Quick Links

Comparative Law News

ARTICLE ANNOUNCEMENT: Emerging African Jurisprudence Suggesting the Desirability of the Abolition of Capital Punishment

Juris Diversitas - mar, 02/10/2015 - 05:53
Emerging African Jurisprudence Suggesting the Desirability of the Abolition of Capital Punishment from the African Journal of International and Comparative Law by C. Anyangwe.
Click here for further information and to download the article.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK ANNOUNCEMENT: The Law of Divorce and Dissolution of Life Partnerships in South Africa

Juris Diversitas - mar, 02/10/2015 - 05:27

The Law of Divorce and Dissolution of Life Partnerships in South Africa provides a detailed exposition and analysis of the law relating to the termination of civil unions, civil marriages, customary marriages, Muslim marriages and Hindu marriages by divorce. The publication also offers an in-depth discussion and analysis of the law relating to the dissolution of life (domestic) partnerships. Written by a team of subject specialists, it provides a rich source of expertise. 

The book is divided into five parts. Part 1 focuses on the dissolution of civil marriages and civil unions by divorce. This part deals with the grounds for divorce, the personal and financial consequences of divorce, and the position of minor and dependent children of divorced or divorcing spouses or civil union partners. Part 2 focuses on all aspects of divorce in customary marriages, while Part 3 concerns divorce in Muslim marriages and Hindu marriages. Part 4 addresses all aspects relating to the dissolution of a life partnership. The final part of the book — Part 5 — considers issues that are of general application to divorce and the dissolution of life partnerships. These issues are domestic violence; jurisdiction, procedure, and costs; mediation and other forms of alternative dispute resolution; and conflict of laws. 
Click here to download the brochure of this publication. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR APPLICATIONS: 3 Visiting Fellowships (2016) – Institute for European Global Studies, University of Basel

Juris Diversitas - lun, 02/09/2015 - 13:12
The Institute for European Global Studies, University of Basel, Switzerland welcomes applications for 3 Visiting Fellowships (three months in the academic year 2016) within European Global Studies with focus on “Scaling Regions“.
The Institute for European Global Studies is an interdisciplinary research Institute at Switzerland’s oldest university, the University of Basel. With an established study program on the MA level and a doctoral program in the planning stage, the Institute develops new concepts and methodologies designed to reveal the close interconnectedness between Europe, Asia and Africa across cultural, geographic, and linguistic borders and the consequences of such entanglements on the global and the local level.
The Institute particularly welcomes applications from researchers who are interested in investigating agencies and actors in global contexts as well as in adopting a conceptual approach beyond the nation state. Projects should fit the general research perspective of the Institute and at the same time engage with the topic of Scaling Regions which covers transterritorial concepts and border-crossing methodologies.
The deadline for application is May 15, 2015.

For more information, please see the call for applications at https://europa.unibas.ch/en/institute/career-opportunities/ .
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE REPORT: Dutch-Belgian Legal History Colloquium (Brussels: VUB, 11-12 Dec 2014) (by Maarten Vankeersbilck, Ghent)

Maarten Vankeersbilck graduated as Master in Law (Ghent, 2011) and took a specialized Master in European and International Law (VUB, 2012). From 1 October 2012 on, he works as an academic assistant at the Ghent Legal History Institute, where he focuses on the codification and development of civil procedure in Belgium, under the direction of Prof. D. Heirbaut.

On Thursday December 11 and Friday December 12, 2014, the Belgian-Dutch Legal Historian Colloquium took place at the Free University of Brussels (VUB, see announcement earlier on this blog). Since the early 1970s, this bi-annual (and at times annual event) has been alternately organized by either a Belgian or a Dutch university.  From the start, this forum promoted inter-universitary cooperation in the Low Countries. Young researchers traditionally receive the opportunity to disperse their findings to their peers. 

Fertile ground indeed, as we were welcomed by professor dr. Dirk Heirbaut (Ghent University), who himself is a longtime participant and presided the first panel on comparative legal history. First speaker was dr. Agustin Parise (Maastricht University) who applied the methodology developed in his dissertation to the case of the Dutch Burgerlijk Wetboek (1838) and the Argentinian Código Civil (1871), studying the influence of aforementioned Burgerlijk Wetboek on Argentines own codification. Next was Dr. Janwillem Oosterhuis (Maastricht University)  who presented his research on the impact of World War I (and its aftermath) on the concept of ‘Unexpected Circumstances’.

The organizer, professor dr. Dave De ruysscher, presided the next panel on Public Law in which Matthias Castelein (Catholic University of Leuven) presented his first findings of his dissertational research on the complicated relationship between the divided local traditions of Corsicaand those of the new sovereign rulers of Liguria who had a more egalitarian and centralistic approach. Maarten Colette(Free University of Brussels) closed the morning sessions discussing Rousseau’s concept of liberty sparking a lively discussion on the interpretation of Rousseauhimself.

The afternoon session on International Law opened under de presidency of professor dr. Randall Lesaffer (Tilburg University and Catholic University of Leuven). Dr. Mieke van der Linden(Catholic University of Leuven), who recently successfully defended her dissertation, gave us a glimpse on her thesis by presenting Euro-centrism within 19thCentury International Law by studying the legal and political justification of New Imperialism (1870-1914). Could international law be applied to all peoples? Was it a European creation or a product of the confrontation between European states with non-European political entities? Shavana Mussa (Tilburg University) took us to the 17thcentury and discussed the end of the first Anglo-Dutch war (1652-1654) and the negotiations leading up to the Treaty of Westminster (1654). She focused on the remarkable arbitration commission that resulted from it, adding another peacemaking-tool to the arsenal of International Law. From one conflict to another, dr. Frederik Dhondt (Ghent University) discussed the Spanish Succession. He demonstrated how Vatteland Réal de Curban took a different strand of argumentation from respectively a Protestant-Swiss and a French point of view. Both used historical material implying a degree of objectivity but by the selective use of exempla continued the war on paper. Where Vattel rose to fame in International Law, Réal is less known resulting in a one-sided image of the war in legal doctrine.

French revolutionaries committed themselves to draft a constitution that would reconcile the organisation of the French state with modern ideas such as sovereignty of the people and the separation of powers. Amongst other things, this refers to the question of who can declare war, supervise diplomatic relations,… Dr. Raymond Kubbenpainted the picture of the administrative direction of foreign relations in Benjamin Constants constitutional thinking. Inge Van Hulle (Catholic University of Leuven) closed the first day with a contribution on the concept of ‘sphere of influence’ in International Law (1870-1920). Even though this concept is strongly associated with the Cold War, Ms. Van Hulle proved its relevance  in the international discourse and state practice at the end of the 19thcentury.

The forum resumed its operations the next day with an extensive session on administrative  and constitutional law under the presidency of Kees Cappon (University of Amsterdam). Nestor professor dr. Paul Nève (Tilburg University) shed his light on the transformations of Maastricht’s double government (the city had two schepenbanken and two ‘mayors’, the bishop of Liège and the duke of Brabant) at the end of the 14thcentury (1378-1409) and the defining role of Anthony of Burgundy. Lukas van den Berge (Utrecht University) discussed the admissibility of administrative jurisdiction in Dutch doctrine by studying the arguments made in the beginning of the 19thcentury by legal scholar Antonius Struyckenand Jan Loeff. From the Netherlands Brecht Deseure(Free University of Brussels) brought us back to Belgium by studying the (degree of) recuperation of the ideas of old constitutions, as symbols of the old freedoms, by Belgian revolutionaries in 1830 and in which way these constitutions were a beacon of resistance under the French occupation.

After the coffee break, the colloquium resumed with a session on Private Law. Wouter Druwé (Catholic University of Leuven) addressed the question of whether or not the writ of debt was actually an English condictio, Marten Reijntjes (Groningen University) presented a historical perspective on the civil responsibility of judges overstepping the deontological boundaries of their function. Lastly, Benoît Lagasse (University of Liège) presented his planned dissertation on 17th century Liégois lawyer Charles de Méan, detectingthe influence of roman law and Liège customary law aspects of Private Law in Charles de Méans’ work Observationes et res judicatae ad jus civile Leodiensium.

Respecting the chronology, the final panel was  on contemporary legal history. In the spirit of the Belgian-Dutch cooperation, dr. Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde (Ghent University) discussed the use of Dutch language in Belgium’s legal periodicals and tried to unveil possible international relations, or is law really a nationalist theme? Dr. Bruno Debaenst (Ghent University) on the other hand turned his gaze to the international forum again with a contribution on the cradle of a social Europe indicating the role played by the international congresses on labour accidents and social insurances.

The colloquium was formally closed by the dean of the Brussels Law Faculty, professor dr. Wilfried Rauws, who showed his sympathy towards legal history. He emphasized and reminded the attendees of the importance of legal history and plead for its conservation in Belgian universities. Encouraging, in times were academic curricula are under pressure by an abundance of ever more specialized courses on positive law.

Catégories: Comparative Law News

VACANCY: Ph.D.-fellowship at the University of Leuven (KUL), Comparative Legal History of Banking Regulation (DEADLINE 18 FEBRUARY 2015)

(caricature of a banker, source tnhistoireXIX)
The Legal History Blog announced a vacancy at the University of Leuven (KUL) for a doctoral position on 19th and 20th century banking law.

For the Division for Roman Law and Legal History we are looking for a PhD candidate with a master's degree in law [for a position,] Comparative Legal History of Banking Regulation in the Modern Period.  The Research Unit of Roman Law and Legal History is a dynamic and strong team with expertise in all fields of legal history ranging from Roman law through canon law and Byzantine law. Particularly, the candidate will strengthen the department's expertise in the modern history of economic and financial law.

Within the framework of project on "Finance and Faith (fides) in the Western Legal Tradition", funded by the Special Research Fund (BOF), the candidate will be expected to conduct research on banking regulation in the 19th and 20th centuries from a comparative perspective.

The candidate has obtained a master's degree in law from a Belgian or a foreign university with at least distinction. The candidate will be expected to apply for international travel grants and follow-up funding.

For more information please contact Prof. dr. Wim Decock, tel.: +32 16 32 52 39, mail: wim.decock@law.kuleuven.be. You can apply for this job no later than February 18, 2015 via the online application tool
Catégories: Comparative Law News

PODCAST: Alain Wijffels on the endgame between the Hanse and England

(image source: twitter)
Prof. dr. Alain Wijffels (KUL/UCL/CNRS) held the annual lecture of the Stair Society on 15 November 2014, on the theme 'England and the German Hanse: The Long Endgame (1474-1604)'.

The event has been broadcast as a podcast (Soundcloud), available here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

E-JOURNAL: Clio@Thémis VIII: argumentative practices and legal procedure

(image source: nomodos)

Nomôdos anonunces the publication of a new issue of the electronic journal Clio&Thémis.

Table of contents:
Dossier: L'argumentation au cœur du processus judiciaire

  • C. Denyset N. Seriu, L’argumentation au cœur du processus judiciaire.
  • A. Wijffels, L’argumentation dans les recours en révision au Grand Conseil de Malines: une distinction estompée entre «fait» et «droit»?
  • M. Cavina, Consilia: il modello di Andrea Alciato. Tipologie formali e argomentative fra mos italicus e mos gallicus.
  • I. Arnal-Corthier, Une source d’argumentation dans l’appel de grand criminel à la fin du XVIIe siècle: les lettres de cassation présentées au parlement de Toulouse.
  • J. Lorgnier, Vérités contradictoires en Parlement: Preuve et justification des parties à la troisième chambre du parlement de Tournai.
  • N. Seriu, Argumentation au sujet d’un délit méconnu: Achat et «troc» d’uniformes de déserteurs à la fin l’Ancien Régime.
  • Br. Debaenst, The argumentation in workplace accident trials. The case of the civil court of Mons (1870-1904).
  • Fr. Chauvaud, Pleurs, effroi et rires dans les prétoires. Le triomphe de l’émotion en cour d’assises (1880-1940).
  • Fr. Charlin, Droit romain et Code Noir. Quelques réflexions a posteriori
  • A. Rita Jurewicz, Commorientes. Einige Bemerkungen zu dem Rechtsinstitut im polnischen Zivilrechtsystem

RésumésDossier:L'argumentation au cœur du processus judiciaireS’intéresser aux pratiques judiciaires d’une société du passé, observer le déroulement d’un procès à l’aide des archives judiciaires conduit d’emblée à constater la place centrale que prend l’argumentation. Si les mots – dits et écrits – produits dans ce cadre sont pléthore, ils s’inscrivent généralement dans une visée stratégique qui a pour but de convaincre. Les plaideurs – souvent assistés par des juristes professionnels – cherchent à démontrer la légitimité de leur cause. La partie adverse réplique pour (...) - Lire l'article
Résumé : Au XVIe siècle, le recours en révision au Grand Conseil de Malines était en principe réservé aux cas où une partie alléguait une erreur de fait dans le jugement du Grand Conseil. Les archives de la pratique révèlent toutefois que dans les procédures en révision, les conseils justifiaient souvent le recours à partir d’arguments juridiques. Une analyse plus détaillée de ces argumentations semble démontrer que les arguments juridiques se référaient dans ces procédures en révision avant tout aux sources (...) - Lire l'article
On propose un examen de la structure dialectique des consilia sapientis pro veritate du droit commun, de leur évolution et de leurs « trois » différents styles entre Moyen Âge et Âge Moderne, en se concentrant en particulier sur l’œuvre et la pensée de Carlo Ruini (1456-1530), mais surtout de Andrea Alciato (1492-1550), qui se révèle très riche de nouveautés très intéressantes. Mots-clés : Consilia, Alciat, Ruini Abstract : We suggest a review of the dialectical structure of consilia sapientis pro (...) - Lire l'article
Dans le dernier tiers du XVIIe siècle, alors que dans l’appel de grand criminel la seule formalité nécessaire se résume à l’audition des accusés, certains trouvent le moyen de présenter une défense élaborée, impliquant la participation de juristes. Dans quelques rares cas, l’accusé produit ainsi devant le Parlement des « Lettres royaux pour obtenir cassation », ce qui a pour effet de faire « recevoir le procès par écrit ». C’est donc un procureur (parfois un avocat) qui élabore pour l’impétrant (...) - Lire l'article
L’argumentation, en justice, a pour objet d’exposer des faits ou des idées afin d’emporter la conviction du juge. La procédure organise et cadre les débats afin de révéler une vérité judiciaire fondée sur des preuves solides, admises contradictoirement. 
Le parlement de Tournai ne déroge pas à cette règle. Ainsi, à la troisième chambre du parlement de Flandre, de nombreux conflits à propos de la jouissance de biens et de droits montrent tout d’abord combien, à défaut de titres, il a fallu se contenter (...) - Lire l'article
Cet article s’intéresse aux argumentations qui se déploient dans les procès prévôtaux intentés contre des individus – hommes et femmes – ayant acquis des uniformes militaires auprès d’un déserteur, et poursuivis comme « fauteurs » de désertion dans les trois dernières décennies de l’Ancien Régime. Comment cherchent-ils à justifier leur transaction avec les déserteurs ? Si, par exemple, la mise en avant de leur ignorance au sujet de l’illégalité de leurs gestes est une stratégie couramment employée, (...) - Lire l'article
À la fin du dix-neuvième siècle, les procès d’accident du travail se multiplient en Belgique, comme dans les autres pays européens. Ces procès ont un caractère hybride, mêlant argumentation industrielle et juridique. L’article analyse cette argumentation spécifique via l’étude de 293 procédures ayant eu lieu devant le tribunal civil de Mons entre 1870 à 1904. Mots clés : Belgique, responsabilité, accidents du travail, argumentation, tribunal civil Abstract : At the end of the nineteenth century, (...) - Lire l'article
Dans l’enceinte des juridictions répressives, les émotions jouent un rôle essentiel. Des présidents de cours d’assises, des avocats et des observateurs du fonctionnement de la justice pénale l’ont régulièrement mentionné. Entre 1880 et 1940, mémoires, livres de souvenirs et témoignages donnent à cet égard de nombreuses informations. L’un d’eux souligne à sa manière, en 1923, qu’il s’agit d’un tournant herméneutique. Les émotions, il est vrai, occupent une place centrale dans la fabrique de « la (...) - Lire l'articleVaria
À Rome la servitude est domestique, avant les conquêtes qui en transforment la nature. L’esclavage colonial est une exploitation économique fondée sur la traite négrière. Comment les administrateurs appréhendent-ils la qualification juridique de l’esclave ? Le Code Noir reprend-il des règles locales ou des précédents romains pour encadrer une pratique en fonction des effets attendus sur la propriété des colons ? Si le droit romain sert de matrice, s’agit-il d’une simple reprise ou d’une influence (...) - Lire l'article
Cet article est consacré à la question de la présomption de décès simultanés de deux personnes ou plus qu’établit la loi civile polonaise (art. 32 KC). Posant la question de l’interprétation juridique (linguistique et systématique) et des prémisses nécessaires à l’application de ce type de présomption selon la doctrine civiliste polonaise, il s’interroge aussi sur les doutes liés à sa reconnaissance. Mots-clés  : comourants, présomption légale, praesumptio juris tantum, praesumptio ec de iure, droit (...) - Lire l'article
Catégories: Comparative Law News