invention of circulating public debt, the breakdown of commodity money, the rise of commercial bank currency, and the coalescence of ideological commitments that came to be identified with the Gold Standard - all contributed to the abundant and unstable medium that is modern money. All flowed as well from a collision between the individual incentives and public claims at the heart of the system. The drama had constitutional dimension: money, as its history reveals, is a mode of governance in a material world. That character undermines claims in economics about money's neutrality. The monetary design innovated in England would later spread, producing the global architecture of modern money.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "The Politics of Early Justice, Lower Court Federal Judicial Selection 1789-1861", by Michael J. Gerhardt and Michael Ashley Stein (2014)

mer, 11/05/2014 - 10:32






Michael J. Gerhardt (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Law)  and Michael Ashley Stein  (William & Mary Law School) on "The Politics of Early Justice, Lower Court Federal Judicial Selection 1789-1861", forthcoming on the Iowa Law Review

Here the abstract:


Almost every commentary on the history of the selection of federal judges presumes that there was some prior golden era in which national political leaders focused primarily on the merit of individual nominees and were not unduly swayed by partisan politics or ideology. Numerous constitutional scholars — and national leaders — have therefore roundly criticized the modern day judicial selection process, citing unprecedented delays and a low percentage of approval of federal court nominees as evidence that the system has broken down. They have argued that the ways in which senators, as well as presidents, have handled lower court nominations in the modern era have deviated from how the nation’s first chief executives and the first few Senates handled such nominations. Yet, there is one glaring omission in almost all commentaries on disputes over judicial selection over the past few decades — the absence of any substantiation of an earlier, so-called golden era, in which there actually was general deference within the Senate to presidents’ nominations to federal district and appellate judgeships. Even the classic work on federal judicial selection by the late Kermit Hall begins its analysis of federal judicial selection in 1825, disregarding nearly forty years of prior practices in the field and reinforcing the received but unsubstantiated assumptions about how judicial nominations to lower courts fared beforehand.




This Article is the first to make a serious comprehensive historiography of federal judicial selection from 1789-1861 in the United States. Following six years of archival and secondary source research, we identified each of the lower court nominations made by presidents from George Washington through James Buchanan and then tracked the Senate’s actions on each of their nominations through both archival and secondary sources. Further, we identified the criteria employed in the first seven decades of judicial nominations as well as the outcomes of, and grounds for, the Senate’s proceedings for all of these nominations. We believe that the results of this unprecedented study are significant because they provide a window into an era of early federal judicial selection that has been virtually ignored by both commentators and national political leaders. While we identified some antiquated practices, such as several of the earliest presidents’ judicial nominees actually declining judgeships after the Senate had confirmed their nominations, we found other patterns of practice that are similar to contemporary developments. Among the most significant of these latter patterns are the facts that: every antebellum president took political considerations into account in making nominations; all antebellum presidents, with the exception of William Henry Harrison, had most of their judicial nominations confirmed by the Senate; and three antebellum presidents — George Washington, Martin Van Buren, and James Polk — enjoyed 100% of their judicial nominations confirmed by the Senate. Yet, political parties, particularly in times of divided government, often split along party lines in judicial confirmation proceedings, and several judicial nominations in the antebellum period failed because of opposition based on the particular nominees’ ideologies or past political decisions. In short, there was no golden era of judicial nominations but rather different eras in which politics, in different ways, shaped federal judicial selection.



Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Law and Revolution in Ireland: Law & Lawyers before, during, and after the Cromwellian Interregnum

mer, 10/29/2014 - 09:58
 Law and Revolution in Ireland:Law & Lawyers before, during, andafter the Cromwellian Interregnum CONFERENCE 27-28 NOVEMBER 2014

Thursday, 27 November 2014
Session IDr Stephen Carroll(Trinity College Dublin)Competing authorities: the clash of martial and common law in early seventeenth-century IrelandDr Aran McArdle (Trinity College Dublin)‘Necessarye to keepe Irelande in Order’: Martial law and the 1641 rebellion 
Session IIDr Bríd McGrath (Trinity College Dublin)Electoral law in Ireland in the early seventeenth centuryDr John Cunningham (Trinity College Dublin / University of Exeter)Lawyers and the law in the writings of Sir William Parsons
Session IIIDr Neil Johnston (Department of Culture, Media & Sport, Westminster)Charles II’s legal officers and their influence on the Restoration land settlement in Ireland, 1660-65Prof. James McGuire, MRIA (Irish Manuscripts Commission)Governing Restoration Ireland: the evidence of the proclamations, 1660–70


Friday, 28 November 2014
Session IVJennifer Wells, JD (Brown University / Institute of Historical Research)‘Don’t Kill All the Lawyers!’ – Judges and lawyers in the Interregnum and the making of the British Empire Dr Andrew Robinson(Northern Ireland Policing Board)‘Twixt Treason and Convenience’: Protestant Ireland and the trial of the earl of Strafford
Session VDr Danielle McCormack (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań)The rhetoric of law and the Restoration settlement, c. 1660-2                   Prof. Andrew Carpenter, MRIA(University College Dublin)Lawyers and the circulation of scurrilous verse in Restoration Dublin
Session VIDr John J. Cronin (University College Dublin)Countering a revolution with law: the role of the Irish royalist elite in the law courts of the exiled Charles II: 1649-1660Prof. Colum Kenny (Dublin City University)Shooting stars and survivors: King's Inns revisited 1648-1661
Irish Legal History Society AGM
Irish Legal History Society Winter DiscourseDr Coleman A. Dennehy (University College Dublin / University College London)Appointments to the Irish bench in the early Restoration period



For registration, please email Dr Coleman Dennehy (c.dennehy@ucl.ac.uk)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CFA: "Autour du «chef» : pour une histoire du commandement et de l’autorité" (Rome, 2-6 February 2015)

mer, 10/29/2014 - 08:17

WHAT: Autour du «chef» : pour une histoire du commandement et de l’autorité, Atelier doctoral, Call for application

WHERE: Ecole française de Rome, piazza Farnese, Rome

WHEN: 2-6 Febuary 2015

Deadline 25 November 2014

L’École française de Rome, en collaboration avec l’Université de Roma 3, l’EHESS (Centre des normes juridiques de Paris - UMR 8178, le CIHAM (UMR 5648 - CNRS/Université de Lyon 2) et l’Université de Montpellier 3 (Centre d’études médiévales de Montpellier, EA 4583), organise un séminaire doctoral annuel à Rome du 2 février au 6 février 2015. Ce séminaire aura pour objet l'histoire du commandement et de l’autorité au Moyen Âge, mais donnera aussi une large place à ses prolongements modernes et contemporains, en tenant évidemment compte des héritages antiques et en mobilisant, autant que faire se peut, une démarche comparatiste. On se demandera par quels moyens et dans quelles circonstances les sociétés occidentales sont parvenues à élaborer ce « besoin du chef » - dont parle Yves Cohen dans son livre récent Le siècle du chef - qui s’impose définitivement depuis la fin du XIXe siècle dans la politique et dans tout milieu institutionnel en Europe comme dans d’autres continents ? Centré autour de cette figure sociologiquement assez fuyante, l’atelier sera consacré à la reconstruction historique des montages institutionnels que depuis le Moyen Age le droit, la religion, la politique et, depuis le XVIIIe siècle, l’administration étatique et d’entreprise ont été capables d’imaginer et d'appliquer pour structurer cette fonction du chef. Le tournant populiste et démagogique que les démocraties occidentales revivent ces derniers années nous incite à problématiser les catégories et les pratiques de cette incarnation du pouvoir sur une très longue durée, à partir des contextes médiévaux dans lesquels s’est structurée une géographie de la grandeur. 

Le séminaire doctoral se déroulera de la manière suivante : les matinées seront animées chacune par un conférencier et un discutant qui se pencheront sur les thématiques de l'atelier, alors que les après-midis seront consacrés à la présentation des travaux des doctorants, trois pour chaque jour. Les présentations des travaux des étudiants (durée : 20 minutes chacune) seront ensuite discutées par les conférenciers et feront l’objet d’un débat général. 
L’École française propose 12 bourses pour des jeunes chercheurs (doctorant-e-s et postdoctorant-e-s de la Communauté européennes et d’autres pays) venu-e-s d'horizons différents (histoire, droit, philosophie, sociologie, anthropologie...) ayant effectué ou effectuant un travail de recherche sur des thèmes liés à la problématique du séminaire. Ces bourses couvrent uniquement les frais de séjour à Rome. Le transport est à la charge des étudiants.Les candidat-e-s devront envoyer par e-mail avant le 25 novembre 2014 à l’adresse secrma@efrome.it un dossier constitué de : une lettre de motivation ; un bref curriculum vitae précisant les compétences linguistiques et, le cas échéant, une liste de publications ; un résumé du projet (2 pages au max., env. 6000 signes) ; une lettre de recommandation.Le Comité scientifique se réserve la possibilité d’accueillir, comme auditeurs, d’autres participants, qui prendraient à leur charge les frais de séjours et prouveraient leur intérêt à suivre le séminaire.Les candidat-e-s seront choisi-e-s en considération de leur projet par le Comité scientifique. Ils seront prévenus de l’obtention de la bourse avant le 5 décembre. Ils devront ensuite fournir un texte d’environ 10 pages (30 000 signes) dans une des langues de la conférence (français, italien ou anglais) avant le 10 janvier 2015. Les projets seront commentés, avant la discussion générale, par un expert. Les meilleures communications pourront être proposées à la publication dans les Mélanges de l’École française de Rome. Moyen Âge (http://mefrm.revues.org/) Les candidats retenus pour le séminaire seront tenus d’assister à l’ensemble des séances. 

Comité scientifique Jacques Chiffoleau, Yves Cohen, Emanuele Coccia, Emanuele Conte, Patrick Gilli, Stéphane Gioanni, Paolo Napoli 

Contacts École Française de Rome Stéphane Gioanni, Directeur des études médiévales Grazia Perrino, Secrétariat des études médiévales Piazza Farnese, 67 - I – 00186 Roma - Tel. (+39) 06 68 60 12 48 - email : secrma@efrome.it 





Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: the fourth Biennal ESCLH Conference (Gdansk, 2016)

mer, 10/29/2014 - 07:49

WHAT: the fourth Biennal ESCLH Conference
WHERE: Gdansk University, Gdansk (Poland)
WHEN: 2016



Call for papers will be announced by mid-2015 on this blog
With great pleasure we announce and invite you to the fourth Biennial ESCLH Conference, which will take place in 2016 in Gdansk – the Hanseatic city of merchants, the birthplace of Solidarity movement, and the location of the largest institution of higher education in northern Poland!Gdansk, together with Gdynia and the seaside resort of Sopot, creates a metropolitan of over 1 million people. It is a city with a rich, more than 1,000-year, history, representing a vibrant and modern center of the dynamically developing Poland.Gdansk, the Hanseatic city, has been an important center of international trade since the Middle Ages. The particular merchant and commercial nature of Gdansk made unusual in this part of Europe. Gdansk undoubtedly enjoyed a special status in the region as a city situated at the intersection of cultures and nationalities, where Central and Eastern Europe meets Western Europe.Gdansk is the birthplace of the Solidarity movement which under the leadership of Lech Wałęsa, played a major role in bringing an end to Communist rule across Central Europe and the existence of the Iron Curtain dividing Europe by nearly a half-century.University of Gdansk is the largest institution of higher education in northern Poland, With almost 33,000 students in the eleven faculties and 1,700 academic staff members. The Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Gdansk is considered one of the best Law Faculties in Poland. Our University and Faculty cooperate with many foreign universities and research institutes around the world.Gdansk is very well-connected city. Lech Wałęsa International Airport, with a new terminal opened ahead of Euro 2012, offers frequent direct flights to London, Paris, Frankfurt, Munich, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Stockholm, Amsterdam, Rome and Berlin.        To learn more about our city and the university, we have produced a short movie: http://arch.prawo.ug.edu.pl/films/ug3.mp4 Enjoy!
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Dénoncer le crime du moyen âge au XIXe siècle", edited by Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula (2014)

dim, 10/26/2014 - 08:33

Dénoncer le crime du moyen âge au XIXe siècle, edited by Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula, Pessac, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme d’Aquitaine, 2014, [350 p.]
All information here
Abstract

Cet ouvrage souhaite faire la part belle à la dénonciation comme l’un des moteurs du processus d’étatisation ou de publicisation de la justice du Moyen Âge à nos jours. Mais l’essor de la dénonciation ne doit pas être abordé comme étant le fruit de seules volontés politiques. Lorsque les appels à la dénonciation sont émis, la population choisit de coopérer ou non. Enfin, on ne pouvait totalement fermer la porte à une approche de la dénonciation judiciaire comme mécanisme de signalement et d’information des délits commis au sein des communautés. Elle a beau être un acte défini et régulé en droit, elle n’en demeure pas moins multiforme et largement insaisissable entre l’oral et l’écrit. Les contributions rassemblées ici montrent combien les progrès de ce mode de saisine des juges ne sont pas linéaires. Ils dépendent de la capacité des justiciables à se l’approprier en tant que victimes directes ou non des faits dénoncés. Ils sont déterminés aussi par les mésusages et les dérives qui font alors de cette pratique une ressource procédurale stratégique à l’heure de dénoncer pour les uns, de juger pour les autres 


SommaireListe des auteurs
  • Introduction – Ce que dénoncer veut dire, par Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula
Première partie – Les voies de la dénonciationIntroduction
  • Excessus deliquentium in capitulo proclamantur – Dénoncer le crime au sein des monastères au Moyen Âge (XII-XVe siècles), par Élisabeth Lusset
  • Dénoncer le crime aux XIIe-XIIe siècles, par Bruno Lemesle
  • La place de la dénonciation dans la procédure rémoise des XIVe et XVe siècles, par Julien Briand
  • Rendre publique une «dénonce» au milieu du XVIe siècle, le procès des magistrats de Savoie, par Marie Houllemare
  • La dénonciation par écrit des barbiers : les documents des tribunaux criminels de Rome (XVe-XVIe siècles), par Maria Luisa Carlino
  • L’affaire sirani: dénoncer le crime de poison dans la Bologne du Seicento, par Margaux Buyck
  • Saisir le juge en cas de crimes atroces en Languedoc aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles, par Mathieu Soula
Deuxième partie – Usages et mésusages de la dénonciationIntroduction
  • Dénoncer son maître, dénoncer ses comparses: l’homme de main, le juge, la foule et l’aveu «spontané» (comté de Bourgogne, fin du XIVe siècle), par Michelle Bubeniceck
  • Dénoncer un crime imaginaire. Le cas de la sorcellerie démoniaque en Suisse occidentale (XVe siècle), par Chantal Ammann-Doubliez, Georg Modestin, Martine Ostorero et Kathrin Utz Tremp
  • Fait mandé et corps défendant. La procédure d’auto-dénonciation dans les Pays-Bas (XIVe-XVIIe siècles), par Aude Musin
  • Denunciare i delitti contro la fede nell’Italia della Controriforma: la storia di un fallimento, par Giovanni Romeo
  • Livrer les prêtres aux officialités : la dénonciation comme outil de régulation sociale au xviii e siècle, par Myriam Deniel-Ternant
  • Dénoncer l’adultère quand on est femme. Enjeux et pratiques de la scène judiciaire à Marseille au XVIIIe siècle, par Christophe Régina
  • La dénonciation calomnieuse au XIXe siècle: acteurs, circuits et implications, par Vincent Bernaudeau
Troisième partie – Refus et impossibilité de dénoncer autruiIntroduction
  • La faillite des dénonciateurs : un procès pour faux-monnayage de 1674 au coeur de la Castille de Charles II d’Espagne, par Olivier Caporossi
  • Pâra in Moldavia (in the 17th century), par Georgiana Zaharia
  • «Ce ne sont pas nos affaires»: dénonciation et non-dénonciation des malfaiteurs dans la Corse Moderne, par Antoine Graziani
  • «Pour la décharge de sa conscience et pour le bien de la justice». Des difficultés de la dénonciation du curé délinquant au XVIIe siècle, par Kévin Saule........ 287
  • Dénonciation intra-muros : le silence a-t-il le dernier mot? Étude d’histoire du droit comparé entre la France et le Québec au xixd siècle, par Carole Chabanon
  • Que faire quand on est volé ? Porter plainte dans la France rurale du xixe siècle, par Arnaud-Dominique Houte
Conclusion, par Martine Charageat et Mathieu Soula


Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Les officialités dans l’Europe médiévale et moderne. Des tribunaux pour une société chrétienne", edited by Véronique Beaulande-Barraud and Martine Charageat (2014)

dim, 10/26/2014 - 08:26

Les officialités dans l’Europe médiévale et moderne. Des tribunaux pour une société chrétienne, edited by Véronique Beaulande-Barraud and Martine Charageat
Turnhout Brepols (série: ecclesia militans), 2014, 340 p.All information here
AbstractLes justices ecclésiastiques suscitent un intérêt historiographique renouvelé ces dernières années, tant comme juridictions temporelles spécifiques que dans les manifestations d’une justice compétente en matière «spirituelle». C’est spécifiquement sur les «cours d’Église», les officialités, que s’est tenu ce colloque réunissant historiens et juristes, médiévistes et modernistes, pour un bilan en forme d’invitation à poursuivre les investigations.
L’histoire des officialités a ainsi été éclairée dans sa diversité et dans son évolution, dans une perspective comparatiste. Leur compétence et la manière dont elles exercent leur juridiction, gracieuse, contentieuse, criminelle, a été mise en valeur, attestant de leur rôle quotidien auprès des populations. Enfin, l’étude de leur activité permet une approche de l’histoire des femmes et du couple qui, à son tour, met en valeur la richesse des sources des officialités, organes de “disciplinement des mœurs” encore en partie méconnus.
Sommaire
  • Avant-propos, Véronique Beaulande-Barraud et Martine Charageat 
Première partie. Des officialités en Europe
  • Notes introductives. Les officialités françaises et italiennes: comparaisons et contrastes, Silvana Seidel Menchi 
  • Le premier siècle de l’officialité de Rouen (v. 1185-v. 1280), Grégory Combalbert 
  • Une officialité locale à la fin du Moyen Âge : Saint-Julien-du-Sault au diocèse de Sens, Vincent Tabbagh 
  • Les officialités primatiales en France (v. 1420-v. 1520). Réforme et pratique juridictionnelle, Fabrice Delivré 
  • Church courts in Tudor England (1485–1603): continuities, changes, transformations, Martin Ingram 
Deuxième partie. Juridictions et compétences: Le quotidien des officialités 
  • L’officialité, laboratoire diplomatique? Quelques réflexions à partir des actes de l’officialité épiscopale de Paris au XIIIe siècle, Olivier Guyotjeannin 
  • Les sceaux des officialités médiévales, Jean-Luc Chassel 
  • Le recours à la juridiction gracieuse des officialités de Meaux par les établissements religieux du diocèse (XIIIe-XIVe siècles), Christine Barralis 
  • Une officialité atypique: l’officialité métropolitaine de Cambrai au XVIIIe siècle, Véronique Demars-Sion 
  • Peines et coercition dans la pratique judiciaire des officialités champenoises (Troyes, Châlons, XVe siècle), Véronique Beaulande-Barraud 
  • L’officialité de Beauvais et l’enfermement des curés délinquants au XVIIe siècle: entre rigueur et indulgence, Kevin Saule 
Troisième partie. La femme et les couples devant les officialités
  • Les officialités normandes et la lutte contre les mariages clandestins à la fin du Moyen Âge, Carole Avignon 
  • Pour une étude de la conflictualité matrimoniale (XIVe-XVIe siècles). Les archives de l’officialité césaraugustaine, Martine Charageat 
  • Les officialités andalouses et leur activité judiciaire en matière matrimoniale à l’époque moderne (XVIe-XVIIe siècles), Alicia Oïffer-Bomsel 
  • Aspects judiciaires de la séparation de corps dans la pratique des officialités de Cambrai et de Bruxelles: la liquidation du régime matrimonial par acte de juridiction gracieuse (XVe-XVIe siècles), Emmanuël Falzone 
  • Women before the Officiality of Troyes in the Fifteenth Century, Sara McDougall
  • Il giudice come confessore (Venezia 1420-1545), Cecilia Cristellon 
  • By Way of a Conclusion Charles Donahue Jr. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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