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CFA: The "Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History" (Madison, June 14-27, 2015)

WHAT: The Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History, Call for applicationsWHERE: University of Wisconsin Law School,975 Bascom Mall, Madison, WI 53706WHEN: June 14-27, 2015All information hereApplication period: 12/1/14 - 1/15/15The American Society for Legal History and the Institute for Legal Studies at the University of Wisconsin Law School are pleased to invite applications for the eighth biennial Hurst Summer Institute in Legal History. The purpose of the Hurst Institute is to advance the approach to legal scholarship fostered by J. Willard Hurst in his teaching, mentoring, and scholarship. The “Hurstian perspective” emphasizes the importance of understanding law in context; it is less concerned with the characteristics of law as developed by formal legal institutions than with the way in which positive law manifests itself as the “law in action.” The Hurst Institute assists scholars from law, history, and other disciplines in pursuing research in legal history.The 2015 Hurst Institute will be chaired by Barbara Young Welke, Distinguished McKnight University Professor, Professor of History and Professor of Law, and Co-Director of the Program in Law and History at the University of Minnesota. The previous Hurst Institute sessions were led by distinguished legal history scholars Lawrence M. Friedman (Stanford University), Robert W. Gordon (Yale and Stanford), Barbara Young Welke (University of Minnesota), and Hendrik Hartog (Princeton University).  The two-week program is structured but informal, and features presentations by guest scholars, discussions of core readings in legal history, and analysis of the work of the participants in the Institute. The general format includes intensive daily sessions Monday-Friday that run through mid-afternoon, a few scheduled social events, and some free time for additional discussion, reading and research. Fellows will have the opportunity to conduct archival work at the Wisconsin Historical Society. (The Society holds a vast array of primary documents and is particularly strong in areas involving nineteenth and twentieth century social movements and labor activism. In addition, the Library possesses an excellent collection of federal and state government material which is largely un-cataloged.)The ASLH Hurst Selection Committee will select twelve Fellows to participate in this event.

Applicant QualificationsPreference will be given to applications from scholars in the early stage of their career (beginning faculty members, doctoral students who have completed or almost completed their dissertations, and J.D. graduates with appropriate backgrounds). 
Fellowship RequirementsFellows are expected to be in residence for the entire two-week term of the Institute, to participate in all program activities of the Institute, and to give an informal works-in-progress presentation in the second week of the Institute. Fellows will be required to read certain materials before the sessions begin, and to submit background materials for their presentation by May 31st, two weeks before sessions begin. Fellows also are expected to demonstrate a willingness to engage with scholars from other fields and backgrounds, and to contribute to fostering an atmosphere of collegiality. 

Fellowship TermsThe Institute for Legal Studies will pay for approved travel expenses and will provide a private room for each fellow at a hotel located on the University of Wisconsin-Madison campus. Most meals will be provided.
Application Process(1) Submit the following materials in a single pdf file starting with your last name to ils@law.wisc.edu.Multiple attachments will not be accepted.     •    Curriculum Vitae with your complete contact information.    •    Statement of Purpose (maximum 500 words) describing your current work, specific research interests, and the broader perspectives on legal history that inform your work. 
(2) Arrange to have two letters of recommendation sent to the Hurst Selection Committee, Institute for Legal Studies, UW Law School, 975 Bascom Mall, Madison, WI, 53706-1399. Note that letters may be sent electronically (as pdf files of signed documents on institutional letterhead) to ils@law.wisc.edu

Completed applications will be confirmed by email when all required documents have been received.Deadlines for the 2015 SessionApplications will be accepted from December 1, 2014 - January 15, 2015.Decisions will be announced by March 15, 2015.
Questions: Contact ils@law.wisc.edu.Additional Information

The Hurst Institute homepage includes information about previous sessions and comments from participants: http://www.law.wisc.edu/ils/hurst_institute.htm.

The Institute for Legal Studies offers systematic support for research and associated scholarly activity related to the "law in action," as distinguished from doctrinal analysis of the “law on the books.” The Institute promotes the exchange, testing, and dissemination of ideas at the UW Law School through colloquia, workshops, conferences, and the hosting of visitors. For more information please consult the ILS webpage athttp://www.law.wisc.edu/ils/.The American Society for Legal History is a nonprofit membership organization dedicated to fostering scholarship, teaching, and study concerning the law and institutions of all legal systems. More information about ASLH is available at aslh.net
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "Sex and Marriage in the Protestant Tradition: 1500-1900", by J. Witte (2014)


J. Witte, Emory University School of Law, on Sex and Marriage in the Protestant Tradition: 1500-1900Forthcoming  in Emory Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-311 
full text here
Abstract

This Article analyzes the mainline Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican models of sex, marriage, and family and their gradual liberalization by Enlightenment liberalism. The theological differences between these models can be traced to their grounding in Lutheran two kingdoms doctrines, Calvinist covenantal theology, Anglican commonwealth theory, and Enlightenment contractarian logic. Lutherans consigned primary marital jurisdiction to the territorial prince or urban council. Calvinists assigned interlocking marital roles to local consistories and city councils. Anglicans left marital jurisdiction to church courts, subject to state oversight and legislation. The early Enlightenment philosophers, many of them Protestants, pressed for a sharper separation of church and state in the governance of marriage, and for stronger protections of the rights and equality of women and children within and beyond the marital household. But they maintained traditional Protestant prohibitions extramarital sex and no-fault divorce in an effort to protect especially women and children from exploitation.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: "American Journal of Legal History" (Issue 54:4, October 2014)


American Journal of Legal History Issue 54:4, October 2014
Contents

Alison W. Conner, “The Lawyer Who Haunts Us: Yin Zhaoshi and the Bright Day”
Charles J. Sheehan, “Solicitor General Charles Fahy and Honorable Defense of the Japanese-American Exclusion Cases”
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Paths to the Bench: The Judicial Appointment Process in Manitoba, 1870-1950", by Dale Brawn (2014)


Dale Brawn,  Laurentian University, Paths to the Bench: The Judicial Appointment Process in Manitoba, 1870-1950, Law and Society Series, University of British Columbia Press, 2014
All information here
A lawyer wanting to become a judge in early 20th-century Manitoba could attract the attention of his peers through his work -- but it was a friendship with a powerful mentor that got him to the bench. 

In Paths to the Bench, Dale Brawn looks at the appointments and careers of early judges who were charged with laying the legal foundations of a province. With much at stake, judicial appointments were as much about personal ties and politics as they were about ability. Beliefs were scrutinized to ensure that they would not impede the province’s, and the nation’s, growth, while ongoing mentorships ensured that these beliefs were cultivated through shared kinship groups. 

By looking at both official records and correspondence from this era, Brawn uncovers the highly political nature of the judicial appointment process and the intricate bonds that ensured that judges acquired the values not of their society, but of their fellowship groups. His in-depth analysis also examines the distinct career trajectories of less competent and more competent lawyers and considers why many of the best and brightest members of the bar did not go to the bench. 
A fascinating look at the careers of practical, hard-headed, and extraordinarily influential judges, Paths to the Bench is also an incisive study of the political nature of Canada’s judicial appointment process
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: "Ruin and Redemption: The Struggle for a Canadian Bankruptcy Law, 1867-1919 ", by Thomas G.W. Telfer (2014)


Thomas G.W.Telfer, University of Western Ontario Law, Ruin and Redemption: The Struggle for a Canadian Bankruptcy Law, 1867-1919, University of Toronto Press, Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History’s book series  (2014)
All information here
Description and Contents
In 1880 the federal Parliament of Canada repealed the Insolvent Act of 1875, leaving debtor-creditor matters to be regulated by the provinces. Almost forty years later, Parliament finally passed new bankruptcy legislation, recognizing that what was once considered a moral evil had become a commercial necessity. In Ruin and Redemption, Thomas GW Telfer analyses the ideas, interests, and institutions that shaped the evolution of Canadian bankruptcy law in this era. Examining the vigorous public debates over the idea of bankruptcy, Telfer argues that the law was shaped by conflict over the morality of release from debts and by the divergence of interests between local and distant creditors. Ruin and Redemption is the first full-length study of the origins of Canadian bankruptcy law, thus making it an important contribution to the study of Canada’s commercial law.


Illustrations
Tables
Abbreviations
PrefaceChapter 1: Ideas, Interests, and InstitutionsPART I 1867–1880Chapter 2: The Constitutional and Legislative History 1867-1880
Chapter 3: The Rise and Fall of Bankruptcy Law 1867-1880: The Equitable Distribution of Assets
Chapter 4: The Repeal of Bankruptcy Law 1867-1880: The Discharge
Chapter 5: The Role of Institutions 1867-1880PART II 1880–1903
Chapter 6: Living With Repeal and the Failure of Federal Reform: 1880-1903
Chapter 7: The Constitutional Question and the Impact of Federalism: 1880-1903
Chapter 8: The Bankruptcy Law Debates: 1880-1903PART III 1903–1919
Chapter 9: Reform Achieved: The Bankruptcy Act of 1919
Chapter 10: ConclusionAppendix to Chapter 6
Bibliography

Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: "Police and Justice. The Gordian knot" (Geneva, 20-22 November 2014)

 (image source: Wikimedia Commons)
The University of Geneva and the "International Association for the History of Crime and Criminal Justice" organize an international colloquium on the history of police and justice, focusing on the transition from Enlightenment to the liberal State.

More information 

Program (source: Nomôdos):
Université de Genève - Faculté des Lettres - Unité d'Histoire Moderne / DamoclèsANR SYSPOE (Systèmes policiers européens, 18e-19e s.)International Association for Crime and Criminal JusticeColloque international
Police et Justice: Le noeud gordienDu temps des Lumières à l’État libéral(1750-1850)
Genève (Uni Bastions, B 111)20-22 novembre 2014Programme
Jeudi 20 novembre 20149h. - Accueil
  • 9h30. - Mot de bienvenue: Christine CHAPPUIS, doyenne de la Fac. de droit (Uni. de Genève)
  • 9h45. - Introduction au colloque: Marco CICCHINI, Michel PORRET (Uni. de Genève)
10h15. - SÉANCE 1. POLICE ET JUSTICE: L’EMBOÎTEMENT (I)Présidence de séance: Vincent Milliot (Uni. de Caen)
  • Les abus de pouvoir de José Conejo, alcalde de barrio à Mexico à la fin du XVIIIe siècle, Arnaud EXBALIN (Casa de Velázquez, Madrid)
  • Policier le matin et juge l’après-midi: l’imbrication des fonctions de police et justice à Lisbonne sous l’Ancien Régime, Flávio BORDA D’ÁGUA (Uni. de Genève)
  • Justice et police dans l’Espagne des Lumières: le cas des "alcaldes de barrio" de Valladolid, Lourdes AMIGO VÁZQUEZ (Uni. de Murcia)
12h15. - Déjeuner14h. - SÉANCE 2. POLICE ET JUSTICE : L’EMBOÎTEMENT (II)Présidence de séance: Marco Cicchini
  • Du délit à la peine: les policiers du Tribunal de Police de Marseille dans le processus pénal (seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle), Audrey ROSANIA (Uni. d’Aix-Marseille)
  • Juges et policiers. De la fondation de la Royale audience d’Estrémadure à l’établissement de la Surintendance Générale de la Police (1790-1824), Miguel Ángel MELÓN (Uni. de Extremadura), Gregorio SALINERO (Uni. de Paris-1)
  • Les "Capitanes pedáneos", juges et policiers à Cuba (1765-1851), François GODICHEAU (Uni. de Bordeaux, IUF)
15h30. - Pause16h. - SÉANCE 3. CRIMES ET DÉSORDRES SOUS L’OEIL DE LA POLICE (I)Présidence de séance : Michel Porret
  • La répression du vol nocturne à Genève vers 1750: les efforts conjoints de la police et de la
  • justice pour l’établissement de la "sûreté publique", Lucie BUTTEX (Uni. de Genève)
  • Criminalisation de la contrebande: fiscalité, police et justice de l’Ancien Régime à la Révolution française, Michael KWASS (Johns Hopkins University)
  • Dénouer le noeud gordien ? Justice et police dans l’Essai sur les lettres de cachet de Chrétien-Guillaume Lamoignon de Malesherbes, Vincent DENIS (Uni. de Paris-1, IUF)
18h. - CONFÉRENCE
  • From a concept to an institution: "Police" in Europe 1750-1850, Clive EMSLEY (Open University)
19h15. - BuffetVendredi 21 novembre 2015
9h. - SÉANCE 4. CRIMES ET DÉSORDRES SOUS L’OEIL DE LA POLICE (II)Présidence de séance: Elisabeth Salvi (Uni. de Genève)
  • La police judiciaire à l’épreuve du "banditisme" sous la Révolution et l’Empire: l’affaire des garotteurs de la Dyle, Xavier ROUSSEAUX (Uni. catholique de Louvain)
  • "Veiller les malfaiteurs pour éventer le crime". Le préfet, la police judiciaire et la répression du brigandage sous l’Empire, Vincent FONTANA (Uni. de Genève)
  • Police administrative, justice préventive? Sens et usages du délit de vagabondage en France (1815 1850), Pierre GAUME (EHESS)
10h30. - Pause10h50. - SÉANCE 5. CRIMES ET DÉSORDRES SOUS L’OEIL DE LA POLICE (III)Présidence: Alessandro Pastore (Uni. di Verona)
  • "En ma qualité de lieutenant de police, il etoit de mon devoir de chercher les causes… ». La naissance de l’enquête policière à Namur, 1769-1793, Antoine RENGLET (Uni. de Lille-3)
  • Les inspecteurs de la sûreté ou "l’invention pratique" de la police judiciaire dans le Paris des Lumières, Vincent MILLIOT, Rachel COUTURE (UQAM)
  • Enquêtes de police et ouverture de la procédure judiciaire. Le rôle des curés dans le Tribunal du Vicaire de Rome pendant la Restauration, Chiara LUCREZIO MONTICELLI (Deutsches Historisches Institut, Roma)
12h30. - Déjeuner14h15. - SÉANCE 6. RÉFORME ET AUTONOMIE DE LA POLICEPrésidence de séance: Catherine Denys (Uni. de Lille-3)
  • Agir avec justice et pour la justice: le cas des agents de la Lieutenance de police dans la deuxième moitié du XVIIIe siècle, Nicolas VIDONI (Uni. d’Aix-Marseille)
  • La mort d’une magistrature: le cas du Tribunal de santé du Duché de Milan, Livio ANTONIELLI (Uni. di Milano)
  • Réformes de police et magistratures de justice en Italie (1770-1800), Brigitte MARIN (Uni. d’Aix-Marseille)
  • L’expérience dramatique de Luigi De Medici, chef de la police napolitaine (1791-1795), Giorgia ALESSI (Uni. di Napoli)
16h. - Pause16h20. - SÉANCE 7. LA SÉPARATION DES POUVOIRS EN QUESTIONPrésidence de séance: Fabrice Brandli (Uni. de Genève)
  • Situare la polizia: i dilemmi dello Stato italico (1796-1814), Simona MORI (Uni. di Bergamo)
  • La garantie judiciaire dans la procédure des visites domiciliaires: un principe à l’épreuve des faits de police (1795-1835), Loris CHAVANETTE (Uni. de Paris Est Créteil)
  • Polizia, giustizia, costituzioni nel Triennio repubblicano. Il caso della Cisalpina, Michele SIMONETTO (EHESS)
  • Régime des droits vs utilité publique. Justice, police et administration, France–Grande-Bretagne, 1750-1850, Thomas LE ROUX (Maison française d’Oxford/EHESS)
20h. - Dîner du colloqueSamedi 22 novembre 20149h. - SÉANCE 8. HAUTE POLICE ET JUSTICEPrésidence de séance: Jean-Marc Berlière (Uni. de Bourgogne/CESDIP)
  • La haute police impériale (1799-1815): quand la police s’affranchit de la justice?, Jeanne-Laure LE QUANG (Uni. Paris-1)
  • Le juge, le préfet et l’acquitté: la justice pénale face aux mesures de haute police sous le Consulat et l’Empire, Emmanuel BERGER (Uni. de Namur)
  • Police ou justice? La qualification juridique des infractions ‘politiques’ dans la Modène de la première moitié du XIXe siècle, Elio TAVILLA (Uni. di Modena)
10h30. - Pause10h45. - CONCLUSIONS DU COLLOQUE, René LÉVY (CESDIP)12h15. - Déjeuner de clôtureOrganisation
  • Marco CICCHINI (Uni. de Genève, Damoclès)
  • Vincent DENIS (Uni. de Paris 1, Syspoe)
  • Vincent MILLIOT (Uni. de Caen, Syspoe)
  • Michel PORRET (Uni. de Genève, Damoclès)
Comité scientifique
  • Livio ANTONIELLI (Uni. di Milano), Pascal BASTIEN (UQAM)
  • Jean-Marc BERLIÈRE (Uni. de Bourgogne/CESDIP)
  • Frédéric CHAUVAUD (Uni. de Poitiers), Catherine DENYS (Uni. de Lille 3)
  • Clive EMSLEY (The Open University)
  • Paul FRIEDLAND (Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Harvard University)
  • Donald FYSON (Uni. Laval, Québec)
  • Karl HÄRTER (Max-Planck-Institute für europäische Rechtsgeschichte)
  • Anja JOHANSEN (Uni. of Dundee)
  • René LÉVY (CESDIP)
  • Brigitte MARIN (Uni. d’Aix-Marseille)
  • Alessandro PASTORE (Uni. di Verona)
  • Xavier ROUSSEAUX (Uni. catholique de Louvain).
Avec le soutien de:
  • École doctorale Archives des Lumières 
  • Maison de l’histoire (Unige)
  • Faculté des lettres
  • Département d’histoire générale
  • Fonds national suisse de la recherche scientifique (FNS)
  • Commission administrative (Unige)
  • Société académique de Genève
Contact:Source: http://syspoe.hypotheses.org/410
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: NEW Journal of Civil Law Studies

Juris Diversitas - mar, 11/11/2014 - 14:56
The Journal of Civil Law Studies is a peer-reviewed, online and open-access periodical, published by the Center of Civil Law Studies. LSU Law students participate in the editorial process once papers have been accepted for publication. First published in 2008, it promotes a comparative and interdisciplinary approach to the civil law in Louisiana and in the world.
Current Issue: Volume 7 (2014), Issue 1Front MatterPDFCover, Masthead, & Contents
ArticlesPDFLaw and the Lodestar: Tunisian Civil Law and the Task of Ordering Plurality in the Aftermath of the Jasmine Revolution
Dan E. StigallPDFMixed Jurisdiction and the Scottish Legal Tradition: Reconsidering the Concept of Mixture
Stephen ThomsonPDFCivil Status and Civil Registry: Current Trends in Spanish Law
Sofia de Salas MurilloPDFEnlarged State Power to Declare Nullity: The Hidden State Interest in the Chinese Contract Law
Hao JiangCivil Law TranslationPDFLouisiana Civil Code - Code civil de Louisiane - Book III, Titles 7 and 8
Center of Civil Law StudiesCivil Law in the WorldPDFArgentina - On Codes, Marriage, and Access to Justice: Recent Developments in the Law of Argentina 
Julieta Marotta and Agustín ParisePDFThe Netherlands - New Developments in Dutch Company Law: The “Flexible” Close Corporation
Lars van VlietPDFSwitzerland - News from Switzerland (2012-2014): Major Reform of the Rules on Unfair Competition and of Domestic and International Family Law
Thomas Kadner Graziano and Michel ReymondRediscovered Treasures of Louisiana LawPDFTranslators’ Preface to the Laws of Las Siete Partidas which are Still in Force in the State of Louisiana
Louis Moreau-Lislet, Henry Carleton, and Agustín PariseComplete IssuePDFComplete V.7 No.1
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "From Gospel to Law: The Lutheran Reformation and Its Impact on Legal Culture", by J. Witte


John Witte, Emory University School of Law on From Gospel to Law: The Lutheran Reformation and Its Impact on Legal CultureMark A. Noll and Tal Howard, eds., Protestantism? Reflections in Advance of the 500th Anniversary of the Protestant Reformation, 1517-2017, Forthcoming Emory Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-308  
full text hereAbstractThe Lutheran Reformation transformed not only theology and the church, but also law and the state. Despite Luther’s burning of the canon law books and his berating of lawyers as bad Christians, he soon realized that he needed both law and the legal profession to preserve his theological reforms, and to extend them into the realms of marriage, education, social welfare and more. Luther and his colleagues ultimately reconciled the new dialectics between Gospel and Law, church and state, spiritual life and temporal life through Luther’s complex two-kingdoms theory, which remains at the heart of Lutheran thought to this day. They ultimately synthesized their reforms of public and private life in hundreds of new confessions and catechisms, orders and ordinances, which still shape the laws and policies of Lutheran churches and states to this day.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: "How Do Things Get Started? Legal Transplants and Domestication: An Example from Colonial New Zealand", by S. Dorsett



SHAUNNAGH DORSETT, University of Technology Sydney, Faculty of Law on "How Do Things Get Started? Legal Transplants and Domestication: An Example from Colonial New Zealand"
full text here

Abstract‘Unearthing’ is a problematic task for historians. To some extent it assumes continuity between the past and the present, and that matters identified by whatever means as ‘traditions’ in the present were understood that way in the past. It is a backward looking task, rather than an exploration of understandings at a moment in time. Rather than ‘unearthing’, this article seeks to start at the beginning and to think about how things get going in colonies. It pays attention to foundations and to questions of institutional design. This article draws on literature on legal transplants, and examines one example of a legal transplant in New Zealand: the Resident Magistrates’ Court, focusing in particular on its civil jurisdiction. If not the ‘number eight wire’ approach, it is a recognition of pragmatism - the ways in which legal forms, both discursive and institutional, circulated Empire and are made and remade in new times and places in response to local circumstance.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: "Dreaming of the International Rule of Law – A History of International Courts and Tribunals" - European Society of International Law, Interest Group History of International Law (Deadline 15 February 2015)

We received the following call from the ESIL's Interest Group "History of International Law":

Dreaming of the International Rule of Law – A History of International Courts and Tribunals


(image, "Los caprichos de Goya - "The dream of Reason Creates Monsters" (Google Art Project) source: Wikimedia Commons)

On the occasion of The ESIL 11th Annual Conference, to be held in Oslo, 10 – 12 September 2015. The Judicialization of International Law – A Mixed Blessing? The ESIL’s interest group on the History of International Law http://esilhil.blogspot.co.uk/ invites submissions, in English or French.

For all the current anxiety surrounding the judicialization of international politics, the contemporary growth of international courts and tribunals, which shows the continuing appeal of the “domestic analogy” in shaping the intellectual imagination of the discipline, may arguably be considered a dream made true for the long-standing aspirations of professional relevance of international lawyers. The promise of a more perfected international rule of law is among the factors that account for the fact that the establishment of new international courts and tribunals has accompanied the proliferation of international institutions and the diversification of international law for the last 25 years’-long post-cold war period.

Against this background, submissions are welcomed in two interdependent categories. On the first hand, the IGHIL invites submissions addressed to examine the histories of the creation of “successful” international courts and tribunals, in the sense of institutionally established and operative ones. On the other, the IGHIL welcomes submissions addressed to examine the histories of short-lived, aborted or failed international courts and tribunals as well as the history of projects for international courts of tribunals that remained “dead letter” and/or are still “in nuce".

Authors are invited to consider factors of failure/success in the creation, disappearance or non- emergence of international courts and tribunals in light of their legitimacy of origin and exercise as well as other factors. These may include, but are not limited to e.g. the role of particularly inspirational figures or social movements, the contextual-historical relevance of different international legal philosophies or the impact of context-breaking events in the history of international law.

Each submission should include:
– An abstract of no more than 400 words
– The intended language of presentation
– A short curriculum vitae containing the author’s name, institutional affiliation, contact information and e-mail address.

Applications should be submitted to both Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral and Randall Lesaffer by 15th February 2015. All applicants will be notified of the outcome of the selection process by 15th March 2015.

Selection will be based on scholarly merit and with regard to producing an engaging workshop, without prejudice to gender, seniority, language or geographical location. Please note that the ESIL Interest Group on the History of International Law is unable to provide funds to cover the conference registration fee or related transport and accommodation costs.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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