Comparative Law News

LECTURE SERIES: Société d'Histoire du Droit (Paris, 28 October 2017; 18 November 2017; 16 December 2017; 13 January 2018; 17 February 2018; 24 March 2018)

(Source: Société d'Histoire du Droit)
The Société d'Histoire du Droit announced the programme for its lecture series during the academic year 2017-2018 
Venue: 
Salle des Conseils de l’Université Panthéon-Assas, 12 place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris
Programme: 
Samedi 28 octobre 2017, à 15h.00: Antonio PADOA-SCHIOPPA, professeur émérite de l’Université de Milan, vice-président de la Société d’Histoire du Droit : « Leibniz, théoricien et réformateur du droit »
Samedi 18 novembre 2017, à 14h.30 : Jean-Luc FOURNET, professeur au Collège de France : « Entre grec et copte : les documents juridiques dans l’Égypte de l’Antiquité tardive ». Luisa BRUNORI, chargée de recherche HDR au CNRS, attachée au Centre d’Histoire Judiciaire (UMR 8025) : « Mesure et démesure : la Seconde Scolastique face à la pratique commerciale du XVIe siècle ». 
Samedi 16 décembre 2017, à 14h.30 : Alexandre DEROCHE, professeur à l’Université de Tours François Rabelais : « Le roi et la féodalité foncière sous l’Ancien Régime. La question du retrait féodal ». Mia KORPIOLA, professeur à l’Université de Turku : « Le rôle de l’iconographie médiévale et moderne dans la culture juridique suédoise ».
Samedi 13 janvier 2018, à 14h.30 : Mathieu TILLIER, professeur à l’Université Paris IV : « Rendre la justice aux premiers temps de l’islam ». Massimo MECCARELLI, professeur à l’Université de Macerata : « Penser la loi au temps de l’autonomie du droit : itinéraires doctrinaux durant l’époque moderne ». 
Samedi 17 février 2018, à 14h.30 : Mathias SCHMOECKEL, professeur à l’Université de Bonn : « Le contrat comme fondement de l’autonomie privée : du droit canonique médiéval à la tradition protestante ». Fred STEVENS, professeur émérite de l’Université catholique de Louvain : « Langage et droit. Politique et terminologie juridique néerlandaise en Belgique (1795-2017) ». 
Samedi 24 mars 2018, à 14h.30 : Séance thématique : « Les libertés devant le Conseil d’État : perspectives historiques et contemporaines », présidée par Mme Martine DE BOISDEFFRE, présidente de section au Conseil d’État, avec MM. Maurice QUÉNET, recteur honoraire et conseiller d’État honoraire, Grégoire BIGOT, professeur à l’Université de Nantes.
More information can be found at the website of the Société d'Histoire du Droit 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Dynamiken der Viktimisierung - Opferschaft in historischer Perspektive (16.-20. Jahrhundert) (12-14 October 2017, Regensburg)

                                            (Source: Universität Regensburg)

The University of Regensburg is organising a conference on the dynamics of victimhood in a historical perspective. 

Event venue 

RegensburgVeranstaltungsortUniversität Regensburg, Vielberthgebäude H 25
Program

Thursday October 12, 2017
11.00 Grußwort des Präsidenten der Universität Regensburg, Prof. Dr. Udo Hebel 
Eröffnung durch die Organisatorinnen 
11.15-12.45 Sektion I: Opferkonzeptionen in den Geisteswissenschaften in (inter-) disziplinärer Perspektive
Harriet Rudolph (Regensburg): Geschichte der Sieger? Opferkonzeptionen in der Geschichtswissenschaft
Isabella von Treskow (Regensburg): Das Problem der Wertung: Opferkonzeptionen aus literatur- und kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive
Henning Ernst Müller (Regensburg): Das Straftatopfer im Strafrecht und in der Kriminologie
12.45-14.00 Mittagspause
14.00-15.30 Sektion II: Konstruktionen von Opferschaft im frühneuzeitlichen Drama
Moderation: Matteo Galli (Ferrara)
Christiane Hansen (Freiburg i. Brsg.): Rekonfigurationen des Opfer(n)s um 1700: Relationale und prozessuale Perspektiven auf Logiken der Viktimisierung in der englischen „she-tragedy“
Simon Aeberhard (Basel): Kleists Penthesilea: Das Literaturtheater als ambivalente Institution des Gewaltaufschubs.
15.30-16.00 Kaffeepause
16.00-18.00 Sektion III: Opferkonstruktionen in anderen literarischen Gattungen
Moderation: Silke Segler-Meßner (Hamburg) 
Ursula Regener (Regensburg): Ökonomien soldatischen Lebens. Stimulantien und Rechtfertigungen der Opferbereitschaft im Kontext der Befreiungskriege
Matteo Galli (Ferrara): Pathologisierung als Absolution? Opfer-Täter-Diskurse bei E. T. A. Hoffmann
Sabine Koller (Regensburg): (Auto-/Anti-)Viktimisierung in der jiddischen Literatur
19.30 Gemeinsames Abendessen (ReferentInnen und ModeratorInnen)Friday October 13, 2017
09.00-11.00 Sektion IV: Nationen und Staaten als Gegenstand von Opferdiskursen
Moderation: Anne Mariss (Regensburg)
Volker Depkat (Regensburg): Opferkonzepte im Kontext des American Exceptionalism 
Rainer Liedtke (Regensburg): Ewige Opfer: Viktimisierungsdiskurse im modernen Griechenland
Marek Nekula (Regensburg): Tod und Auferstehung einer Nation: Religiöse Sprache im tschechischen ethnonationalen Opfernarrativ
11.00-11.15 Kaffeepause
11.15-13.00 Sektion V: Opferbilder – Visuelle Konstruktionen von Opferschaft in der Kunst
Moderation: Julian Jachmann (Regensburg)
Ruth S. Noyes (Middletown): “One of those Lutherans we used to burn in Campo de Fiore.” Refugee Convert Engravers and the Trans-cultural Dynamics of Victim[izing] Imprints ca. 1600
Francisco J. R. Chaparro (New York): Goya and the Humanitarian Revolution. The Construction of Victimhood in Late Modern Spain
Christoph Wagner (Regensburg): Visuelle Verstrickungen: Opfernarrative und Opferbilder in der Kunst seit Goya
13.00-14.30 Mittagspause
14.30-16.30 Sektion VI: Opfer-Täter-Relationen im Kontext von militärischer Gewalt
Moderation: Ger Duijzings (Regensburg)
Irène Herrmann (Genf): Mapping the Contexts of Victimhood
Sarah Thieme (Münster): “Unser Dank für sein Opfer sei die Rache!“ – Opfernarrationen im nationalsozialistischen Märtyrermythos
Nena Mocnik (Turku): “I was victim, but now I am survivor”: War-rape Survivors from Changing Narrative to Changing Identity 
16.30-17.00 Kaffeepause
17.00-19.00 Sektion VII: Kontexte von Opferschaft im regionalen Fokus – Viktimisierungsdiskurse in Russland
Moderation: Ulf Brunnbauer (Regensburg)
Elena Smolarz (Bonn): Repräsentationen „unglückseliger russischer Sklaven“ in Zentralasien im 19. Jahrhundert: Historisch-semantische Analyse von akademischen Konstrukten und historischen Darstellungen
Julia Herzberg (München): Eiskalt. Autokratie und politische Verbannung im Zarenreich
Tanja Penter (Heidelberg): Das Ende der Sowjetunion und die Entdeckung der OpferSaturday October 14, 2017
09.30-11.00 Sektion VIII: Opferdiskurse und (über-)staatliche Institutionen in globaler Perspektive
Moderation: Henning Ernst Müller (Regensburg)
Lucky Igohosa Ugbudian (Uyo): Dynamics of Victimhood. The Nigerian Perspective
Christina Ullrich (Marburg): Opfer-Anerkennung als globalisierter Normbildungsprozess? Der Fall Kambodscha
Robert Uerpmann-Wittzack (Regensburg): Viktimisierung und Empowerment, oder: Staatliche Souveränität vs. Menschenrechte – Internationales Behinderten- und Flüchtlingsrecht im Vergleich
11.00-11.20 Kaffeepause
11.20-12.30 AbschlussdiskussionContact Andrea.Stoeckl@geschichte.uni-regensburg.deMore information can be found at the website of H/SOZ/KULT
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: Oona A. HATHAWAY, William HOLSTE, Scott J. SHAPIRO, Jacqueline VAN DE VELDE & Lisa LACHOWICZ, War Manifestos (U Chicago Law Review)



International Law Reporter references the following article:

This Article is the first to examine “war manifestos,” documents that set out the legal reasons sovereigns provided for going to war from the late-fifteenth through the mid-twentieth centuries. We have assembled the world’s largest collection of war manifestos — over 350 — in languages as diverse as Classical Chinese, German, French, Latin, Serbo-Croatian and Dutch. Prior Anglophone scholarship has almost entirely missed war manifestos. This gap in the literature has produced a correspondingly large gap in our understanding of the role of war during the period in which manifestos were commonly used. Examining these previously ignored manifestos reveals that states exercised the right to wage war in ways that would be inconceivable today. In short, the right to intervene militarily could be asserted in any situation where a legal right had been violated and all peaceful channels had been explored and exhausted. The Article begins by describing war manifestos. It then explores their history and evolution over the course of five centuries, explains the purposes they served for sovereigns, shows the many “just causes” they cited for war, and, finally, considers the lessons they hold for modern legal dilemmas. The discovery of war manifestos as a set of legal documents offers lawyers and legal scholars something rare: a new window into the international legal universe of the past. That is not only valuable in itself, but it also casts entirely new light on several long-standing legal debates.
More information on SSRN.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: Edward KAVANAGH, Charters in the Longue Durée: The Mobility and Applicability of Donative Documents in Europe and America from Edward I to Chief Justice John Marshall, Comparative Legal History (forthcoming)

(Image source: Blogger)
Edward Cavanagh posted “Charters in the Longue Durée: The Mobility and Applicability of Donative Documents in Europe and America from Edward I to Chief Justice John Marshall” on SSRN. This article is forthcoming in Comparative Legal History, the journal of this society, published by Taylor&Francis.

Abstract:
 Colonial charters prompted new ways of thinking about constitutionalism, jurisdiction, and imperialism. Explaining this requires engagement with a series of micro-incidents across several hundred years of legal history. The evolution of written legalism is hereby explored from the European High Middle Ages to the early American Republican period. The article begins from the basic and uncontroversial premise that charters were valid only within the realm of a prince or overlord endorsing its issuance in the first place. If charters, like sundry other documents designed to advertise the donation or transferral of some privilege, were specific to particular jurisdictions and subjects in medieval legal history, what changed during the ‘age of discovery’? This article does not pretend to offer the definitive word on colonial charters, but rather exemplifies the kind of insights that are revealed by zooming out to appreciate legal and political change across the longue durée.Source: Legal History Blog.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Arguing for the Rule of Law: Using the Hebrew Bible and Caricatures of Foreigners in British and Spanish America (Chicago, 26 Oct 2018); DEADLINE 8 Nov 2017

(Image source: Newberry library)
Call for Papers: Arguing for the Rule of Law: Using the Hebrew Bible and Caricatures of Foreigners in British and Spanish America​Date: Friday, October 26, 2018​Location: Newberry Library, Chicago​Deadline for Applications: November 8, 2017
This is a call for papers in anticipation of a one-day conference to be organized by Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra (University of Texas) and Richard Ross (University of Illinois)through the Symposium on Comparative Early Modern Legal History [https://law.illinois.edu/faculty-research/specialty-programs/legal-history/].  The conference, to be held at the Newberry Library in Chicago on Friday, October 26, 2018, is entitled, “Arguing for the Rule of Law: Using the Hebrew Bible and Caricatures of Foreigners in British and Spanish America.”  It will address the following topic: How did settlers, imperial officials, indigenous peoples, and Africans in the New World seek to demonstrate, or disprove, that a polity respected the rule of law?  (The phrase “rule of law” is modern; but the core of the idea is not).  Colonial rule invited accusations of arbitrary government and systematic lawlessness.  This conference will focus on two common techniques used to assess whether a polity respected the supremacy of law.  First, controversialists asked whether governance accorded with God’s expectations of justice as laid out in Scripture, particularly the Hebrew Bible.  Second, caricatures of other societies could be held up to make one’s own appear lawful and just, or the reverse.  British American settlers applauded the civility of their law by reference to the presumed barbarism of the Irish and Amerindians.  They saw liberty in their exploitive legal order by opposing it to the supposed absolutism of the Spanish and French empires.  Spanish settlers justified their rule and derecho by contrasting them to the law of indigenous polities and of their New World rivals.  The conference will bring together historians, law professors, and social scientists to think about the complex debates about the rule of law in the English and Iberian Atlantic.   
​Interested presenters should submit an abstract of between 200 and 500 words and a c.v. by November 8, 2017.  Please send submissions and inquiries to Richard Ross [rjross@illinois.edu]; 217-244-7890.  No previously published work will be accepted. Applicants will be notified by email shortly after the submission deadline.  Accepted participants will be required to submit a full paper of no more than 10,000 words by the end of September 2018. Papers will be pre-circulated and read by all participants.  The conference will pay for travel and hotel expenses.  


Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858): diplomate, magistrat et législateur (Université d'Auvergne/VUB), Paris, 18-19 Dec 2018 (DEADLINE 15 Dec 2017)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)
Prof. dr. Nicolas Laurent-Bonne (Université d'Auvergne) and dr. Raphael Cahen (VUB-CORE/Marie Curie-Pegasus Fellow) co-organise a colloquium on Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858): diplomate, magistrat et législateur.

The event will take place in Paris (18-19 Dec 2018).

Proposals should be sent by 15 December 2017.

All practical details and an argumentarium concerning the colloquium here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

WORKSHOP: Neo-Thomism in Action. Law and Society Reshaped by Neo-Scholastic Philosophy, 1880-1960 (Leuven: KULeuven, 8-10 Oct 2017)

(image source: Meeting Leuven)
The KULeuven and the KADOC (Documentation and Research Centre for Religion, Culture and Society) organise an international workshop in the Irish College on Neo-Thomism in Action. Law and Society reshaped by neo-scholastic Philosophy, 1880-1960.

Programme:

Sunday 8 October
19 h. Guided visit to the Institute of Philosophy, the Leo XIII seminar and the Sacred Hart House, by Jan De Maeyer (KU Leuven). Welcome adress by Bart Raymaekers, vice-rector of KU Leuven.

Monday 9 October

MORNING SESSION (9.30-13 h)
Chair: Emmanuel Gerard (KU Leuven)

Key-notes Emiel Lamberts (KU Leuven) Religious, Political and Social Settings of the Revival of Thomism (1870-1960).

James Chappel (Duke University) Contraception, Usury, and the Formation of Modern Catholic Ethics, 1880-1940.

Papers
Cajetan Cuddy, O.P. (Université de Fribourg) A Neo-Scholastic Scientific Revolution.

Jo Deferme (KU Leuven) The influence of Neo-Thomism on Catholic Social-Policy Making in Belgium, 1880-1914.

AFTERNOON SESSION (14-17 h)
Chair: Andrea Robiglio (Institute of Philosophy KU Leuven)
Keynote Rajesh Heynickx (KU Leuven) Into Neo-Thomism. Reading the Fabric of an intellectual Movement.

Papers
Cinzia Sulas (La Sapienza, Roma)
Luigi Taparelli d’Azeglio's Thomism: semantic History of a Graft.

Erik Sengers (Bonifatiusinstitute, Diocese HaarlemAmsterdam) Joannes Aengenent: the Appeal of a thomistic Sociologist for a more humane Economy.

Jean-Pierre Delville (Diocese of Liege)
Antoine Pottier and the neo-thomist Roots of Christian-democracy.

Conference dinner (20-22 h.)

Tuesday 10 October
MORNING SESSION (9.30-13 h)
Chair: James Chappel (Duke University)

Keynote
Piotr H. Kosicki (University of Maryland) Between Lublin and Leuven: Transnational Neo-Thomism and Europe’s Twentieth-Century Personalist 'Revolution'.

Papers
Kasper Swerts (University of Edinburgh) A forgotten Connection. The Influence of the Catholic University of Leuven and Neo-Thomism on interwar Quebec Nationalism.

Jakub Štofaník (Masaryk Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences) Reception and Adaptation of Neo-Thomism in East-central Europe, between the intellectual and social Involvement of the Catholic Church.

AFTERNOON SESSION (14-18 h)
Chair: Cécile Vanderpelen (CIERL-ULB)

Faustino Martinez Martinez (Universidad Complutense de Madrid) Moderate, Conservative, Neo-Scholastic. Bravo Murillo’s Reformal Projects on the Spanish Constitution: Goals and Influences.

Milinda Banerjee (Presidency University Kolkata / LMU Munich) Thomas Aquinas, Neo-Thomism, and the TransnationallyEntangled Emergence of the Indian Judiciary as a PoliticoTheological Institution, 1973-2015

Adolfo Giuliani (Roma III / University of Helsinki) What a Legal Historian can learn from the Neo-Thomist Revival of John Poinsot’s Tractatus de Signis (1632-4).

Closing discussion (17-18 h.)
Panel of the keynote speakers chaired by Wim Decock (KU Leuven)

(source: Prof. dr. W. Decock (KUL/ULg))
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: "Conférences de droit Romain - Cycle 2017-2018" (Paris, December 4, 2017; January 23, 2018; March 13, 2018; March 27, 2018)


                                    (Source: Université Paris Descartes)

The Université Paris Descartes announced the programme for its lecture series on Roman law during the academic year 2017-2018

Where:

Paris, Université Paris Descartes, Law faculty, Salle des Actes, 10, Avenue Pierre Larousse, Paris

Programme: 

December 4, 2017 - M. Pierangelo BUONGIORNO, Professeur à l'Université de Münster, Le phénomène associatif à l'époque des Antonins. Quelques remarques sur AE 2010, 242January 23, 2018 - M. Alberto DALLA ROSA, Maître de conférences à l'Université Bordeaux Montaigne, L'empereur, acheteur de terres sur le libre marché ? Problèmes juridiques, politiques et sociauxMarch 13, 2018 - Mme Fara NASTI, Professeur à l'Université de Cassino, L'Enchiridion de Pomponius. Nouvelles perspectivesMarch 27, 2018  - Mme Lauretta MAGANZANI, Professeur à l'Université Cattolica del Sacro Cuore de Milan, Auguste et les cadastres d'Italie
More information about this event can be found on the website of the Institut d'Histoire du Droit of the Université Paris Descartes

Catégories: Comparative Law News

Juris Diversitas 6th Annual Conference, Call for Papers

Juris Diversitas - mar, 10/03/2017 - 17:54
CALL FOR PAPERS

JURIS DIVERSITAS6th ANNUAL CONFERENCE
June 25-27, 2018
Potchefstroom, South Africa

In partnership withFaculty of Law, North-West University, Potchefstroom & the Centre for Comparative Law in Africa
Law, Roots & Space
The Theme:A couple of lawyers’ old friends: ‘Sources’ and ‘Jurisdictions’. In their parlance, these notions are often associated to modern, ‘positive’ law. The idea of ‘Legal formants’ has been introduced to complete the picture, flexibilising it, making it more accurate, nuanced, realistic; an idea associated to comparative, socio-legal, anthropologic studies. With ‘Roots’ and ‘space’ geographers, historians, political scientists get involved. These are certainly less frequent notions in legal circles: we may still wish to make friends with them, to enrich our perception of legal phenomena.‘Roots’ is often associated to history of law and related discourses – if legal formants may complete a picture, legal roots do complete the movie, so to speak.‘Space’: an open notion, perhaps a non-notion in modern legal discourse, generic enough to include every spatial dimension of legal phenomena: dissemination of movie theaters and other forms of diffusion of the various show-biz products could be the appropriate metaphor here, including space law and virtual property. A legal discourse that goes beyond the checkboards, or the series of juxtaposed swimming pools – Tetris-style – containing water from their respective individual sources, produced by modern, Westphalian conceptions of the law. It goes, instead, to normative forces producing their effects without a precise geographic boundary: like radio stations, magnetic or gravitational fields. Or like intricate sets of rivers, lakes, canals, ponds, infiltrated wetlands, oceans, weather, all contributing to a locally diversified but still unitary eco-system and bio-sphere of water, landscape, vegetation, fauna. A discourse on normative forces and the fuzziness of their historic and geographic reach.Submissions:Panel proposals and interdisciplinary presentations are strongly encouraged, as is the participation of doctoral students and scholars from outside of the discipline of law. While parallel sessions featuring three presentations of twenty-minute each will be the pattern, we welcome creative arrangements.Proposals should be in English or in French.Proposals of circa 250 words (or 1000 words for panel proposals with three or more speakers) should be submitted to Professor Salvatore Mancuso at: Salvatore.Mancuso@ac.ac.za or Professor Christa Rautenbach at: Christa.Rautenbach@nwu.ac.za by December 15, 2017, with a short biography paragraph listing major or relevant publications. Make this a single Word document with minimal formatting, so that proposal and biography can be copied easily into the conference program.Registration Fees:€200 or €125 for Juris Diversitas members paid up for 2018. Special rate for young scholars under the age of thirty coming the first time and for scholars in developing nations: €150 or €75 for Juris Diversitas members paid up for 2018.Note that fees do not cover travel, accommodation, or the conference dinner (€25).Additional Information: Information regarding accommodation options, travel, other conferences in South Africa, payment methods, etc. will be provided soon.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Comparative Legal History V (2017), No. 1: Maritime Conflict Management, Diplomacy and International Law, 1100–1800

(image source: Blogger)
The first issue of the fifth volume of Comparative Legal History has just been published.

Articles:
Editorial (Heikki Pihlajamäkki & Aniceto Masferrer Domingo)

Introduction: maritime conflict management, diplomacy and international law, 1100–1800 (Louis Sicking) (2-15)

Between royal orbits: jurisdiction in the Northern British Isles ca 1100–1360 (Ian Peter Grohse) (16-35)

Piracy and reprisal in Byzantine waters: resolving a maritime conflict between Byzantines and Genoese at the end of the twelfth century (Daphne Penna) (36-52)

Reprisal and diplomacy: conflict resolution within the context of Anglo–Dutch commercial relations c1300–c1415 (Juriaan Wink & Louis Sicking) (53-71)

 Merchants ambushed in foreign lands in the Late Middle Ages: the case of seafarers from Cuatro Villas in the North of Castile, Spaina (Javier Añíbarro-Rodríguez) (72-87)

Commercial litigation across religious borders: rendering justice for Valencian merchants in fifteenth-century North Africa and Granada (Victor Olcina Pita) (88-106)

On governance structures and maritime conflict resolution in early modern Amsterdam: the case of the Chamber of Insurance and Average (sixteenth to eighteenth centuries) (Sabine CJP Go) (107-124)

Victims of maritime conflict, compensation claims and the role of the admiralty court in the early modern period (Shavana Musa) (125-141)

Prize law, international diplomacy and the treatment of foreign prizes in the seventeenth century: a case study (Hielke Van Nieuwenhuize) (142-161)

International treaties versus ‘bonne prise’: the case of the Dutch merchant ship De Vriendschap in the Mediterranean in 1745 (Thierry Allain) (162-176)

Book Reviews:
The law’s many bodies: studies in legal hybridity and jurisdictional complexity, c1600–1900 (Jan Hallebeek) (177)

Law and authority in British legal history, 1200–1900 (Kristin Boosfeld) (178-182)

Papacy, monarchy and marriage, 860–1600 (Frederik Pedersen) (182-184)

The beginnings of Islamic law: late antique Islamicate legal traditions (Assaf Likhovski) (184-188)

El jurista en el Nuevo Mundo: Pensamiento. Doctrina. Mentalidad  (Viviana Kluger) (188-191)

More information with Taylor&Francis.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Young Scholars Conference: 'Historical Capitalism and International Law' (Paris, Sciences Po Law School, 18-19 Jan 2018); DEADLINE 15 OCT 2017

(image source: Sciences Po)
« HISTORICAL CAPITALISM AND INTERNATIONAL LAW »CALL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOUNG SCHOLARS’ CONFERENCESciences Po Law School, Paris, 18 and 19 January 2018
From the refugee crisis to climate change, from international terrorism to the ascent of extreme right governments, from increasing inequalities to new identity-based conflicts: the promises of liberal economic globalisation seem to be under attack all over. As a result, reflections on the relations between economy and society are increasingly present in the public debate, notably from the perspective of a more radical critique of the very basis of the capitalist system. This renewed interest is echoed for example in (yet another) return to Karl Marx’s writings, particularly in the German, French and Anglo-American press, in response to the now famous critiques of economic inequalities in liberal-democratic and market-driven societies, such as those raised by Thomas Piketty.
In the academic debate, although an increasing number of international lawyers have recently made historical interventions in their discipline in search of new possible futures, from a legal perspective in-depth analyses of the origins and functioning of the capitalist system remain limited. On the contrary, many historians have been focusing on the subject of capitalism and have developed analytical tools to critically analyse it, without however giving full importance to the constitutive role of law in the functioning of the capitalist system. The young scholars’ conference which will take place on 18 and 19 of January 2018 at Sciences Po Law School, Paris, as part of CIERA’s programme colloques juniors will explore the topic “Historical Capitalism and International Law” and try to fill some of these gaps. We borrow the notion of historical capitalism from Immanuel Wallerstein (Le Capitalisme historique, La Découverte, 2011) who points towards an analysis of the capitalist system as a specific historical process based on the principle of the continuous accumulation of capital. Originally historical, this definition underlines the particularities of capitalism as a social construction embedding several economic, social, political and cultural dimensions, all of which can be further articulated through analysing the legal dimension. Hence, this kind of analysis allows the elaboration of interdisciplinary perspectives, which depart from the material reality of capitalism to analyse its origins, functioning, current challenges and the prospect of its potential future developments. This conference will focus on the nature and evolution of economic and social institutions, their role in the exchanges and movement of peoples, ideas and commodities, as well as the way through which encounters, confrontations and interactions have shaped them in turn.
An interest in this particular dialogue lies principally in the perception of law as a social product which enjoys a relative autonomy in relation to other economic, social and cultural disciplines. Since law itself produces its own concrete realities and at the same time is an instrument around which various social actors struggle, it should not be analysed in complete isolation from other social processes. The interplay of voices coming from different disciplines is therefore central to grasping the specificity of law in the production of historical capitalism; particularly if one wants to avoid falling into analytical traps, such as the tendency to reduce law to a superstructure or on the other hand the reduction of histories and analysis of law to elements separated from the functioning of society. The conference will hence gather lawyers and historians, as well as social science scholars, appealing to the diverse and complementary approaches of each discipline in order to understand the forms of organisation which capitalism has taken in different times, in different places and at different scales. Each session will involve discussions between lawyers and historians working on related topics.
Contributions to the conference should explore one of the three following subject areas: 1) international law and the histories of capitalist expansion; 2) the history of international law and political conflicts in capitalism; 3) histories of international law and narratives of capitalist modernity. The publication of a special issue of the Journal of History of International Law is also being considered and would incorporate certain contributions from the conference.
Abstracts from 300 to 500 words shall be submitted indicating the subject area of the proposed contribution, along with a CV by 15 October 2017 to capitalismehistorique.di@gmail.com. Successful applicants will be notified by 5 November 2017 at the latest. English will be the main working language during the conference.
We encourage applications from the members of the HeiParisMax network, of the Collège doctoral franco-allemand en droit public comparé européen and of scholars affiliated to history centres connected to CIERA. There will be an equal number of contributions from both men and women, participants from French and German institutions, and those proposing historical or legal approaches. Applications from other areas of the world are also accepted and encouraged. A portion of the travel and accommodation expenses of selected participants will be covered by the conference.
Scientific Committee:
Lisa Herzog (Institut für Sozialforschung der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat)
Claire Lemercier (Centre de Sociologie des Organisations de Sciences Po)
Anne Peters (Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht)
Emmanuelle Tourme-Jouannet (Ecole de droit de Sciences Po)
Organisational Committee:
Filipe Antunes Madeira da Silva (Ecole de droit de Sciences Po)
Robin Caballero (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin/ Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
Alberto Rinaldi (Ecole de droit de Sciences Po)
Milan Tahraoui (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne/ Max Planck Institut für ausländisches Recht und Völkerrecht)
Leonie Johanna Vierck (Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht)

With the Support of:
Centre interdisciplinaire d’études et de recherches sur l’Allemagne (CIERA)
Collège doctoral franco-allemand en droit public comparé européen
Ecole doctorale de Sciences Po
Ecole de droit de Sciences Po
Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht
HeiParisMax – Partenariat académique franco-allemand
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: A legal history conference: Russian Revolution in the Nordic perspective (7 Nov 2017, Oslo, Oslo University)

This conference aims at discussing the history, legal implications, and legacy of the 1917 Russian Revolution.Time and place: Nov. 7, 2017 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM, Gamle Festsal, Domus AcademicaAdd to calendarIllustration: Reidar Aulie: Tendens (copyright BONO).In February and October 1917 Revolutions took place in Russia, bringing about dramatic changes in the society and the legal system. Did the Russian Revolution(s) have any impact on the Nordic countries? What legal transformations did the Revolution(s) bring about for Russia and for the Nordic countries?Without understanding the legal and political transformations which occurred in Russia 100 years ago, we may not fully understand the legal system of Russian law in the later Soviet and post-Soviet period, and the implications for the Nordic countries.This conference will be of interest not only for legal historians. We invite legal scholars, practitioners, students and everyone interested in history of Russia and the Nordic states, international and comparative law and Russian law.PROGRAM9:00-9:15 Coffee9:15-9:30 Welcome: Professor Dag Michalsen, Dean of the Law Faculty / Professor Alla Pozdnakova9:30 Professor William E. Butler (Penn State University): Key note speech
Revolution: history, philosophy and law (10:00-12:15)Chair: Professor Marit Halvorsen10:00 History of 1917 Russian Revolution(s): Professor Emeritus Åsmund Egge (UiO)10:25 Young Marx and why Revolutionists did not like him: Professor Christoffer Conrad Eriksen (UiO)11:50 Coffee break11:15 Comparative Law in Russia: Historical traces of influence: Irina Fodchenko, PhD candidate (UiO)11:15 Revolutionary Law in Russia: Continuity and change: Dr. Tatiana Borisova (HSE St. Petersburg)11:30 Questions and discussion          12:15-13:00 Lunch break
Revolution and ownership rights (13:00-15:15)Chair: Professor Gentian Zyberi          13:00 Fisheries in Finnmark – relationship with Russia in legal history perspective: Professor Emeritus Kirsti Strøm Bull (UiO)13:20 Right to state and other property  after the revolution and/or recognition of new government in Russia, contra Russian recognition of the Norwegian government in 1905: Professor Ola Mestad (UiO)13:40 Real property law in pre- and post-soviet Russia: Has the Revolution altered Russia's legal regime? Professor Tina Hunter (University of Aberdeen)14:00 How Russia became a market economy - or did it? Professor Kaj Hobér (University of Uppsala; Stockholm Chamber of Commerce)14:30 Questions and discussion14:50 Commentary/ Professor William E. Butler15:00 - 15:15 Coffee break
Afternoon session II: International and Comparative Law perspectives on the Russian Revolution (15:15-17:30)Chair: Professor Alla Pozdnakova15:15 The Martens Clause and Its Importance for the Development of International Humanitarian Law, Professor Gentian Zyberi (NCHR)15:35 The Soviet Union and the negotiation of the UN Charter and universal human rights, 1941-1948: Professor Emeritus Åsbjørn Eide15:50 Turbulent times: Finnish independence and civil war in a comparative context: Professor Jukka Kekkonen (University of Helsinki)16:20 "Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic or so called "Stuchka’s Republic" (December 1918 – January 1920) as a Latvian statehood alternative and social experiment": Dr.iur. Elīna Grigore-Bāra (University of Latvia)16:40 Commentary / Professor William E. Butler17:00 Questions and round-up
(source: University of Oslo)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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