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BOOK: Alice TAYLOR, The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290 [Oxford Studies in Medieval European History], Oxford: OUP, 2016, 560 p. ISBN 9780198749202, £85/€ 108,74

sam, 03/19/2016 - 05:34

(image source: OUP)




Oxford University Press published a volume by Alice Taylor (King's College London) on medieval Scottish law and state formation.

Abstract:
This is the first full-length study of Scottish royal government in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries ever to have been written. It uses untapped legal evidence to set out a new narrative of governmental development. Between 1124 and 1290, the way in which kings of Scots ruled their kingdom transformed. By 1290 accountable officials, a system of royal courts, and complex common law procedures had all been introduced, none of which could have been envisaged in 1124.

The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290 argues that governmental development was a dynamic phenomenon, taking place over the long term. For the first half of the twelfth century, kings ruled primarily through personal relationships and patronage, only ruling through administrative and judicial officers in the south of their kingdom. In the second half of the twelfth century, these officers spread north but it was only in the late twelfth century that kings routinely ruled through institutions. Throughout this period of profound change, kings relied on aristocratic power as an increasingly formal part of royal government. In putting forward this narrative, Alice Taylor refines or overturns previous understandings in Scottish historiography of subjects as diverse as the development of the Scottish common law, feuding and compensation, Anglo-Norman 'feudalism', the importance of the reign of David I, recordkeeping, and the kingdom's military organisation. In addition, she argues that Scottish royal government was not a miniature version of English government; there were profound differences between the two polities arising from the different role and function aristocratic power played in each kingdom.

The volume also has wider significance. The formalisation of aristocratic power within and alongside the institutions of royal government in Scotland forces us to question whether the rise of royal power necessarily means the consequent decline of aristocratic power in medieval polities. The book thus not only explains an important period in the history of Scotland, it places the experience of Scotland at the heart of the process of European state formation as a whole.On the author:
Alice Taylor is Lecturer in Medieval History at King's College London. She was born in London and studied History at St Peter's College, Oxford. After receiving her doctorate from Oxford in 2009, she was a Research Fellow at King's College, Cambridge until 2011. She has published widely on many aspects of medieval Scottish history in journals such as Historical Research, The Scottish Historical Review, and The Haskins Society Journal, and has received prizes for her work from the Institute of Historical Research and the Scottish History Society. This is her first book. More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

COMPARATIVE LEGAL HISTORY, vol. III (2015), Issue 2: Theme Issue on Lay Participation

ven, 03/18/2016 - 06:01
(image source: Routledge Law)
Comparative Legal History, our Society's official peer review journal (Taylor & Francis/Routledge Law) published its second issue of 2015.

Contents:



Lay participation in modern law: a comparative historical analysis
Markus Dubber & Heikki PihlajamäkiKnowing the law and deciding justice: lay expertise in the democratic Athenian courtsDavid MirhadyIn the rhetorically charged law courts in which ancient Athenian lay judges exercised their knowledge of the laws and so decided questions of justice, particularly where the quaestio iuris was most at issue, they exercised some quite sophisticated thinking. The judges abided by their oath to vote ‘according to the laws’, but did so with a comprehensive understanding both of the multiplicity of laws that might apply to particular cases and of the even greater number of legal principles implicit in them. After sketching the democratic aspects of Athens’ legal system, the paper begins with Plato’s Apology of Socrates before going on to detail legal reasoning advanced in Lysias’ On the Murder of Eratosthenes and Hyperides’ Against Athenogenes. Lay participation: the paradox of the juryAnthony MussonLay participation in the form of the jury has been integral to the administration of justice in England at all levels and in both civil and criminal arenas since the Middle Ages and is popularly regarded as a legacy of Magna Carta by dint of the constitutional significance attributed to the Great Charter over the centuries. Arguably juries provide a bastion against the potential harshness of the state and a buffer against arbitrariness on the part of the judge as well as injecting an element of amateurism to combat the increased professionalism of the legal system. Yet, for all the perceived benefits, serious inadequacies in jurors and even in the apparent fairness of the system have been exposed. Jury decisions, too, have come under scrutiny. This paper examines the paradox of the jury in criminal trials and compares their role in the modern legal system with the historical past. The politics of jury trials in nineteenth-century IrelandNiamh Howlin 
This article considers aspects of lay participation in the Irish justice system, focusing on some political dimensions of the trial jury in the nineteenth century. It then identifies some broad themes common to systems of lay participation generally, and particularly nineteenth-century European systems. These include perceptions of legitimacy, state involvement and interference with jury trials, and issues around representativeness. The traditional lack of scholarship in the area of comparative criminal justice history has meant that many of the commonalities between different jury systems have been hitherto unexplored. It is hoped that this paper will contribute to a wider discussion of the various commonalities and differences in the development of lay participation in justice systems. Forensic oratory and the jury trial in nineteenth-century AmericaSimon Stern At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American jury trial was a form of popular amusement, rivalling the theatre and often likened to it. The jury's ability to find law, as well as facts, was widely if inconsistently defended. These features were consistent with a view of forensic oratory that emphasized histrionics, declamation and emotionally charged rhetoric as means of legal persuasion. By the end of the century, judges had gained more control of the law-finding power and various questions of fact had been transformed into questions of law. Many of the details that would have aided the lawyers’ dramatic efforts were screened out by a host of new exclusionary rules. These changes in forensic style may have helped to facilitate the decline of the trial, by reorienting its function away from a broadly representative one and towards one that emphasized dispassionate analysis in the service of objectivity.The schizophrenic jury and other palladia of liberty: a critical historical analysisMarkus D. Dubber Abstract:The historiography of the jury is interestingly schizophrenic, even paradoxical. On one side is the once traditional, and still popular, history of the jury as palladium of liberty. On the other side is the once revisionist, but now widely accepted, account of the jury's origin as instrument of oppression. On one side is the jury as English, local, indigenous, democratic; on the other is the jury as French, central, foreign, autocratic. This paper reflects on this apparent paradox, regarding it as neither sui generis nor in need of resolution. Instead, from the longue durée comparative-historical perspective of New Historical Jurisprudence, the schizophrenic history of the jury and of other palladia of liberty, notably habeas corpus, can be seen to reflect the fundamental and long-standing tension between two modes of governance, law and police, rooted in the distinction between autonomy and heteronomy that has shaped the Western legal-political project since classical Athens. Book reviews:

Rights and courts in pursuit of social change: legal mobilisation in the multi-level European systemJacques VanderlindenTheologians and contract law: the moral transformation of the ius commune (ca. 1500–1650)Janwillem Oosterhuis Entanglements in legal history: conceptual approachesJean-Louis HalpérinSignposts: new directions in southern legal historySeán Patrick Donlan Five legal revolutions since the 17th century: an analysis of a global legal historyThomas DuveLa religiosité du droitWim Decock Teaching legal history: comparative perspectivesEmanuel van DongenMaster of penance: Gratian and the development of penitential thought and law in the twelfth centuryStephan Dusil 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

LECTURE: World War One and the End of Neutrality: A Question Asked in the Wrong Way ? (Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium, Committee for Legal History/VUB CORE, 7 Apr 2016)

jeu, 03/17/2016 - 11:16


The Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium (Committee for Legal History) and the Research Group CORE (Contextual Research in Law) of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) invite prof. dr. Eric Schnakenbourg (Université de Nantes/CRHIA/Institut Universitaire de France) for a lecture on the topic:


"World War One and the End of Neutrality:
A Question Asked in the Wrong Way ?"

Prof. dr. Eric Schnakenbourg is full-time professor of History at the University of Nantes and Director of the Research Center on International and Atlantic History. He published his Habilitation à diriger des recherches with the Presses Universitaires de Rennes in 2013 (Entre la guerre et la paix. Neutralite et relations internationales, XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles), and, earlier, his doctoral dissertation on France and Northern Europe in the early 18th Century with Honoré Campion.

The event will take place in the Academy Palace (Simon Stevin-Room), from 12:30 to 14:00.



Registration is mandatory, in view of the limited unmber of seats available: click here for the registration page.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

A. HONDEGHEM, X. ROUSSEAUX & F. SCHOENAERS (eds.), Modernisation of the Criminal Justice Chain and the Judicial System [Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice, ed. M. SELLERS & J. MAXEINER], Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2016. XVIII ...

jeu, 03/10/2016 - 06:36
  (image source: Springer)
Springer published a collective work on "Criminal Justice and the Judicial System" (eds. A. Hondeghem, X. Rousseaux & F. Schoenaerts), from an interdisciplinary and historical perspective in the series Ius Gentium. Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice (eds. M. Sellers & J. Maxeiner).

Description:
This book focuses on one part of the judicial system: the criminal justice chain. This involves all the activities and actors dealing with policing, prosecution, judgment, and sanctioning of crimes. In the last decades, reforms have been implemented in several European countries. In Belgium, for example, there was the so-called Octopus reform in 1998. The police was restructured, leading to an integration of the police forces on a national and local level.  New steering instruments were introduced, such as regional security plans. With regard to the sanctioning of crimes, a new institution was installed, called the sentence implementation court. This book evaluates these reforms and discusses the current reform on the reorganization of the judicial landscape. In addition, it examines the relation between trust and distrust and the application to the judicial system. It discusses the human capital aspect of the system, by means of a study on the prosopography of the Belgian magistrates that analyses the Magistracy as socio-professional group, and focuses on situations of system building, transformations under constraint (occupations), and transfers (colonial experience). Lastly, the book presents a comparative study of Belgium and France regarding the new techniques and instruments that are needed to accelerate the judicial response time and to ensure that the judicial system delivers its services on time.​ Contents:
From Octopus to the Reorganisation of the Judicial Landscape in Belgium (A. Hondeghem et al). (3-18)
Indicators or Incentives? Some Thoughts on the Use of the Penal Response Rate for Measuring the Activity of Public Prosecutors’ Offices in France (1999–2010)(C. Mouhanna et al.) (19-35)
Different Methods, Same Results as French Criminal Courts Try to Meet Contradictory Policy Demands (V. Gautron) (37-50)
The Position of the Public Prosecution Service in the New Swiss Criminal Justice Chain (D. Kettiger et al.) (51-64)
 Do Statistics Reinforce Administrative Centralisation? The Contradictory Influence of Quantified Indicators on French National Police (A.-C. Douillet et al.) (65-77)
From Justice Archipelago to Security and Justice Chain: Strategy-Organisation Configurations in the Dutch Criminal Justice System (S. Zouridis et al.) (79-93)
The Concepts of Trust and Distrust in the Belgian Criminal Justice Chain (J. Vanschoenwinkel et al.) (97-113)
Intra- and Interorganisational Trust in a Judicial Context: An Exploratory Case Study (M. Callens et al.) (115-130)
Managing the ‘Overall Integrated Security Policy’ at the Local Level: An Analysis of Inter-institutional Dialogue (A. Croquet et al.) (131-144)
Visible and Invisible Sentencing (N. Hutton) (145-158)
Making Sense or/of Decisions? Collective Action in Early Release Process (J. Bastard et al.) (159-172)
Prosopography, Crisis and Modernisation of Justice—“Belgian Magistrates”: An Introduction (X. Rousseaux) (175-180)
Prosopography in the Digital Age: Current Situation, Prospects and Perspectives in the Light of the Forthcoming “Belgian Magistrates” Application (A. François et al.) (181-193)
Conflicts, Tensions and Solidarity Within the Judicial District: A Socio-Professional Study of the Judiciary of the “Belgian” Departments Under the French Directory (1795–1799) (E. Berger) (195-210)
Magistrates of Congo (1885–1960): Prosopography and Biography as Combined Tools for the Study of the Colonial Judicial Body (L. Montel et al.) (211-232)
Belgian Magistrates and German Occupiers: A Diachronic Comparison (1914–1918/1940–1944) (M. Bost et al.) (233-260)
Prosopography, History and Legal Anthropology: Two Comments on the Belgian Case (J.-C. Farcy et al.) (261-275)
Fee sample pages here.
More information on SpringerLink.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SUMMER SCHOOL: Laws in Antiquity: Law and Legal Systems from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Rome and Byzantium (Amsterdam, 16-30 Jul 2016)

mar, 03/08/2016 - 04:39

(image source: VU Amsterdam)
Prof. dr. J. Hallebeek (VU Amsterdam) announced the organisation of a summer course aiming at Advanced students of either History or Law; no previous knowledge of the other discipline is required on the subject Laws in Antiquity: Law and Legal Systems from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Rome and Byzantium. The course consists of 46 contact hours (3 ECTS) and comes with a fee of € 1 000.
Course content;
The laws and legal systems governing our lives today have deep historical roots. As early as the third millennium BC, people in Mesopotamia were compiling laws and employing various legal mechanisms. Surviving legal manuals and other sources tell us how the ancient Egyptians regulated sales, loans, donations, marriage and divorce, inheritances and leases. And it was in Roman times that the foundations were laid for the so-called civilian tradition, which still reverberates in the private law of continental Europe, South America and parts of the Far East (Japan, China).
On this course, leading experts on ancient law guide you through the theoretical and historical aspects of these systems and their unique characteristics, focusing on such themes as contracts, delict, property and family law. We begin with general presentations of the different systems, their features and context, before moving on to the study and analysis of exemplary texts (in English translation) in a workshop setting. By the end of the course you will have gained a sense of legal life across several ancient civilizations: the Mesopotamian, Hittite, Egyptian, Roman and Byzantine.Excursions:
A visit to the Van der Meer-Collection of cuneiform tablets and ancient Near Eastern artefacts at VU University Library and a combined visit to Valkhof Museum (Roman heritage) in Nijmegen and the Roman temples at Elst. (excursion destinations may be subject to change). Learning objectives:
  • You will develop a basic sense of the cultural and historical roots of present-day legal reality in Europe and other parts of the world.
  • You will be familiar with the main features of several different legal systems in the ancient world and their cultural background.
  • You will be familiar with cross-cultural research.
  • You will understand the basics of interdisciplinary methodology and thought, in this case combining history and law.
  • You will be familiar with the notion of history, its importance and its relevance to our lives in the present.
Reading material:
Ancient Near Eastern Law Greengus, Samuel (1995), “Legal and Social Institutions of Ancient Mesopotamia”. In: Sasson, Jack M. (ed.), Civilizations of the Ancient Near East (vol. 1), pp. 469-484. New York: Scribner.
Lafont, Sophie (1994), “Ancient Near Eastern Laws: Continuity and Pluralism”. In Levinson, Bernard M. (ed.), Theory and Method in Biblical and Cuneiform Law: Revision, Interpretation and Development, pp. 91-118. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.
Roth, Martha T. (1997), “Introduction”. In: Roth, Martha T. (ed.), Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor (second edition), Writings from the Ancient World 6, pp. 1-10. Atlanta: Scholars Press.
Westbrook, Raymond (2003), “Introduction: The Character of Ancient Near Eastern Law”. In: Westbrook, Raymond (ed.), A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law, Handbuch der Orientalistik 72, pp. 1-90. Leiden: Brill.
Ancient Egyptian Law Selected chapters in: Westbrook, Raymond (ed.) (2003), A History of Ancient Near Eastern Law. Leiden: Brill.
In Vol. I:
Jasnow, Richard , “Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period”, pp. 93 et seq. (optional);
Jasnow, Richard , “Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period”, pp. 255 et seq. (optional);
Jasnow, Richard , “New Kingdom”, pp. 289 et seq. (mandatory).
In Vol. II:
Jasnow, Richard, “Third Intermediate Period”, pp. 777 et seq. (mandatory);
Manning, Joseph Gilbert, “Demotic Law”, pp. 819 et seq. (mandatory).
Materials on Roman and Byzantine law to be announced at a later date.  Apply here.
 Course flyer available here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: 35th annual Australian and New Zealand Law and History Society Conference (Curtin University, December 5-7 2016)

lun, 03/07/2016 - 16:34


WHAT Echoes on the Periphery: the transformation of British Law in Africa and the Asia-Pacific, Conference
WHEN December 5-7 2016
WHERE Curtin Law School, Australia

Catégories: Comparative Law News

CFP: Legal history (Swinburne, 2016)

lun, 03/07/2016 - 16:17

WHAT Legal History, Call for papers
WHEN 2016 
WHERE Swinburne Law School, Australia
Legal History is an Australian scholarly journal devoted to the history of the law and legal institutions in Australia, the region, and more broadly of the common law world.The journal promotes legal history as being vital to understanding the context and meaning of law today and to informing future directions.We encourage submissions from all jurisdictions and welcome contributions of an interdisciplinary, transnational or comparative character. Legal History is published by Australian Scholarly Publishing.Legal History is being relaunched with a new series in 2016 with its new academic host, Swinburne Law School.Dr Amanda Scardamaglia and Dr Jessica Lake have been announced as joint editors, with two issues planned for 2016.We are calling for papers for the new series on any subject relating to legal history in Australia, the Asia-Pacific region or other common law countries.Although the focus is generally on Australia, the new series will also extend its interests from South Asia to North America.

Word LimitPapers should be between 3,000-10,000 words.Shorter pieces are encouraged, including memoirs.Book reviews (of no more than 1,000 words) are also welcome.DeadlineFull papers are required by 14th March 2016, and will be subject to a peer review process.Successful papers will be published later this year.All papers should subscribe to the Australian Guide to Legal Citation.Papers must include an abstract of approximately 200 words and a short author biographySubmissionPapers should be submitted in Word format to legalhistory@swin.edu.au with the subject line CFP: Legal History.The editors are also calling for expressions of interest from those interested in being involved in an advisory capacity and as reviewers for the journal.
For further details, click HERE.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Journal of Legal History XXXVII (2016), No. 1 (ISSN 0144-0365)

lun, 03/07/2016 - 12:36
(image source: Taylor & Francis)
The Journal of Legal History (Taylor&Francis) published its latest issue:


  • Paul Brand, "Judges and Juries in Civil Litigation in Later Medieval England: The Millon Thesis Reconsidered" (1-40)
  • Thomas J. McSweeney, "Creating a Literature for the King's Courts in the Later Thirteenth Century: Hengham Magna, Fet Asaver, and Bracton"
  • "Scottish Legal History Group Report 2015" (72-74)
  • John Baker, "Migrations of Manuscripts 2015" (75-102)
  • Book Reviews
    • An Independent Colonial Judiciary: A History of the Bombay High Court during the British Raj, 1862–1947 (Ray Cocks) (103-105)
    • A Bibliographical Catalog of William Blackstone (Wilfrid Prest) (106-109)
    • The Glorious Revolution and the Continuity of Law (Sally Jane Gold) (109-111)
    • Capital and Corporal Punishment in Anglo-Saxon England  (Gwen Seaborne) (112-114)
    • Crime, Courtrooms and the Public Sphere in Britain, 1700–1850 (Cerian Charlotte Griffits) (114-117)
More information at Taylor & Francis Journals.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SUMMER SCHOOL at the 4th ESCLH Biennal Conference "Culture, Identity and Legal Instrumentalism" (Gdańsk, 28 Jun-1 Jul 2016)

ven, 03/04/2016 - 07:15


The 4th ESCLH biennial conference "Culture, Identity and Legal Instrumentalism" will be preceded by a one-day summer school event. The program is dedicated to PhD candidates and post-doctoral researchers conducting research in the field of legal history. Seminars and workshops are aimed to provide an introduction to the study of sources, methodological principles and theoretical models in legal history research. Led by the distinguished experts in the field, the day is a chance to engage with cutting edge research and how it is done. Issues to be covered include: methodological challenges and problems in writing thesis in comparative legal history, basic approaches to research in the field, the importance of comparative legal history for various branches of law.

To apply to join the summer school, send a CV before 15 April 2016 to m.michalak@prawo.ug.edu.pl.


Those already registered as conference participants may apply for summer school and will not incur any additional fees.

For new applicants, who are the ESCLH members, there is no registration fee. Other candidates have to pay the ordinary conference fee in the amount of 100 euro. The summer program entrants will be treated as a full conference participants being entitled to take part in all the associated events.

Please note that the fee does not cover travel costs and accommodation. For summer program participants the dormitories of the University of Gdańsk are available at the price of 15 € per day.  

See also the conference website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCES 2015-2017: A History of the Economy without Labour. Finance, Investment and Speculation, from Antiquity to the Present (Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas, Université de Bordeaux, Université de Lille II); Conference Bordeaux 1 April 2016:...

mer, 03/02/2016 - 10:54
(image source: economiesanstravail.wordpress.com)
Prof. Xavier Prevost (Bordeaux) transmitted the following information on a big interdisciplinary research project in the history of economic law, with conferences at the Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas, Université de Bordeaux and Université de Lille-II, covering the academic years 2015-2016 and 2016-2017.
The next encounter on Actors is scheduled for 1 April 2016 in Bordeaux. Programme:

Histoire de l’économie sans travail.Finances, investissements et spéculation de l’Antiquité à nos jours.
Deuxième volet : Les acteurs
Université de Bordeaux – Faculté de droit et science politique
1er avril 2016 – Salle Manon Cormier

9h00 Accueil
Mise en perspective
9h15-9h30 
« Propos introductifs », Luisa Brunori, chargée de recherche (CNRS/Centre d’histoire judiciaire) et Xavier Prévost, professeur à l’université de Bordeaux.
9h30-10h00 « Les enjeux fiscaux de la rémunération du risque », Daniel Gutmann, professeur à l’école de droit de la Sorbonne (université Paris I).

L’économie sans travail pensée par la doctrinesous la présidence de M. Jean Hilaire, professeur émérite de l’université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II).
10h00-10h30 « Le discours des juristes français sur la libéralisation du crédit (xvie-xviiie siècle) », Alexis Mages, professeur à l’université de Bourgogne.

10h30-11h00 Pause

11h00-11h30
 « L’économie sans travail sous la plume des juristes aux xviiie et xixe siècles : le cas des marchés à terme », Nelly Hissung-Convert, maître de conférences à l’école de droit de la Sorbonne (université Paris I).
11h30-12h00 « Intermédiation financière et tutelle des « consommateurs » aux xixe et xxe siècles : le point de vue de la doctrine juridique italienne », Annamaria Monti, professeur à l’università commerciale Luigi Bocconi.

12h00-14h00 Déjeuner
L’économie sans travail mise en œuvre par la pratiquesous la présidence de M. Bernard Gallinato-Contino, professeur à l’université de Bordeaux.
14h00-14h30 « Le notariat et la pratique des affaires », Jean Hilaire, professeur émérite de l’université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II).
14h30-15h00 « On n’est jamais si bien servi que par les autres : administrateurs et opérations sur le capital (xixe-xxe siècle) », Édouard Richard, enseignant-chercheur à l’université de Rennes 1.

15h00-15h30
 Pause
L’économie sans travail encadrée par le législateursous la présidence de M. Bernard Gallinato-Contino, professeur à l’université de Bordeaux.
15h30-16h00 « Le roi et la rente aux Temps modernes », Anne Rousselet-Pimont, professeur à l’école de droit de la Sorbonne (université Paris I).
16h00-16h30 « Les origines de l’imposition du revenu des capitaux mobiliers en France », Olivier Serra, maître de conférences à l’université de Montpellier.

General information:
« Histoire de l’économie sans travail.Finances, investissements et spéculation de l’Antiquité à nos jours »Cycle de quatre rencontres à la croisée du droit, de l’histoire, de l’économie et de la philosophie
Université Paris 2 Panthéon-Assas – 2 décembre 2015
Université de Bordeaux – 1 avril 2016
Université de Lille 2 – 18 novembre 2016
Villa Finaly – Chancellerie des Universités de Paris (Florence, Italie) – 7-8-9 juin 2017
Les actes de ces journées seront publiés en deux volumes dans la collection « Histoire du droit » (dirigée par Pierre Bonin et Jean-Louis Halpérin) des éditions Classiques Garnier.
La difficile conjoncture des premières années du troisième millénaire semble demander un regard de grande ampleur sur les dynamiques qui ont conduit à des phénomènes – la crise de 2008, la crise des subprimes ou les bulles spéculatives – qui restent encore largement à décrypter.
Au-delà des approches dictées par l’urgence, les aspects constitutifs des systèmes économico-juridiques contemporains, de moins en moins référés au travail humain et de plus en plus orientés vers la rémunération d’activités spéculatives, demandent désormais de faire l’objet d’une réflexion approfondie vouée à recentrer les questions et les enjeux.
L’ « économie sans travail », à savoir la masse d’opérations financières rémunératrices ni du travail humain ni d’un échange de biens, a aujourd’hui un impact extraordinaire sur l’agencement socio-économique contemporain. Elle peut aller jusqu’à le mettre en danger tout en questionnant de nombreux principes fondateurs de la justice substantielle ou « distributive » qu’on considère à la base de nos systèmes institutionnels.
Les outils juridiques de cette  « économie sans travail » sont effectivement voués à la rémunération d’un quidontologiquement très différent des prestations qui font l’objet des relations synallagmatiques classiques (le travail, l’échange de biens). Il s’agit, selon les cas, de rémunérer la capacité de prévision (dans les contrats, par exemple, de futures, dewarrants, d’option), le transfert du risque (dans les dérivés de crédit, les assurances), ou la mise à disposition du capital (participations de capital en sociétés, marché actionnaire, etc.).
Cela conduit nécessairement à s’interroger sur la justification de cette rémunération ; justification à laquelle on ne peut pas renoncer, non seulement dans les relations entre les particuliers mais dans tous les aspects du droit de l’économie.
Le regard historique paraît nécessaire pour la compréhension de ces phénomènes, d’autant plus que ces questionnements se posent de longue date aux acteurs institutionnels. Mais la réflexion historique ne peut être qu’interdisciplinaire, compte tenu des superpositions réciproques et complexes de problématiques juridiques, économiques et philosophiques impliquées dans ce thème.
Ainsi, on observe qu’à partir de la distinction aristotélicienne entre « économie » et « chrématistique », le souci d’assurer la justice commutative à l’intérieur de la communauté a toujours imposé une réflexion sur la valeur de l’argent et sur son rôle dans les échanges entre les personnes. L’idée de la stérilité de l’argent, ultérieurement développée par la pensée thomiste, a provoqué depuis l’Antiquité et tout au long du Moyen Âge, une méfiance, voire une défiance, envers la rémunération des capitaux monétaires non accompagnée par le travail humain.
La conception de la valeur de l’argent est donc la base des théories condamnant ou justifiant la rémunération des opérations spéculatives. Cette conception change complètement à partir du XVIe siècle avec l’abandon progressif de l’idée de la stérilité de l’argent. L’argent devient un facteur productif de richesse lorsqu’il est injecté dans le circuit économique, représentant donc une valeur comme bien . En conséquence, dans un système de droit des contrats qui se veut cohérent, la mise à disposition de l’argent ou la soumission au risque de son capital, doivent non seulement être encouragées pour le bien-être de toute la communauté, mais doivent également être rémunérées même si elles ne sont pas accompagnées d’un travail personnel.
Cependant, ce changement radical de conception n’a jamais fait perdre de vue la nécessité d’un encadrement de ces activités spéculatives. Le danger d’une dégénérescence de ces opérations économiques qui, de productives de richesse peuvent devenir destructives, s’est fait jour bien avant les crises du début des années 2000. Si l’encadrement était à l’origine (XVIe siècle) d’ordre moral, progressivement la science juridique, économique et philosophique a dégagé des outils techniques voués à empêcher les effets pervers d’une utilisation déréglée de l’ « économie sans travail ».
Les aspects normatifs des échanges spéculatifs sont donc devenus l’objet d’une analyse scientifique de la part des juristes, des économistes mais également des philosophes. Le respect de la justice contractuelle et de l’équilibre des prestations économiques même dans un contexte de plus en plus « capitaliste » est un des soucis majeurs des sciences sociales depuis le XVIIIe siècle. Il reste encore aujourd’hui un des enjeux majeurs des sociétés contemporaines.The previous meeting (Paris II) treated intellectual sources, the upcoming third (Lille) and fourth (Chancery of the Parisian Universities in Florence) will treat conflict resolution and comparative perspectives.

More information on economiesanstravail.wordpress.com.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: S.F.C. (Toby) Milsom (1923-2016)

sam, 02/27/2016 - 03:40





S. F. C. Milsom was professor emeritus of law at Cambridge University and the author of many books, including 'Historical Foundations of the Common Law' (1969) 'Legal Framework of English Feudalism' (1972) and 'A Natural History of the Common Law' (2003). The recipient of the Harvard Law School's Ames Prize and the Royal Society of Arts' Swiney Prize, Milsom was past president of the Selden Society, a fellow of the British Academy and of the Royal Historical Society, and a member of the American Philosophical Society. He was a fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge since 1976.
A fitting tribute can be seen in just one online source's approach to contextualising his work: 'In most ways, his thought has dominated English legal history since 1958. His research was initially centered in the fourteenth century, and he has progressively worked backward into the twelfth century. He has been unconcerned with statutory change, not because he denies that law changes by statutes, but because he regards that as a relatively uninteresting form of legal change. In all his work he cautions against positing a legislator; for the larger issues of legal change, his fundamental postulate is that there was no legislator. "Legislator" for Milsom must be taken in the broad sense, that is, a person or several persons who shaped the law purposefully. The real initiators of legal change are not legislators (whether members of Parliament, Chancellors, or justices of the king's court), but everyday lawyers. Such lawyers are unconcerned with the ideal structure of the law and conceptual problems; their concerns are rather the success of their client. They are thus willing to circumvent obstacles erected by formal law. If they are successful in such a circumvention and others follow, the law has in fact been changed, but not from abstract concerns and not with any attention paid to the larger issues. Legal change issuing from lawyers' attempts to succeed for their clients is myopic and will distort legal conceptual structures without concern for those concepts or for the overall effect on society.' (http://vi.uh.edu/pages/bob/elhone/elh1a.html)
He will be always remembered by legal historians and his personal and scholarly legacy will continue to enlighten us with his wisdom. Our thoughts and prayers are with him and his family.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOB: Postdoctoral researcher/Assistant Professor (tenure track), History of International Governance (Vienna) (DEADLINE 1 APR 2016)

jeu, 02/25/2016 - 04:15
(image source: Universität Wien)

The University of Vienna advertised the following tenure track-position:


We solicit applications for a post-doc position (tenure track) in the history of international governance and global history. The successful applicant will ideally have interdisciplinary approaches and research and publication strengths. We are interested in applicants working in any combinations of the following areas: The role of international institutions, pressure groups and civil society initiatives in regulating global economy, security, migration and financial markets as well as in the implementation of social policy, human rights and labour standards.
We especially invite applications from researchers who are able to foster international research connections and develop innovative approaches to the history of internationalism and international organizations since the second half of the 19th century. A particular focus on the history of governance, the history of international relations, the history of sciences, the humanities and knowledge is advantageous. We welcome a variety of approaches, including for example gender.
We also expect a strong commitment to teaching on all levels (B.A., M.A. and teacher’s training curricula in History (according to the University’s Collective Agreement [Kollektivvertrag]) in German and English, as well as participation in one of the existing Research Areas in the Faculty of Historical and Cultural Studies. The successful applicant will also be encouraged to cooperate with units located in other faculties (Law, Political Science and Social Sciences).
The advertised position is a scientific tenure track position: within the first two years of employment the University of Vienna may offer a “qualification agreement” if the scientific performance of the employee suggests that the required qualification can be reached.
 This agreement is connected with the title of “Assistant Professor” [AssistenzprofessorIn].
In case the goals of the “qualification agreement” are met, the employment (initially limited to a period of 6 years) will be made permanent and the title of the employee will be changed to “Associate Professor” [assoziierte/r ProfessorIn].
Via a further competitive procedure as stipulated in the University’s Statutes, associate professors can be directly promoted to full professor.
If the qualification is not reached, the employment ends upon expiry of the contract term; in case of an indefinite employment at that time, such employment may be terminated by the University.
 Deadline for applications: 1 April 2016. More information in the original call.

 Source: Toynbee Foundation.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

WORKSHOP: "Beyond the Western Paradigm ? Towards a Global History of International Law" (ESIL Research Forum, Istanbul, 21-22 Apr 2016)

jeu, 02/25/2016 - 03:57
“Beyond the Western Paradigm? Towards a Global History of International Law”
(image source: thestregisistanbul)
The ESIL Interest Group History of International Law announced he line-up for its first Workshop on an ESIL Research Forum, hosted in Istanbul (21-22 April 2016)
Convener/Chair
    Thomas Skouteris (The American University in Cairo)
Comments:
    Gerry Simpson (Melbourne Law School)
Panelists:
    Andrei Mamolea (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva): "The Law of War in the Conquest of Indigenous Polities, 1899-1904"
    Stiina Löytömäki (University of Helsinki), "The ‘Mise en Valeur’ of the Colonies and Free versus Forced Labour: France and the Construction of Congo-Ocean railway"
    Martin Clark (Melbourne Law School): "What Can We Learn from the History of Global Historiography? Global Historiography, International Law, and a Method Sketch for a Global History of the Congo Free State"
    Johannes Hendrik Fahner (University of Amsterdam & University of Luxemburg): "The Good, the Bad, and International Investment Law – Decoupling History and Ideology"

More information with the ESIL Interest Group History of International Law.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: "Call for Junior Researcher Award. Helmut Coing Prize" (Frankfurt, 2016-2017)

mer, 02/17/2016 - 07:26

WHAT Call for Junior Researcher Award—Helmut Coing Prize
WHEN 2016-2017
WHERE Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte, Frankfurt am Main 
The Coing prize offers a young legal historian, upon concluding the dissertation or habilitation (second book), the opportunity to pursue research in the area of “European Legal History” here at the Max Planck for European Legal History (MPIeR) for a period of 3-5 months. The institute will provide one of its guest rooms, and the friends’ of the institute association is offering a financial grant to help cover living expenses. Altogether, the material support totals 6,000€. The call for the prize will be announced worldwide every three years, and it will only be awarded if a project meets the requirements. The research project should be incorporated into the academic life of the institute. If the re- search prize recipient does not have sufficient German language skills, then language cours- es will be provided in order to obtain the necessary proficiency in German. Additionally, the results of the research project can be published within one of the institute’s publications series. The awarding of the prize will be determined via a jury consisting of one of the directors of the institute, the chairperson of the supporting association, as well as three other members. The final three jury members just mentioned will be selected by the director and chairperson according to their relevant expertise and nationality. In order to be considered for the prize, you are required to send us a detailed research pro- posal as well as a summary of the work that has already been completed related to the pro- ject (in German, English, French, Spanish or Italian). The research itself can be written in any of the languages just mentioned. A pre-selection amongst the candidates will be made by the jury. For the final selection pro- cess, it is necessary that the respective candidates personally present their own projects. All related travel costs will be reimbursed. Grant holders from the MPIeR will not be considered for this research prize if they have re- ceived funding from the institute for more than 6 months. The required documents must be submitted no later than 31st May 2016 to: Prof. Dr. Caspar Ehlers, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Hansaallee 41, D-60323 Frankfurt am Main. The jury’s decision will be announced on 1st August 2016. The award recipient should begin their research stay in the fourth quarter of 2016 or later. The jury’s decision is final, and legal recourse is prohibited. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: "Max Planck Institut Summer Academy" (July 18-29, 2016)

mar, 02/16/2016 - 12:22

WHAT the Max Planck Institut Summer Academy for Legal History
WHEN July 18-29, 2016
WHERE Max-Planck Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
all information herespecial theme:

MultinormativityDeadline

Applications are to be sent by 31 March 2016

The course

The Max Planck Summer Academy for Legal History provides a selected group of highly motivated early-stage graduates, usually PhD candidates, an in-depth introduction to methods and principles of research in legal history. The academy consists of two parts. The first part provides an introduction to the study of sources, methodological principles, as well as theoretical models and controversial research debates on basic research fields of legal history. In the second part the participants discuss a special research theme and develop their own approach to the theme.
The course will take place at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Special theme 2016: Multinormativity

The fundamental question when addressing the topic of “law” concerns the relationship between what we call “law” and other rules, which serve behavioural control and the stabilization of expectations, but are not treated as “law”, such as moral and religious codes, but also technology and pragmatics.


Research on „multinormativity“ looks at the coexistence of juridical and non-juridical variants of normativity including the related dimension of norm implementation, conflicts and synergies in the ensemble of normative layers and the relevance of multi-normative constellations for the structuring of law over the course of history and contributes to an outstanding challenge to the diverse and complex societies of today.Eligibility Requirements
  • Early-stage graduates, usually PhD candidates
  • Working knowledge of English is required, German is not a prerequisite
ApplicationRequired documents for the application are a CV, a project summary (approx. 10 pages) and a letter of motivation.FeesThere is no participation fee. Accommodation will be provided by the organizers.Participants, however, will be responsible for covering their travel expenses. There will be a limited number of scholarships available.ContactMax Planck Institute for European Legal History Dr. Stefanie Rüther summeracademy@rg.mpg.de
Catégories: Comparative Law News

E-JOURNAL: Clio@Thémis 9 [Jurists and Legal Science in Society. Elements of an Intellectual History of Legal Reason, 19th-20th Centuries]

mar, 02/16/2016 - 05:20

 (image source: clio@thémis)

Clio@Thémis (CNRS) published its ninth edition, on the theme "Juristes et sciences du droit en société. Éléments pour une histoire intellectuelle de la raison juridique (XIXe-XXe)"

Table of contents:
Frédéric Audren, "Introduction : l’histoire intellectuelle du droit ou la fin du « Grand partage »"
Jérôme Ferrand, "La science du droit à l’épreuve du spiritualisme éclectique dans le premier XIXe siècle. Enquête sur les soubassements de la culture juridique contemporaine"
Xavier Martin, "Le code napoléon : questions sur la genèse d’un mythe"
Nader Hakim, "Droit naturel et histoire chez François Gény"
Jean-Louis Halpérin, "Les historiens du droit en Italie et le fascisme"
Silvia Falconieri, "Un discours juridique pour le fascisme. Politiques impériale et raciale au prisme des revues de droit"
Louis Asser-Andrieu, "De l’idéologie à la culture : les géographies coutumières"
Mathieu Soula, "Au-delà de l’histoire du droit. Retour sur la trajectoire d’un entrepreneur scientifique, Henri Lévy-Bruhl (1884-1964)"
Jean-Pierre Allinne, "L’anthropologie juridique au milieu du gué : Crise idéologique ou crise épistémologique ?"
David M. Rabban, "American Legal Thought in Transatlantic Context, 1870-1914"
Prune Decoux, "Pourquoi l’histoire du droit anglais n’est pas écrite, de Frederic William Maitland"
Catégories: Comparative Law News

FIRST ISSUE: Jus gentium. Journal of International Legal History I (2016), No. 1 (ISSN 2381-0254)

mer, 02/10/2016 - 09:45

(image source: Lawbook Exchange)
The first issue of the new journal Jus Gentium. Journal of International Legal History has been released.

Table of contents:

By Way of Introduction...                                       W. E. Butler   

ARTICLES
P. E. Kazanskii: “On his Character,                      L. P. Anufrieva         
Biography, Life, and Works, or What Has
Been Left to His Descendants …”

Origins of the Idea of Social                                O. V. Kresin  
International Law (XVI-XIX Centuries)

NOTES AND COMMENTS
The History of International Law in                     O. O. Merezhko         
the Mirror of Ancient Greek Literature

International Treaties, Heraldic Seals,              W. E. Butler   
and Bookplates: John Adams and
John Quincy Adams

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL DOCTRINE
Biographical Note: Joseph-Mathias                  Jean Allain    
Gérard de Rayneval

Institutions du Droit de la Nature,                     Joseph-Mathias
et Des Gens (1803) [Book Two]                       Gérard  de Rayneval                    

PERSONALIA
The Legal Scholarship of P. E. Kazanskii:         W. E. Butler   
A Bio-Bibliographical Essay                               N. V. Hendel
                                                                         T. R. Korotkyi                                                     

REVIEWS
M. A. Gazi (ed.), The Shorter Book of             Jean Allain    
Muslim International Law

A. I. Dmitriev and W. E. Butler (eds.),             O. O. Merezhko                     
История международного права

DOCUMENTS AND OTHER EVIDENCE OF STATE PRACTICE
The Bentham Letters of Anti-Machiavel         W. E. Butler   

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Jus Gentium and Globally-Conceived            P. Macalister-Smith  
General Treaty Collections                            J. Schwietzke

IN MEMORIAM
Alfred P. Rubin (1931–2014) 

 FROM THE LITERATURE Board of editors:
EDITOR
William E. Butler
John Edward Fowler Distinguished Professor of Law and International Affairs, Pennsylvania State University

EDITORIAL BOARD
Jean Allain, Queen’s University, Belfast
Arnulf Becker Lorca, Brown University
Olga V. Butkevych, Kyiv Shevchenko National University
Volodymyr Butkevych, Sometime Judge, European Court of Human Rights
Chen Yifeng, Peking University Law School
Vincent Chetail, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
Mark Janis, University of Connecticut School of Law; Visiting Fellow, University of Oxford
Peter Macalister-Smith, Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public
Law and International Law, Heidelberg, Germany
Oleksandr Merezhko, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University
Stephen Neff, University of Edinburgh
Alexander Orakhelashvili, University of Birmingham, England
Michael Palmer, University of London SOAS & IALS
Grigorii S. Starodubtsev, Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration
Alexander Vylegzhanin, Moscow State Institute of International RelationsCall for manuscripts (by 1 May 2016; guidelines here):
This is the first dedicated journal in the United States to address the history of international law. Much of modern scholarship on the history of international law is preoccupied not with international law, but with international legal doctrine; the doctrinal writings of remarkably few individuals dominate the discourse while the rest remain unseen or overlooked. This journal will encourage further exploration in the archives for new materials and confirmation of the accuracy of past uses, but welcomes the continued reassessment of international legal history in all of its dimensions.More information (e.g. subscription rates) with the Lawbook Exchange.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: "Le procès hors le droit. Exempla et sermons, procès imaginaires, procès impossibles" (Paris, February 9 2016)

lun, 02/08/2016 - 14:41

WHAT Le procès hors le droit. Exempla et sermons, procès imaginaires, procès impossibles, Seminar
WHEN February 9, 2016 12:00-15:00
WHERE EHESS, Salle des artistes, 96 Bld Raspail, Paris
speaker
Beatrice Pasciuta, University of Palermo, professeure invitée à l'EHESS en 2016



Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: "Constitutional Polymorphism. Historical paradigms and constitutional shapes" (2015/2016)

lun, 02/08/2016 - 07:50


Constitutional Polymorphism. Historical paradigms and constitutional shapes/ Polimorfismo costituzionale. Paradigmi storici e modelli costituzionali
n. 30/2015, Journal of Constitutional History
Table of contents
Luigi Lacchè, Between traditions and changes / Tra tradizioni e cambiamenti
LEZIONIMichael Stolleis, Traditions and Changes and the Role of Legal History / Tradizioni e cambiamenti e il ruolo della storia del dirittoSergio Bartole, Standards of Europe’s Constitutional Heritage / Standards dell’eredità costituzionale europea

FONDAMENTIJosé Domingues, Francisco Castelo Branco, Synopsis of legal sources of portuguese Habeas Corpus (14th to 16th centuries) / Sinossi delle fonti giuridiche dell’Habeas Corpusportoghese (XIV-XVI secc.)Valdis Blūzma, The Formation of the Elements of Parliamentarism and Constitutionalism at the Territory of Latvia in Middle Ages and Early Modern Times (13th-18th centuries) / La formazione degli elementi di parlamentarismo e costituzionalismo nei territori lettoni nel Medioevo e nella prima Età moderna (XIII-XVIII secolo)Marco Fioravanti, From the People to the Constitution. Inventing Democracy during the French Revolution / Dal popolo alla costituzione. L’invenzione della democrazia durante la Rivoluzione franceseLászló Komáromi, Establishment, Evolution and Interaction of Modern Direct Democratic Traditions / Costituzione, evoluzione e interazione delle moderne tradizioni di democrazia diretta


ITINERARIErnesto De Cristofaro, Is defense of stock the same as defense of race? An itinerary from the Penal Code to racial laws / La difesa della stirpe e la difesa della razza sono la stessa cosa? Un itinerario dal codice penale alle leggi razzialiCristiano Paixão, Past and future of authoritarian regimes: constitution, transition to democracy and amnesty in Brazil and Chile / Passato e futuro dei regimi autoritari: costituzione, transizione verso la democrazia e amnistia in Brasile e CileElisa Arcioni, Historical facts and constitutional adjudication: the case of the Australian constitutional preamble / Fatti storici e giudizio costituzionale: il caso del preambolo della Costituzione australianaNoémi Nagy, Western European perspectives towards language minorities and linguistic rights – then and now / Prospettive dell’Europa occidentale verso le minoranze linguistiche e i diritti linguistici – allora e oraMartin Sunnqvist, Seven Categories of Constitutional Critical Judging: An Interpretation of Nordic Case-Law / Sette categorie di giudizio costituzionale critico: una interpretazione del diritto casistico nordico
RICERCHESalvatore Mura, Per un profilo di Antonio Ferracciu, un costituzionalista da rivalutare / A profile of Antonio Ferracciu, a constitutionalist that should be reconsideredGiorgio Ridolfi, Un socialismo panteista. Appunti sugli inizi filosofici di Jean Jaurès / A Pantheistic Socialism. Notes on Jean Jaurès’ Philosophical Beginnings
LIBRIDOVentotto proposte di lettura / Twenty-eight reading proposals
Autori / Authors
Abstracts

Catégories: Comparative Law News

SEMINAR: "Corps et choix. A propos d'une sentence de la Cour de Cassation et de sa généalogie dans le ius commune" (Paris, February 9 2016)

lun, 02/08/2016 - 07:40
WHAT Corps et choix. A propos d'une sentence de la Cour de Cassation et de sa généalogie dans le ius commune, Seminar

WHEN February 9 2016, 18:00-21:00

WHERE Ehess, salle 3, 105 bd Raspail, Paris


En Juillet 2015 la Cour de Cassation italienne a établi que le changement des organes sexuels n'est plus la condition préalable pour obtenir le changement de l'identité sexuelle. En interrogeant les enjeux techniques ainsi que la signification culturelle de cet arrêt, une historienne du moyen-âge et une juriste contemporaine nous invitent à réfléchir sur les critères permettant au sujet de choisir l'appartenance à son genre.  
speakers

Marta Madero (University of Sarmiento, Buenos Aires)
Maria Rosaria Marella (University of Perugia)

Catégories: Comparative Law News

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