Comparative Law News

FELLOWSHIP: The historical use of the state clemency power (NYU LS Center on the Administration of Criminal Law)




(image source: Crowdwise)


The Center on the Administration of Criminal Law at NYU Law School is a nonpartisan research center that focuses on good government practices in the criminal justice system. One area of research includes the role of mercy and the opportunity for second chances in the justice system. As an example, it has worked on obtaining federal and state clemency grants for individuals incarcerated in prison and is drafting a report analyzing President Obama’s clemency initiative that took place between 2014 and 2017.

As part of this research agenda, the Center is seeking applicants for a one-year research fellowship that focuses on the historical use of the state clemency power. The research will involve analyzing and writing about historical state clemency grants in an effort to understand how government actors and the public viewed the clemency power, with the goal of contributing to, and reshaping, current attitudes toward clemency and the notion of who is “deserving” of second chances in our justice system today. Research will likely involve a combination of primary and secondary source review, and some travel may be required.  Salary is $55,000, and the position will remain open until filled.
While the ideal candidates are those who have completed coursework for a doctorate or who have recently been awarded a doctoral degree, candidates with a J.D. and strong history training will also be considered.

Interested candidates should email a transcript from their most recent academic institution, resume, and writing sample to courtney.oliva@nyu.edu.

(source: H-Law)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SYMPOSIUM: The Parisian peace treaties (1919-1920) and the emergence of modern international law (JHIL/Tilburg University, 17 May 2018)



The Parisian peace treaties (1919-1920) and the emergence of modern international lawThe Journal of the History of International Law – Tilburg University – 17 May 2018Conveners: Jan Lemnitzer and Randall Lesaffer
The conference is organised under the auspices of The Journal of the History ofInternational Law by i-Hilt (Institute for the History of International Law@Tilburg) and the Department of Roman Law and Legal History of the University of Leuven.
Venue: Ruth First auditorium (C 186), Cobbenhagen Building, Tilburg University, The NetherlandsCosts: € 50,00
Registration for the symposium until 10 May  
Programme of the Parisian Peace Treaties, 17 May 20189.30                       Reception with coffee and tea9.50                       Welcome by Randall Lesaffer10.00-12.00        Session I: Versailles as a revolution in international law
 - Jan Lemnitzer (University of Southern Denmark): Woodrow Wilson, Versailles and the freedom of the seas- Kirsten Sellars (Chinese University of Hong Kong): World War I,  Wilhelm II, Article 227 and the crime of aggression- Leonard Smith (Oberlin College and Conservatory): Sovereignty under the League of Nations mandate
                          12.00-13.30        Lunch
13.30-15.00        Session II: Was Versailles a harsh peace treaty?- Markus Payk (Humboldt University): ‘The absence of honeyed and generous phrases’: a survey of the preambles and other declarative phrases in the Paris peace treaties of 1919-1920- Nicholas Mulder (Columbia University), Expropriation and economic warfare in the Versailles treaty- Laura Rathmanner (Vienna University): Responsibility and reparations in the peace treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye- Vincent Genin (University of Liège): Belgium’s delegation at the Parisian peace conference. Between international law and national aims                15.30-16.00       Coffee break, refreshments
16.00-17.30        Session III: Versailles and the politics of international law- Duncan Kelly (Cambridge University): International law as politics at Versailles
- Frederik Dhondt (Free University Brussels/Antwerp University): Permanent is not eternal! The hibernation of Belgian neutrality between conceptual change and practical continuity
- Tony Carty (Tsinghua University): China in the Versailles peace treaty                                                      
Catégories: Comparative Law News

E-BOOK: Victor SAUCEDO, Conspiracy. A Conceptual Genealogy (Thirteenth to Early Eighteenth Century) [Historia del Derecho, 59] (Madrid: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 2017), ISBN 978-84-9148-494-3

(image source: stonybrook)
Book abstract:
This book focuses on the development of the law of conspiracy in England from the thirteenth to the early eighteenth century. The historiography of the law of conspiracy has adopted an unmistakably doctrinal approach to this topic which has produced a treasure trove of legal sources. By borrowing concepts from cognitive linguistics, this research will shed light upon new aspects of these sources that the doctrinal approach could not reveal. It will show how certain conducts were lexicalized as a conspiracy in the Middle Ages. It will also show how these terms are involved in the lexicalization of the crime of treason and how through a process of conceptual blending the action upon the case in the nature of conspiracy rose as an action separate from the medieval conspiracy. Finally, it will be seen how the modern offense of conspiracy emerged out of the process of conceptual blending through analogies with treason and the action upon the case in the nature of conspiracyEste libro se centra en la genealogía del delito de conspiración en Inglaterra desde el siglo XIII hasta comienzos del XVIII. La historiografía acerca del mismo ha sido de carácter marcadamente doctrinal, aunque ha producido un valioso acopio de fuentes. Haciendo uso de conceptos de la lingüística cognitiva, esta investigación revela aspectos de la genealogía del concepto de conspiración que el enfoque doctrinal no podía percibir. Se muestra cómo ciertas conductas fueron lexicalizadas como conspiración en la Edad Media, cómo el mismo término aparece en la conceptualización del delito de traición y cómo a través de un proceso de integración conceptual se produjo la action upon the case in the nature of conspiracy diferente de la conspiración medieval. Finalmente, también se verá cómo el moderno sentido de conspiración surgió a través del mismo proceso de integración conceptual que permitía establecer analogías con el delito de traición, así como con la action upon the case in the nature of conspiracy.Download this work for free here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jennifer PITTS, Boundaries of the International: Law and Empire (Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard UP, 2018), 304 p. ISBN 9780674980815, € 40,5

(image source: Harvard UP)


Book abstract:


It is commonly believed that international law originated in relations among European states that respected one another as free and equal. In fact, as Jennifer Pitts shows, international law was forged at least as much through Europeans’ domineering relations with non-European states and empires, leaving a legacy still visible in the unequal structures of today’s international order.
Pitts focuses on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the great age of imperial expansion, as European intellectuals and administrators worked to establish and justify laws to govern emerging relationships with non-Europeans. Relying on military and commercial dominance, European powers dictated their own terms on the basis of their own norms and interests. Despite claims that the law of nations was a universal system rooted in the values of equality and reciprocity, the laws that came to govern the world were parochial and deeply entangled in imperialism. Legal authorities, including Emer de Vattel, John Westlake, and Henry Wheaton, were key figures in these developments. But ordinary diplomats, colonial administrators, and journalists played their part too, as did some of the greatest political thinkers of the time, among them Montesquieu and John Stuart Mill.
Against this growing consensus, however, dissident voices as prominent as Edmund Burke insisted that European states had extensive legal obligations abroad that ought not to be ignored. These critics, Pitts shows, provide valuable resources for scrutiny of the political, economic, and legal inequalities that continue to afflict global affairs.


Table of contents:

1. Introduction: Empire and International Law
2. Oriental Despotism and the Ottoman Empire
3. Nations and Empires in Vattel’s World
4. Critical Legal Universalism in the Eighteenth Century
5. The Rise of Positivism?
6. Historicism in Victorian International Law
Epilogue
Notes
Acknowledgments
Index


About the author:


Jennifer Pitts is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Chicago.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: „Brüchiger Frieden? 100 Jahre Friedensvertrag von Brest-Litowsk" (Berlin: Deutsche Gesellschaft e.V., 12 Apr 2018), DEADLINE 6 APR 2018

„Brüchiger Frieden? 100 Jahre Friedensvertrag von Brest-Litowsk"(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Die Tagung findet am Donnerstag, den 12. April 2018, in den Räumlichkeiten der Deutschen Gesellschaft e. V. in Berlin statt. Die wissenschaftliche Konferenz wird durch die Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Kultur und Medien gefördert.

Anlässlich des 100. Jahrestages der Vertragsunterzeichnung widmet sich die Tagung den Auswirkungen des Vertrages von Brest-Litowsk auf die Zwischenkriegszeit. Dieser Vertrag brachte Polen, den baltischen Staaten und kurzzeitig auch der Ukraine ihre Unabhängigkeit und eine Phase nationaler und kultureller Blüte. Doch die Friedensverträge von Brest-Litowsk aus dem März 1918 und der Vertrag von Versailles von 1919 waren eine hohe Belastung für die junge Demokratie der Weimarer Republik und der Mittelmächte. Aus ihrem Geist nährten sich Revanchismusabsichten, Nationalsozialismus und die Vernichtungsideologie des „Lebensraums im Osten“.

Die Konferenz möchte diese fatalen deutschen Entwicklungen und insbesondere ihre Auswirkungen auf die Staaten Ostmitteleuropas und des östlichen Europas aufzeigen. Das Jubiläum bietet Anlass, die Jahre 1918/1919 und die Folgen für die Zwischenkriegszeit in den europäischen Kontext zu stellen und die Zusammenhänge nationalstaatlicher Entwicklungen aufzuzeigen. Dabei sollen unterschiedliche Perspektiven europäischer Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler einfließen.
Programm

09:00 Uhr Anmeldung und Registrierung
10:00 Uhr Begrüßung Dr. Andreas H. Apelt, Deutsche Gesellschaft e. V.

Themenblock I: Folgen des Vertrages von Brest-Litowsk für das Europa der Zwischenkriegszeit

10:15 Uhr Impulsvortrag Prof. Dr. Frank Grüner, Universität Bielefeld
11:00 Uhr Podiumsdiskussion
- Prof. Dr. Frank Grüner
- Dr. Markus Pöhlmann, Universität Potsdam
- Dr. Peter März, Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Bildung
- und Kultus, Wissenschaft und Kunst
- Moderation: Tamina Kutscher, Chefredakteurin bei „dekoder“
12:30 Uhr Mittagspause

Themenblock II: Brest-Litowsk in den nationalen Erinnerungskulturen bis zur Gegenwart

14:00 Uhr Impulsvortrag Vougar Aslanov, Schriftsteller
14:45 Uhr Podiumsdiskussion
- Vougar Aslanov
- Juri Durkot, Journalist und Publizist
- Dr. Leonid Klimov, Wissenschaftsredakteur bei „dekoder“
- PD Dr. Peter Oliver Loew, Deutsches Polen-Institut
- Moderation: Tamina Kutscher
16:15 Uhr Kaffeepause

Themenblock III: Der Vertrag von Brest-Litowsk und das heutige Verhältnis zwischen Deutschland und Russland

16:30 Uhr Schlussbemerkung Dr. Jörg Morré, Deutsch-Russisches Museum Berlin-Karlshorst
17:00 Uhr Ende der Veranstaltung

(source: HSozKult)

(more information here)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Laurent DE SUTTER, Après la loi [Perspectives critiques] (Paris: PUF, 2018), 272 p. ISBN 978-2-13-080144-3, € 18

(image source: PUF)


Book abstract:


« Après la loi, il y a le droit ; après la loi, il y a la totalité de ce dont la loi a signé l’oubli ; il y a l’invention et le désordre, le savoir et l’exploration, la multiplicité et la singularité, les êtres et les choses, la force des gestes et celle des mots. Après la lex, il y a le ius, le li, le giri, le dharma, la fiqh, la aggadah, la maât et le dînum ; après le nomos, il y a l’anomie, l’anarchie, l’injustice, l’arbitraire, la casuistique, la magie, le récit, la religion, les rituels. Après la loi, il y a l’ensemble des moyens que les êtres humains ont inventé pour devenir plutôt qu’être, et pour faire devenir avec eux les relations qui les unissaient à d’autres et finissaient par les constituer en groupes. Car telle est la différence principale qui sépare la loi du droit : la loi ne connaît que l’être, un être à la défense duquel elle est vouée par structure et par fonction – un être qu’il est de son devoir de ne pas remettre en question. »

Table of contents:



Prélude

§ A. Loi

Chapitre 1 : Nomos

§ 1. Isonomia – § 2. Thesmos – § 3. Rhêtra – § 4. Nemô – § 5. Philosophie – § 6. Ordre – § 7. Polis – § 8. Thémis – § 9. Phusis – § 10. Anomia

Interlude 1

§ B. Chaos

Chapitre 2 : Dînum

§ 11. Hammourabi – § 12. Mišarum – § 13. Dinum – § 14. Šumma – § 15. Prophétie – § 16. Šamaš – § 17. Kittum – § 18. Modèle – § 19. Akalum – § 20. Connaissance

Interlude 2

§ C. Code

Chapitre 3 : Ius

§ 21. Rogatio – § 22. Ius – § 23. Fas – § 24. Iura – § 25. Nexum – § 26. Civitas – § 27. Corpus – § 28. Iurisprudentia – § 29. Institutes – § 30. Bouleversement

Interlude 3

§ D. Cas

Chapitre 4 : Lex

§ 31. Leges – § 32. Lectio – § 33. Cicéron – § 34. Uinculum – § 35. Nomos – § 36. Perfectio – § 37. Schola – § 38. Norme – § 39. Morale – § 40. Synthèse

Interlude 4

§ E. Être

Chapitre 5 : Fiqh

§ 41. Oumma – § 42. Sharia – § 43. Fiqh – § 44. Qiyâs – § 45. Shâfî’i – § 46. Furû – § 47. Taqlîd – § 48. Djinn – § 49. Tariqâ – § 50. Doute

Interlude 5


§ F. Homme

Chapitre 6 : Li

§ 51. Confucius – § 52. Li – § 53. Relation – § 54. Ren – § 55. Xing – § 56. Fa – § 57. Shang – § 58. Xun – § 59. Forme – § 60. Poirier

Interlude 6

§ G. Sanction

Chapitre 7 : Giri

§ 61. Ritusryô – § 62. Tang – § 63. Shôtoku – § 64. Horitsu – § 65. Giri – § 66. Emotion – § 67. On – § 68. Constat – § 69. Kyaku – § 70. Rei

Interlude 7

§ H. Raison

Chapitre 8 : Dharma

§ 71. Smriti – § 72. Sutra – § 73. Trivarga – § 74. Pramana – § 75. Arya – § 76. Abjétion – § 77. Artha – § 78. Varna – § 79. Manu – § 80. Asoka

Interlude 8

§ I. Jugement

Chapitre 9 : Maât

§ 81. Maât – § 82. Ânkh – § 83. Isfet – § 84. Oasien – § 85. Communication – § 86. Tombe – § 87. Ba – § 88. Âdja – § 89. Hépou – § 90. Nefer

Interlude 9


§ J. Politique

Chapitre 10 : Aggadah

§ 91. Torah – § 92. Halakha – § 93. Justification – § 94. Maïmonide – § 95. Chaïm – § 96. Au-delà – § 97. Pluralisme – § 98. Mishpatim – § 99. Aggadah – § 100. Trahison

Postlude

§ K. Droit

More information with the publisher.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Anna BELLAVITIS & Beatrice ZUCCA MICHELETTO (eds.), Gender, Law and Economic Well-Being in Europe from the Fifteenth to the Nineteenth Century [Gender and Well-Being] (New York: Routledge, 2018), 336 p. ISBN 9781138571518, £ 115

(image source: Routledge)


Book abstract:


This book offers a comparative perspective on Northern and Southern Europe laws and customs concerning women’s property and economic rights. By focusing on both Northern and Southern European societies, these studies analyse the consequences of different juridical frameworks and norms on the development of the economic roles of men and women This volume is divided into three sections. The first, Laws, presents general outlines related to some European regions; the second, Family strategies or marital economies? questions the potential conflict between the economic interests of the married couple and those of the lineage within the nobility. Finally the third part of the book, Inside the urban economy, focuses on economic and work activities of middle and lower classes in the urban environment. The assorted and rich panorama offered by the history of the legislation on women’s economic rights shows that similarities and differences run through Europe in such a way that the North/South model looks very stereotyped. While this approach calls into question classical geographical and cultural maps and well-established chronologies, it encourages reconsidering the European history according to a cross-boundaries perspective. By drawing on a wide range of social, economic and cultural European contexts, from the late Medieval Age-Early Modern Age to the nineteenth century including the middle and lower classes (especially artisans, merchants and traders) as well as the economic practices and norms of the upper middle class and aristocracy, this book will be of interest to economic and social historians, sociologists of health, gender, sexuality and economists.

Table of contents:


List of Figures; List of Tables; List of contributors; Acknowledgements; 
INTRODUCTION: North vs South: gender, law and economic well-being in Europe (15th-19th centuries),; Anna Bellavitis, Beatrice Zucca Micheletto; 
SECTION 1/ LAWS;
Chapter 1. Community of goods, coverture and capability in Britain: Scotland v. England, Deborah Simonton;
Chapter 2. Between parental power and marital authority. How merchant women stood the test of the customary laws in Brittany (16th- 17th centuries), Nicole Dufournaud;
Chapter 3. Exceptional women. Female merchants and working women in Italy in the early modern period, Simona Feci;
Chapter 4. Married women’s property rights in the nineteenth century in France and Spain: a North-South case study, Marion Röwekamp; Chapter 5. From legal diversity to centralization: marriage and wealth in nineteenth-century Greece, Doxiadis Evdoxios; 
SECTION 2 / FAMILY STRATEGIES OR MARITAL ECONOMY?;
Chapter 6. Marriage, law and property – Married noblewomen’s role in property management in fifteenth-century Norway, Susann Anett Pedersen;
Chapter 7. Class privileges and the public good. The Monti dei Maritaggi in Early Modern Naples, Vittoria Fiorelli;
Chapter 8. Women of high and medium-ranking officers in the Ile-de-France between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: what economic agency?, Claire Chatelain;
Chapter 9. Undivided brothers – renouncing sisters. Family strategies of low nobility in sixteenth and seventeenth century Tirol, Siglinde Clementi; 
SECTION 3/ INSIDE THE URBAN ECONOMY;
Chapter 10. The ‘egalitarian trend’ in practice. Female participation in capital markets in late medieval Leuven, Andrea Bardyn;
Chapter 11. Women and credit in eighteenth– century Venice: a preliminary analysis, Matteo Pompermaier;
Chapter 12. Married women, property and paraphernalia in Early Modern Scotland, Rebecca Mason;
Chapter 13. Women at work in a Southern European town: women, guilds and commercial partnerships in Venice in the sixteenth century, Emilie Fiorucci;
Chapter 14. Law, wives and the marital economy in sixteenth-century Antwerp. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, Kaat Cappelle;
Chapter 15. Women, law, and business formation in Early Modern Paris, Janine M. Lanza;
Chapter 16. Bankruptcies, a gateway to gender history. The example of women book traders in Paris in the nineteenth century, Viera Rebolledo-Dhuin; Index

On the editors:


Anna Bellavitis is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Rouen-Normandy, director of the Groupe de Recherche d’Histoire (GRHis EA3831) and Senior Member of the Institut Universitaire de France. Beatrice Zucca Micheletto is Marie Sklodowska-Curie Fellow at The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, University of Cambridge and associated researcher at the Groupe de Recherche d’Histoire, University of Rouen-Normandy.



More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

The American Society for Legal History's Student Research Colloquium (SRC)


The American Society for Legal History will host a Student Research Colloquium (SRC) on Wednesday, Nov. 7, and Thursday, Nov. 8, 2018, immediately preceding the ASLH’s annual meeting in Houston, Texas.  The SRC annually enables eight Ph.D. students and law students to discuss their in-progress dissertations and articles with distinguished ASLH-affiliated scholars.  This year, the Department of History at Rice University will host the event.
The SRC’s target audience includes early-post-coursework graduate students and historically minded law students.  The colloquium seeks to introduce such students to legal history, to each other, and to the legal-historical scholarly community.  Students working in all chronological periods, including ancient and medieval history, and all geographical fields, including non-U.S. history, are encouraged to apply, as are students who have not yet received any formal training in legal history.  Applicants who have not had an opportunity to present their work to the ASLH are particularly encouraged to apply.  A student may be on the program for the annual meeting and participate in the SRC in the same year.
Each participating student will pre-circulate a twenty-page, double-spaced, footnoted paper to the entire group.  The group will discuss these papers at the colloquium, under the guidance of faculty directors.  The ASLH will provide at least partial and, in most cases, total reimbursement for travel, hotel, and conference-registration costs.
The application deadline is July 15, 2018.  Applicants should submit:

  • a cover letter describing, among other things, how far along you are and how many years remain in your course of study; 
  • a CV; 
  • a two-page, single-spaced “research statement” that begins with a title and proceeds to describe the in-progress research project that you propose to present at the colloquium; and 
  • a letter of recommendation from a faculty member, sent separately from, or together with, the other materials.



Organizers will notify all applicants of their decisions by August 15, 2018.  Please direct questions and applications to John Wertheimer at: srcproposals@aslh.net.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Lena OETZEL & Kerstin WEIAND (Hrsg.), Defizitäre Souveräne. Herrscherlegitimationen im Konflikt [Normative Orders, 23] (Frankfurt/New York: Campus, 2018), ISBN 9783593508856, € 39,95

(image source: Campus)

Book abstract:
Im Mittelpunkt dieses Bandes steht die Untersuchung von Defizitzuschreibungen gegenüber Herrscherinnen und Herrschern in der Frühen Neuzeit. Diese erlaubt Rückschlüsse auf zeitgenössische Konzeptionen und Rechtfertigungen von Souveränität, deren Behauptung und Durchsetzung, Kontinuität und Wandel. Wie wurden auf verschiedenen Ebenen Herrscherdefizite kommuniziert und bewältigt? Und welche Folgen hatte das für die politische Ordnung?More information with the publisher.
This book is part of the Normative Orders Excellence Cluster in Frankfurt.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Thomas DUVE & Stephan RUPPERT (Hrsg.), Rechtswissenschaft in der Berliner Republik (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 2018), 767 p. ISBN 978-3-518-29830-5, € 32

(image source: Suhrkamp)
Book abstract:
Wie hat sich die Rechtswissenschaft in Deutschland seit der Wiedervereinigung verändert? Wie unterscheidet sich die Berliner von der Bonner Republik? Ist es überhaupt sinnvoll, von einer Rechtswissenschaft der »Berliner Republik« zu sprechen und was wären ihre wichtigsten Charakteristika? Der Band, der explizit an das 1994 erschienene Rechtswissenschaft in der Bonner Republik (stw 1150) anschließt, versammelt Texte ausgewiesener Experten, die diesen Fragen nachgehen. Und er bilanziert die wichtigsten Entwicklungen in den juristischen Teildisziplinen während der letzten knapp 30 Jahre, vom öffentlichen Recht über das Strafrecht bis zum Zivilrecht und den Grundlagenfächern.More information on the publisher's site, including a free excerpt.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SSRN PAPER: Barry E. HAWK, English Competition Law Before 1800 (Fordham Legal Studies Research Paper)


(image source: Github)
Abstract:
English competition law before 1900 developed over the course of many centuries beginning in the medieval period. That development reflected changes in political conditions, economic theories, and broader cultural values. English competition law mirrored the historical movements in England from the medieval ideal of fair prices and just wages to 16th and 17th century nation state mercantilism to the 18th and 19th century Industrial Revolution, laissez faire capitalism and freedom of contract. The development of English competition law is rich in insights for modern antitrust issues like the adaptability of case law and legislation to changing economic conditions, the role of economic theories in the formulation of legal rules, and the role of political and social values in competition policy. Today the predominant if not exclusive emphasis on economics in the application of modern antitrust laws has resulted in a quasi-regulatory system far more technical, specialized and narrowly focused than the case making of generalist English common law judges. Modern antitrust law adapts well to changes in economic theories and conditions but it is less adaptable than English common law to shifts in political and social values. This lack of adaptability is viewed by most commentators as a beneficial insulation of decision-making from political or social influences. Proponents of non-economic policy concerns (like fear of concentration for political or social reasons), on the other hand, are forced to formulate their concerns in economic terms because of the prevailing view that only economics counts in antitrust. They would have had an easier task under the English common law.
Read the paper here.

(source: Law and Humanities Blog)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE VIDEOS: “Peace Through Law: The Versailles Peace Treaty and dispute settlement after WWI” (Luxemburg, 6-8 Dec 2017)

(image source: Wikipedia)
The MPI for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law (Luxemburg) has posted the videos of its conference on World War I on its YouTube Channel, e.g. opening address below:


The full conference program can be found here.

(source: International Law Observer)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Anthony CARTY & Janne NIJMAN (eds.), Morality and Responsibility of Rulers: European and Chinese Origins of a Rule of Law as Justice for World Order (Oxford: OUP, 2018), 496 p. ISBN 9780199670055, £80

(image source: OUP)
Book abstract:
The history of ideas on rule of law for world order is a fascinating one, as revealed in this comparative study of both Eastern and Western traditions. This book discerns 'rule of law as justice' conceptions alternative to the positivist conceptions of the liberal internationalist rule of law today. The volume begins by revisiting early-modern European roots of rule of law for world order thinking. In doing so it looks to Northern Humanism and to natural law, in the sense of justice as morally and reasonably ordered self-discipline. Such a standard is not an instrument of external monitoring but of self-reflection and self-cultivation. It then considers whether comparable concepts exist in Chinese thought. Inspired by Confucius and even Laozi, the Chinese official and intellectual elite readily imagined that international law was governed by moral principles similar to their own. A series of case studies then reveals the dramatic change after the East-West encounters from the 1860s until after 1901, as Chinese disillusionment with the Hobbesian positivism of Western international law becomes ever more apparent. What, therefore, are the possibilities of traditional Chinese and European ethical thinking in the context of current world affairs? Considering the obstacles which stand in the way of this, both East and West, this book reaches the conclusion that everything is possible even in a world dominated by state bureaucracies and late capitalist postmodernism. The rational, ethical spirit is universal. Table of contents:
Introduction: The Moral Responsibility of Rulers: Going Back Beyond the Liberal 'Rule of Law' for World Order, Anthony Carty and Janne Nijman Part I: Law and Justice in Early Modern European Thought on World Order 1: The Universal Rule of Law in the Thought of the Late Medieval Jurists of Roman and Canon Law, Joseph Canning 2: 'The Law of Nations is Common to all Mankind': Jus gentium in Humanist Jurisprudence, Susan Longfield Karr 3: 'Cleare as is the Summers Sunne'? Scottish Perspectives on Legal Learning, Parliamentary Power and the English Royal Succession, Andrew RC Simpson 4: Humanism, the Bible, and Erasmus' Moral World Order, Xavier Tubau 5: Legislating for the 'Whole World that is, in a Sense, a Commonwealth': Conquest, Occupation, and the Obligation to 'Defend the Innocent', Anthony Pagden 6: Cardinal Richelieu between Vattel and Machiavelli, Anthony Carty 7: The Universal Rule of Natural Law and Written Constitutions in the Thought of Johannes Althusius, John Witte Jr. 8: Hugo Grotius and the Universal Rule of Law, Christoph Stumpf 9: Aquatopia: Lines of Amity and Laws of the Sea, Peter Goodrich 10: A Universal Rule of Law for a Pluralist World Order: Leibniz's Universal Jurisprudence and his Praise of the Chinese Ruler, Janne Nijman Part II: Law and Justice in Chinese Thought on World Order 11: Moral Rulership and World Order in Ancient Chinese Cosmology, Aihe Wang 12: 'Humane Governance' as the Moral Responsibility of Rulers in East Asian Confucian Political Philosophy, Chun-chieh Huang 13: Bridging the Western and Eastern Traditions: A Comparative Study of the Legal Thoughts of Hugo Grotius and Lao Zi, Hu Henan 14: The Hazards of Translating Wheaton's 'Elements of International Law' into Chinese: Cultures of World Order Lost in Translation, Emily Cheung and Maranatha Fung 15: Chinese Intellectuals' Discourse of International Law in the Late 19th Century and Early 20th Century, Tian Tao 16: The Crisis of the Ryukyus 1877-1882: Confucian World Order Challenged and Defeated by Western/Japanese Imperial International Law, Patrick Sze-lok Leung and Anthony Carty 17: Lost in Translation in the Sino-French War in Vietnam: From Western International Law to Confucian Legal Semantics: A Comparative-Critical Analysis of Chinese, French, and American Archives, Anna Baka and Lucy QI 18: The Sino-Japanese War and the Collapse of the Qing and Confucian World Order in the Face of Japanese Imperialism and European Acquiescence, Patrick Sze-Lok Keung and Bijun Xu 19: Confucianism and Western International Law in 1900: Li Hongzhang and Sir Ernest Satow Compared: The Case Study of the Crisis of Russia in Manchuria 1900-1, Jing Tan and Anthony CartyMore information with OUP.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Craig ANDERSON, Roman Law Essentials, 2nd ed. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781474425087, £15.99


(Source: Edinburgh University Press)
Edinburgh University Press is publishing a new edition of its “Roman Law Essentials” at the end of this month.
DESCRIPTION
Roman Law Essentials provides a clear overview of the structure of Roman government and society. It first introduces the sources and development of Roman Law. Then, it examines the three keystones of Roman Law: The Law of Persons, The Law of Things and the Law of Actions. The final section appraises the reception of Roman Law into medieval Canon Law and the Ius Commune, from which many of the world's leading legal systems developed. The guide gives special attention to the evolution of Scots Law from Roman Law.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of CasesTable of StatutesNote on the Citation of Roman Sources1. Historical Introduction2. Sources and Development of Roman Law3. The Law of Persons4. The Law of Things: Rights in Property5. The Law of Things: Acquisition of Ownership6. The Law of Things: Succession7. The Law of Things: Contracts8. The Law of Things: Delicts9. The Law of Things: Other Obligations10. The Law of Actions11. The Reception of Roman Law
More information on the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Peter Gonville Stein Book Award (Deadline for nominations: March 15, 2018)


(Source: American Society for Legal History)
Via H-Law, please find the following announcement regarding nominations for the Peter Gonville Stein Book Award.
Peter Gonville Stein Book Award
The American Society for Legal History announces the Peter Gonville Stein Book Award, to be presented annually for the best book in legal history written in English. This award is designed to recognize and encourage the further growth of fine work in legal history that focuses on all non-US regions, as well as global and international history. To be eligible, a book must sit outside of the field of US legal history and be published during the previous calendar year. Announced at the annual meeting of the ASLH, this honor includes a citation on the contributions of the work to the broader field of legal history. A book may only be considered for the Stein Award, the Reid Award, or the Cromwell Book Prize. It may not be nominated for more than one of these three prizes.
The Stein Award is named in memory of Peter Gonville Stein, BA, LLB (Cantab); PhD (Aberdeen); QC; FBA; Honorary Fellow, ASLH, and eminent scholar of Roman law at the University of Cambridge, and made possible by a generous contribution from an anonymous donor.
For the 2018 prize, the Stein Award Committee will accept nominations of any book (not including textbooks, critical editions, and collections of essays) that bears a copyright date of 2017 as it appears on the printed version of the book. Translations into English may be nominated, provided they are published within two years of the publication date of the original version.
Nominations for the Stein Award (including self-nominations) should be submitted by March 15, 2018. Please send an e-mail to the Committee at steinaward@aslh.net and include: (1) a curriculum vitae of the author (including the author’s e-mail address); and (2) the name, mailing address, e-mail address, and phone number of the contact person at the press who will provide the committee with two copies of the book. This person will be contacted shortly after the deadline. (If a title is short-listed, six further copies will be requested from the publisher.)
Please contact the committee chair, Mitra Sharafi, with any questions: <email>  The Stein committee for 2018 is composed of
Mitra Sharafi (2015), chair, University of Wisconsin-Madison <email
Michael Grossberg (2015), Indiana University Bloomington <email
Jisoo Kim (2017), The George Washington University <email
Kristin Mann (2015), Emory University <email
Jessica Marglin (2017), University of Southern California <email
Matthew C. Mirow (2017), Florida International University <email
Daniel Lord Smail (2017), Harvard University <email
David V. Williams (2017), University of Auckland <email>  
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Taylor ST. JOHN, The Rise of Investor-State Arbitration: Politics, Law, and Unintended Consequences (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780198789918. £60.00


(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press is publishing a book on the creation of the ICSID Convention of 1965 and the origins of the current investor-state dispute settlement regime next month. The book is available for pre-order on the publisher’s website(expected publication date March 8, 2018)
DESCRIPTION
Today, investor-state arbitration embodies the worst fears of those concerned about runaway globalization - a far cry from its framers' intentions. Why did governments create a special legal system in which foreign investors can bring cases directly against states? This book takes readers through the key decisions that created investor-state arbitration, drawing on internal documents from several governments and extensive interviews to illustrate the politics behind this new legal system.The corporations and law firms that dominate investor-state arbitration today were not present at its creation. In fact, there was almost no lobbying from investors. Nor did powerful states have a strong preference for it. Nor was it created because there was evidence that it facilitates investment - there was no such evidence.
International officials with peacebuilding and development aims drove the rise of investor-state arbitration. This book puts forward a new historical institutionalist explanation to illuminate how the actions of these officials kicked off a process of gradual institutional development. While these officials anticipated many developments, including an enormous caseload from investment treaties, over time this institutional framework they created has been put to new purposes by different actors. Institutions do not determine the purposes to which they may be put, and this book's analysis illustrates how unintended consequences emerge and why institutions persist regardless.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction
1: International Officials and the Rise of ISDS: A Historical Institutionalist Account
Part I. Creating the Convention
2: Gunboats and Diplomacy: Antecedents of the ICSID Convention3: Intergovernmental Bargaining: 'The Lowest Common Denominator Was Not Yet Low Enough'4: Supranational Agenda-Setting: The World Bank's 'Modest Proposal'5: Intergovernmental Deliberation and Ratification of ICSID
Part II. Eliciting State Consent
6: Layering: How Investor-State Arbitration Was Added to Investment Treaties7: Conversion: America Embraces Investor-State Arbitration8: Why is Exit So Hard? Positive Feedback and Institutional PersistenceConclusion
More information on Oxford University Press' website 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Anna KRUEGER, Die bindung der Dritten Welt an das postkoloniale völkerrecht [Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen recht und völkerrecht] (Berlin: Springer, 2018). ISBN 978-3-662-54413-6, € 89,99.


(Source: Springer)
Springer recently published a book dealing with the debate concerning the bindingness of international law on Third World states in the era of decolonisation.
DESCRIPTION
Das Buch untersucht die völkerrechtshistorische, -theoretische und -praktische Debatte um die Bindung der Dritten Welt an die etablierte Völkerrechtsordung nach der Dekolonialisierung unter besonderer Beachtung herausragender Völkerrechtler in den neuen Staaten wie Ram Prakash Anand, Taslim Olawale Elias, Mohammed Bedjaoui, Abdul Hakim Tabibi und Mustafa Kamil Yasseen. Dabei werden die Arbeiten der Völkerrechtskommission der Vereinten Nationen (ILC) und die sich anschließenden Staatenkonferenzen im Recht der Verträge (WVK) sowie im Recht der Staatennachfolge (WKSV und WKSVAS) aufgearbeitet, welche die Völkerrechtler in der Dritten Welt zur Umsetzung ihres „Globalsolidarischen Projekts“ (Reform der etablierten Völkerrechtsordnung im Interesse der Weltgemeinschaft, Errichtung einer Neuen Weltwirtschaftsordnung) zu nutzen versuchten.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Kapitel 1: Einleitung......................................................   1
Teil I: Die Bestimmungsfaktoren der Bindungsdebatte in der Völkerrechtswissenschaft
Kapitel 2: Die Kolonialisierung als prägendes Moment für die Völkerrechtler in der Dritten Welt ............................   17Kapitel 3: Die Entstehung der Bindungsdebatte in Folge der Kritik der Völkerrechtler aus der Dritten Welt an der etablierten Völkerrechtsordnung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41Kapitel 4: Die Hoffnungen der Völkerrechtler in der Dritten Welt in das Völkerrecht  ...............................................   87
Teil II: Die Bindungsfrage im Recht der Verträge
Kapitel 5: Die völkerrechtliche Debatte um Ungleiche Verträge und die WVK ..............................................  125Kapitel 6: Unter gewaltsamem Zwang abgeschlossene Verträge in der WVK .................................................  153Kapitel 7: Andere Normen zur Ächtung Ungleicher Verträge in  der WVK .................................................  199
Teil III: Die Bindungsfrage im Recht der Staatennachfolge
Kapitel 8: Die völkerrechtliche Debatte das um Recht der Staatennachfolge ...........................................  243Kapitel 9: Territorialregime in der WKSV .........................  279Kapitel 10: Erworbene Rechte in der WKSVAS ....................  335Kapitel 11: Schlussbetrachtungen ................................  397
Summary ....................................................  405Quellenverzeichnis  ............................................  407
More information to be found on the publisher’s website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CFP: Conference Lay Advocacy in the Premodern World, University of Turku (Finland), 28-30 May 2018 (deadline 16 March 2018)


(image source: University of Turku)
In Europe, both secular and ecclesiastical courts developed towards professionalization, and bar associations were established since the thirteenth century. In England, barristers obtained a monopoly on representing clients at court over the centuries. On the Continent, courts and bar associations regulated advocacy. Licensing was practiced especially in superior tribunals even before the rise of the liberal professions in the nineteenth century.
Professionalization tendencies went hand in hand with the ejecting of lay advocates from courts in many countries. For example, lay advocates (Winkelschreiber) were forbidden to appear in courts in the Austrian Empire in 1857. Issued legislation went as far as to threaten lay advocates with fines and short prison spells. Several other European countries followed with restrictions, and European-style regulation of advocacy was adopted in a number of American and Asian countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
But yet, especially in more peripheral regions, laymen with legal skills could have considerable space of action in courtrooms and outside of them. They could act in court on behalf of others, counsel people with legal problems, draft legal documents, and so on. Such legal literacy as human capital and an intangible knowledge asset provided a way for social mobility in the community. This could create tensions. The position of the intermediary was a position of power, also open to abuse. Self-learned advocates and legal literates could be criticized from both sides: for incompetence by the lawyer elite and for despotism, greed and partiality by the clientele.

Papers could discuss e.g.:-              how “professional” and “lay” advocacy was defined-              who acted as lay advocates-              how lay advocates learned their trade-              what kind of cases lay advocates handled (did they e.g. differ from those handled by professional advocates)-              who turned to lay advocates (was the clientele of lay and professional advocates the same?)-              whether advocacy proved a channel for social mobility-              how lay advocacy was perceived by the legal profession-              attitudes towards lay advocates (criticism, praise, etc.)-              attempts to forbid or regulate lay advocacy-              lay and professional advocacy as parallel phenomena
Confirmed plenary lectures will be given by Prof. Sir John Baker (University of Cambridge), Prof. Jane Burbank (New York University) and Prof. Kjell Åke Modéer (Lund University).
Deadline for paper proposals with abstracts (max. 400 words) is 16 March 2018. For more information, please contact Professor Mia Korpiola (mia.korpiola[at]utu.fi).
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: 72nd Session of the Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher pour l’Histoire des Droits de l’Antiquité (SIHDA) : extra information and registration link (11-15 September 2018, Kraków)


(Source: Sidha2018.pl)
Please hereby find the following notice from Professor Franciszek Longchamps de Bérier regarding the next Session of the Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher pour l’Histoire des Droits de l’Antiquité (SIHDA):
Dear Colleagues and Friends,
I am writing to remind you that we decided in Paris and Bologna to hold the 72nd Session of the Société Internationale Fernand de Visscher pour l’Histoire des Droits de l’Antiquité (SIHDA) at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. The conference will begin on Tuesday afternoon, September 11, 2018, and end on Saturday, September 15, 2018. The central theme, as we decided in Bologna, is:
Plus ratio quam vis
Your paper has to focus on Antiquity Law or the heritage of Antiquity Law, and as always will be scheduled for 20 minutes with 10 minutes for discussion. We remind you that French is the official language of the conference, but your papers may also be given in English, Italian, German or Spanish. As usual, all colleagues wishing to give a paper are asked to send a short summary (ca. 10 lines) before June 30.
You can register now at sihda2018.pl
Concerning the registration process, the university accounting office allows us to propose the registration fee only in Polish zloty (PLN). The fee includes lunches, a concert on Wednesday evening, a dinner in wedding style outside Kraków on Thursday evening, and our visit to the salt mine in Wieliczka with a gala dinner in the mine. During the registration process, it is not necessary to indicate your date of birth unless you want to take advantage of the reduction in the conference fee for participants under 30 years of age. On Saturday, we plan a choice between three possible visits: Ojców National Park, Auschwitz-Birkenau, or the John Paul II route. For tax reasons, the cost of the chosen visit is included in the higher conference fee.
Although the fee is kept similar to those of the recent SIHDA conferences, it is counterbalanced by much lower costs of accommodation in Kraków. I will provide you with a list of good hotels in various standards. All of them have reasonable prices and special rates for SIHDA participants. Referring to the payment of fees, cancellation before June 30, 2018, will entitle you to a full refund, but after that date no refund will be possible. And the lower fees are only in effect until June 20, 2018.
In case of any question regarding payments and the registration process, please contact the Jagiellonian University Department of Communications and Marketing–Conferences. Their e-mail address is konferencje@uj.edu.pl
If I can be of any assistance to you, please write to sihda2018@uj.edu.pl
Looking forward to seeing you in Kraków,
Franciszek Longchamps de BérierKraków, February 12, 2018​
All information on the conference can be found at sihda2018.pl
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: XXIVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians: extra information and updated deadline for abstracts (14-17 Jun 2018, Warsaw)



(Source: Association of Young Legal Historians)
Please hereby find the Second Circular for the XXIVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians
Dear Colleagues,
This is the Second Circular of the 24th Forum of Young Legal Historians, to be held at the University of Warsaw, Poland, between 14 and 17 June 2018.
First and foremost we would like to inform you that the President of  Warsaw, Mrs. Hanna Gronkiewicz–Waltz has graciously granted her honorary patronage to our Forum. We are grateful to the Warsaw authorities for this sign of  appreciation of  the international community of  young legal historians.
Moreover, the First Circular has met with a great interest of  our community and we have received numerous queries concerning the organisational details. This Second Circular aims to answer at least some of them.
Registration and Fee
Please be informed that the online registration has already begun. The registration form is available at the Forum website (http://forum2018aylh.uw.edu.pl/registration/).We highly recommend that you pay the Forum fee before 1st April 2018, as payments will be possible only exceptionally during the Forum itself. Please note that all transactions must be made either with a credit card through the Dotpay service (the link to the payment form is generated automatically during the registration and sent in a separate e-mail on special request), or via a bank transfer.Details of the bank account are as follows:Owner of the account: Fundacja im. Rafala TaubenschlagaAccount number: PL 37 1090 1883 0000 0001 0772 6939S.W.I.F.T.: WBKPPLPPDescription of the money transfer: Name of the Participant, Forum FeeThe bank fee must be borne by the sender. No cash transactions are possible.
Abstracts
The deadline for the abstract submission has been prolonged until 28 February 2018. Abstracts should contain no more than 200 words. Since the abstracts will also be published, we strongly recommend that authors whose abstracts are submitted not in their native language to have the text professionally proofread before presenting.
The Programme
At the moment we are only able to present a preliminary information concerning the Forum Programme. The detailed Programme shall be available on Forum website shortly after the closing date for abstract submissions.
The registration and opening session will take place on the 14th of June 2018 in the afternoon. There are four main sessions planned during the Forum (two for each day). The sessions shall be grouped according to the chronological and thematic order.
Accommodation
The organisers have booked rooms and negotiated special rates for Forum participants in several hotels, ranging from exclusive to tourist class, in the vicinity of the University of Warsaw. Information, links and registration forms are available on the Forum website (http://forum2018aylh.uw.edu.pl/ accomodationguidelines/). The participants are encouraged to book early in order to be sure of getting the accommodation of their choice as the number of pre-booked rooms is limited.
Social Events
Cocktail Reception
The President of  Warsaw, Mrs. Hanna Gronkiewicz–Waltz would like to welcome the participants of  24thAnnual Forum of Young Legal Historians in the city of Warsaw on Friday, 15 June.
Excursions
We have envisaged four post-Forum excursions. All of them will start on Sunday, 17 June, in the morning:•   Royal Castle in Warsaw (and Royal Warsaw);•   Museum of King Jan III’s Palace at Wilanów (and Royal gardens);•   Museum of the History of Polish Jews POLIN (and Jewish district in Warsaw);•   PKiN, i.e. Palace of Culture and Science (and socialistic Warsaw).
The detailed program of  the excursions has already been published on the Forum website along with the registration forms. If you are willing to take part in one of the organised excursions please fill in the relevant form through our webpage!
We sincerely hope that you will be able to join us for the 24th Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians and we look forward to welcoming you to Warsaw in June, 2018.
All information can be found on the website of the Association of Young Legal Historians.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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