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WORKSHOP: "Between slavery and freedom: aspects of manumission in the ancient world. The ancient Near East, Greece, and Rome" (Edinburgh, 1 May 2015)


WHAT Between slavery and freedom: aspects of manumission in the ancient world. The ancient Near East, Greece, and Rome, one-day Workshop
WHEN Friday 1 May 2015, 9:30 am - 6:00 pm 
WHERE Sydney Smith Lecture Theatre, doorway 1, Old Medical Quad, Teviot Place
all information here
Hosted by the School of History, Classics and Archaeology, this workshop will bring together scholars working on manumission and slavery in both the classical world (Greece and Rome), and the Near East to debate specific aspects of the manumission process and the lives of freed slaves.Transition from slavery to freedomRecent monographic work on ancient slavery has included a number of significant studies of manumission and freedmen. But despite these monographic treatments, it has become ever clearer that seminal aspects of the processes involved in slave manumission are understudied (including the workings and the place of peculium, the slave’s ability to amass possessions that enables him or her to purchase their freedom, the role played by the slave’s gender in the manumission process and prospects, etc.).Moreover, the status of freed slaves remains subject to debate. In light of the prominence of evidence for manumission and the importance of status in ancient societies, the transition from slavery to freedom is central to our understanding of the peculiar institution in the ancient world.Workshop programmeThere will be three formal sessions: one on Rome, one on Greece, and one on Near Eastern slavery and manumission.Each speaker is allocated one full hour for paper delivery and ensuing discussion, followed by a plenary discussion session at the end of the day chaired by the workshop organisers.



All participants are invited to present a poster on their work on slavery, which will be displayed at the poster session from 7pm onwards.

SpeakersOur speakers at this event join us from the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada and Israel.Near East
  • Dr Cornelia Wunsch (School of Oriental and African Studies, London): ‘Manumission and oblation around the Eastern Mediterranean: a comparative view’
  • Dr Heather Baker (University of Toronto, Canada): ‘Looking for slaves in Assyria’
Greece
  • Professor Deborah Kamen (University of Washington, United States of America): ‘Manumission and the quasi-peculium in classical Athens’
  • Professor Rachel Zelnick-Abramovitz (Tel Aviv University, Israel): ‘Partial manumission and its legal, economic, and social significance’
  • Ms Sara Zanovello (University of Edinburgh): ‘Manumission and paramone in the Delphic inscriptions’
Rome
  • Dr Paul du Plessis (University of Edinburgh): ‘'Slave interrogations in terms of the Lex Iulia on Adulteries'
  • Dr Juan Lewis (University of Edinburgh): ‘vicarii and manumission at Rome’
FeesThe workshop fee covers the registration for the event, refreshments throughout the day, a light sandwich lunch and a reception at the end of the formal proceedings.Two fee options are available; a reduced fee for all students, unwaged or University of Edinburgh staff, and a standard fee for all other attendees.Reduced fee£15.00Standard fee£20.00RegistrationTo register for this workshop, please visit our online booking system.Slavery in World History: public lectureThe manumission workshop is preceded by the 5th in the School’s ‘Slavery in World History' public lectures.Join Professor John Cairns (University of Edinburgh, School of Law) as he discusses his work on the re-use of Roman ‘slave law’.This lecture will take place on 30 April 2015 at 6.15pm in the Teviot Lecture Theatre.The event is free but ticketed. Registration is now open.Further informationFor further information on this workshop, please contact the organisers: Dr Ulrike Roth and Dr David Lewis.
  • Dr Ulrike Roth
  • Head of Classics Subject Area and Senior Lecturer; Ancient History
  • School of History, Classics and ArchaeologyUniversity of Edinburgh
    Email:
    Web:
    Dr Roth's staff profile
    • Dr David Lewis
    • Leverhulme Early Career Fellow; Classics
    • School of History, Classics and ArchaeologyUniversity of Edinburgh
      Email:
      Web:
      David Lewis' staff profile
      Catégories: Comparative Law News

      LECTURE: "Manumitting Slaves: Eighteenth-Century Scotland and Ancient Rome" (Edinburgh, 30 April 2015)


      WHAT Manumitting Slaves: Eighteenth-Century Scotland and Ancient Rome, The 5th Slavery in World History lecture
      WHEN Thursday 30 April 2015, 6:15 pm - 7:30 pm 
      WHERE Teviot Lecture Theatre, doorway 5, Old Medical School, Teviot Place
      all information here

      Hosted by the School of History, Classics and Archaeology, this lecture will consider the manumission of slaves in eighteenth-century Scotland, delivered by Professor John W. Cairns from the University of Edinburgh Law School.Manumitting Slaves: Eighteenth-Century Scotland and Ancient RomeManumission has played a complex social role in slave-owning societies. Unlike ancient Rome, eighteenth-century Scotland was not a slave-society; but it was certainly a society in which men, women and children were held as slaves.This was the product of the energetic activity of Scots in the British Empire: most of the individuals held as slaves had been imported from the colonies. Slave-societies typically regulate manumission as part of a complex set of regulations of slavery and slave-ownership.But the legal position of slaves in Scotland as ambiguous; legal practices imported from the colonies and often understood - at least by lawyers - through a lens of Roman law created social and perhaps even legal norms. These ambiguities created uncertainties about manumission and how to make it effective, to allow those freed to maintain their freedom and not be sold abroad.Join us at our 'Slavery and freedom' workshopFollowing this public lecture, there is a workshop on manumission in the ancient world, taking place on 1 May.Full information on the workshop programme, as well as on how to register, can be found on our website.RegistrationThis lecture is free but ticketed. Please visit our online booking system to register.Further informationFor further information on this workshop, please contact the organiser, Dr Ulrike Roth.

      • Dr Ulrike Roth
      • Head of Classics Subject Area and Senior Lecturer; Ancient History
      • School of History, Classics and ArchaeologyUniversity of Edinburgh
        Email:
        Web:
        Dr Roth's staff profile
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        PETITION: Save the Committee for Historical and Scientific Studies (France)

        (image source: Wikimedia Commons)

        The Committee for Historical and Scientific Studies, founded by François Guizot, issued a call for support to the scientific community. The CTHS's activities cover all epochs of human history, counts as a rallying point for scientific societies all over the country and develops wide-ranging, interdisciplinary activities. The committee publishes both on paper and online. Its annual competition, leading to publication of the best doctoral dissertation received, is well known.
        Petition header:
        Le Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques (CTHS) est né en 1834 de la volonté politique du ministre de l’Instruction publique, François Guizot, qui déclarait : « Cette entreprise ne doit pas être un effort accidentel et passager ; ce sera un long hommage et pour ainsi dire, une institution durable en l’honneur des origines, des souvenirs et de la gloire de la France. » (Guizot - 1834)

        Les missions historiques du CTHS visent à concourir aux recherches et aux publications portant sur les sciences humaines ; favoriser le développement des activités des sociétés savantes et de leurs fédérations ; assurer l’édition de textes, de répertoires, d’orientations de recherche… ; organiser annuellement le Congrès national des sociétés historiques et scientifiques. (cf. arrêté du 12/06/2007 – NOR: ESRS0755546A)

        Le CTHS développe ses activités avec l’aide de 255 membres, chercheurs et universitaires qui favorisent les échanges entre la recherche publique et le monde associatif. Depuis plus de 150 ans, le CTHS publie des ouvrages de référence en sciences humaines. Il a compté parmi ses membres d’éminentes personnalités, telles que Hugo, Mérimée, Viollet-le-Duc, Pasteur, Champollion Figeac, Maspero, Durkheim, Aulard, Tarde…

        Depuis 2007, le CTHS est un institut rattaché à l’École nationale des chartes. Sa tutelle remet en cause l’autonomie de gestion du CTHS tout en lui imposant des coupes budgétaires qui ne lui permettent plus d’assurer ses missions. Deux postes ont déjà été perdus et le maintien d’une partie non négligeable du personnel est sérieusement menacé. Sans le soutien actif de la communauté scientifique, de ses partenaires, de ses lecteurs, le CTHS est voué à disparaître.

        Soutenez le Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques en apposant votre signature et en diffusant cette pétition qui sera adressée à la ministre de l’Enseignement supérieur, de l’éducation nationale et de la recherche, Madame Najat Vallaud-Belkacem.

        Le personnel du CTHS, son délégué général et son PrésidentThe full petition is available on change.org.
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        CONFERENCE: Capital, Investment and Innovation in the Roman World (Free University of Brussels (VUB), 28-30 May 2015)

        (image source: Wikimedia Commons)
        The Research Network "Structural Determinants of Economic Performance in the Roman World" (Ghent/Leuven/VUB, funded by the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO)) organises a conference in Brussels (VUB) on 28-30 May 2015 around the theme "Capital, Investment and Innovation in the Roman World".

        Presentation:
        Capital may be defined to comprise all man-made resources available for production. These include (1) financial capital : all monetary wealth in whatever form (stocks of currency, bullion, transferable credit bonds, etc.) available to buy whatever is needed or used to realize production: supplies, tools, equipment, labor, licenses, information, etc.; as well as (2) real (or physical) capital: all material resources such as tools, workshops and factories, warehouses, etc. needed or used to realize production. Both forms of capital may be privately or publicly owned. In a wider sense the concept 'human capital' denotes the embodied stock of human competencies, intellectual and other, that allow a person to perform the tasks necessary to create 'labor'. In order to retain a clear focus for the project and monograph, however, we will limit ourselves for this project to these 'classical' definitions of capital. The concept 'social capital', while valuable in itself, would take us too far from what we consider the core issues of our project. We explicitly focus, furthermore, on investments and innovations, i.e. on the quantitative and qualitative changes that stocks of financial, real and human capital underwent in the Roman world. The objective is to produce a coherent and innovative study of capital, investment and innovation in the Roman world.

        Capital and credit are important elements in the furthering or holding back of economic growth. The allocation of capital, labor and natural resources through market and non-market channels determines economic performance.

        Hence, fundamental issues in understanding the functioning of the economy of the Roman world include: who had access to capital, to what extent, and in what form, and how they dealt with it. Various segments of society controlled capital to different extents and used it for diverse purposes.

        Did the social and political elites of the Roman world treat the wealth they controlled fundamentally differently from the magnates of the capitalistic era, or do the different forms and instruments of the Roman business world no more than cloak an essentially identical mentality? To what extent did other segments of society have access to capital, and how did capital circulate through society?

        Asking these questions implies that we should not limit our study to the formal instruments of banking and business, but also take into account the wider institutional framework, both the formal rules and the social networks and informal arrangements that eased or hampered the dissemination of capital. Recent approaches within NIE (North, Wallis & Weingast, Violence and Social Orders, 2009) urge us to look at political and social conditions that constrained the pre-modern economy. According to a pessimistic view, the predatory and exploitative inclinations of the state and of the politically leading rentier class, who extracted the surpluses produced by the peasantry and an underprivileged workforce, hampered the accumulation and productive investment of capital. In other views, it was not the shortage of capital, but the poor allocation of capital that restrained economic performance. The question, however, is whether this is a valid assessment of the situation in the Roman Empire.

        Some questions that we will discuss are:
        •Did the political and social elites perceive money as an economic asset?
        •What part of their property and income consisted of disposable money? How easily and/or readily were assets such as land, buildings, workshops, or slaves transferred into financial capital through factor and commodity markets?
        •To what extent did the political and social elites dominate ownership of capital goods (land, natural resources, raw materials, production facilities, tools)?
        •What is the role of the state (on imperial and local levels) in the accumulation of capital? What was the property rights regime of publicly owned goods ? What is the role of war in the dissemination and destruction of (fixed) capital?
        •What was the role of religious institutions, such as temples, in the creation of capital and in making it available? Were there subject to the same property rights regime as private persons?
        •How well did the credit market function? What does the level of interest tell us about the value of capital? Which requirements and whose needs determined the development of formal and informal instruments of the credit market?
        •What was the role of private voluntary collectives, such as collegia, in the creation of capital and in making it available ? Were there subject to the same property rights regime as private persons ?
        •To what extent was credit necessary for production ? What form did this credit take ? To what extent was consumption credit provided for by commercially oriented financial institutions or entrepreneurs - i.e. by enterprises whose financial assets constituted working capital rather than reserves for future consumption ?
        •How and by whom were capital goods besides land and natural resources (tools, machines, production facilities, work animals) produced and allocated?

        Equally important is the question to which purposes capital was used: what scope for investment did the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors offer, and to what extent was capital invested in means of production that boosted productivity rather than in status-enhancing assets such as urban palaces, benefactions, and expensive cooks? While investments potentially created growth, market oriented capital investment is as much a response to an expanding market as it is an incentive for economic growth in itself. The increasing urbanization and market integration of the Roman world made productive capital investment an increasingly attractive option, as it widened the market and increased the stability of demand. At the same time, to what extent did landowners and businessmen actually respond to these changing conditions of the market? And how did their response to population decline and the shrinking of the urban markets aggravate the economic decline that seems to occur in many parts of the Roman world after the second century AD? The examples of capital investment in agriculture, transportation, and industry in our archaeological and written sources are undeniable, but what limits were there to the investment of capital in the economy ?

        One form of investment that deserves particular interest and which operated at all levels of society is that in knowledge and expertise. As with other forms of investment, a costly and time-consuming effort in gaining specialized know-how and expertise was economically only viable in conditions of sufficient - and sufficiently stable - demand. The ways in which knowledge and expertise were disseminated in pre-modern societies has been used as a marker of the economic development of such societies. In concrete terms, how did servile and freeborn workers and artisans acquire the knowledge they needed? To what extent did this stimulate or constrain economic development? In which ways was professional education embedded in the social and domestic context of business, agriculture, and industry? How is education of labor related to the control of capital and other means of production? Who had what interest in the acquisition and dissemination of expertise and know-how among the free and servile population.

        Some questions that we will discuss are:
        •What forms of investment in agriculture and other sectors of the economy are visible in the archaeological and written sources?
        •What conditions stimulated or constrained investments in the various economic sectors? To what extent did imperial and local taxation stimulate and restrain capital investment? To what extent did investment opportunities stimulate the development of financial institutions?
        •What is the relation between capital investment and productivity? Is capital investment related to economies of scale?
        •To what extent did investments in agriculture lead to an increase in available animal energy and higher labor productivity? To what extent did a fall in demand cause a reversal of this development?
        •How was knowledge and expertise acquired and disseminated in various sectors? What is the relationship between the acquisition of specialized knowledge and capital investment in equipment and infrastructure?

        As with investment, incentives to modernize methods of production in agriculture or other economic sectors can be seen as stemming from the rise in urban markets and the increase of rural industries as much as causing economic growth in the first place. In many societies, capital investment went hand in hand with innovation. The investment in expertise and know-how does not only concern the dissemination of existing knowledge, but also provides the starting point for the creation of new technologies and methods. Innovation in the Graeco-Roman world not only consisted of the introduction of new cash and fodder crops and new agricultural techniques, but also of the introduction of new forms of equipment and technologies, and of the application of existing methods on a vastly larger scale. A fundamental question concerns the goals of innovation, i.e. whether innovation was intended to overcome the constraints of production (as in irrigation in agriculture or the application of new technologies in industry), to introduce new sources of energy, or to reduce the input of labor. Available energy was a constraining factor in pre-industrial economies, which makes energy-enhancing innovations of vital importance for economic growth. Of equal importance for the allocation of production factors, however, is the extent to which such sources of energy could be concentrated or transported (such as coal was from the 18th century onwards).

        Some questions that we will discuss are:
        •What forms of innovation occurred in agriculture, transportation, and industry, and what caused these innovations? To what extent did the costs involved and the risks inherent in novelty cause an aversion to innovation?
        •What is the relation between innovation and technological change? To what extent do we see investment in larger installations?
        •To what extent is the model of the 'low equilibrium trap', which is seen as limiting the need or drive for innovation, a valid model for the Roman world?
        •Which goals determined these innovations? What is the relation between the nature of the workforce and the production process?
        •In what ways is investment and innovation related to the increase in the availability of new sources of energy?Programme:
        Koen Verboven & Paul Erdkamp, Introduction

        Part 1. Capital
        •K. Gunnar Persson, Capital, labour, and income estimates in the Roman world
        •Wim Broekaert / Arjan Zuiderhoek, Capital goods in the Roman economy
        •Norman Underwood, Laboring for God: The Clergy and Human Capital in the Later Roman Empire
        •Leonardo Gregoratti, Temples and traders in Palmyra
        •Koen Verboven, Credit institutions and financial capital in the Roman world
        •Marguerite Ronin, Cooperative investment in rural communities of the Roman Empire

        Part. 2. Investment
        •Christiano Viglietti, Pecunia adpensa. Capital, investment, and  innovation in an uncoined-money economy: Rome c. 700-350 BCE
        •Jean Andreau, Capital and investment in the Campanian tablets
        •Sitta Von Reden, Credit and Investment in Roman Egypt
        •G. Minaud, Chiffre d'affaires, bénéfice et capitalisation
        •Mick Stringer, Impensae, operae and pastio uillatica. New venture investments in the Roman agricultural treatises.
        •Annalisa Marzano, A story of land and water: Capital and Investment in large-scale fishing and fish-salting operations
        •Tim Clerbaut, The Roman villae: new beacons of capital production, capital management and Romanization in the Roman North

        Part. 3. Innovation
        •Paul Erdkamp, Malthusian constraints on the Roman economy. A critique of the ‘low equilibrium trap’
        •Helmuth Schneider, Technical innovations in the Roman world

        •Robin Veal, Forest resources and technical innovation in the Roman economy
        •Andrew Wilson, Concluding remarks
        Abstracts can be found on the conference website.

        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        BOOK: Michael STOLLEIS, Public Law in Germany: an Introduction into its History, 16th-21st Century [Beck'sche Reihe, 6135] (Munich: C.H. Beck, 2014), 228 p. ISBN 9783406659430. € 16,95


        Prof. em. dr. dr. h.c. mult. Michael Stolleis, honorary director of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History, has published an introduction to the history of public law (in German).

        Presentation:
        Die „Geschichte des öffentlichen Rechts in Deutschland“ in vier Bänden von Michael Stolleis gehört zu den herausragenden Gesamtdarstellungen unserer Zeit. Auf mehr als 2000 Druckseiten entfaltet ihr Autor darin weit über den wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Rahmen hinaus ein rechtshistorisches Panorama Deutschlands von der Frühen Neuzeit bis an die Schwelle der Gegenwart. Nun fasst Stolleis kaum weniger eindrucksvoll den gewaltigen Stoff noch einmal auf rund 240 Seiten zusammen. Der Leser dieser glänzenden Einführung gewinnt ein grundlegendes Wissen über das deutsche öffentliche Recht im Wandel der Zeiten. 
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        SEMINAR: "Théologie morale et dynamique des fors. La confessionnalisation catholique et les contradictions de la conscience moderne" (Paris, 15 April 2015)


        WHAT Théologie morale et dynamique des fors.  La confessionnalisation catholique et les contradictions de la conscience moderne, seminar
        WHEN 15 April 2015, 11:00-13:00

        WHERE Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, EHESS, CENJ, salle 10 (105, bd Raspail) 

        speaker

        Jean-Pascal GAY (Université de Strasbourg)
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        CALL FOR ARTICLES: Colonial Legal History - Rechtskultur, European Journal of Legal History (Regensburg) - DEADLINE 31 JULY 2016

         (image source: Rechtskultur)
        The trilingual European Journal of Legal History Rechtskultur (Regensburg: Edition Rechtskultur) plans its fifth edition in 2016 on colonial legal history.

        Call (source: HSoZKult):

        2016 wird der fünfte Band der Zeitschrift "Rechtskultur - European Journal of Legal History - Journal européene d'histoire du droit" erscheinen. Themenschwerpunkt ist die Kolonialrechtsgeschichte.
        Die Herausgeber laden Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aller einschlägigen Fachdisziplinen zur Einreichung von Beiträgen für Rechtskultur 5 (2016) ein.
        Die Beiträge sollen einen Umfang von 100.000 Zeichen nicht überschreiten und bis zum 31. Juli 2016 bei der Redaktion eingehen, die unter rechtskultur@ur.de erreichbar ist.
        "Rechtskultur" steht Autoren aller einschlägigen Wissenschaftsdisziplinen ohne Ansehen des universitären Status offen. Kriterien sind allein Themenbezug und Qualität eines Aufsatzes. Alle eingehenden Aufsätze werden einer beiderseits anonymen Begutachtung unterzogen. "Rechtskultur" ist eine Zeitschrift mit europäischem Charakter. Das wird bereits durch die Dreisprachigkeit des Blattes deutlich. Die Zeitschrift bietet also ein Forum für eine wirklich europäisch verstandene Rechtsgeschichte genauso wie für die Vergleichende Rechtsgeschichte. Sie möchte die nationalen Wissenschaften weiter aus ihrer Beschränkung heraus-führen und dabei helfen, Anknüpfungspunkte für grenzüberschreitende Zusammenarbeit auszuloten.
        "Rechtskultur" ist strikt themenbezogen. Jedes Heft ist einem Oberthema gewidmet und gibt auf diese Weise die Möglichkeit, verschiedene Forschungsansätze auf einem Feld kennenzulernen. Jedes Heft wird am Ende einen rapport de synthèse enthalten, den ein ausgewiesener Wissenschaftler liefern wird und der die Verbindungslinien zwischen den einzelnen Beiträgen herstellt.
        "Rechtskultur" ist transdisziplinär ausgerichtet, sucht also bewußt den Kontakt zu Nachbarwissenschaften, die sich mit verwandten Fragestellungen befassen oder identischen Quellenbeständen arbeiten. Jedes Themenheft enthält deshalb Beiträge von Wissenschaftlern verschiedener Disziplinen.
        Contact:
        Prof. dr. Martin Löhnig
        Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg
        martin.loehnig@jura.uni-regensburg.de
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        ARTICLES: Legal Realism and Natural Law, Logic for Legal Historians, Buddhism and the Law (Law and Humanities Blog)

        (image source: Law and Humanities Blog)
         The Law and Humanities blog signalled some interesting new scholarship:
        • Daniel Prey (York), "Legal Realism and Natural Law", in: Maksymilian Del Mar & Michael Lobban (ed.), Law, Theory and History: New Essays on a Neglected Topic (2015) (click here)
        The possibility of any meaningful relationship between the legal realists and natural law looks at first rather far-fetched. When it first appeared on the jurisprudential scene, legal realism was savagely attacked by proponents of natural law theory. To this day legal realism is depicted as a modernist, critical, at times almost nihilist approach to law, the polar opposite of the ancient natural law theory that traces its roots to Greek and Roman philosophy, and insists on unchanging objective values. And yet, two of the most famous legal realists, Karl Llewellyn and Jerome Frank, expressed in some of their writings more than a passing endorsement of natural law theory. The purpose of this essay is to try and explain this seemingly odd aspect of their work and in this way help in reassessing their work. We do so by explaining how they understood natural law and how they incorporated it in their work. Though they did not understand the term in precisely the same way, for both of them natural law was connected to the values of the community, which both of them thought were central to understanding law, for explaining how it could remain relatively certain, and ultimately, how it derived its authority.
        •  Ilan Wurman (Winston & Strawn, LLP), "Law Historians' Fallacies", North Dakota Law Review (click here)
        A common line of attack against originalists is that lawyers just aren’t good at doing history. But in his famous book Historians’ Fallacies, David Hackett Fischer noted that many historians aren’t good at doing history either: They often fall into one or more of numerous fallacies that he catalogued in his celebrated and often devastating three-hundred page book. This Article points out the many ways in which originalists and other legal historians fall into, but also how they may avoid, some of the same fallacies committed by the historians whose works made their way into Fischer’s book. It will then point to corresponding lessons that lawyers-turned-historians ought to employ to write better history. The belief is that lawyers, judges, and legal academics can become good — or at least better — historians.

        Part I confronts two general attacks on the use of history, both of which challenge the possibility of obtaining relevant and objective historical knowledge. Part II establishes the importance of investigative questions and describes fallacies of question-framing that lead originalists astray. Part III explores fallacies of factual verification that stem from reliance on flawed types of evidence. Part IV addresses one fallacy of factual significance — which we shall call the originalist’s fallacy — that leads some originalists to misunderstand the significance of certain evidence. Part V illustrates fallacies of narration, including fallacies of anachronism and presentism, that too often create fruitless investigations and provide ahistorical answers. Part VI, although recognizing the importance of generalization, demonstrates how originalists (and other legal historians) often generalize improperly. 
        • Rebecca French (SUNY Buffalo), "What is Buddhist Law ?", SUNY Buffalo Legal Studies Research Papers (click here)
        This Law Review article, and ones that follow, are an introduction to Buddhist Law and its influence in Asia and the rest of the world. While the legal traditions of all major religious traditions have been extensively studied and written about, there are very few scholars of, and little written in any language on, the legal concepts in the Buddhist tradition. There is basically nothing in the legal academic literature in the U.S. nor are translations of the actual legal texts available for general use when working to understand this form of thinking, or in making comparisons to other religious laws. This series of articles will examine the reasons for this gap, outline the contextual setting, explore the actual rules that were established, note how they influenced social systems in Asia and address other general aspects of Buddhist Law.

        This article will have two types of writing: (1) in regular script, the legal discussion and description common to a Law Review and (2) in italics, translations of actual Buddhist law code texts, particularly the Vinaya, or canonical law code. The second type of writing is presented to familiarize non-Asian lawyers with the style of the text and some of the concepts and ideas that underlie Buddhism and Buddhist Law. Besides the intrinsic interest of a wholly unknown legal system, this material is useful for comparative lawyers, international lawyers, scholars of public policy and anyone doing law in a former or current Buddhist country.
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        BOOK: Amaya on the Nature of Coherence and its Role in Legal Argument

        Juris Diversitas - mar, 04/14/2015 - 04:57
        Hart Publishing has recently published Amalia Amaya's The Tapestry of Reason: An Inquiry into the Nature of Coherence and its Role in Legal Argument. The abstract reads:
        Recently legal scholarship has been heavily influenced by coherence theories of law and adjudication. These theories significantly advance the case for coherentism in law, yet a number of problems remain. This ambitious new work is the first to develop a coherence-based theory of legal reasoning, and in so doing address, or at least mitigate, these problems. The book is organised in three parts. Part one critically analyses the main coherentist approaches to both normative and factual reasoning in law. Part two investigates coherence theory in a number of fields that are relevant to law: coherence theories of epistemic justification, coherentist approaches to belief revision and theory-choice, coherence theories of practical and moral reasoning and coherence-based approaches to discourse interpretation. Taking this interdisciplinary analysis as a starting point, part three develops a coherence-based model of legal reasoning, building upon the standard theory of legal reasoning, leading to a reconsideration of some of the basic assumptions that characterise this theory and suggesting some lines along which it may be further developed. Thus, the book not only improves upon the current state of coherence theory in law, but also helps to articulate a theory of legal reasoning that results in better decision-making.
        THE AUTHORAmalia Amaya is a Researcher in the Institute of Philosophical Research at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
        BOOK DETAILSMarch 2015   9781849460705  560pp   Hbk   RSP: £75 / US$150Discount Price: £60 / US$120
        Order OnlineIf you would like to place an order for the book you can do so through the Hart Publishing website (link below). To receive the discount please type the reference ‘CV7’ in the voucher code field and click ‘apply’

        UK, EU and ROW: http://www.hartpub.co.uk/BookDetails.aspx?ISBN=9781849460705
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        JOB: Post-doctoral recruitments at EHESS for 2015-2016 (Paris) (DEADLINE 11 May 2015)

        (image source: Wikimedia Commons)
        The EHESS (Paris) recruits 10 postdocs for the coming academic year, for one year (2015-2016).

        More information:

        Recrutement de 10 post-doctorants à l'EHESS en 2015
        Dix emplois de chercheurs post-doctorants sont ouverts à l'EHESS à compter du 1er septembre 2015 pour une durée d'un an. Ces emplois concernent les différents domaines des sciences humaines et sociales.Ils sont proposés aux jeunes chercheurs ayant soutenu entre le 01 janvier 2012 et le 07 avril 2015, une thèse de doctorat dans un autre établissement que l'EHESS, en France ou à l'étranger.Les candidats ne doivent jamais avoir été bénéficiaires d'un contrat de travail géré par l'EHESS.Dans le cadre d’un partenariat avec le Musée des civilisations de l’Europe et de la Méditerranée (MuCEM), une candidature sélectionnée s’inscrivant dans le champ d’activité de cet établissement (les dynamiques des sociétés contemporaines du bassin méditerranéen) pourra être soumise au MuCEM pour un co-financement éventuel et une intégration du candidat au département recherche et enseignement du MuCEM.Chaque candidat indiquera (jusqu'à 3 maximum) le(s) laboratoire(s) ou centre(s) de recherche de l'EHESS (ou auquel l'EHESS est associée) au sein desquels il souhaiterait être accueilli pour y inscrire son projet de recherche dans l'un des programmes d'activités du laboratoire/centre.(la liste des centres est consultable sur le site de l'EHESS : http://www.ehess.fr/fr/recherche/centres/La sélection favorisera les dossiers comportant une forte dimension interdisciplinaire, une ouverture internationale et une capacité de dialogue avec plusieurs laboratoires ou domaines de l'EHESS.                                                                                         CANDIDATER               Pour candidater, les candidats doivent impérativement remplir le formulaire en ligne  du mardi 7 avril 2015 à midi jusqu'au lundi 11 mai 2015 midi et y insérer les documents suivants au format pdf:
        • un curriculum vitae avec la liste des publications
        • la copie du diplôme de doctorat ou attestation faisant foi
        • le rapport de soutenance de la thèse de doctorat le cas échéant
        • une lettre de candidature, adressée à l'attention du président de l'EHESS
        • le(s) nom(s) du/des laboratoire(s) ou centre(s) de recherche de l'EHESS
        • un projet de recherche et d'activités post-doctorales maximum(en cinq pages maximum) rédigé dans le cadre d'une année et s'insérant précisément dans le programme du/des laboratoire(s) ou centre(s) de recherche de l'EHESS ou lié(s) à l'EHESS, à Paris, Marseille, Toulouse ou Lyon

        La rédaction du projet de recherche et d'activités post-doctorales en anglais est autorisée. Toutefois, un bon niveau de compréhension et d'expression orale en français est requis.
        Les candidatures se font uniquement en ligne et devront être validées en cliquant sur le bouton du formulaire « Candidater », à partir du mardi 07 avril 2015 midi et au plus tard le lundi 11 mai 2015 à midi (heure locale de Paris)
        Une confirmation de réception du formulaire, sous réserve de recevabilité de la candidature à un emploi de post-doctorant à l'EHESS, sera envoyée automatiquement par mail à l'adresse email inscrite dans le formulaire par le candidat.Les formulaires reçus en ligne passé ce délai, incomplets ou non conformes ne pourront être pris en considération.
        Les résultats seront disponibles à partir du mercredi 10 juin 2015 sur le site de l'EHESS - rubrique "Recrutements/chercheurs"Pour toute information complémentaire, merci de nous contacter, exclusivement par mail, à l'adresse: bureau-contractuels@ehess.fr(source: ehess website)
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        WEBSITE (New!): The International Academy of Comparative Law

        Juris Diversitas - lun, 04/13/2015 - 05:15
         The International Academy of Comparative Law has a new, engaging website. 

        Have a look at http://iuscomparatum.info/!!
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        SEMINAR: "Rationalité et consentement dans la perspective du féminisme juridique" (Paris, 15 April 2015)


        WHAT Rationalité et consentement dans la perspective du féminisme juridique, seminar
        WHEN 15 April 2015, 15:00-17:00
        WHERE Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, EHESS, salle 2 (105, bd Raspail) 
        SpeakerMaria Rosaria Marella (University of Perugia)

         
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        SEMINAR: "Succès et revers des interprétations juridictionnelles surprenantes. Retour sur „Lüth" (Paris, 14 April 2015)


        WHAT Succès et revers des interprétations juridictionnelles surprenantes. Retour sur „Lüth, (Cour constitutionnelle fédérale allemande 15 January 1958 ) et „Circoncision“ (Landgericht Cologne 7 mai 2012), Séance du séminaire de Emanuele Conte, Public-privé : une frontière floue entre la force de l'état et l'autonomie des individus
        WHEN 14 April 2015, 18:00-21:00

        WHERE  Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, EHESS, salle 1 (105, bd Raspail) 

        À l’âge de l’État libéral la systématique juridique avait bâti des frontières apparemment bien établies pour séparer l’espace de compétence du pouvoir souverain de la sphère d’action des sujets privés. Aboli tout corps intermédiaire, exaltée l’efficacité de la volonté du sujet privé, l’État avait marqué les chemins par lesquels il pouvait exercer sa toute-puissance.Ébranlé déjà par les crises du XXe siècle, cette démarcation idéale est désormais presque partout négligée. Sur ce thème, des juristes français et étranger présenteront des cas exemplaires tirés soit de l’actualité nationale et internationale soit de l’expérience historique.
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        ROUNDTABLE: "Biens communs. Stratégies juridiques pour des perspectives européennes" (Paris, 13 April 2015)


        WHAT Biens communs. Stratégies juridiques pour des perspectives européennes, International Roundtable
        WHEN Monday 13 April 2015, 9:00- 19:00
        WHERE Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, EHESS, salle Lombard (96, bd Raspail) and salle 11 (105, bd Raspail)
        Le CENJ « Yan Thomas » de l’Institut Marcel Mauss a animé pendant deux ans le séminaire interdisciplinaire « Le bien commun, les biens communs, les choses communes, la collectivisation des intérêts » qui a fait appel au monde de chercheurs et de praticiens experts pour examiner l’émergence de la thématique des commons et les interactions entre expériences et recherche autour des relations entre biens communs et droit, les usages de stratégie juridique par les divers acteurs sociaux, les formes de law making élaborées par les bas, les expériences d’interaction entres différents acteurs dans des arènes hybrides.En considérant l’importance que la notion de « biens publics » a prise dans le débat en économie, celle de « biens communs » dans la réflexion en philosophie et sciences politiques, et le développement de travaux dans le domaine de la « propriété intellectuelle », il nous a semblé utile de faire le point sur les définitions des notions juridiques qui se trouvent au cœur de ces recherches. Traditionnellement, les choses communes sont en effet des choses inappropriables, que ce soit de manière privative ou par une entité publique. Leur nature est de « n’appartenir à personne ». En revanche, les biens sont des choses appropriables, de manière privative ou collective. Elles peuvent également être, dans certains systèmes juridiques, uniquement affectées à un usage particulier, sans faire l’objet pour autant d’une appropriation.

        L’exigence sociale qui s’exprime aujourd’hui d’une nécessité de rendre certaines choses et ressources « communes » remet en cause le statut du droit de propriété à l’intérieur des systèmes juridiques, économiques et sociaux établis. Si d’un côté l’objectif de la valorisation des commons ne peut pas être éludé, de l’autre la question de l’accès aux biens, au-delà de leur titre de propriété, acquiert une importance grandissante. La garantie de cet accès représente en fait une condition incontournable pour satisfaire des besoins sociaux liés à la protection des écosystèmes et des nouvelles formes de production immatérielle. C’est pourquoi cette garantie est tenue pour ce qui permet de rendre effectifs les droits fondamentaux des sujets, comme individus et comme membres de formations sociales. Et de nouvelles procédures, telles que les class actions, sont utilisées afin d’agréger des intérêts individuels, de faire apparaître un intérêt collectif et, dans certains cas, des biens communs, ou une vision du bien commun. Cet aspect de la procédure dévoile un des enjeux de cette question : la réification de l’adjectif « commun » autour d’une liste de biens à traiter en tant que « communs » est difficilement séparable d’une idée de « commun » comme pratique collective capable d’instituer, administrer et protéger ces mêmes biens.Le séminaire international organisé par le CENJ et l’IMM, avec le soutien du Labex TEPSIS, vise à favoriser les échanges internationaux entre les équipes de chercheurs et les acteurs publics, institutionnels, économiques ou sociaux (dont des élus de l’Intergroupe sur les « Biens Communs et les Services Publics » qui s’est récemment formé au sein du Parlement Européen) afin de nourrir le débat et élaborer des propositions communes.Son objectif est d’approfondir la réflexion au sujet des commons qui a été élaborée ces dernières années en France et en Italie, en reliant les différents contextes du débat, avec leurs traditions juridiques respectives. La journée devra favoriser les interactions entre recherche, pratiques sociales et institutions politiques, afin de valoriser au mieux les expériences pionnières déjà existantes dans l’élaboration d’outils juridiques et économiques. Il s’agira, entre autres, de discuter la proposition d’un texte de loi sur les commons, à partir du projet déjà déposé au Sénat italien, en vue d’une réception par les institutions représentatives européennes. Le débat sur la création et la protection de biens communs d’un point de vue technico-opérationnel sera accompagné par une analyse critique plus vaste sur les enjeux sociaux et politiques découlant de cette mobilisation intellectuelle et pratique.La journée se déroulera autour de deux tables rondes : la matinée sera consacrée à une analyse de l’état actuel du débat et des pratiques dans les différents domaines des « communs » (biens communs naturels, biens communs immatériels, biens communs urbains et territoriaux, biens communs et services publics) ; l’après-midi, à une discussion sur les outils et formes juridiques expérimentés autour des communs en vue d’une formulation normative à soumettre aux instances européennes compétentes. La discussion finale cherchera à établir des synergies d’études et d’actions au niveau européen ainsi qu’un agenda de collaboration avec l’Intergroupe Européen sur les Biens Communs afin de définir et accompagner de nouveaux projets de recherche, de diffusion, d’action sur la thématique des communs.intervenants:Adalgiso Amendola, professeur de sociologie, Università di SalernoAurore Chaigneau, professeur de droit privé, Université d’AmiensBenjamin Coriat, professeur d’économie, Université Paris 13Melanie Dulong de Rosnay, chargée de recherche au CNRS, ISCC, ancienne responsable juridique Creative Commons France, ancienne présidente de l'association CommuniaDaniela Festa, juriste et géographe sociale, Boursière Fernand Braudel-IFER incoming, FMSH auprès de l’IMM-EHESSAnne Le Strat, ancienne adjointe à la Mairie de Paris, experte des politiques de gestion de l’eauMaria Rosaria Marella, professeur de droit civil, Università di PerugiaUgo Mattei, professeur de droit comparé, IUC, Torino, Hastings College of the Law dell’Università della California a San Francisco Paolo Napoli, directeur d’études à l’EHESS, CENJ « Yan Thomas » de l’IMMAntonio Negri, philosophe , ancien professeur de Doctrine État à PadoueAlbert Ogien, directeur de recherche CNRS, directeur de l’Institut Marcel Mauss (IMM-EHESS/CNRS)Fabienne Orsi, économiste, chargée de recherche à l’Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Université Aix Marseille, associée au Centre de recherche en Économie de l’Université Paris NordJudith Rochfeld, professeur de droit privé à l’École de droit de la Sorbonne, Université de Panthéon Sorbonne, Paris 1, coprésidente du Réseau européen d’experts en droit, Trans Europe ExpertStefano Rodotà, juriste et professeur émérite de droit civil (en téléconférence)Pierre Sauvetre, chercheur associé au Sophiapol, Université Paris-Ouest Nanterre La DéfenseFrédéric Sultan, Vecam, Remix the Commons et Réseau francophone des biens communsUn membre de la Fondation Teatro Valle Bene Comune, RomaUn membre de l’Asilo Filangieri, Naples

        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        JURIS DIVERSITAS BOOK SERIES: Update and Call for Proposals

        Juris Diversitas - ven, 04/10/2015 - 03:47
        Juris Diversitas is proud to have a book series with Ashgate Publishing (we're also a Publishing Partner): 
        Rooted in comparative law, the Juris Diversitas Series focuses on the interdisciplinary study of legal and normative mixtures and movements. Our interest is in comparison broadly conceived, extending beyond law narrowly understood to related fields. Titles might be geographical or temporal comparisons. They could focus on theory and methodology, substantive law, or legal cultures. They could investigate official or unofficial ‘legalities’, past and present and around the world. And, to effectively cross spatial, temporal, and normative boundaries, inter- and multi-disciplinary research is particularly welcome. 
        Since October 2014, the following titles have been published:
        1. Seán Patrick Donlan and Lukas Heckerdon-Ursheler (eds), Concepts of Law: Comparative, Jurisprudential, and Social Science Perspectives 
        2. Sue Farran, Esin Örücü, and Seán Patrick Donlan (eds), A Study of Mixed Legal Systems: Endangered, Entrenched, or Blend
        3. Vernon Palmer, Mohamed Y Mattar, and Anna Koppel (eds), Mixed Legal Systems, East and West
        4. Daniela Berti, Anthony Good, and Gilles Tarabout (eds), Of Doubt and Proof: Ritual and Legal Practices of Judgment
        Among other titles, the following are due in 2015:While we anticipate publishing future collections (original, conference-based, Festschriften, etc), we're also very interested in publishing monographs and student texts. 
        Note that selected volumes are also provided free with membership.
        In addition, Ashgate Publishing is delighted to offer members of Juris Diversitas a special discount of 20% on all Ashgate’s titles. 

        How to claim your Ashgate discount. 
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        JOURNAL ANNOUNCEMENT: European Law Journal new issue

        Juris Diversitas - mer, 04/08/2015 - 10:12
        The Whig history of European integration has tended to assume both that the EU is a ‘club’ of democratic states and that being a member of the EU necessarily results in the strengthening of national democracy. But even a summary reading of the post-war history of the states that formed the little Europe of six will throw serious doubts on the extent to which the Whig narrative can be taken without a pinch of salt. Think about the many violations of fundamental rights during the Algerian war, the obscure episodes of collusion of state apparatuses with terrorist groups during the anni di piombo, not unrelated to aborted coups d'état, the shamefully ugly face of colonialism and post-colonialism, not to speak of the dark legacies of fascist legal theory. The rise of ‘plébéiens de droit’ (à la Häider, Berlusconi, Orban or Le Pen) is the last episode of a story that did not start yesterday and in which threats invariably come from non-democratic forces, whether they claim to be right wing or left wing. This makes exceedingly topical and interesting the question that Mueller poses in the opening article of this issue, namely, Can there be a dictatorship within the EU? Mueller's institutional and substantive proposals are bound to be highly polemical, as well as his (perhaps not fully un-Whig) assumption that there is more of a threat coming from ‘illiberal’ democracy (à la Orban) than from authoritarian liberalism (à la austerity). But the central question and the key issues raised in Müller's article are bound to remain with us in the foreseeable future.While the interest in Euratom has constantly declined, Álvarez Verdugo's article is a good reminder that much can be contributed to the general debate on Union law from what are widely (and wrongly) regarded as esoteric issues at the margins of the European legal order. The story of the other stress tests, i.e. the tests of European nuclear plants undertaken after the Fukushima nuclear accident, and the ensuing attempts at changing European nuclear safety rules prove that sometimes more light can be thrown from the margins than from the core of EU law. Three contributions to this issue revolve around the potential of non-discrimination as a tool for the realisation and protection of fundamental rights and liberties. Travis' analysis of the European legal regime of intersexuality combines careful attention to legal detail and context with a powerful case for the constructive role of non-discrimination. Costa Arcarazo finds that through non-discrimination, the Long Term Residence Directive and the case-law of the European Court of Justice have resulted in the crystallisation of a truly post-national status for permanent residents in the EU. Pearson revisits one of the most passionately debated issues regarding free movement of workers, the system of transfer of football players, and finds that the present arrangements are likely to fall foul of Union law.Van der Aa invites us to dig deeper into European criminal law from the standpoint of the rights of victims after the sentence is rendered, that is, in the post-trial stage. The author finds that European law is still open to the criticism of neglecting the rights of victims, something for which lack of competence is no valid excuse. Last but not least, Marxsen revisits ‘stakeholders’ consultations, one of the jewels in the crown of participatory democracy. The author documents that business and industry organisations dominate the consultative process, while the participation of citizens and not-for-profit organisations is generally weak. It seems, after all, that the days of representative democracy are not only not over, but should not be over.As this issue goes to the presses, we are giving the final touches to the May issue, which will contain a special section around the English translation of Hermann Heller's piece on authoritarian liberalism. Leaving aside two short encyclopedia entries written in English just before his untimely death in 1933, and a long extract of his posthumous Theory of the State (masterfully translated by David Dyzenhaus), Heller's writings remain untranslated into English. That is sad, odd and unacceptable. Heller's analysis of the decline and fall of the Democratic Rechtsstaat in Europe, as well as the transformation of his thinking as the crises unfolded in Europe, are as topical today as they were in the early 1930s. Given that Heller practised law in context avant la lettre, it is only natural that the ELJ takes the lead in sparking interest and in prompting debate around the fundamental contributions of Heller to European constitutional legal theory.Click here for further information on the current issue.
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        CALL FOR PAPERS: 4th Law and Boundaries conference

        Juris Diversitas - mer, 04/08/2015 - 09:51
        The Law and Boundaries group just launched the call for papers for the 4th Law and Boundaries conference, which will be held in Paris on June 17/18 and will host, among tens of young scholars, a debate between Etienne Balibar and Duncan Kennedy on Marx and Foucault. The deadline for proposal is April 17th
        This is the link for the Call for Abstracts: https://lawandboundaries.wordpress.com/call-for-abstracts-appel-a-propositions/
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        VIDEO: Prof. Dick Howard (UVA) and Tom McSweeney (William&Mary) on Magna Charta (25 March 2015)

        The Legal History Blog drew our attention to a video-discussion between Prof. Dick Howard (UVA) and Tom McSweeney (William & Mary) on the 800th anniversary of Magna Charta. The video can be watched below:


        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        WORKSHOP: New Histories of Human Rights (Princeton, 25 April 2015)

        (image: Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1789, source: Patrimoine maçonnique)
        International Law Reporter announced a workshop on the history of Human Rights at Princeton. Summary:

        The field of human rights history has become much more crowded – and much more controversial -- over the past decade. New historical accounts are often deeply provocative and at odds with each other; they have also influenced debates about the goals and general value of human rights activism. In this colloquium, we will hear from some of the new historians of human rights, both to reflect on the historiographical stakes in this field, and on the relation between history and policy. What is the proper chronological scope of human rights history? What relation, if any, do older ideas about natural rights have with current notions of human rights? What role, if any, can history play in the crafting (or the criticism) of theoretical/normative arguments about human rights? Program:
        9:30am Welcome:
        Jan-Werner Müller and Dan Edelstein

        9:45am - 12:00pm Panel 1: Enlightment and Revolution
        Chair:  Jan-Werner Müller
        Vincenzo Ferrone - Enlightenment and the Rights of Man: Building the Political Language of Modernity.
        Eric Slauter
        Keith Baker
        Dan Edelstein - Mind the Gap: Between the Early Modern and Modern Histories of Human Rights

        1:00pm - 3:00pm Panel 2: Nations and Nationalisms
        Chair:  Philip Nord
        Amy Dru Stanley
        Mira Siegelberg
        Samuel Moyn - Theses on the Philosophy of Human Rights History

        4:00am - 6:00pm Panel 3: Global Rights
        Chair:  Charles Beitz
        Turku Isiksel
        Stephen Angle - China-Inspired Reflections on the History, Methodology, and Contents of Human Rights
        Steven Jensen More information at Princeton's Center for Human Values.
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

        JOURNAL: Special Issue of the Revue du Nord on Bastardy and Illegitimate Offspring

        (image: Antony, the "Bastard of Burgundy", source: Wikimedia Commons)
        Nomôdos reports the publication of a special issue of the respected journal Revue du Nord, dedicated to bastardy and illegitimate offspring, an initiative of the CRHIDI (centre for Legal and Institutional History at the Saint-Louis University (Brussels)

        Summary and table of contents:
        PrésentationDans un article fameux paru en 1975, le regretté Michael Harsgor, a forgé le concept de «bâtardocratie» pour désigner un phénomène qu’il observa dans la France de la fin du Moyen Âge et qu’il décrivit comme «un puissant essor social et politique des enfants naturels engendrés par des pères appartenant à la noblesse». Il mettait ainsi l’accent sur les rapports entre bâtardise et pouvoir et sur le rôle, souvent important, que les enfants illégitimes, liés non pas seulement à la noblesse mais aux élites en général, ont pu jouer au cœur des institutions ecclésiastiques, politiques, militaires et administratives, dans un contexte – tant moral que démographique – qui leur était momentanément favorable.Cette réalité, d’autres chercheurs, avant M. Harsgor et après lui, l’ont également étudiée et mise en lumière, mais elle n’avait jamais encore fait l’objet d’un travail collectif permettant la confrontation de sources, de cas – individuels ou non – et de situations provenant d’aires géo- graphiques diverses et fournissant les matériaux à une approche comparative. C’est cette lacune historiographique que les concepteurs et les auteurs du présent volume ont voulu contribuer à combler.Les dix-neuf études contenues dans ce recueil couvrent un champ chronologique allant du 13e au 16e siècle et un espace géopolitique englobant les royaumes de France, de Navarre, d’Angleterre et d’Écosse, les principautés des anciens Pays-Bas, le duché de Lorraine, les sei- gneuries de la Maison de Savoie et le marquisat de Ferrare. Dans ce cadre, la relation entre naissance illégitime et exercice du pouvoir est envisagée sous différents aspects et selon les grands thèmes que sont le statut politique et juridique, la quête de la légitimation, les destins, les carrières, le mécénat, la bibliophilie, l’héraldique. Grâce à cet apport à la fois riche et varié se dessine une image plus nette d’un phénomène historique qui a sans doute atteint son apogée au xVe siècle pour s’affaiblir au seuil de l’Époque moderne, quand se modifièrent la situation démographique, les conditions sociales et les exigences de la morale.Table des matières
        • Bertrand Schnerb, Introduction. Bâtards et pouvoir: un thème de recherche
        • Monique Maillard-Luypaert, Jean de Bourgogne, bâtard de Jean sans Peur, évêque de Cambrai de 1439 à 1480
        • Alain Marchandisse, Corneille, bâtard de Bourgogne (ca 1426-1452)
        • Bertrand Schnerb, Des bâtards nobles au service du prince: l’exemple de la cour de Bourgogne (fin 14e-début 15e siècle)
        • Jean-Baptiste Santamaria, Les bâtards à la Chambre des comptes de Lille: autour du cas de Denis de Pacy
        • Alice Duda, Les lettres de légitimation des ducs de Bourgogne (1384-1477)
        • Céline Berry, La bâtardise au sein du lignage de Luxembourg
        • Godfried Croenen, Bâtards et pouvoir dans le duché de Brabant (12e-14e siècles)
        • Michel Nassiet, Les bâtards dans l’Ouest au 15e et au début du 16e siècle
        • Christophe Rivière, Les bâtards en Lorraine: emblèmes d’une culture politique ou trublions d’une société nobiliaire?
        • Emmanuel Johans, Les bâtards d’Argmanac (14e-16e siècles)
        • Claire Dechamps, Un couple de bibliophiles dans le milieu royal: Louis, bâtard de Bourbon, et son épouse, Jeanne, bâtarde de France
        • Philippe Contamine, Jean, comte de Dunois et de Longueville (1403?-1468), ou l’honneur d’être bâtard
        • Alexander Grant, Royal and Magnate Bastards in the Later Middle Ages: The View from Scotland
        • Michael Hicks, The Royal Bastards of Late Medieval England
        • Luisa Clotilde Gentile, Les bâtards princiers piémontais et savoyards
        • Giovanni Ricci, Les dangers de la bâtardise. Les péripéties de l’Etat seigneurial des Este entre 15e et 16e siècles
        • María Narbona Cárceles, Les bâtards royaux et la nouvelle noblesse de sang en Navarre (fin 14e siècle-début 15e siècle)
        • Laurent Hablot, L’emblématique des bâtards princiers au 15e siècle. Outil d’un nouveau pouvoir?
        • Simona Slanicka, L’art d’être bâtard. La bâtardise et la legitimation artistique à la Renaissance (Maisons de Bourgogne et d’Este, vers 1450)
        • Eric Bousmar, Les bâtards et l’exercice du pouvoir: modalités spécifiques ou fenêtre étroite d’opportunité? 
        Catégories: Comparative Law News

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