Comparative Law News

BOOK: Rafe BLAUFARB, The Great Demarcation. The French Revolution and the Invention of Modern Property. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2016, 304 p. ISBN 9780199778799, £47,99

(image source: OUP)
Professor Rafe Blaufarb (Florida State University) published a new work on the history of property and the French Revolution's impact.

Book abstract:

The Great Demarcation explores how the French Revolution transformed the system of property-holding that had existed in France before 1789, thus creating the framework for modern definitions of property and political forms. This book examines the Revolution not from an economic or social perspective, but through the lens of the laws and institutions of property. The Revolution's dramatic legal restructuring aimed at two fundamental goals: removing formal public power from the sphere of private property, and excising property rights from the realm of the new sovereign, the nation. The revolutionaries accomplished these two aims by abolishing privately-owned forms of public power—such as jurisdictional lordship and venal public office—and by dismantling the Crown domain to construct a purely sovereign State.
These efforts brought about a Great Demarcation: a radical distinction between property and power from which flowed critical distinctions between the political and the social, state and society, sovereignty and ownership, the public and private. These distinctions destroyed the conceptual basis of the Old Regime, laid the foundation of France's new constitutional order, and crystallized modern ways of thinking about polities and societies. This, Blaufarb claims, was the Revolution's fundamental act, the stake in the Old Regime's heart, and the basis of all of its other reforms.

Tracing how the French Revolution sought to remake the country's legal and institutional reality, The Great Demarcation shows how the revolutionary transformation of Old Regime property helped to inaugurate political modernity. Table of contents:
Acknowledgments
Note on the Use of French Technical Vocabulary
Introduction
Chapter 1 Talking Property before 1789
Chapter 2 Loyseau's Legacy: The Night of August 4th and the First Abolition of Feudalism
Chapter 3 The Death and Rebirth of the Direct Domain: The Second Feudal Abolition
Chapter 4 The Invention of the National Domain
Chapter 5 Emptying the Domain: The Problem of Engagements
Chapter 6 When the Nation Became a Lord: Feudal Dues as Biens Nationaux
Epilogue
Glossary
Notes
Bibliography
IndexOn the author:
Rafe Blaufarb is the Ben Weider Eminent Scholar Chair and Director of the Institute on Napoleon and the French Revolution at Florida State University. He is the author of The French Army, 1750-1820: Careers, Talent, Merit, Bonapartists in the Borderlands: French Refugees and Exiles on the Gulf Coast, 1815-1835, and Inhuman TraffickThe International Struggle against the Transatlantic Slave Trade: A Graphic History, among other titles.More information with Oxford University Press.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOB OFFER: Research Assistant/PhD Candidate, Graduate Institute Geneva (DEADLINE 15 JAN 2017)


(image source: Wikimedia Commons)
The Graduate Institute (Geneva) offers a fully funded position as Resarch Assistant in the framework of a project on The Myth of Homogeneity: Minority Protection and Assimilation in Western Europe, 1919-1939 (Prof. dr. D. Rodogno/Dr. E. Dalle Mulle).

Description:
The ‘Myth of Homogeneity: Minority Protection and Assimilation in Western Europe, 1919- 1939’ is a research project funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation and managed by Professor Davide Rodogno and post-doctoral researcher Emmanuel Dalle Mulle that will be pursued at the Graduate Institute between September 2017 and August 2020. Its main objective is to acquire an in-depth picture of the history of the relationships between national minorities and majorities in Western Europe during the interwar years through the analysis of patterns of minority protection and/or assimilation in three case-study countries: Belgium, Italy and Spain. The project will be based on a multi-layered and multi-archival inquiry. The selected applicant will work in a small and dynamic team, under the direct supervision of the project coordinatorResponsibilities:
Carry out substantive research on at least one of the case studies foreseen in the project, including visits to relevant archives;  Write a dissertation in International History at the Graduate Institute on a subject to be formulated by the applicant in accordance with Professor Davide Rodogno (ideally on a subject compatible with that explored by the project);  Present intermediary and final results at international scientific conferences; Contribute to the further conceptualisation and operationalisation of the project, as well as to the identification of areas of possible improvement; • Help to organise public events relating to the project; • Provide general administrative and communication support, including possible web and/or social media initiatives; • Publish at least one paper in an international peer-reviewed journal during the duration of the project (ideal, not a requirement).Profile:
MA in history, sociology or political sciences, familiarity with nationalism studies and minority issues a plus; • Fluent written and spoken English; intermediate (or higher) proficiency in German; any of the following (French, Spanish, Dutch, Slovenian, Italian) a plus; • Excellent analytical, research and communication skills; • Ability to work in team as well as independently; • Good organisational skills and flexibility, notably ability to manage sudden peaks of workload and multiple tasks, as well as to plan ahead and meet deadlines; • Familiarity with content management systems and social media a plus
Candidates should apply by 15 January 2017.

Interested candidates should submit their application consisting of a motivation letter, CV and 3-page research proposal detailing the subject of their prospective PhD in English.

We look forward to receiving your online application: https://erecruit.graduateinstitute.ch/recrutement/?page=advertisement_display&id=113 

Please be aware that, in order to be selected, the candidate must be regularly registered as a PhD student in International History at the Graduate Institute by September 2017.

You can find more information about the admission process at: http://graduateinstitute.ch/application For any question on the position, the project and the recruitment process please write at:
emmanuel.dallemulle@graduateinstitute.ch
Catégories: Comparative Law News

Pages