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The ESCLH aims to promote comparative legal history and seeks affiliation with individuals and organisations with complementary aims.
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WORKSHOP: French Association of Young Legal Historians (26 June 2015, Paris)

jeu, 06/18/2015 - 09:23
(image: Place du Panthéon, Paris; source: paris.fr)
The French Association of Young Legal Historians announced its annual workshop, sponsored by the Legal History Institute (Paris II) and the Cujas Institute. The event will take place in the dean's appartment.

Programme:
VENDREDI 26 JUIN 2015
Appartement décanal, Université Panthéon-Assas
12, place du Panthéon, Paris (V e )

9h30 ― 12h30
Contraindre ou réglementer ? Étude des mesures de lutte contre les crises sanitaires du XVIII e au XIX e siècle
THIBAULT DESMOULINS, Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)

Coercion in contract : Robert Hale and his legacy
NOFAR SHEFFI, Institut d’études politiques de Paris

Quelle philosophie de la peine dans une société libérale ? La contrainte pénale et ses enjeux
BENOÎT MONTAY, Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)

Existe-t-il une coercition judiciaire ?
RUDY LAHER, Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne

14h ― 17h

Fragments d’une généalogie constitutionnelle de la contrainte administrative pour les créances publiques : l’expérience des assignats
JEAN GROSDIDIER, Institut d’études politiques de Paris

La décision Société Immobilière de Saint-Just et la théorie de l’exécution forcée des lois dépourvues de sanction : une théorie problématique
BENJAMIN BLAQUIÈRE, Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)

Une mesure de coercition administrative : le placement administratif des marginaux
PIERRE-OLIVIER RIGAUDEAU, Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II)

Conclusion
P r JEAN-JACQUES BIENVENU
More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOB: Seven Ph.D.-positions for legal research in Oslo; DEADLINE 1 SEPTEMBER 2015

jeu, 06/18/2015 - 08:36
(image: Oslo Law Faculty, source: Wikimedia Commons)
International Law Observer signals seven Ph.D.-positions at the University of Oslo in diverse areas of legal research, among which legal history:

Applicants are asked to write a PhD project description of 5-10 pages outlining the research issue, the choice of scientific theory and method, as well as its importance and relevance to Norwegian legal science. The candidate is expected to complete the project within the fellowship period as determined.
Of the announced positions, five fellowships are reserved for the following Norwegian legal disciplines: Legal History, tax law, civil procedure, criminal procedure, property law, administrative law, family law, and law of succession. Applicants for these fellowships must prepare a project description within one of the legal disciplines mentioned above.
The purpose of the Fellowship is research training leading to the successful completion of a PhD degree, and the candidate need to qualify for admission to the PhD programme at the Faculty of Law.
The Fellowships are for a period of up to 4 years, with teaching constituting 25 % of the workload. Alternatively they are for 3 years without any teaching duties. A 4 year Fellowship requires the candidate to meet current teaching needs at the Faculty. The Fellowship period may be reduced within the framework of pertaining regulations based on previously held research fellowship positions.
The PhD candidate must hold a Norwegian master degree in Law or its equivalent. Other education at the same level may be accepted, based on an assessment in each case, if the education is relevant to the conduct of a project in Law. The candidates are required to master or learn Norwegian or any other Scandinavian language.
The candidate’s grades, previous works in legal science, the project description, and the applicant’s professional and personal qualifications will be taken into consideration in the evaluation of the applications. Of importance is also the project's relevance to research plans of the departments and the research groups, the faculty’s research strategy and to the faculty's recruitment needs. Applicants may be called for an interview.
We offer
  • Salary based on salary level 50 - 57 (NOK 429 700,- - 482 800,- per year)
  • An inspiring and friendly working environment
  • Favourable pension arrangement
  • Position in an Inclusive Workplace
  • Attractive welfare arrangements
The application should include
  • A letter of application
  • Project description (5-10 pages)
  • Curriculum vitae with documentation of education, former positions, and academic work.
  • Certified copies of certificates, diplomas with all grades, and a complete list of publications. Foreign diplomas (Master, Bachelor, and the like) must be provided in the original language as well as in an English or Scandinavian translation.
  • It is required to attach an explanation of foreign university grading systems.
  • Up to 3 scholarly publications. If the publications are written by more than one author, a declaration of authorship and of the contribution of the applicant should be submitted.
Please remember that all documents must be in English or a Scandinavian language.
See the guidelines concerning appointment to post doctoral and research posts at UiO for more details.
The University of Oslo has an agreement for all employees, aiming to secure rights to research results.
According to the Norwegian Freedom of Information act § 25 (Offentleglova) information about the applicant may be included in the public applicant list, even though the applicant has requested non-disclosure.
The government workforce should as far as possible reflect the diversity of the population. In accordance with the University of Oslo’s equal opportunities policy, we invite applications from all interested individuals regardless of gender or ethnicity.
More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: "Anti-Democratic Ideology and Criminal Law under Fascist, National Socialist and Authoritarian Regimes – IALS", (London, September 10-11 2015)

mer, 06/17/2015 - 03:40


WHAT Anti-Democratic Ideology and Criminal Law under Fascist, National Socialist and Authoritarian Regimes – IALS, Conference
WHEN September 10-11  2015
WHERE London
all information here
Speakers Abstract

Keynote Speakers: Professor David Fraser, University of Nottingham and Senior Associate Research Fellow at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies; Professor Luigi Lacchè, University of Macerata, Italy.Academic Convenor: Dr Stephen Skinner, University of Exeter.The Fascist, National Socialist and other forms of authoritarian regimes that emerged in the twentieth century used criminal law as a key component of their repressive and social control strategies. Criminal law was both an instrument in such regimes’ exertion of power, and a medium through which their core ideologies were expressed and could be identified. Although such regimes were not merely negative movements grounded on opposition to other political forces, many of them included elements of anti-democratic ideology in the formulation, application and interpretation of criminal law. This involved rejecting concepts identified with liberal democracy, and purporting to overcome their inadequacies. Whereas for some regimes such as Fascism and National Socialism this was an explicit, self-declared component of their identity, for others anti-democratic ideology was arguably more implicit in their turn away from liberal methods and models of criminal law.This conference invites participants to question the nature and extent of anti-democratic ideology in criminal law under Fascist, National Socialist and other authoritarian regimes during the 20th century. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: Prof. Anthony MUSSON (Exeter) on Magna Charta

mar, 06/16/2015 - 04:50
(image source: Royal Historical Society)
The Royal Historical Society signalled an article by Prof. Anthony Musson (Exeter) on the Magna Charta at 800.

Intro:
In January 2015 the Exeter-based Express and Echo ran a story (also frontline news in the Daily Mail): Defiant hoarder vows to fight council’s clear-up order… using the Magna Carta! Threatened with a notice from the council to declutter his house, a Plymouth pensioner, Arthur Watson, claimed protection of the Great Charter on the basis that his rights had been breached since (in his words): ‘The Magna Carta states that no free man may have his possessions taken without due process and the judgement of his peers.’



This year we are celebrating the 800th Anniversary of King John’s accord with the English barons, the treaty sealed at Runnymede on 15 June 1215 that became the ‘Charter of Liberties’. Mr Watson’s perception of the modern relevance and value of Magna Carta, however misguided in precise legal terms, not only bears witness to its continuing influence, but also its place in the ‘popular’ imagination. This is in spite of the fact that the Charter’s binding provisions lasted a mere 10 weeks before it was annulled by the Pope upon John’s application. After John’s death in October 1216 it could have remained a dead letter, but for its resurgence as a tool of royal propaganda, revised and reissued first in November 1216 and then definitively in 1225, promoting the future good governance of the young Henry III. The rolls of parliament and various statutes, ordinances and treaties of the period demonstrate how from the thirteenth century onwards Magna Carta was enshrined in the lexicon of political/constitutional debate between the king and his subjects.The full text can be read on the Royal Historical Society's website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

PODCAST: BBCFOUR "A History of Ideas" on Habeas Corpus, Civil Disobedience and Thomas Aquinas

sam, 06/13/2015 - 05:37
 (image: Habeas Corpus Act; Source:  tlaxcala-int.org
BBCFour's podcast "A History of Ideas" brought an item on the history of Habeas Corpus, with Prof. Michael Lobban (LSE) and Alice Taylor (King's College London).

Previous episode concern Thomas Hobbes and civil disobedience (with David Wilson, Birminghan, click here), Thomas Aquinas (Giles Fraser, St Paul's Institute, click here)...

Click here for the full episode.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Historia et Ius (n. 7, June 2015)

jeu, 06/11/2015 - 15:40

Num. 7 - June 2015                     
Table of contents                                                     
Temi e questioni

  • 1) Luigi Capogrossi Colognesi e Antonio Masi, Ricordo di Edoardo Volterra - PDF

Studi (valutati tramite peer review
)
  • 2) Marco Urbano Sperandio, Costantino "vescovo universale" - PDF   
  • 3) Paolo Angelini, Annotazioni sull’epitome greca dell’Editto di Rotari - PDF
  • 4) Angela Santangelo Cordani, “Del modo di procedere contro alle streghe nel Santo Officio”. IlSacro Arsenale di Eliseo Masini e gli albori del declino della caccia alle streghe - PDF  
  • 5) Andreas Rahmatian, The Influence of Lord Kames (Henry Home) on some of the Founders of the United States - PDF
  • 6) Ulrike Müssig, The natural judge before the French Revolution: estate opposition against commissionary justice of the crown - PDF
  • 7) Benjamín M. Rodríguez, El Consulado de Buenos Aires y los órdenes normativos del Antiguo Régimen (1794-1821): religión, moral y derecho - PDF
  • 8) Federico Sciarra, I Tribunaux de famille durante la Rivoluzione: un’esperienza di arbitrato obbligatorio - PDF
  • 9) Alberto Torini, Gli albori della campagna abolizionista: il "Giornale per l'abolizione della pena di morte" e il dibattito sulla riforma penale di fine Ottocento - PDF
  • 10) Giordano Ferri, Proprietà collettive e usi civici nella prospettiva storico-giuridica del Novecento. In appendice il discorso di Carlo Calisse - Senato del Regno, 18 maggio 1927 - PDF

Interventi

  • 11) Vida Azimi, Stendhal: candidat à une préfecture - PDF
  • 12) Sonia Abis, Il furor melancholicus nella cultura giuridica di età moderna. Osservazioni e ipotesi di ricerca - PDF
  • 13) Rosamaria Alibrandi, Quando la forma è sostanza. I cerimoniali della Sicilia spagnola (a proposito di Loris De Nardi, Oltre il cerimoniale dei viceré. Le dinamiche istituzionali nella Sicilia barocca, Padova, Libreriauniversitaria.it Edizioni, 2014) - PDF
  • 14) Francesco D’Urso, Il conflitto come iudicium nella dottrina de bello di Francisco Suárez (a proposito di Francisco Suárez, Sulla guerra. Testo originale a fronte a cura e con un saggio di Aldo Andrea Cassi, Macerata 2014) - PDF 
  • 15) Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina, Sfide globali per la storia del diritto: prospettive e orizzonti nuovi (a proposito di Thomas Duve (ed.), Entanglements in Legal History: Conceptual Approaches, Global Perspectives on Legal History 1, Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, Open Access Publication, Frankfurt am Main 2014) - PDF 
  • 16) Marvin Messinetti, Taranto e i privilegi cittadini tra Medioevo ed Età Moderna (a proposito di Roberto Caprara, Francesco Nocco, Michele Pepe e Ornella Valeria Sapio, Libro Rosso di Taranto.Codice Architiano (1330-1604), vol. n. XXXVIII della Collana “Codice Diplomatico Pugliese”, Bari, Società di Storia Patria per la Puglia, 2014) - PDF
  • 17) Luigi Trisolino, Sul costituzionalismo dalle origini alle frontiere del c.d. neocostituzionalismo (a proposito di Salvatore Prisco, Costituzione, diritti umani, forma di governo. Frammenti di un itinerario di studio tra storia e prospettive, Torino, Giappichelli, 2014) - PDF
  • 18) Dario Di Cecca, La “buona morte” (a proposito di Marco Cavina, Andarsene al momento giusto. Culture dell’eutanasia nella storia europea, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2015) - PDF

Páginas españolas

  • 19) Aniceto Masferrer, Antonio Pérez Martín. Notas sobre su contribución a la historiografía jurídica española y europea - PDF
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: "Reconsidering Democracy and the State from a Global Perspective" (Leiden, 14-16 Jan 2016); DEADLINE 1 JUL 2015

jeu, 06/11/2015 - 03:04
(image source: Univ. Leiden)

Leiden University organizes a three-day conference on "Reconsidering Democracy and the State from a Global Perspective", from 14 to 16 January next year.

Summary:
Modern liberal democracy has traditionally developed within national frameworks. Even the word democracy implies the existence of a demos or citizenship. The period that has often been seen as the first breakthrough of modern conceptions of democracy, the decades around 1800, also saw the rapid development of modern nation states such as France. Vehement and exclusive nationalism, on the other hand, has also been one of the most dangerous enemies of liberal democracy.
The intimate relationship between democracy and nationalism masked the inherent tensions which became apparent during the democratization of many European nation-states since the end of the nineteenth century, a period during which nationalism emerged in a forceful and fitful manner. During the twentieth century the victory of the Allies in the Second World War seemed to spell the definitive victory of the western model of the democratic nation-state.
However, it soon became evident that exporting and implementing this model was problematic. Communist countries had a completely different view of democracy and the relevance of the western model for postcolonial societies was questionable.
The idea that democratic rights were not safe in the hands of nation-states and needed the support of non or supra-national organizations and movements began to spread and was taken up by universalist and internationalist advocates. In the twenty-first century globalization, European integration and populism all seem to challenge the old model, albeit in very different ways.

This conference will investigate the multifaceted relationship between democracy and the nation-state, not only in Europe but also in other parts of the world. Separate workshops will address this topic from different angles, ranging from the nationalization of the (mainly European) masses (George Mosse) at the end of the nineteenth century to forms of the national state in postcolonial Africa; from the promise of democratic perpetual peace and pursuing democratic rights at the supranational level to populist and nationalist distrust of democratic oligarchy and to the challenges democracy faces when the monopoly of legitimate force of the nation-state is threatened.

The conference will try to answer the question whether the age-old relationship between democracy and the nation-state is entering a new phase.Conference structure:
The conference program consists of two plenary keynote lectures and paper presentations during workshop sessions (circa 10 persons per session). Presenters of accepted papers are asked to speak 15 minutes, followed by a discussion under the supervision of a session chair. Prof. dr. Glenda Sluga will deliver a keynote address. The other keynote speaker will be announced soon.
We invite scholars to submit proposals for a paper on one of the following themes:
< Democracy and the United States: the exceptional or universal nation?

Democratization and nationalism in Europe, 1870-1920
Coordinators: Eric Storm & Maarten van Ginderachter

Beyond Democratic Peace. Democracy, the Nation State and War
Coordinator: Eugenio Cusumano

When the nation is not enough. Democratic rights on the global stage, 1870-1970
Coordinator: Anne-Isabelle Richard

Democracy, the Nation State, and their adversaries
Coordinators: Joost Augusteijn, Constant Hijzen & Mark Leon de Vries

Democratic Distrust: Power, Paranoia, and the People
Coordinator: Eduard van de Bilt

Congomania and Forms of the National State in Africa (1950s 1960s)
Coordinator: Alanna O'Malley

Necropolitics and Political Authority: Violence and Death in the Control over Populations
Coordinator: Jose Carlos G. Aguiar & Erella Grassiani

Politics of Discontent in the Southern Cone
Coordinators: Michelle Carmody & Patricio Silva
  Practical information:
Please send your application before 1 July 2015 to: conference.democracy.nation.state@leiden.edu

Applications should include:
  • Title of proposed paper
  • Title of the abovementioned theme of your choice
  • Abstract (maximum 500 words)
  • Biographical information (short CV)
  • Contact information (email, telephone and postal address)
Conference website: www.hum.leiden.edu/history/conference-democracy-nation-state Email: conference.democracy.nation.state@leiden.edu
Contactpersons are:
Prof.dr. Henk te Velde
Dr. Patrick Dassen
Eveline van Rijswijk MA (conference assistant)
This conference is organized by the research group Political Culture and National Identities of Leiden University Institute for History:
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Lord Kames. Legal and Social Theorist" by Andreas Rahmatian (May 2015)

jeu, 06/11/2015 - 02:04

Andreas Rahmatian, Lord Kames. Legal and Social Theorist
all information here

Re-establishes the importance of the ideas and legal philosophy of Scottish jurist and philosopher Lord KamesThe Scottish jurist, judge, legal historian and philosopher Henry Home (1696–1782) took the title Lord Kames when he was elevated to the bench of the Scottish Court of Session in 1752. In the 18th century, his books were influential and widely read; the educated classes and representatives of the Enlightenment in England, France and in the German states were all familiar with his aesthetic and philosophical writings.
Andreas Rahmatian explains Kames’ conceptions of legal philosophy, including black-letter law, legal science, legal theory, legal sociology and anthropology in its early stages, setting them in the context of the Scottish Enlightenment. He looks at how Kames came to be one of the forefathers of comparative law, sociology of law, legal psychology and ‘legal science’ in its proper meaning, as opposed to ‘law’.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: ESCLH General Assembly members (Reading, July 9 2015)

jeu, 06/11/2015 - 01:46

WHAT ESCLH General Assembly members
WHEN July 9 2015, 10:45-11:15
WHERE University of Reading, UK, Conference CenterRoom: as for Parallel session I ("Turbulence and Continuity")

Program


1. General Report of the ESCLH (by the President), including:
a. ‘Membership and the current financial situation (by Mia Korpiola, Vice-President)
b. Status of ESCLH Projects: Western Legal Traditions, Comparative Legal History Volume and new projects (by the President)
2. The Official Journal of the ESCLH (reported by an Editorial Board member)
3. The growth and consolidation of the ESCLH (by Mia Korpiola, Vice-President)
4. Update to ESCLH Conference 2016: Gdańsk (a member of Uniwersytet Gdański)
5. Any Other Business
It would be helpful if, where possible, any further business that a member of the ESCLH would like to propose be brought to the attention of the Secretary-General, Dr Matthew Dyson, on mnd21@cam.ac.uk.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Bryson's Reports of Cases In The Court of Chancery From The Time Of King James II (1685-1688)

mar, 06/09/2015 - 09:04
Reports of Cases In The Court of Chancery From The Time Of King James II (1685-1688)William Hamilton Bryson
'This book is a collection of the law reports from the Court of Chancery during the reign of King James II, which coincidentally included the chancellorship of Sir George Jeffreys. The choice of time was made somewhat arbitrarily because it was a short reign and, thus, it would be a manageable project to put into one place all the reports, whether in print or in manuscript, in chronological order, according to the ancient tradition of English law reporting. There turned out to be a larger corpus of reports from this court than was originally anticipated.The collections of Chancery reports before the tenure of Lord Nottingham are poor. The appointment of Sir Heneage Finch, Lord Nottingham, to the Chancery bench in 1673 marked a new era in law reporting in the Court of Chancery. Lord Nottingham, a first rate lawyer, began making reports of the cases that he heard as judge, and these reports were full and learned. They cover the period 1673 to 1682, and, while they were generally known, they were not easily accessible until they were published by David Yale in 1957 and 1961, Selden Society, volumes 73 and 79. Fortunately, Thomas Vernon began his extensive collection of Chancery reports in 1681; they continue up to 1720. Vernon's reports are not particularly good, even the much expanded later editions, but they are fairly comparable to the contemporary common law reports. Thus, there has been systematic reporting of Chancery cases since 1673. There are also a few Chancery reports from this period in other printed books, and the bibliography of them is within.By putting all of the reports of this court for this reign into one book and arranging them chronologically, we can see that, in fact, the systematic contemporaneous reporting of Chancery cases begun by Lord Nottingham continued unabated after his untimely death in 1682.This collection of reports has the expected cases involving procedure and jurisdiction. However, the vast majority deal with issues of property law. These arose out of family settlements which generated disputes over settlements not performed, the interpretation of conditional gifts and devises, intestate succession, breaches of trust, the rights of mortgagees and other secured creditors, jointures, charges on land, etc. In most of these cases, the issues to be decided were common law rights, but they had to be determined in a court of equity before an equitable remedy could be granted. They illustrate that the principles of common law and equity were not in opposition, as a general principle, but equity fulfilled and fine-tuned the common law by giving more modern and sophisticated remedies to enforce basic common law rights.Most of the text of the law reports herein has been in print for several centuries. However, this new edition and new arrangement of some few of our books, though small and modest, is a part of the international, ongoing effort to keep the tools of the common law sharp and in good repair.We give praise to the Masters of the Bench of Lincoln's Inn, London, and the Council of King's Inns, Dublin, for preserving manuscript reports of the common law. Additionally, many thanks are due to them for their permission to publish some of them here.'
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE REPORT: “International Law and Arbitration. From the Hague Conferences to the League of Nations. Global and Belgian Perspectives” (University of Antwerp, June 2, 2015) (by Dr. Judit Beke-Martos)

lun, 06/08/2015 - 10:01



(seminar presenters; source: dr. Judit Beke-Martos)
  CONFERENCE/SEMINAR REPORT: “International Law and Arbitration. From the Hague Conferences to the League of Nations. Global and Belgian Perspectives” (University of Antwerp,June 2, 2015) (by Dr. Judit Beke-Martos)
  ***
The Research Unit Political History of the University of Antwerp on June 2, 2015 organized an informal seminar entitled “International Law and Arbitration. From the Hague Conferences to the League of Nations. Global and Belgian Perspectives.” The idea was to bring together a group of interested professionals from various disciplines for an interesting and stimulating discussion and exchange of ideas. Such occasions can be very fruitful and useful.
The mid-size group of professors, interested researchers, postdoc fellows, doctoral students and master students from the fields of history, law and political science gathered in an impressive room at the University of Antwerp on that Tuesday morning. The organizer of the event, Henk De Smaele warmly welcomed all participants and introduced the three speakers.
Maartje Abbenhuis, Associate Professor of History at the University of Auckland in New Zealand spoke first. In her talk entitled “A Global History of the Hague Peace Conferences, 1898 – 1914” she shared the preliminary findings of her current research project for which she had been awarded the prestigious Marsden Grant of New Zealand’s Royal Society in 2013. During this three-year undertaking, now in its second year, Professor Abbenhuis aims to emphasize the significance of the 1899 and 1907 Hague Conferences as well as the preparatory works for the third one foreseen for 1915, which never took place. She finds that the role of these events in shaping the ideas on global responsibility is underrepresented in today’s scholarship. Her starting point is a rescript of Czar Nicolas II, who in 1898 called for a conference on – broadly phrased – disarmament. Abbenhuis claims that the mixed responses from both the media and the world leaders at the time already prejudice the potential significance of the subsequent 1899 Hague Conference. She examines the actual outcome of this first Conference in statistical terms as well (a total of 96 delegates meeting for two months and creating three conventions and three declarations) and compares it to the following Conference of 1907 (46 governments sending their respective delegates, thereby nearly doubling the previous participation, sitting for four months and resulting in thirteen conventions and one declaration). Acknowledging that the 1907 Conference was a huge media event, which attracted governments that wished to pursue their individual domestic agenda on a world forum rather than engage in the talks on peace and war, Abbenhuis nevertheless argues that this event also gave room for new players on the international stage who had not been part of the Great Powers so determinative in the 19th century, and that it created a public consciousness of the international law of war.
Vincent Genin, PhD candidate at the Université of Liège, continued the Seminar with his talk – in French, entitled “Juristes, parlementaires et diplomates en Belgique dans le processus menant aux Conférences de la Paix de la Haye de 1875 à 1899/1907” – focusing on the Belgian perspective of international arbitration. More specifically, he gave a brief insight into the history of the Belgian regulation’s development and its participants’ take on the role and the institution of international arbitration. He elaborated on the fairly early adoption of international arbitration in municipal law by the Belgian Parliament in 1875, making Belgium one of the first countries to do so, even though the members of its own government were skeptical about it and fearful of its inevitable interference with the country’s sovereignty. Genin introduced Professor Edouard Descamps’ activities and achievements in the preparation of the regulation on international arbitration and elaborated on how this whole process during the last third of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century had been complex. He summarized by arguing that, from the Belgian perspective, the process of establishing and accepting international arbitration had three main players, who for various reasons formed this debated: England, as a fairly isolated yet significant world power whose own evaluation among the European states changed during this period; the USA, which for the first time claimed its place among Europe’s leading powers and subsequently went on to play a major role in the regulation of international relations; and Italy, as the first country to domestically legislate on international arbitration and also the one representing or highlighting the religious divide between Catholics and Protestants, a significant question in this debate.
Maarten Van Alstein, a researcher at the Flemish Peace Institute (Vlaams Vredesinstituut) was the last speaker. In his talk “A Realist View: The Belgian Diplomatic Elite and the League of Nations” he focused on the Belgian foreign policy and its relation to the League of Nations after the First World War, highlighting the Belgian activism despite neutrality. As it was observed during the discussion, Belgium’s approach towards the League – very nicely introduced by Dr. Van Alstein – was motivated by fear and at more than one occasion, important decisions were made with the primary purpose of securing a guarantee of protection by both the French and the English. This talk examined a timeframe, which Van Alstein divided into two periods, the first between 1919 and 1923, the era of skepticism towards such an international cooperation and the period between 1924 and 1930, where there was already some support for the League, yet politicians remained realistic in their day-to-day decisions. The skepticism may in part be deducted from the disappointment Belgium experienced at Versailles which they had thought of as an opportunity for their national causes. At that stage, since security was Belgium’s number one concern, the League seemed like a risk to the Belgian interests. The only mention of the League back then was Belgium’s wish to have the seat of the League in Brussels, but even that proposal had the underlying consideration of security, as such a location would be better protected and thereby less likely to be attacked. As of 1924 Belgium changed its policy to achieve their persisting goal of securing protection and the League turned from risk into an opportunity. Belgium signed both the 1924 and the 1925 Geneva Protocols as well as the Briand-Kellogg Pact, and established arbitration treaties with several states. The politicians’ realism could nevertheless be observed since though they were positive towards obligatory arbitration, they also acknowledged that it was incapable of solving everything. It was in Locarno that Belgium finally received the guarantee of protection from the English, which it had strived for all those years, and for which it had practically given up its neutrality to support several treaties. Despite the line of development throughout the examined timeframe, by the mid-1930s, Locarno was no longer of such importance and Belgium returned to its policy of independence.  
An interesting and stimulating discussion followed the talks with fruitful exchanges between the neighboring disciplines of law and history and their respective take on this time and events, as well as the possible significance of freemasonry, and the obvious added value of examining the international events from a purely domestic perspective. 

Dr. Beke-Martos (b. 1984) teaches at the University of Mannheim and is the Assistant Director of the Law & Language Center at the FSU Jena, in Germany. She is currently a visiting researcher at the Ghent Legal History Institute, devoting her time to legal history in Europe during the 19th century in a comparative and international perspective. She holds a J.D. and a Ph.D. in Law from the Eötvös Loránd University and an LL.M. in US and Global Business Law from Suffolk University Law School in Boston, MA.
(image source: dr. Judit Beke-Martos)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: Codificational Achievements and Failures in the 19th-20th Century (Szeged, 29-30 October 2015); DEADLINE 30 JUNE 2015

lun, 06/08/2015 - 05:09
(image: Szeged University; source: Wikimedia Commons
The Faculty of Law at Szeged University hosts an international conference of legal history on 29-30 October 2015, on the theme "codificational achievements and failures in the 19th-20th century".

The Graduate School of the Szeged Law Faculty "The dénouement of the talent in favour of the excellence of the University of Szeged" supports the conference (project number TÁMOP-4.2.2.B.-15/1/KONV-2015-0006).

The organizers aim at "those legal historians, who intend to introduce the procession of codifications, their achievements and failures". PhD.-students are equally welcome.

Maximum 3000 characters. Submissions with Ass. Prof. dr. Norbert Varga (vargan@juris.u-szeged.hu).




Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Revue française d'histoire des idées politiques [Special Issue: Public Law Doctrine and Roman Law], nr. 41-2 (2015)

mer, 06/03/2015 - 11:43
 (image source: Nomôdos)
Nomôdos reports the special issue of the Revue française d'histoire des idées politiques, dedicated to roman law and public law doctrine.

Summary:
Si la culture romaniste de la doctrine privatiste classique est une évidence, elle semble l'être moins dans le monde des juristes de droit public. Pourtant, pour des raisons qui tiennent à leur formation, les publicistes sont tout autant redevables au droit romain. Les contributions réunies dans ce numéro tentent d'évaluer l'ampleur, le sens et la profondeur de l'empreinte du droit romain et des institutions romaines dans la doctrine du droit public Table of contents:

Etudes Doctrine publiciste et Droit romain
  • Avant-propos, par Yann-Arzel Durelle-Marc 
  • Le droit romain et les parlementaires anglais du XVIIe siècle, par Céline Roynier
  • La dictature à l'époque moderne - La fascination pour une incompréhensible vertu, par François Saint-Bonnet 
  • Le droit romain dans l'argumentation des premiers constitutionnalises américains, par Charles Reiplinger
  • La réception du droit romain par la doctrine publiciste du XIXe siècle: une vue de l'esprit?, par Laurent Hecketsweiler
  • La doctrine publiciste et les divisions du droit romain, par Maud Baldovani
  • "A fructibus eorum cognoscetis eos": Denis Serrigny, le droit administratif romain et la dénonciation du despotisme impérial, par Dominique Hiebel
  • Le stoïcisme de Firmin Laferrière (1798-1861), par Yann-Arzel Durelle-Marc
  • Adhémar Esmein et la République romaine, par Guillaume Sacriste
  • Le modèle romain du corps de droit administratif, dans la pensée de Maurice Hauriou, par Nicolas Cornu-Thénard 
Variétés 
  • Le problème de l'intérêt général dans la pensée d'Alain: un utilitariste libéral au pays de Rousseau?, par Jérôme Perrier 
Lectures critiques 
  • Robert de Jouvenel, La République des camarades, préface Jacques de Saint-Victor, Nicolas Brantôme, Equateurs poche, 2014, 207 p., par Eric Desmons.
Résumés / Summaries On the journal itself:

Revue française d'Histoire des Idées politiques

Revue semestrielle publiée avec le concours du CERAP - Université Paris 13 

Comité scientifique 
  • Maurice AGULLON (+) 
  • Pierre ANSART 
  • Philippe CONTAMINE 
  • Michel GANZIN 
  • Marcel GAUCHET 
  • Claude GAUVARD 
  • Simone GOYARD-FABRE 
  • Olivier GUILLOT 
  • Jean-Pierre MACHELON 
  • Françoise MELONIO 
  • Albert RIGAUDIERE 
  • Michel TROPER 
Comité de rédaction 
  • Guillaume BACOT 
  • Philippe BUTON 
  • Franck COLLARD 
  • Eric DESMONS 
  • Béatrice GUION 
  • Dominique HIEBEL
  • Carlos M. HERRERA
  • Olivier IHL 
  • Pierre-Yves QUIVIGER 
  • Patrice ROLLAND 
  • Yves SASS IER 
  • Michael SOUBBOTNIK 
Direction

  • Eric Desmons 
Ancien directeur
  • Guillaume Bacot 
Ventes et abonnements 
  • Abonnement annuel
    • Particuliers: 45€
    • Bibliothèques: 65€ 
    • Chaque numéro: 35€
 More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Monde(s): International Lawyers, a Profession ?

mer, 06/03/2015 - 05:46
 (image source: Monde(s))
The journal Monde(s):Histoire-Espaces-Relations (Presses Universitaires de France) published a special issue on lawyers and international relations, from a historical perspectives.

Table of contents and abstracts:
Sommaire

Dzovinar Kévonian et Philippe Rygiel
Introduction - « Faiseurs de droit » :  les juristes internationalistes, une approche globale située

Florence Renucci
David Santillana, acteur et penseur des droits musulman et européen

Marilena Papadaki 
Nicolas Politis, une approche biographique

Mark Weston Janis

Le début de la désillusion américaine envers l’Europe et le droit international, 1914‑1946 – traduit traduit de l’anglais par Isabelle Vallée 

Reut Yael Paz

Kelsen’s Pure Theory of Law as « a Hole in Time »

Liliana Obregón Tarazona
Writing International Legal History : An Overview

Guillaume Mouralis
Outsiders du droit international. Trajectoires professionnelles et innovation juridique à Londres, Washington et Nuremberg, 1943-1945

Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral
Beyond the Spanish Classics. The Ephemeral Awakening of the History of International Law in Pre-Democratic Spain

Entretien
Entretien avec Géraud de Geouffre de La Pradelle par Dzovinar Kévonian et Philippe Rygiel

Débat autour d’un livre
Arnulf Becker Lorca, Mestizo International Law: A Global Intellectual History, 1842-1933, Cambridge University Press, January 2015.

par

Douglas Howland (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee), Jean-Louis Halpérin (École normale supérieure, CNRS, Paris), Arnulf BeckerLorca (Brown University, Rhode Island)

Varia

Miho Matsunuma
Casse-tête japonais. Conflits diplomatiques en Indochine française au début du XXe siècle


Jessica Pearson-Patel

Promoting Health, Protecting Empire: Inter-colonial Medical Cooperation in Postwar

Résumés du numéro Profession, juristes internationales n°7 Monde(s)

Florence Renucci

David Santillana, acteur et penseur des droits musulman et européen

Résumé

David Santillana (1855-1931), juif « portugais » de la province ottomane de Tunis, par la suite naturalisé italien, fut à la fois juriste et arabisant. Cet article propose de s’interroger sur les contacts juridiques et diplomatiques entre les mondes oriental et européen et sur la possibilité de les « penser » ensemble, à travers l’action et l’œuvre de Santillana.

Mots-clefs : Santillana – Juifs « portugais » – Province de Tunis – Empire ottoman – Droit musulman.


Abstract

David Santillana, thinker of European and oriental law

The jurist and Arabist David Santillana (1855-1931) was a “Portuguese” Jew of Ottoman Tunisia who later acquired Italian citizenship. This article discusses the diplomatic and legal contacts between the East and the West through his life and work. It questions the possibility of « thinking » these two worlds together.

Keywords : Santillana – “Portuguese” Jews – Ottoman Tunisia – Ottoman Empire – Islamic Law.


Marilena Papadaki
Nicolas Politis, une approche biographique
Résumé

Nicolas Politis (1872-1942), est un juriste libéral d’origine grecque et représentant de l’école française de sociologie du droit. Le parcours de ce juriste internationaliste de la « semi-périphérie » de l’Europe et sa participation au développement et à l’évolution de la science du droit international, permettent de poser en termes nouveaux la question de l’étude biographique des juristes internationalistes, en associant étroitement leurs stratégies avec les pratiques étatiques et les différents contextes qu’ils contribuent eux-mêmes à créer.

Mots-clés : Souveraineté – Société des nations – Sanctions – Représailles – Solidarité.


Abstract

Nicolas Politis, a Biographical Approach

Nicolas Politis (1872-1942) was a liberal Greek-originated jurist expressing the French sociological law school of thought. The study of the life of an international jurist originated from the European “semi-periphery” and his participation to the development and evolution of international law science allows one to consider the biographical study of international jurists, by closely associating their strategies with the state practice and the various contexts they contributed towards creating.

Keywords: Sovereignty – League of Nations – Sanctions – Reprisals – Solidarity.


Mark Weston Janis
Le début de la désillusion américaine envers l’Europe et le droit international, 1914‑1946
Résumé

Selon bien des observateurs, la désillusion des États-Unis envers le droit international et les instances internationales est née peu après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Mais en fait, elle a commencé en 1914, quand la Première Guerre mondiale a éclaté. De nombreux Américains ont alors pensé que la civilisation européenne n’avait pu se dégager des excès de la souveraineté de l’État et du militarisme. Cet article traite des débuts de la déception américaine à l’égard de l’Europe, du droit international et des organisations internationales entre 1914 et 1946.

Mots-clés : Droit international – Société des Nations –Nations unies – États-Unis – Europe.

 Abtsract

The Onset of American Disillusionment with Europe and International Law, 1914-1946

Many date the disillusionment of the United States with the international law and organization project to sometime after World War II. Actually, widespread American disillusionment with international law and organization began in 1914 with the out-break of World War I. Many Americans became convinced that European civilization had failed to emerge from the excesses of state sovereignty and militarism. This essay illustrates the onset of American disillusionment with Europe and with international law and organization between 1914 and 1946.

Keywords: International Law – Internationalorganizations – Law of Nations – League of Nations – United Nations.

Reut Yael Paz
La Théorie pure du droit de Hans Kelsen comme « brèche temporelle »
Résumé

Cet article montre en quoi la « Pure théorie du droit » de Kelsen – qui traite du droit comme d’un système axiomatique et décontextualisé – est elle‑même influencée par l’éducation sociale et religieuse reçue par Kelsen.

Mots-clés : Hans Kelsen – Sociologie de la connaissance – Pure Theory of Law – Grundnorm – Identité juive germanophone.


Abstract

Kelsen’s Pure Theory of Law as “a Hole in Time”

This paper shows how Kelsen’s “Pure Theory of Law”–which develops law as an axiomatic and decontextualized system, is itself influenced by Kelsen’s social and religious upbringing.

Keywords : Hans Kelsen – Sociology of Knowledge – Pure Theory of Law – Grundnorm – Jewish German‑Speaking Identity.

Liliana Obregón Tarazona
Écrire l’histoire juridique internationale, une approche
Résumé

Cet article propose un résumé du projet actuellement mené par l’auteur sur les approches, à l’époque contemporaine et au dix‑neuvième siècle, de l’écriture de l’histoire juridique internationale. Il s’interroge sur la façon d’écrire l’histoire aujourd’hui et présente brièvement quelques juristes qui ont entrepris d’écrire une histoire du droit des nations à une période marquée par le tumulte des révolutions, la fondation de nouveaux États et la poursuite de l’expansion coloniale.

Mots-clés : Histoire du droit international – Histoire juridique internationale – Droit international du dix‑neuvième siècle – Historiographie


Abstract

Writing International Legal History: An Overview

This article presents a summary of the author’s current project on contemporary and nineteenth century approaches to international legal history writing. It asks questions on writing history today and presents a sketch of a few jurists who took on the mission of writing a history of the law of nations in an era fraught with the turmoil of revolutions, the foundation of new states and the continuation of colonial expansion.

Keywords: History of International Law – International Legal History –Nineteenth Century International Law – Historiography

Guillaume Mouralis

Outsiders du droit international.

Trajectoires professionnelles et innovation juridique à Londres, Washington et Nuremberg, 1943-1945

Résumé

Cet article propose une socio-genèse des innovations juridiques au cœur du procès de Nuremberg. Il examine en particulier les interventions de trois acteurs périphériques au monde des juristes internationaux, Bohuslav Ečer, Murray C. Bernays et Jacob Robinson. Tous avocats avant la guerre, ces outsiders étaient des « praticiens » du droit. Ils proposèrent notamment de prendre en compte le caractère planifié, organisé et collectif des crimes commis par l’Allemagne nazie – préfigurant la notion, centrale à Nuremberg, de « complot criminel ».

Mot-clés : Procès de Nuremberg – Tribunal militaire international – Complot ou plan concerté – Espace juridique international – Professions juridiques internationales.

Abstract

Outsiders in International Law

Professional Careers and Legal Innovation in London, Washington and Nuremberg (1943‑1945)

This article provides a socio‑genesis of the legal innovations at the heart of the Nuremberg trial. More specifically, it reviews the interventions of three peripheral figures in the field of international law, Bohuslav Ečer, Murray C. Bernays and Jacob Robinson. These outsiders, who were all lawyers before the war, were also law practitioners. They noticeably suggested to take into account the planned, organized and collective nature of the crimes committed by Nazi Germany–thus foreshadowing the doctrine of “criminal conspiracy”, which proved central in Nuremberg.

Keywords: Nuremberg Trial – International Military Tribunal – Conspiracy or Coordinated Plan – International Legal Field –International Legal Professions.

Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral
Par‑delà les classiques espagnols

Le réveil éphémère de l’histoire du droit international dans l’Espagne pré‑démocratique

Résumé

La revue Cuadernos para el Diálogo (1963-1978) a joué un rôle‑clé en alimentant le terreau intellectuel durant la transition espagnole vers la démocratie et elle a engendré une littérature conséquente chez les historiens. Cet article relie pour la première fois la trajectoire de ce mensuel emblématique à la brève période d’innovation méthodologique et historiographique de la Revista Española de Derecho Internacional – la Revue  espagnole de droit international – dirigée par le juriste international Mariano Aguilar Navarro.

Mots‑clés : Franquisme tardif – Cuadernos para el Diálogo – Histoire espagnole du droit international – Intelligentsia dissidente – Phalangisme libéral


Abstract

Beyond the Spanish Classics

The Ephemeral Awakening of the History of International Law in Pre-Democratic Spain

Cuadernos para el Diálogo (1963-1978) played a key-role in nurturing the intellectual soil for the Spanish Transition to democracy and it has spawned an extensive amount of literature among historians. This work links for the first time the course of this emblematic monthly journal with the short-lived period of methodological and historiographical innovation of Revista Española de Derecho Internacional under the direction of the international jurist M. Aguilar Navarro.

Keywords: Late-Francoism – Cuadernos para el Diálogo – Spanish History of International Law – Dissident Intelligentsia – Liberal Phalangism.


Miho Matsunuma

Casse-tête japonais. Conflits diplomatiques en Indochine française au début du xxe siècle

Résumé

Cet article propose de considérer les conflits diplomatiques entre la France et le Japon au sujet des Japonais en Indochine française, au début du XXe siècle. Il montre comment ces conflits ont pour origine le traitement juridique et administratif des Japonais, prenant en considération moins leur race que leur niveau de civilisation. Ces deux critères de catégorisation ont fondé le droit colonial, et se sont également appliqués aux étrangers présents dans les colonies.

Mots-clés : Régime colonial – Droit international – France – Japon – Indochine française.


Abstract

Japanese Conundrum. Diplomatic Conflicts in French Indochina in the Beginning of the 20th Century

This article sets out to explore the diplomatic Franco‑Japanese conflicts involving the Japanese in French Indochina in the early twentieth century. It shows how these conflicts originated in the legal and administrative treatment of these nationals, whose race took precedence over the level of development of their civilization. Both these characterization criteria founded the colonial law and were also applied to foreigners in the colonies.

Keywords: Colonial Regime – International Law – France – Japan – French Indochina.


Jessica Pearson-Patel 
Promouvoir la santé, protéger l’empire. La coopération médicale inter-coloniale en Afrique après 1945
Résumé

Comment l’anticolonialisme à l’onu a-t-il forgé la coopération en matière de santé en Afrique après 1945 ? À travers deux organisations – la Commission de coopération technique en Afrique et le Centre international de l’enfance – cet article montre que les empires coloniaux ont poursuivi la coopération technique inter‑coloniale en tant qu’instrument pour répondre aux critiques de l’onu et prévenir l’engagement des agences des nations Unies en Afrique.

Mots-clés : Santé publique – Afrique – Nations Unies – Anticolonialisme – Coopération technique.


Abstract

Promoting Health, Protecting Empire: Inter-colonial Medical Cooperation in Postwar Africa

This article explores the way that anti-colonialism at the un shaped international health cooperation in Africa after 1945. By focusing on two organizations–the Commission for Technical Cooperation in Africa and the International Children’s Centre–it argues that colonial empires pursued inter-colonial technical cooperation as a means to respond to critiques at the United Nations and to prevent the involvement of un agencies on the African continent.

Keywords: Public Health – Africa – United Nations – Anti-colonialism – Technical cooperation.(source: Monde(s))
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Innocent III and his time (Murcia, Universidad Católica/Pontificia Universitas Lateranensis), 9-12 December 2015; DEADLINE 1 SEPTEMBER 2015

mer, 06/03/2015 - 04:21

The Universidad Católica de Murcia and the Pontificia Universitas Lateranensis organize a conference on Innocent III.

Confirmed keynote speakers include Professors Kenneth Pennington (Catholic University of America), Dafydd Bened Walteres (University of Edingburgh), Robert E. Somerville (Columbia University), Antonio Pérez Martín (University of Murcia), Massimo Miglietta (Università degli Studi di Trento), Francesca Galgano (Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II). 

Summary:
The figure of Innocent III, after centuries, is still of great importance, not only for the historian of canon  law,  but  to  any  researcher  who  works  on  History  and  Law  topics.  His  decisive contributions  to  the  political  and  religious  situation  of  the  thirteenth  century  have  yet  to  be revealed in many aspects, so that the period of history can be known with greater accuracy and depth. In addition, this year is the 800th anniversary of two fundamental legal monuments: the Fourth Lateran  Council  and  the  English  Magna  Carta,  we  intend  to enhance  research  linking both milestones and the decisive influence they had in their time and in the following centuries, and the circumstances that contributed to their relevance.
For such purposes, we call on interested researchers to submit papers related to the figure of Innocent III from the standpoint of law in general, Canon Law, Philosophy, Theology, History of Institutions, Roman Law, Comparative Law, Art History, History, Sociology, Historiography and any other discipline that can shed light on the subject proposed, being the following: Program:
  1. INNOCENT III AND POLITICAL POWER 
  a. Innocent III and the Holy Empire
  b. The Fourth Lateran Council and the English Magna Carta 
 c. Relations between the Church and the emerging monarchies

 2. INNOCENT III THE JURIST
  a. The Fourth Lateran Council
 b. The Roman law science around the XIII century
  c. The history of legal institutions and their development

  3. INNOCENT III AND SPIRITUAL POWER
  a. The role of the Church in medieval society
  b. The intra-ecclesiastic life and spirituality
 c. The fight against heresy and the Discipline of the Sacraments   Practical information:
PROPOSALS:  (Title,  academic  affiliation,  Biographical  Profile  and  Abstract  200  words  ENG,
GER, FRA, ITA, ESP), via mail: catedrainocencio@gmail.com 
DEADLINE: September 1, 2015. The Scientific Committee will respond to the proposal before September 30, 2015
PUBLICATION: Papers selected by the Scientific Committee shall be published in the special issue of the journal Vergentis in the first half of 2016. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Michel Foucault's second Course at the Collège de France on Penal Institutions and Theories, 1971-1972 [Hautes Etudes] (Paris: Editions de l'EHESS, 2015, 2015, ISBN 978.2.02.098569.7, € 26)

mer, 06/03/2015 - 04:16
(image source: EHESS)
At the occasion of the recent publication of Michel Foucault's second lecture series on Penal Theories and Institutions (Collège de France, 1971-1972), a colloquium took place in Paris on 2 June 2015.

Book presentation:

« Ce qui caractérise l’acte de justice, ce n’est pas le recours à un tribunal et à des juges ; ce n’est pas l’intervention des magistrats (même s’ils devaient être de simples médiateurs ou arbitres). Ce qui caractérise l’acte juridique, le processus ou la procédure au sens large, c’est le développement réglé d’un litige. Et dans ce développement, l’intervention des juges, leur avis ou leur décision n’est jamais qu’un épisode. C’est la manière dont on s’affronte, la manière dont on lutte qui définit
l’ordre juridique. La règle et la lutte, la règle dans la lutte, c’est cela le juridique. »
Michel Foucault


Théories et Institutions pénales est le titre donné par Michel Foucault au cours qu’il prononce au Collège de France de novembre 1971 à mars 1972. Dans ces leçons, Michel Foucault théorise, pour la première fois, la question du pouvoir qui va l’occuper jusqu’à la rédaction de Surveiller et punir (1975) et au-delà, d’abord à travers la relation minutieuse de la répression par Richelieu de la révolte des Nu-pieds (1639-1640), puis en montrant comment le dispositif de pouvoir élaboré à cette occasion par la monarchie rompt avec l’économie des institutions juridiques et
judiciaires du Moyen Âge et ouvre sur un « appareil judiciaire d’État », un « système répressif » dont la fonction va se centrer sur l’enfermement de ceux qui défient son ordre. Michel Foucault systématise l’approche d’une histoire de la vérité à partir de l’étude des « matrices juridico-politiques », étude qu’il avait commencée dans le cours de l’année précédente (Leçons sur la volonté de savoir), et qui est au coeur de la notion de « relation de savoir-pouvoir ». Ce cours développe sa théorie de la justice et du droit pénal. La parution de ce volume marque la fin de la publication de la série des Cours de Michel Foucault au Collège de France (dont le premier volume a été publié en 1997).
Conference abstract:
Le deuxième cours de Michel Foucault au Collège de France, Théories et institutions pénales (1972), vient de paraitre le 15 mai 2015 - une publication qui complète la série des cours de Foucault au Collège. Cette journée d'étude avec Etienne Balibar, Frédéric Gros, François Ewald, Bernard Harcourt, Arnaud Teyssier, et d'autres chercheurs, proposera quelques premières lectures, premières réactions, et pistes de recherches. Program:
Programme9:00 IntroductionBernard E. Harcourt, Columbia University/EHESS9:10 Frédéric Gros, Sciences Po10:00 Stephen W. Sawyer, American University in Paris10:45 Pause11:00 Table ronde: « Foucault et l’histoire » – Claude-Olivier Doron, Université Paris-Diderot
  • Robert Jacob, CNRS-Lamop
  • Julien Théry, Université Paul Valéry-Montpellier III
  • Arnaud Teyssier, ENA/ENS
13:00 Pause14:00 François Ewald, Responsable de l'édition des cours de Michel Foucault au Collège de France14:45  Panel : « Foucault, le droit pénal, et la théâtralisation »
  • Arianna Sforzini, Université Paris-Est Créteil
  • Sacha Raoult, Université Aix-Marseille
  • Bernard E. Harcourt, Columbia University/EHESS
16:00 Pause16:15 Keynote: Étienne Balibar, Université Parix X/Columbia UniversityMore information here.
Source: calenda.org.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'Histoire du Droit/The Legal History Review LXXXIII (2015), No. 1-2

mar, 06/02/2015 - 10:28
(image source: brill)

The Legal History Review (Brill) published its first issue of 2015.

Table of contents:
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Balance of Power and Norm Hierarchy. Franco-British Diplomacy after the Peace of Utrecht" by F. Dhondt

jeu, 05/28/2015 - 11:58

Frederik Dhondt, Ghent UniversityBalance of Power and Norm Hierarchy: Franco-British Diplomacy after the Peace of Utrechtoffers a detailed study of French and British diplomacy in the age of ‘Walpole and Fleury’. After Louis XIV’s decease, European international relations were dominated by the collaboration between James Stanhope and Guillaume Dubois. Their alliance focused on the amendment and enlargement of the peace treaties of Utrecht, Rastatt and Baden. In-depth analysis of vast archival material uncovers the practical legal arguments used between Hampton Court and Versailles. ‘Balance of Power’ or ‘Tranquillity of Europe’ were in fact metaphors for the predominance of treaty law even over the most fundamental municipal norms. An implacable logic of norm hierarchy allowed to consolidate peace in Europe.Biographical noteDr. Frederik Dhondt (1984) studied law (Ghent University), history (Ghent/Paris-Sorbonne) and international relations (Sciences Po Paris) and was a visiting researcher in Frankfurt, Heidelberg and Geneva. He currently is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders (Ghent University).ReadershipAll interested in European legal history and/or the history of public international law, diplomacy, French or British history, Ancien Régime European international relations, 18th century history.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE & CFP: "Novos campos de pesquisa da historia das instituicoes eclesiasticas e suas normatividades no Brasil (XVI-XIX centuries)" ( Sao Paulo, November 10-12 2015)

jeu, 05/28/2015 - 11:45

WHAT Novos campos de pesquisa da historia das instituicoes eclesiasticas e suas normatividades no Brasil (XVI-XIX centuries), Conference and Call for papers
WHEN November 10-12 2015
WHERE Sao Paulo
O Instituto Max-Planck de História do Direito Europeu, com sede em Frankfurt, Alemanha, vem desenvolvendo uma nova linha de pesquisa sobre a história das instituições eclesiásticas, as suas normatividades e as suas formas de administração da justiça durante os séculos XVIXIX na América Latina. Dentro desse marco, o Instituto convoca todos os interessados ao Seminário “Novos campos de pesquisa da história das instituições eclesiásticas e suas normatividades no Brasil (séculos XVI-XIX)”, que acontecerá entre os dias 10 e 12 de novembro de 2015, na Sala de Conferências do Instituto Goethe, em São Paulo. Esta atividade está inserida dentro de um ciclo de seminários de trabalho realizados nos anos anteriores, em Ciudad de México, Lima e Bogotá, que versaram sobre a mesma temática, em relação aos vice-reinados da Nova Espanha, do Peru e do Novo Reino de Granada, respectivamente. Os programas e informações sobre os seminários anteriores podem ser acessados no endereço: http://www.rg.mpg.de/seminario_normatividades. O principal objetivo do Seminário é oferecer aos participantes um local de trabalho, encontro e debates de alto nível acadêmico sobre as novas perspectivas nesse campo de pesquisa, para as diversas regiões que compunham o Brasil colonial e imperial. Procura-se, dessa forma, facilitar os contatos pessoais e institucionais na comunidade acadêmica e favorecer a colaboração científica entre os participantes. A convocação está aberta a todos os jovens pesquisadores que estejam desenvolvendo suas pesquisas nessa temática, desde as mais variadas perspectivas disciplinares, como a história do direito, a história, a etnohistória, a teologia, as ciências da religião, a história da arte, a história cultural, etc. Serão consideradas particularmente interessantes as pesquisas que desenvolvam uma visão ampla e bem documentada do objeto de estudo e que exponham as ricas e complexas relações entre as diferentes áreas geográficas, culturais, escolas jurídicas e tradições historiográficas.
 Como em eventos anteriores, depois da revisão de especialistas externos, o MPIeR prevê a publicação dos trabalhos apresentados no Seminário de São Paulo em uma de suas séries de publicação. 2 Convocação Poderão participar jovens doutores, doutorandos ou mestrandos, cujas pesquisas estejam em avançado estágio de elaboração e cujo tema tenha estreita relação com a temática do Seminário. A inscrição deverá ser encaminhada até o dia 15 de Julho de 2015 a Otto Danwerth: danwerth@rg.mpg.de. Cada inscrição deverá estar acompanhada dos seguintes documentos (em formato Word): − Formulário de inscrição preenchido, que pode ser obtido na página: http://www.rg.mpg.de/4_novos_campos_de_pesquisa − Breve descrição do trabalho de pesquisa que será apresentado no Seminário (máx. 1.500 caracteres, sem contar espaços) − Curriculum Vitae atualizado (máx. 3 páginas), com uma lista das publicações, se for o caso. Um Comitê Científico avaliará as propostas e as selecionará por seu mérito acadêmico. A decisão do Comitê será comunicada aos selecionados até o dia 30 de Julho de 2015. O Instituto Max-Planck arcará com os gastos de viagem e estadia, para os selecionados que necessitarem. Os participantes serão reembolsados das despesas com transporte e estadia ao final do Seminário. Os idiomas do seminário serão português, espanhol e inglês. A documentação e os trabalhos poderão ser apresentados em qualquer uma dessas línguas. O Seminário acontecerá na Sala de Conferências do Instituto Goethe de São Paulo. Contato Otto Danwerth Max-Planck-Institut für europäische Rechtsgeschichte Hansaallee 41 D-60323 Frankfurt am Main Alemanha Tel.: +49-69-78978-167 Fax.: +49-69-78978-169 E-mail: danwerth@rg.mpg.de www.rg.mpg.de Sites: http://www.rg.mpg.de/seminario_normatividades http://www.rg.mpg.de/4_novos_campos_de_pesquisa http://www.facebook.com/seminariompibrasil
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Ramses DELAFONTAINE, Historians as Expert Judicial Witnesses in Tobacco Litigation. A Controversial Legal Practice [Studies in the History of Law and Justice, 4; eds. M. Sellers & G. Martyn], Heidelberg/New York: Springer, 2015, 453 p. ISBN 978-3...

jeu, 05/28/2015 - 08:40
(image source: Springer)
Ramses Delafontaine (UGent, Department of History) published Historians as Expert Judicial Witnesses in Tobacco Litigation. A Controversial Legal Practice with Springer [Studies in the History of Law and Justice, 4; eds. M. Sellers & G. Martyn].

Abstract:
Historian Ramses Delafontaine presents an engaging examination of a controversial legal practice: the historian as an expert judicial witness. This book focuses on tobacco litigation in the U.S. wherein 50 historians have witnessed in 314 court cases from 1986 to 2014. The author examines the use of historical arguments in court and investigates how a legal context influences historical narratives and discourse in forensic history. Delafontaine asserts that the courtroom is a performative and fact-making theatre. Nonetheless, he argues that the civic responsibility of the historian should not end at the threshold of the courtroom where history and truth hang in the balance.
The book is divided into three parts featuring an impressive range of European and American case studies. The first part provides a theoretical framework on the issues which arise when history and law interact. The second part gives a comparative overview of European and American examples of forensic history. This part also reviews U.S. legal rules and case law on expert evidence, as well as extralegal challenges historians face as experts. The third part covers a series of tobacco-related trials. With remunerations as high as hundreds of thousands of dollars and no peer-reviewed publications or communication on the part of the historians hired by the tobacco companies the question arises whether some historians are willing to trade their reputation and that of their university for the benefit of an interested party. The book further provides 50 expert profiles of the historians active in tobacco litigation, lists detailing the manner of the expert’s involvement, and West Law references to these cases.
This book offers profound and thought-provoking insights on the post-war forensification of history from an interdisciplinary perspective. In this way, Delafontaine makes a stirring call for debate on the contemporary engagement of historians as expert judicial witnesses in U.S. tobacco litigation.Table of Contents:
General IntroductionDelafontaine, Ramses
  • Pages 1-5
    $29.95
  • Introductory Theoretical Remarks on the Alleged Problematic Nature of the Interaction of History and LawPages 9-13
  • Clio’s Modern Paradox UnraveledPages 15-27
  • Introduction Part IIPages 31-33
  • Modern Interactions of Law and HistoryPages 35-43
  • The Globalization of the Historian as an Expert WitnessPages 45-65
  • Litigation-Driven HistoryPages 67-105
  • A Reassessment of Wijffels’ Concept of Forensic HistoryPages 107-116
  • Introduction Part IIIPages 119-125
  • A History of TobaccoPages 127-141
  • Tobacco and Health: Towards a Contemporary PerspectivePages 143-156
  • The Tobacco Industry and Its TacticsPages 157-171
  • Tobacco LitigationPages 173-209
  • United States v. Philip Morris et al.Pages 211-259
  • Debates: Reflections in Academic and National MediaPages 261-275
  • Historians in Tobacco Litigation, a ConclusionPages 277-296
  • Final Conclusion on the Involvement of Historians in Tobacco LitigationPages 297-301
  • Final ConclusionPages 303-309
 More information on the publisher's website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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