Comparative Law News

BOOK: Michael STOLLEIS, Constitutional and Administrative History: Materials, Methods, and Issues [Methodica, ed. Thomas DUVE, Caspar EHLERS & Christoph MEYER] (Oldenbourg: De Gruyter, 2017), x + 134 p. ISBN 978-3-11-055694-0, € 19,95

(image source: De Gruyter)
Prof. em. dr. dr. h.c. mult Michael Stolleis (MPI Frankfurt) published Verfassungs- und Verwaltungsgeschichte Materialien, Methodik, Fragestellungen in the Methodica-series of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History (De Gruyter).

Aims and scope:
The textbook provides a basic introduction to constitutional and administrative history through sources, the research literature, and specific methodological questions. This kind of overview has gained in importance over time as issues previously dealt with at the level of the nation state must now be addressed comparatively at the European level. The textbook also provides a global assessment.Other volumes (inter alia) on early modern legal spaces (Caspar Ehlers) and criminal justice (Karl Härter).

More information with the publisher.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK PRESENTATION: Dante FEDELE, Naissance de la diplomatie moderne (Rome: Senate Library, 6 Dec 2017)

(image source: Nomos)
Dante Fedele (KU Leuven) will present his book Nassance de la diplomatie moderne (Nomos, 2017, see earlier on this blog) in the library of the Italian Senate.

The presentation will take place in the context of a seminar entitled "L'arte della diplomazia: dalle sue origini alle sfide del XXI secolo".

The convener is Michele Nicoletti, full professor of Political philosophy in Trento, deputy at the Italian Parliament and head of the Italian delegation at the Council of Europe. The other participants are Ambassador Elisabetta Belloni (Secretary General of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Roberto Nigido (former ambassador), Carlo Curti Gialdino (full professor of Diplomatic law and European law at the University "La Sapienza", Rome) and myself.

More details can be found on academia.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

COLLOQUIUM: Peace Through Law: The Versailles Peace Treaty and dispute settlement after WWI (Luxembourg, 6-8 December 2017)

(Source: Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law)
The Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law is organising a colloquium on the Versailles Peace Treaty and dispute settlement after World War I.
Jointly organised by the two research departments, the conference “Peace Through Law: The Versailles Peace Treaty and dispute settlement after WWI” is designed to investigate both the notion of “peace through law” and the new international framework set up by the Treaty in the aftermath of the Great War. Held a century later, the conference will also offer a unique moment of reflection on the state of the dispute settlement system.
Academic Programme
Wednesday, 6 December 2017
18:00 Welcome address
by Dr Heinrich Kreft, Ambassador of Germany in Luxembourg
and Mr Bruno Perdu, Ambassador of France in Luxembourg 18:20 Opening lecture
by Prof. Nathaniel Berman (Brown University)
Thursday, 7 December 2017
09:00 Welcome address
by Prof. Hélène Ruiz Fabri and Prof. Burkhard Hess (Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law) 09:15 Panel I: The League of Nations: A world organisation for the prevention of conflicts
Chair: Prof. Johan Van der Walt (University of Luxembourg)
Dr Thomas D. Grant (University of Cambridge): “The league as an universal organisation”
Prof. Michael Callahan (Kettering University): “Preventing a Repetition of the Great War: Responding to International Terrorism in the 1930s” 11:00 Panel II: The political termination of the war
Chair: Prof. Johan Van der Walt (University of Luxembourg)
Prof. Mamadou Hébié (Leiden University): “The mandate system of the League of Nations”
Dr Ralph Wilde (University College London): “Versailles as a landmark in trusteeship and internationalization” 14:00 Panel III: Building a larger economic framework
Chair: Prof. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes (University of Geneva)
Prof. Patricia Clavin (University of Oxford): "The League of Nations and the making of international trade law"
Dr Guy Sinclair (Victoria University of Wellington): “Managing the ‘workers’ threat: preventing revolution through ttripartite negotiation (ILO)”
Judge and Prof. Herbert Kronke (Heidelberg University; Iran-United States Claims Tribunal): “The role of private international law: Unidroit, Geneva Conventions on Arbitration” 16:15 Panel IV: The economic consequences of the war
Chair: Judge and Prof. Hans Van Houtte (University of Leuven-KUL; Iran-United States Claims Tribunal)
Prof. Jean-Louis Halpérin (Ecole Normale Supérieure): “Reparations, Art. 231 VT*”
Prof. Didier Boden (University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne): “Private rights in wartime and in the context of reparations”
Prof. Pierre d’Argent (Catholic University of Louvain – UCL): “The conversion of reparations into sovereign debts (1920 – 1953)”
Friday, 8 December 2017
09:00 Panel V: Settlement of conflicts through international courts (1st part)
Chair: Judge and Prof. Bruno Simma (University of Michigan; Iran-United States Claims Tribunal)
Prof. Christian J. Tams (University of Glasgow): “The Permanent Court of Justice”
Prof. Burkhard Hess and Prof. Marta Requejo Isidro (Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law): “Mixed Arbitral Tribunals in the peace treaties”
Dr Jennifer Balint (University of Melbourne): “International criminal justice” 11:15 Panel V: Settlement of conflicts through international courts (2nd part)
Prof. Carsten Stahn (Leiden University): “International administrative adjudication”
Dr Michel Erpelding (Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law): “The special case of the Arbitral Tribunal of Upper Silesia” 14:00 Round table: The dispute settlement system from a contemporary perspective
Chair: Prof. Hélène Ruiz Fabri (Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law)
Prof. Laurence Boisson de Chazournes (University of Geneva)
Prof. Photini Pazartzis (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
Judge and Prof. Bruno Simma (University of Michigan; Iran-United States Claims Tribunal)
Judge and Prof. Hans Van Houtte (University of Leuven-KUL; Iran-United States Claims Tribunal) 16:30 Concluding remarks
by Prof. Burkhard Hess (Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law)
If you are interested in participating in this conference, please send your reservation request with your contact details (first name, surname and affiliation) to or contact Martina Winkel: (+352) 26 94 88 923.
The participation is free of charge.
Max Planck Institute Luxembourg 4, rue Alphonse Weicker L-2721 Luxembourg

More information can be found at the site of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Sùarez in Lisbon 1617-2017 (Lisbon: University of Lisbon School of Law, 4 - 6 December 2017)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)
Conference abstract:
In the 400 years of Francisco Suárez’ death THD-ULisboa (Legal Theory and History Research Centre of the University of Lisbon) promotes the International Conference “SUÁREZ IN LISBON 1617-2017”, taking place at the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon from 4 to 6 December 2017, dedicated to the Author’s work and its influence in European culture.Programme:
December 4, 2017 (monday)​
9h00 - 9h30 | Reception of participants​
9h30 - 10h00 | Solemn Opening​
Martim de Albuquerque, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa​
10h00 - 11h00 | Opening Conference​
Da origem Popular do Poder ao Direito de Resistência em Francisco Suárez
Pedro Calafate, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa​​
11h00 - 11h15 | Coffee break​
11h15 - 13h15 | Panel​
La costumbre como fundamento del Derecho de Gentes en SuárezJuan Cruz Cruz, Universidad de Navarra​
O ius gentium em Suárez como direito humanoPedro Caridade de Freitas, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa​
De Vitória a Suárez: a importância da perspectiva do Direito Natural segundo a Escola Ibérica da Paz na defesa das Gentes do Novo MundoSílvia Loureiro, Universidade do Estado do Amazonas​
13h15 - 14h30 | Lunch​
14h30 - 15h30 | Panel​
Suárez lido por MerêaDavid Teles Pereira, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa​
A livre decisão da vontade no comentário de Francisco Suárez sobre o De Anima de AristótelesJosé Meirinhos, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto​
Historiografia sobre el pensamiento escolástico y la emancipación. Suárez y el origen democrático del poderLeón Gómez Rivas, Universidad Europea de Madrid​
16h30 - 16h45 | Coffee break
16h45 - 18h45 | Panel​
Francisco Suárez e o problema da "guerra justa": a reflexão jurídica coimbrã ante  a política imperial portuguesa e o debate sobre a escravidão no Brasil e no JapãoFábio Fidelis, Centro Universitário do Rio Grande do Norte​
Suárez, the forever war on terror and attempted material supportHeidi Gilchrist, Brooklin Law School/Columbia Law School​
Analysing the 21st Century War on Terror from Just War Theory Perspective of SuárezKishor Dere, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
​Francisco Suárez e a Filosofia dos Direitos Humanos: algumas lições controversasMiguel Régio de Almeida, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Coimbra
​​December 5, 2017 (tuesday)​
9h30 - 11h00 | Panel​
Que significa atuar por um fim? A natureza da causalidade do fim em F. SuárezPaula Oliveira e Silva, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto​
Thinking outside the intellect: Suárez on imagination and phantasySimone Guidi, Instituto de Estudos Filosóficos, Universidade de Coimbra​
11h00 - 11h15 | Coffee break​
11h15 - 13h15 | Panel​
Suárez como autoridade na doutrina jurídica da Segunda EscolásticaAna Fouto, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa​
A educação do jurista no tempo de Francisco Suárez. Teologia moral e literatura jurídico-pedagógica no espaço ibéricoLaura Beck Varela, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid​
A separação entre jurisdição temporal e espiritual no pensamento de Francisco Suárez e as bases da filosofia política modernaSandro Souza Simões, Centro Universitário do Estado do Pará​
13h15 - 14h30 | Lunch
​14h30 - 15h30 | Panel​Francisco Suárez e as tradições do contrato socialAndré Santos Campos, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa​
Francisco Suárez e a Restauração de Portugal justificada
Margarida Seixas, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa​Fundamentación de la resistencia civil en Francisco Suárez. El bien común  como último basamentoPablo Oporto, Universidad Loyola Andalucía​
16h30 - 16h45 | Coffee break
​16h45 - 18h45 |
Comunidad e individuo. El fundamento metafísico del sujeto de la ley en la Filosofia de Francisco SuárezÁngel Poncela González, Universidad de Salamanca
​Indivíduo e comunidade  na Teoria dos Universais  de Francisco SuárezFilipa Afonso, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa​
Breves notas sobre o acto do súbdito e o acto do príncipe (em Francisco Suárez) sob a perspectiva da Teoria da Suposição de Pedro Margalho
Ulisses Gagliano, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa​​
December 6, 2017 (wednesday)​
9h00 - 11h00 | Panel​
Suárez e o interdito de Lisboa de 1617:  algumas notas sobre o conflito entre jurisdição régia e jurisdição eclesiástica
Jorge Testos, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa​
Estado de natureza e a natureza das coisas: compreensão dos fundamentos da teoria do Estado em Suárez
Leonor Durão Barroso, Instituto de Estudos Políticos da Universidade Católica Portuguesa​
O pensamento político de Francisco Suárez - a Defensio Fidei Catholicae como resposta à política religiosa de Jaime I de Inglaterra
Teresa Rodrigues, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa
​11h00 - 11h15 | Coffee break​
11h15 - 13h15 | Panel​
Originalidade e encobrimento do pensamento de Francisco Suárez: a doutrina da ciência médiaGonçalo Pistacchini Moita, Centro de Estudos de Filosofia da Universidade Católica Portuguesa​ El carácter enmendativo de la ley en SuárezManuel Lázaro Pulido, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia​
De anima. El medico y el teólogo: Juan Huarte de San Juan (1529 - 1588) y Francisco Suárez (1548 - 1617)Martín González Fernandez, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela​
13h15 - 14h30 | Lunch
​14h30 - 15h30 | Panel​
Suárez e Molina: Direito e livre-arbítrioEduardo Vera-Cruz Pinto, Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisbon
​Suárez on authority as coercive teacherThomas Pink, King's College, London​
15h30 - 16h30 | Closing Conference​
Francisco Suárez, o la emergencia de los tiempos nuevosFrancisco Carpintero Benítez, Universidad de Cádiz Registration form here.
More information on the conference website.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

MEDAL AND LECTURE: Sarton Medal for Legal History for Prof. Ignacio CZEGHUN (FU Berlin), Ghent, Ghent University, 23 Nov 2017

(Image source: Sarton Committee)

The George Sarton Committee for the History of Sciences at Ghent University awards the Sarton Medal for Legal History to Prof. Dr. Ignacio CZEGHUN (FU Berlin).

Previous medal holders include Jean-Louis Halpérin (ENS), Serge Dauchy (Lille II), Jürgen Weitzel (Würzburg), Heiner Lück (Halle), Raoul Van Caenegem (Ghent), Jos Monballyu (Leuven), Anne Lefebvre-Teillard (Paris II), Fred Stevens (KUL), Louis Berkvens (Maastricht), Randall Lesaffer (Leuven/Tilburg), Emanuele Conte (Roma III) and Sean Donlan (Southern Pacific).

Prof. Czeghun will pronounce an honorary lecture entitled ‘The German colonial companies (1884-1918)'. 

On George Sarton:
George Sarton (1884-1956), one of the founding fathers of the history of science as an academic discipline, was an alumnus of Ghent University. In 1912, one year after his graduation in physics and mathematics, he wrote to a friend: “J'ai décidé de vouer ma vie à l'étude désintéressée de l'histoire des sciences”. He established two leading journals in the field (Isis in 1912 and Osiris in 1934) and the History of Science Society.
In 1984, at the centenary of Sarton's birthday, Ghent University decided to establish a Sarton Chair of History of Science. Each year the Sarton committee, consisting of representatives of the faculties of Ghent University, selects the Sarton chair holder and the Sarton medallists.
The Sarton chair holder and the medallists are invited to lecture on the history of science in the faculties of the university. The lectures are published in the annual journal Sartoniana.
Next to the Sarton Chair of History of Science and the Sarton Lectures Ghent University also hosts a Museum for the History of Sciences and a Centre for History of Science.The event takes place in auditorium NBIII of Ghent Law School's Aula Campus at 16:00.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Raphael CAHEN, Friedrich Gentz 1764–1832. Penseur post-Lumières et acteur du nouvel ordre européen [Pariser Historische Studien, vol. 106] (Oldenburg: De Gruyter, 2017), 524 p. ISBN 978-3-11-045534-2. 54,94 EUR

(Image source: De Gruyter)
Book abstract:
This extraordinarily rich study of Friedrich Gentz, an important figure in post-enlightenment European history, amplifies and corrects the conventional image of Gentz as "Europe’s Secretary." Using new sources from the Herterich Gentz Collection in Cologne and from archives throughout Europe, the author describes Friedrich Gentz’s networks around the world along with the diversity and visionary nature of Gentz’s oeuvre and thinking.
Cette étude sur Friedrich Gentz, l’une des personnalités les plus brillantes de l’histoire européenne, reconsidère l’image conventionnelle du »secrétaire de l’Europe«. Basée sur un grand nombre de sources inédites de la collection Herterich à Cologne et d’archives européennes, elle met en lumière les réseaux internationaux de Friedrich Gentz ainsi que les nuances, les contradictions et les continuités de son œuvre et de sa pensée.On the author:
Dr. Raphael Cahen is a Marie Curie Pegasus Incoming Fellow at the Research Group Contextual Research in Law (CORE) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)More information with the publisher.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

LECTURE SERIES: Puissance territoriale et pouvoir royal dans la modernité politique (Paris, Every 1st/3rd/5th Friday from 16 November 2017 until 31 May 2018)

(Source: EHESS)
Dans le prolongement de l’année précédente, le séminaire s’interrogera sur les ressorts de la modernité politique en examinant la construction monarchique dans son rapport au territoire. La force tirée d’une assise domaniale engage un double mouvement à bien des égards contradictoire, entre une dynamique féodale dans laquelle s’inscrit une royauté soucieuse d’affirmer sa puissance sur la terre et sur les hommes, et une théorie politique qui puise sa force dans l’émancipation des liens personnels. A une histoire longue faite d’affaiblissement et de reconquête de l’autorité répond celle d’un progressif accroissement patrimonial des Capétiens qui contribue à légitimer de nouveaux modes de gouvernement. Loin d’être linéaire, le « travail de la monarchie sur elle-même » (Denis Richet) résulte d’emprunts multiples à des régimes concurrents. Dépassant le modèle impérial, l’affirmation d’un contrôle exclusif se fait au prix d’une réduction des ambitions à un territoire limité tandis que, dans un même mouvement, le passage de la saisine coutumière à la pleine propriété d’inspiration romanisante engage une autre façon de penser les biens privés. Ainsi, l’héritage médiéval de ce qui est appelé au XVIIe siècle « féodalité » continue longtemps de structurer, d’influencer, voire de contraindre les formes et les pratiques de la société politique. Principalement centrée sur la période des XVIe-XVIIIe siècles, dans un dialogue constant entre historiens et juriste, l’analyse ne se privera pas d’ouvrir vers d’autres champs de la recherche.
Pierre Bonin, professeur d’histoire du droit à l’Ecole de droit de la Sorbonne-Université Paris 1Fanny COSANDEY, directrice d’études à l'EHESS

Le séminaire a lieu les 1er, 3e, 5e jeudis du mois de 17 à 19h, du 16 novembre 2017 au 31 mai 2018
16 novembreFanny Cosandey, « L’historiographie du domaine, une justification du pouvoir ? »
7 décembrePierre Bonin, « Domaine et féodalité dans les manuels fondateurs de l’histoire du droit »
21 décembreGilduin Davy, « Représentations de l'espace et appréhension du pouvoir dans la Normandie des Xe et XIe siècles »
18 janvierElie Haddad, « Domaine et féodalité (I) La noblesse »
1er févrierFanny Cosandey, « Domaine et féodalité (II) La monarchie »
15 févrierAttila Pokecz Kovacs, « Territoire et pouvoir en Hongrie »
15 marsBenoît Frydman, « Monopole de l'interprétation légitime et nationalisation des lois »
29 marsFanny Cosandey, « Un domaine familial ? »
5 avrilDavid Soldini, « Le débat historique autour de la forme de l'État en Italie : unité ou fédéralisme ? »
3 maiAntoine Roullet, « Articuler des seigneuries composites : le patronage des Zuñiga y Sotomayor et leurs territoires »
17 maiGrégoire Bigot, « Une révolution dans la révolution en 1789 : la nationalisation des biens »
31 maiGuilhem Denizot, « La circulation des biens de la seconde maison de Bourbon Vendôme »
cosandey(at), pierre.bonin(at)

EHESS - salle 3 105 bd Raspail75006 Paris
Further details can be found at the website of EHESS
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Guy FITI SINCLAIR, To Reform the World. International Organizations and the Making of Modern States [The History and Theory of International Law]. Cambridge: CUP, 2017, 368 p. ISBN 9780198757962, £ 70.

(image source: CUP)
Book abstract:
This book explores how international organizations (IOs) have expanded their powers over time without formally amending their founding treaties. IOs intervene in military, financial, economic, political, social, and cultural affairs, and increasingly take on roles not explicitly assigned to them by law. Sinclair contends that this 'mission creep' has allowed IOs to intervene internationally in a way that has allowed them to recast institutions within and interactions among states, societies, and peoples on a broadly Western, liberal model. Adopting a historical and interdisciplinary, socio-legal approach, Sinclair supports this claim through detailed investigations of historical episodes involving three very different organizations: the International Labour Organization in the interwar period; the United Nations in the two decades following the Second World War; and the World Bank from the 1950s through to the 1990s. The book draws on a wide range of original institutional and archival materials, bringing to light little-known aspects of each organization's activities, identifying continuities in the ideas and practices of international governance across the twentieth century, and speaking to a range of pressing theoretical questions in present-day international law and international relations.Table of contents:
Part I The International Labour Organization, technical assistance, and the welfare state 1919-1945
1: From standard-setting to technical assistance
2: Into development
Part II The United Nations, peacekeeping, and the postcolonial state 1945-1964
3: From collective security to peacekeeping
4: Into international executive rule
Part III The World Bank, governance, and the managerial state 1944-2000
5: From reconstruction to development
6: Into governance
ConclusionOn the author:
Dr Guy Fiti Sinclair is a Senior Lecturer at Victoria University of Wellington Law School. His principal area of scholarship and teaching is public international law, with a focus on international organizations law, the history and theory of international law, and law and global governance. He holds first degrees in law and history from the University of Auckland, and a JSD from New York University School of Law, where he was a Fulbright scholar. He is an Associate Director of the New Zealand Centre for Public Law, the Associate Editor of the European Journal of International Law, and a Senior Fellow (Melbourne Law Masters) at Melbourne Law Schoo 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

LECTURE SERIES: Hisoma - Constitutions Mixtes (Saint-Etienne, 17 November 2017, 1 December 2017, 16 February 2018, 23 March 2018)

(Source: Université Saint-Étienne)
The French Laboratoire Hisoma has announced a seminar series on mixed constitutions, to be held in Saint-Etienne. 
Ce séminaire offre un espace de discussion pour la présentation de réflexions en cours, non seulement sur la constitution mixte, idée qui parcourt l'histoire politique occidentale depuis l'Antiquité, gouvernement idéal associant monarchie, aristocratie et démocratie, mais aussi sur les notions de mélange, mixtion, fusion, médiété, milieu, moyenne / somme, binarité / ternarité, synthèse, composition, harmonie, concorde, etc. C'est pourquoi ce séminaire interdisciplinaire et transpériode est ouvert à tous les acteurs des champs concernés : sciences humaines et sociales, droit, médecine, chimie, physique, mathématiques, lettres et arts...
ArgumentaireCréé en octobre 2015, ce séminaire s'inscrit dans le programme C3 « Hiérarchies et expression des relations sociales » de l'UMR CNRS 5189 HiSoMA.Le programme 2017-2018 du séminaire « Constitutions mixtes » s'inscrit dans la continuité des rencontres organisées depuis sa création. Pour les raisons scientifiques déjà développées dans l'argumentaire initial (, il s'agit de réunir des spécialistes des différents domaines et des différentes périodes qui ont pensé l'idée de constitution mixte, ses métonymies ou ses métaphores.Durant la première année du séminaire (, les exposés et les échanges se sont concentrés sur la période antique. Le programme de la deuxième année ( a élargi le champ des débats à d'autres domaines et d'autres périodes, explorant les passerelles et les métaphores liant les différentes « constitutions mixtes ». Cette troisième année resserre les liens des collaborations établis lors des précédentes séances, notamment avec le programme « Républicanisme et économie » (UMR 5824 GATE) en vue de l’organisation commune d’une journée d’étude internationale en juillet 2018.
Vendredi 17 novembre 2017 (14h-16h)Séance 13 – « We, The People – À propos de la constitution américaine »
Université Jean Monnet Saint-Étienne, Campus Tréfilerie, UFR ALL, salle LR2
  • Annie Lechenet (UMR 5206 Triangle), La Constitution fédérale de Madison : une conception politique de la justice qui évacue la question de la justice sociale.
  • Leland Tracy (Université Jean Monnet – Saint-Étienne, EA 3068 CIEREC), « American Federalism: One Country, Fifty-One Constitutions »
  • Antoine Chabod (Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée, EA 3350 Analyse comparée des pouvoirs), « La culture du chant et les origines de la constitution mixte de Sparte archaïque »
  • Jean-Christophe Couvenhes (Université Paris-Sorbonne Paris 4, UMR 8210 AnHiMA - en détachement auprès de l’UMR 8167 Orient & Méditerranée, ACT), « La constitution mixte de Lycurgue et Cléomène III »
  • Athina Bazou (Université nationale et capodistrienne d’Athènes), « Quelle est la constitution d’un "corps juste" selon la médecine grecque antique ? ».
  • Sébastien Roman (UMR 5602 Triangle), « Interpréter Machiavel aujourd'hui : étude critique de John P. McCormick. L'enjeu d'une conception dynamique de la Constitution ».
  • Marie Durnerin (ENS de Lyon, UMR 5189 HiSoMA), « Les crises de la constitution des Athéniens à la fin de la guerre du Péloponnèse ».
courriel : stavroula [dot] kefallonitis [at] univ-st-etienne [dot] frx
En construisant un système de représentation politique qui non seulement fragmente les différents intérêts, mais aussi représente "deux types de droits", ceux des personnes et ceux de la propriété, Madison met en avant une conception purement politique de l'idée de justice. Un tel système aboutit à placer la question des intérêts hors d'atteinte de toute discussion politique, ce qui d'une part modifie le sens du terme de "peuple", d'autre part nécessitera le recours à un plan moral du fonctionnement des institutions, celui du compromis.Mots clés : Constitution américaine, représentation, intérêts, justice politique, justice sociale.The system of checks and balances established by the United States Constitution is widely recognised as a foundation for modern representative democracy. By distributing power (more or less evenly) between the legislative, executive and judicial branches of the federal government, the U.S. Constitution gave birth to one of the longest lasting, most stable democratic republics in the world today. But this document also created another lesser-known system of checks and balances, one between the federal government and the individual states, each of which is governed by its own constitution and retains a considerable amount of sovereignty within the American political system. While the “Supremacy Clause” (Article VI, Clause 2) of the U.S. Constitution establishes that all states are subject to federal law, the 10th amendment specifically limits the federal government’s authority to those powers explicitly “delegated” to it by the Constitution. And the history of the United States has been profoundly affected by the permanent power struggle between these two levels of government. This paper will briefly describe the evolution of this power struggle and address the impact it still has on contemporary American society.Keywords: checks and balances, United States Constitution, democracy, federalism, sovereignty, Supremacy Clause, 10th amendment.
Vendredi 1er décembre 2017 (14h-16h)Séance 14 – « Is This Sparta? – À propos de la constitution de Sparte »
Université Jean Monnet Saint-Étienne, Campus Tréfilerie, UFR ALL, salle HR2.Sparte représente-t-elle le premier exemple de « constitution mixte » ? On le lit parfois. Cette idée repose sur un passage de Plutarque qui présente les grandes réformes du législateur légendaire Lycurgue appelées Rhétra, et sur une élégie du poète Tyrtée (viie s. av. J.-C.). Des recherches récentes ont pourtant montré que la Rhètra citée par Plutarque est une construction tardive (Nafissi 2010), nettement postérieure à Lycurgue et Tyrtée. Pour tenter de comprendre le fonctionnement de Sparte au viie s. av. J. C., on se propose donc de mobiliser d’autres traditions antiques, attestées par les compositions des poètes actifs à Sparte. Celles-ci permettent d’aborder Sparte archaïque comme une communauté politique fragile, régulièrement ressoudée par des performances musicales salvatrices.Mots clés : Sparte archaïque ; culture du chant ; loi ; poésie ; musique ; charisme ; Tyrtée ; Terpandre.Polybe manifeste un enthousiasme certain à l’égard de la constitution mixte de Lycurgue (Livre VI, 10, 6-11) et une hostilité avérée vis-à-vis de Cléomène III et de ses successeurs qui pourtant ont eu pour objectif de restaurer le régime de Sparte. Comment expliquer cette contradiction ? Est-ce qu’il faut distinguer entre constitution politique et constitution sociale ? Quelle place les éphores, supprimés par Cléomène, tiennent-ils dans ce dispositif « lycurgéen » ? Quelle place les réformes d’Agis et Cléomène tiennent-elles dans la constitution de la Vie de Lycurgue chez Plutarque ? Telles sont quelques-unes des questions que nous aborderons, dans ce dialogue entre Polybe et Plutarque, relatif à la constitution spartiate et ses « évolutions » dans la deuxième partie du iiie siècle av. J.-C.Mots clés : constitution mixte, Sparte, Lycurgue, Cléomène III, Agis IV, Nabis, Antigone Dôsôn, éphore, tyrannosmonarchosbasileus, gérousie, Polybe, Plutarque, constitution politique, constitution sociale, patrios politeiapoliteumaagogèkleros, syssitie, disciplina.
Vendredi 16 février 2018 (14h-16h)Séance 15 – Physique des constitutions : de Galien à Machiavel
Université Jean Monnet Saint-Étienne, Maison de l’Université, salle LR2.
Vendredi 23 mars (14h-16h)Séance 16 – Crises stratégiques
Université Jean Monnet Saint-Étienne, Campus Tréfilerie, UFR ALL, salle du conseil (G03).
Juillet 2018Séance 17 – Journée d’étude internationale « Sismondi et l’histoire »
Université Jean Monnet Saint-ÉtienneRencontre scientifique co-organisée par le séminaire « Constitutions mixtes » (Stavroula Kefallonitis, Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Étienne, UMR 5189 HiSoMA) et le programme « Républicanisme et économie » (Michel Bellet et Philippe Solal, Université Jean Monnet Saint-Étienne, UMR 5824 GATE).
33 rue de Onze Novembre, Saint-Étienne, France 
Vendredi 17 novembre 2017Vendredi 01 décembre 2017Vendredi 16 février 2018Vendredi 23 mars 2018
Stavroula Kefallonitis

(Source: Calenda)

Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOB OFFER: Post-doctoral researcher, University of Pavia (DEADLINE 27 November 2017)

(Source: REDHIS - Università di Pavia)
The research project REDHIS (“Rediscovering the Hidden Structure. A New Appreciation of Juristic Texts and Patterns of Thought in Late Antiquity”) is opening a position for a post-doctoral researcher. The appointment will be for two years.REDHIS is an interdisciplinary research project hosted by the Università di Pavia (Italy) and funded by an ERC-advanced grant (Principal Investigator: Prof. Dario Mantovani; Senior Staff: Prof. Luigi Pellecchi). The project studies the continued existence of a high-level legal culture in Late Antiquity, as shown among other things by the copying and continued use of the writings of the classical jurists. A comprehensive understanding of legal culture includes, therefore, the study of the transmission of these texts and the reception of their contents. To learn more about the REDHIS Project, visit our website at line with the goals of the project, the appointee will be asked to contribute several well-researched chapters, written in English, to an extensive collaborative volume on the circulation, use, and reception of Roman juristic writings in Late Antiquity. Depending on her/his precise qualifications, the appointee may also be asked to contribute to the project’s annotated corpus of juristic papyri.In pursuing her/his research, the appointed applicant will be supervised by the Principal Investigator. She/he will collaborate with other staff and post-doctoral researchers in an interdisciplinary working group. Place of work: the University of Pavia, Pavia (Italy).Preference will be given to applicants who hold a PhD awarded by a University from outside Italy, with a doctoral dissertation in one of the following scholarly areas: Classical Philology, Palaeography, Papyrology, Ancient History, Latin, and/or Roman law. The doctoral dissertation has to show that the applicant is competent in and comfortable with applying a philological approach to the study of Roman legal texts, in Latin and Greek, in order to contribute fruitfully to the research objectives of REDHIS. We are looking for someone with experience in writing in (and translating into) English.The closing date for applications is 27 November 2017. Applicants are advised to make sure that their applications comply with Italian regulations as laid out in the official “bando” of this post, which can be found in Italian and English at case you have any questions or require the assistance of any kind with the formalities, please do not hesitate to contact Dr Matthijs Wibier ( informal enquiries may be directed to Prof. Dario Mantovani ( Edinburgh Legal History Blog
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Legal History and Originalism (Law & History Review); DEADLINE 20 DEC 2017

(image source: Blogger)
Law and History Review, a leading journal of legal history published by Cambridge University Press for the American Society for Legal History, seeks article proposals for a special volume entitled "Legal History and Originalism: Rethinking the Special Relationship."  In the past thirty years, the method of constitutional interpretation known as originalism has taken center stage in the legal academy and the broader universe of American jurisprudence.  To a great extent, originalism draws its power from its use of history as a lens to make sense of contemporary legal problems.  Powerful legal opinions by originalist judges and justices write their own legal histories while leaning heavily on leading works of legal history.  Because of the prominence of originalism in American law, we believe it is a proper time to critically assess the scholarly underpinnings of originalist theory and practice.  We therefore seek articles of original research that explore the relationship between originalism and the field of legal history, broadly construed.

Proposals should be no more than a one single-spaced page, including footnotes, and should explain the topic and argument of an article that would be 5,000 words, including notes.  The due date for proposals is December 20th, 2017.  Authors will be notified of the status of their proposal by January 15th, 2017.  Articles will be due in December, 2018.  Proposals should be emailed as attachments (.PDF or .DOC) to the Editor-in-Chief of Law and History Review, Gautham Rao at
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Jus Gentium: Journal of International Legal History II (2017), Nr. 2

(image source: Blogger)
Jus Gentium: Journal of International Legal History published the second issue of its second volume, on the centenary of the Russian Revolution.

Table of contents:
  • G.S. Starodubtsev, The 1917 October Russian Revolution and International Law
  • V.G. Butkevych, The International-Legal Ideology of Pre-Slavic Chiefdoms of the Ukrainian Ethnos (Part Three)
  • O.O. Merezhko, On the Origins of the Ukrainian Science of International Law
  • Olga Butkevych, The Nezabytovskyĭ Concept of the Law of International Community
  • A. N. Vylegzhanin, Legal Status of the Bering Strait: Historical and Legal Context
  • W.E. Butler & V.S. Ivanenko, On the History of Teaching International Law at St. Petersburg University
  • Eglė Bendikaitė, Interwar Lithuania as a Laboratory of International Law
Notes and Comments
  • W.E. Butler, Vladimir Grabar, Peter Lombard, John Mair, and the History of International Law
  • W.E. Butler, The Charles Cramer Archive: A Russian Consul in America and Europe
International Legal Doctrine
  • W.E. Butler, Biographical Note: On the Life and Work of Tikhon Fedorovich Stepanov
  • T.F. Stepanov, All-People’s Law in Aggregate with Diplomacy  

(source: International Law Reporter)
Catégories: Comparative Law News