Comparative Law News

NOTICE: ESCLH 5Th BIENNAL CONFERENCE (Paris, 28-30 Jun 2018) - Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded: updated program and registration information



Please find below the updated program and registration information for the ESCLH Conference coming June.

ESCLH 5th Biennal Conference, Paris, 28-30 June, 2018 : Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded

Thursday, the 28th of June
1)    PhD presentations:
Ecole normale suéprieure, 48 Boulevard Jourdan, PhD presentations in two rooms (R1 07, R2 02), 9h00-12h30
1)    panel
-Tina Miletić (Split), Concept of testamentum in Medieval Dalmatia- Łukasz Gołaszewski (Warsaw), Meandering way of the change of the civil and canon laws in 16th – 17th century Poland – a case of tithes and significance of legal practice- Kaat Cappelle (Brussels), Married Women as legal agents in sixteenth-century Antwerp and Leuven- Przemysław Gawron (Warsaw) and Jan Jerzy Sowa (Warsaw), Military Law between Codes and Realities of Early Modern Warfare. Codification and Decodification of Military Law in 17th Century England, Poland-Lithuania and Sweden- Juan Manuel Hernandez-Velez (Paris), Emilien Petit (1713-1780) : a comparatist of codification avant la lettre- Rafal Kaczmarczyk (Warsaw), The diverse model of codification, establishment or recognition of criminal law in Muslim countries- Piotr Alexandrowicz (Poznan), The Code as an Instrument: the History of Canon Law and the Codification in the Church- Naveen Kanalu Ramamurthy (Los Angeles), The Sublime Jurisprudence of Roman Law: British Jurists and the Codification of Islamic Law in Eighteenth-Century Colonial India- Sebastian L. Spitra (Vienna), Codifying World Cultural Heritage: The Quest for New Narratives of a Global Legal History 
2)    panel- Payam Ahmadi-Rouzbahani (Paris), Between Islamic Law and Civilian Tradition: The Particular Role of Codification in Making Iranian Civil Law through French Transplants
- Adrien Wyssbrod (Neuchâtel), The Supremacy of the Code in Continental Europe
- Omer Aloni (Tel Aviv), Whales, high seas and the codification of international law: the League of Nations and the whaling dilemma, a case study in comparative legal history – 1919-1939
- Evlampia Tsolaki (Thessaloniki), The Paradigm of the Hellenic Civil Code
- Elisabeth Bruyère (Ghent), Civil Code and Nature Law
- Kellen Funk (Princeton), An Empire in itself: the Migration of New Yorks Remedial Code
- Julie Rocheton (Paris), The 19th century American Definition of Civil Code
- Matthieu Juneau (Québec), The influence of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on the interpretation of the Civil Code of Lower Canada
- Airton Ribeiro da Silva Junior (Firenze), Brazilian efforts on the codification of international law in the early twentieth century: the trajectory of the Epitácio Pessoa's draft code on public international law

Thursday 28th of June 14:00 – 19:00 PLENARY SESSION

Ecole normale supérieure, 45, rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris, Dussane Room (Enter the main building, take the corridor to the left. The Dussane room is at the end on the left).

14h- 15h Registration and Greetings by the ESCLH President Aniceto Masferrer
15H 16h 30 Key Notes:
Catharine MacMillan (King’s College, London):Why English law is not codified: the unsuccessful efforts of Victorian jurists
Pedro Barbas Homem (University of Lisbon):Science of legislation and codification. The preparation of codification by legal literature in Portugal and Brazil

16h30 coffee break
17h-18h 30 First panel - Luigi Lacché (Macerata), An impossible codification? Drafting Principles of Administrative Law: the Italian Experience in a Comparative perspective (19th-20thcenturies)- Matt Dyson (Oxford), Legal Change in Tort in the shadow of codification- Dirk Heirbaut (Ghent), Past failures are no guarantee of a future flop: why Belgium's dismal codification record may enable radical change today
18h30- 19h Legal education in Paris, Jean-Louis Halpérin

Friday 29th of June, Beginning at 9h00 am, coffee break 10h30-11h, lunch buffet 12h30-13h30, concert and dinner 19h00)
I)              Amphitheater Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris                                                              9h-10h30 Panel Criminal CodificationKarl Härter (Darmstadt), Aniceto Masferrer (Valencia), Isabel Ramos-Vázquez (Jaén), Juan B. Cañizares-Navarro (Jaén), Criminal law and the Limits of State Power in the Era of Codification
11h-12h30 Why a Civil Code?Hans Schulte-Nölke (Osnabrück), On the purposes of Civil Law CodificationNir Kedar (Bar-Ilan), The Symbolic Aspect of Civil CodeConstantin Willems (Marburg), Advocating Codes – from Thibaut to European Contract Law
13h30 – 15h00 Panel Legal Practices and Legal Professions in the 19th Century Japan, China, the Ottoman Empire, and EnglandMurat Burak Aydin (Frankfurt), Lena Foljanty (Frankfurt), Yu Wang (Frankfurt), Zeynep Yazici Caglar (Frankfurt)
15h15-16h45 Panel Hungary Codification   Judit Beke-Martos (Bochum), Zsuzsanna Peres (Budapest), Imre Képessy (Budapest), Modernization through Codification? External and Internal Comparison of the Hungarian Codification History            17h00-18h30 Panel The Codification of Unjustified Enrichment in French LawEric Descheemaeker (Melbourne), Jan Hallebeek (Amsterdam), Matthew Campbell (Glasgow) and Pablo Letelier (Universidad de Chile)
                II)            International University City of Paris (Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, Maison des Provinces de France, 59 boulevard Jourdan, salon Abreu)
9h-10h30 Medieval LawValerio Massimo Minale (Milano), Dušan's Zakonik: Codification in Maedieval Serbia and Byzantine HeritageTomislav Karlovic (Zagreb), et en fist assises et usages que l’on deust tenir et maintenir et user el roiaume de Jerusalem « Decoding the Laws of the Kingdom of Jerusalem » Andreja Katančevi (Belgrade), The Mining Code of Despot StefanHelen F. Leslie-Jacobsen (Bergen), How Innovative is Innovative? Adaptations of Norwegian Law in New Law Codes in Iceland and Norway from the Tenth to Thirteenth Centuries
11h-12h30 Criminal Law Stefano Vinci (Bari), Criminal law and Naples Supreme Court case law in the French decadeFrancesco Mastroberti (Bari), The Part II of the Code for the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies: an "excellent" criminal code in a despotic state Emmanuel Berger (Paraiba), Le Code des délits et des peines du 3 brumaire an IV. Enquête sur les origines et les principes du code de procédure pénale de la Révolution

13h30-15h00 16th /17th centuriesAdam Moniuszko (Warsaw), ‘Codification’ of Polish and Lithuanian law in the 16th-17th centuries: successes, failures and impact on legal systems.Marek Stary (Prague), The Role of the Monarch on the Codifications of Land Law in the Estates’ StateAdolfo Giuliani (Helsinki), Codes without natural law. The case of Jacopo Menochio's De praesumptionibus (1587)
15h15-16h45 Asia Naoki Kanayama (Tokyo), Japan's "Success" in Codification in the Late 19th Century: By Code, with Code and beyond CodeKhohchahar E. Chuluu (Tokyo), Laws of Different Levels:Central and Regional Codification in Early Modern Mongolia and JapanHiromi Sasamoto-Collins (Edinburgh), The Japanese Criminal Code of 1880: Convergence and Resistance in Cultural ExchangeGuliyev Emin (Baku), Jar-Tala Code of law (decree of the Agdam Majlis) as an act of systematization of the Islamic law and adats
17h00-18h30 Panel Criminal Codification Italy Emilia Musumeci (Teramo), Monica Stronati (Macerata), Paolo Marchetti (Teramo), Riccardo Cavallo (Firenze), A colourful mosaic: doctrinal influences on Italianpenal codification in the long Nineteenth Century


III)          International University City of Paris, Maison de étudiants de l’Asie du Sud-Est (59 boulevard Jourdan), Salon Asie du Sud-Est
9h-10h30 RightsIvan Kosnica (Zagreb), Yugoslav Citizenship Law (1918 – 1941): Between Diversity and UnificationMarju Luts-Sootak, Hesi Siimets-Gross, Marelle Leppik (Tartu), Codification of basic rights in Estonian Constitution (1920) compared with imperial Russian and German republican modelsThomas Mohr (Dublin), Codes of Rights in the British Empire, 1865-1939                                         
11h-12h30 19th/20th centuriesFilippo Rossi (Milan), Dismissal across codes and laws decodes. Italian and European legal science dealing with the termination of the employment relationship (latter half of the 19 century-first years of the 20 century)Frederik Dhondt (Brussel), Permanent Neutrality, Stepping-Stone for a Code of NationsMichal Galedek (Gdansk), Comparative analysis as the method of building the Polish civil law from scratch in the interwar period Dolores Freda (Napoli), The Italian emigration code” of 1919

13h30-15h00 20th centuryMartin Sunnqvist (Lund), The “Rule of Life”. The Functions of Legislation and Adjudication according to Wilhelm Sjögren in a Comparative Historical Context Fernando Gil González (London), The theory of Cappelletti in the review of comparative legal history systems in EuropeHesi Siimets-Gross and Katrin Kiirend-Pruuli (Tartu), Changes of Estonian and Latvian Divorce Law after WWI: in Draft, in Civil Code and outside of themValdis Blūzma (Turiba), History of the Codification of Civil Law in Latvia (19th-20th centuries): Overcoming the Territorial and Estate Particularism of Law
15h15-16h45   America Agustin Parise (Maastricht), Stepping Stones for Law and Society: An Exploration of the Generations of Civil Codes in Latin America (19-21 Centuries)Joshua Tate (Dallas), Codification of Texas Trust Law, 1943-2017Diego Nunes (Santa Catarina), Codification, Recodification and Decodification of Law:a History of Legal Dimensions of Justice in the Imperial Brazil by the “Codigo de Processo Criminal” of 1832
17h00-18h30   Civil Law Piotr Pomianowski (Warsaw), The national codification of civil law in Poland at the beginning of the 19thcentury. Sources and inspirationsManuel Gutan (Sibiu), Codification as a Tool of Social Engineering in Modern Romania (!?) The Case of Civil Code Alexandru IoanEmőd Veress (Cluj-Napoca), Abrogation of the 1887 Romanian commercial code and the survival of its institutions and concepts, in the context of the new civil Code

19h00 Piano Concert and Buffet in salon Abreu, Maison des Provinces de France


Saturday the 30th of June, light buffet 12:30 to 13:30
I)              Amphitheater Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris
9h-10h30 Codification Movement
Mingzhe Zhu (Pekin), Notions of Law in the Era of CodificationDmitry Poldnikov (Moscow), Codifying the Laws of the Late Russian Empire: Legal Unification through Contested Western Legal Tradition?Ditlev Tamm (Copenhagen), To codify or not to codify – the Nordic discussion11h00-12h30 Legal Periodicals Panel Marju Luts-Sootak, Merike Ristikivi (Tartu), Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde (Ghent), Legal Periodicals as Alternative to Codes?                     13h30-15h00 Commercial Law Dave de Ruysscher (Tilburg), Pre-Insolvency Proceedings (France, Belgium and the Netherlands, 1807-c 1910)Annamaria Monti (Milano), Commercial Codes: the Italian Example in a comparative perspectiveEfe Antalyali (Istanbul), Ottoman Jurisprudential Shift: Recpetion of French Commercial Law (1807)    

        15h 15-16h45 Final Plenary (for all participants)

II)            International University City of Paris (Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, Maison des Provinces de France, 59 boulevard Jourdan, salon Abreu)

9h-10h30 20th century Raffaella Bianchi Riva (Milano), Legal Ethics in the 19thand 20th centuries: A code of conduct for Italian and European lawyers?Dalibor Cepulo (Zagreb), Local court in Croatia: transplant and challenges of modernityMarcin Lysko (Bialystok), Main problems of the codification works on substantive misdemeanour law in People’s Poland
11h00-12h30 Overseas  Anna Taitslin and Murray Raf (Canberra), Codification or Transplantation? The Case of Absolute OwnershipRicardo Sontag (Minais Gerais), Models, examples and antimodels: representations of foreign penal codes within the Brazilian codification process (1928-1940)Paul Swanepoel (KwaZulu-Natal), Codifying Criminal Law in East Africa, 1920-1945
13h30-15h 00 20th century  Coding Authoritarianism: Law, State, Ideology and World War 2 Cosmin Sebastian Cercel (Nottingham), Discontinued Dictatorships: (Re)Coding Authoritarianism in Antonescu's Romania; David Fraser (Nottingham), Decoding the Jew: Vichy's National Legal Revolution;  Simon Lavis (Open University), Codes, Codification and Encoding Nazism in the Legal System of the Third Reich; Stephen Skinner (Exeter), Central Authority in Codified and Non-Codified Legal Systems: Law in the Shadow of the State, or the State in the Shadow of the Law?

III)          Ecole normale supérieure, 48 boulevard Jourdan, R 3-46.                                                              9h-10h30, 19th and 20th centuries Arthur Barrêtto de Almeido Costa and Ricardo Sontag (Minais Gerais), Change Through Mercy. Royal Pardon and Criminal Law Reforms in Late 19th Century in Brazil and FranceAnna Klimaszewska (Gdansk), Code de commerce of 1807 as an instrument of transforming legal reality - the Polish point of view Sara Pilloni (Trieste), “Roman Legal Heritage and Codification Processes: the Role of Italian Roman Law Scholars in the Codification of Civil Law”
11h00-12h30 Civil Law Asya Ostroukh (West Indies), An Unlimited Number of Limited Real Rights: A Story of an Adaptation of French Property Law in Francophone Switzerland, Quebec, and Louisiana in the Nineteenth Century Katharina Kaesling (Bonn), Codified Conditions vs. Judicial Discretion in Family Law: What codification means for the adaptation of maintenance law to social change Maria Lewandowicz (Gdansk), How to make impossible possible? On the unification of inheritance law in Switzerland in the 19th century                                  13h30-15h00 Comparisons Marianna Muravyeva (Tampere), Gendering the Law or Codifying Gender: Family Law in Early Modern EuropeRaphaël Cahen (Brussels), Joseph Marie Portalis (1778-1858): from comparatism to the idea of a European code of CitizenshipPim Oosterhuis (Maastricht), Is there something like the ‘Great Litigation Increase’?


VENUES AND HOTELS
Ecole Normale SupérieureCampus « Quartier latin », 45 rue d’Ulm, 75000 Paris (on the 28th of June, afternoon)Campus Jourdan 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 ParisOn the other side of Boulevard Jourdan (number 59), Cité Internationale Universitaire de ParisThe two campus are linked through Underground RER B (stations Luxembourg and Cité Universitaire)Arrival from Paris airports: Stations Charles de Gaulle Etoile (RER A), Montparnasse (Underground)Plan of Paris Underground : https://www.ratp.fr/plan-metro École normale supérieure45, rue d’Ulm / 29 rue d’Ulm / 24 rue LhomondF-75230 Paris cedex 05Tél. +33 (0)1 44 32 30 00 (standard)Campus Jourdan48, boulevard Jourdan75014 ParisTél. +33 (0)1 43 13 61 00 (standard)Campus Montrouge (with some possible rooms for PhD candidates)1, rue Maurice Arnoux92120 MontrougeTél. +33 (0)1 58 07 65 00 (standard)






Recommended hotels near the venues of the Conference (approximate price for a night):
Ibis Paris Porte d’OrléansAdresse : 33 Rue Barbès, 92120 Montrouge, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 42 31 67 00Around 75 €
Hôtel Cujas-PanthéonAdresse : 18 Rue Cujas, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 54 58 10Around 150 €
Hôtel de SenlisAdresse : 9 Rue Malebranche, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 29 93 10Around 100 €
Hôtel Observatoire LuxembourgAdresse : 107 Boulevard Saint-Michel, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 46 34 10 12Around 230 €
Hotel Novotel Paris 14 Porte d’OrléansAdresse : 15, 17, 21 boulevard Romain, Rolland, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 41 17 26 00Around 125 €
Hotel Mercure Paris AlesiaAdresse : 185 Boulevard Brune, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 45 39 68 50Around 140 €
Hôtel du MidiAdresse : 4 Avenue René Coty, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 27 23 25Around 120 €
Hotel MaxAdresse : 34 Rue d'Alésia, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 27 60 80Around 170 €
Hôtel Terminus OrléansAdresse : 197 Boulevard Brune, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 45 39 71 44Around 80 €
Hôtel Best Western Nouvel Orléans MontparnasseAdresse : 25 Avenue du Général Leclerc, 75014 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 27 80 20Around 160 €
Hôtel Les Jardins du LuxembourgAdresse : 5 Impasse Royer-Collard, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 40 46 08 88Around 170 €
Hôtel Elysa-LuxembourgAdresse : 6 Rue Gay-Lussac, 75005 Paris, FranceTéléphone : +33 1 43 25 31 74Around 180 €
Hôtel Claude Bernard Saint GermainAdresse : 43 Rue des Écoles, 75005 ParisTéléphone : 01 43 26 32 52Around 150 €
Hotel Best Western Bretagne MontparnasseAdresse : 33 Rue Raymond Losserand, 75014 ParisTéléphone : 01 45 38 52 59Around 130 €
Hotel Montparnasse DaguerreAdresse : 94 Rue Daguerre, 75014 ParisTéléphone : 01 43 22 43 54Around 130€

The attendance to the Conference is free for every member of the ESCLH. It needs the payment of a fee for non-members. Please inform jean-louis.halperin@ens in case of attendance to the Conference.

                         




Catégories: Comparative Law News

THE LAW OF THE SOMALIS: A Stable Foundation for Economic Development in the Horn of Africa

Juris Diversitas - dim, 04/15/2018 - 22:46

THE LAW OF THE SOMALIS: A Stable Foundation for Economic Development in the Horn of Africa by Michael van Notten, Edited by Spencer Heath MacCallum

Written by a trained and sympathetic observer, this book shows how Somali customary law differs fundamentally from most statutory law. Lawbreakers, instead of being punished, are simply required to compensate their victim. Because every Somali is insured by near kin against his or her liabilities under the law, a victim seldom fails to receive compensation. Somali law, being based on custom, has no need of legislation or legislators. It is therefore happily free of political influences. The author notes some specific areas that stand in need of change, but finds such change already implicit in further economic development.

Somali politics is based on consensus. The author explains how it works and shows why any attempt to establish democracy, which would divide the population into two classes-those who rule and those who are ruled-must inevitably produce chaos.

Viewed in global perspective, Somali law stands with the Latin and Medieval laws and the English common law against the statutory law that became prominent in Europe with the modern nation-state. This book explains many seeming anomalies about present-day Somalia and describes its prospects as well as the dangers facing it.
(Subjects: Somalia; customary law; legislation; criminal law; torts; delicts)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Les acteurs européens du "printemps des peuples" 1848 (Paris, 31 May – 2 June 2018)


(Source: Evenium.net)
Sorbonne Université, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d’histoire du XIXe siècle and LabEx EHNE are organising a colloquium on the Revolutions of 1848 coming May, several panels include legal historians.
ABOUT
Colloque international du cent soixante-dixième anniversaire31 mai – 2 juin, Sorbonne Université, Amphi Guizot (17 rue de la Sorbonne, 75005 Paris)
Organisateurs : Sorbonne Université, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d’histoire du XIXe siècle, LabEx EHNE
Après le colloque du cent cinquantième anniversaire de 1848 organisé par la Société de 1848 et des révolutions du XIXe siècle qui a marqué un important jalon historiographique, il a paru important, exactement vingt ans plus tard, de porter un nouveau regard sur cet événement majeur du XIXe s., et cela en répondant d’abord au souhait maintes fois formulé par Maurice Agulhon d’en mieux connaître les acteurs, au moment précis où le Dictionnaire des dirigeants français de 1848 du Centre d’histoire du XIXe s. de Sorbonne Université et de Panthéon-Sorbonne, publié sous son patronage, constitue une nouvelle étape qui permet d’aller plus loin ; mais il s’agit aussi d’élargir la focale pour s’intéresser cette fois à l’ensemble du printemps des peuples. La question centrale de ces journées est ainsi : Qu’est-ce qu’être un acteur du printemps des peuples 1848 ? On s’appuie notamment ici sur la notion de protagoniste telle que définie par Haïm Burstin à propos de la Révolution française de 1789, tout en étant extrêmement attentif aux effets de positions dans l’espace géographique, social et culturel. Le programme, établi, après un appel international, propose une quarantaine d’interventions portant sur toute l’Europe. La table ronde conclusive doit permettre de dresser les profils-types d’acteurs européens du printemps des peuples et de répondre à la question centrale du colloque.
Inscription obligatoire pour accéder au bâtiment : http://printempsdespeuples.evenium.net
Contact et informations : labex.ehne2@gmail.com
The programme can be found here
For more information, please visit the conference’s webpage  
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jens MEIERHENRICH, The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat : An Ethnography of Nazi Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780198814412, $54.95



(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press will publish a new book on Nazi Law and the legal origins of dictatorship next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.
ABOUT
This book is an intellectual history of Ernst Fraenkel's The Dual State (1941, reissued 2017), one of the most erudite books on the theory of dictatorship ever written. Fraenkel's was the first comprehensive analysis of the rise and nature of Nazism, and the only such analysis written from within Hitler's Germany. His sophisticated-not to mention courageous-analysis amounted to an ethnography of Nazi law. As a result of its clandestine origins, The Dual State has been hailed as the ultimate piece of intellectual resistance to the Nazi regime.

In this book, Jens Meierhenrich revives Fraenkel's innovative concept of "the dual state," restoring it to its rightful place in the annals of public law scholarship. Blending insights from legal theory and legal history, he tells in an accessible manner the remarkable gestation of Fraenkel's ethnography of law from inside the belly of the behemoth. In addition to questioning the conventional wisdom about the law of the Third Reich, Meierhenrich explores the legal origins of dictatorship elsewhere, then and now. The book sets the parameters for a theory of the "authoritarian rule of law," a cutting edge topic in law and society scholarship with immediate policy implications.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Jens Meierhenrich, Associate Professor of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science

Jens Meierhenrich is Associate Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and previously taught for a decade at Harvard University. His books include The Legacies of Law, which won the American Political Science Association's 2009 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award for the best book in politics, government, or international affairs; and, as co-editor, The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction: The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat
1. Behemoth and Beyond: Theories of the Nazi State
2. The Making of a Cause Lawyer
3. The Debate about the Rechtsstaat in Nazi Germany, 1933-1936
4. An Ethnography of Nazi Law: The Gestation of The Dual State, 1936-1941
5. "A Rational Core within an Irrational Shell": An Institutional Theory of Dictatorship
6. The Decline of a Classic: Explaining the Reception of The Dual State
Conclusion: Authoritarian Rule of Law
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Family and Justice in the Archives: Histories of Intimacy in Transnational Perspective (Montreal, Canada 6-7 May 2019), DEADLINE 31 MAY 2018


(Source: Canadian Legal History Blog)
Via the Canadian Legal History blog, we have the following call for papers:
Family and Justice in the Archives will bring together historians, legal scholars, and others for a discussion about the challenges and opportunities offered by the use of legal records for exploring the intimate worlds of family life. The intimacies that interest us were located initially in the private spaces of lineage, estate, family, household, and bedroom; they are both dramatic and quotidian, material and emotional, and invariably tied up in gendered and generational hierarchies of power and privilege. At the same time, they are made accessible – years, generations, or centuries later – through the written traces left by public proceedings that occurred in legally sanctioned spaces of social regulation, from the notary’s office to the criminal or civil courtroom to the legislative arena. We are especially interested in the ways in which historians and other scholars have been unpacking the stories of intimacy revealed in processes of legal regulation to develop rich new insights about family, gender, sex, power, culture, identity, and daily life throughout history and across the planet.
Through this two-day symposium, we seek to encourage transnational conversations about families, the law, and the archives. The conveners have been exploring Quebec’s rich judicial archives with the following questions in mind: How did the judicial system transmit and reinforce hegemonic notions of class, race, ethnicity, and gender? How, when, and why did family disputes over property, honour, rights, or reputation cross the judicial threshold to become the object of court proceedings? What levels of intra-familal violence were tolerated and at what point were state authorities called upon to intervene? How did a particular blend of legal codes and cultures reflect the society’s wider assumptions about acceptable and respectable conduct for women and men, especially in the area of sexuality, courtship, family formation, and sexual identity? How and when did judicial rulings and court proceedings diverge from legal code or custom in response to local circumstances? Did some litigants manage to manoeuvre, manipulate, challenge, or even change the law through their encounters with the judicial apparatus? And what happened when individuals crossed the boundaries of the acceptable and respectable into transgressive, deviant, or criminalized behaviour?
Family and Justice in the Archives seeks to broaden those discussions radically outwards towards a wide range of times, places, cultures, and legal systems. Participants are invited to present work on how stories of intimacy – sexual, emotional, domestic, or otherwise – are revealed in and shaped by the legal archives they use. We hope to foster discussion of these questions across as broad a range of historical and geographical contexts as possible, pre-modern and modern, settler-colonial and Indigenous, with special attention to situations (like Quebec) where some form of legal pluralism prevailed. We welcome proposals for papers that engage with these questions and on a wide range topics that may include adoption, bigamy, child custody, divorce and separation, domestic violence, family honour, filial duty, inheritance, juvenile justice, marital obligations, parental authority, reproductive rights, sexual diversity, sexual violence, and sibling relationships, to name just these few.
Family and Justice in the Archives will inaugurate a new, biennial series and is presented in partnership with the Centre interuniversitaire d’études québécoises (Université Laval/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières) and the Centre d’histoire des régulations sociales (Université du Québec à Montréal). The program committee is co-chaired by Professors Eric Reiter and Peter Gossage in the Department of History at Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Those interested in participating are invited to please send a 250-word abstract and a one-page curriculum vitae (or brief author biography) to LAWS.Symposium@Concordia.ca by 31 May 2018.
(Source: Canadian Legal History Blog)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Treaties in Declarations and Manifestos of War (Data Set, Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Law Library)


(Source: Yale Law School)
The Yale Law School has recently made a data set which records all known war manifestos issued by sovereigns between 1492 and 1945 freely available. The data set can be consulted at https://documents.law.yale.edu/manifestos. Please find the communication below:

This data set records all known war manifestos issued by sovereigns between 1492 and 1945. These manifestos were collected, analyzed, and coded by a research team at Yale Law School studying the various categories of claims used to justify resort to war throughout history.
Citation
We ask users of the data set to cite it as follows:Oona A. Hathaway, William Holste, Scott J. Shapiro, Jacqueline Van De Velde, Lisa Wang, War Manifestos Database (2017), http://documents.law.yale.edu/manifestos. Users may also wish to reference the following article, which describes war manifestos in detail: Oona A. Hathaway, William Holste, Scott J. Shapiro, Jacqueline Van De Velde, Lisa Wang, War Manifestos (unpublished manuscript, 2017).
Overview
This data set contains the list of war manifestos collected and analyzed by the War Manifestos Project. The data set identifies the year the manifesto was issued; name of the manifesto; issuing sovereign; receiving sovereign; and related conflict or war. It also identifies whether the manifesto is a manifesto, counter-manifesto, or quasi-manifesto, as defined below.
The War Manifestos project includes a war manifesto issued between 1492 and 1945 if it meets the following criteria: a manifesto is a (1) public document (2) issued by a sovereign (3) against another sovereign (4) containing the reasons for going to war. A counter-manifesto is a manifesto that meets these criteria and is issued in direct response to an earlier manifesto. A quasi-manifesto is a manifesto that meets all but one of the criteria.
Coders noted whether each manifesto contained the following twelve categories of common just war claims: (1) enforcement of inheritance laws, succession rules and other hereditary rights; (2) self-defense or repelling aggression; (3) balance of power concerns; (4) declaration of independence; (5) tortious wrongs; (6) collection of debts; (7) protection of trade interests; (8) protection of diplomatic relations; (9) humanitarian considerations; (10) religious claims; (11) violation of a treaty obligation; and (12) other reasons. Coders also noted the manifesto’s primary justification and whether the manifesto made any reference to the law of war or the law of nations.
Data Set
The files associated with the war manifestos data set can be obtained via permalink by clicking on the title of the manifesto. Files are intended for educational and non-commercial use only. Every effort has been made to give copyright credit where available. Please contact us with any questions or concerns. We also invite users of the database to notify us if they locate any manifestos that are not already included in the database. We will update the data set whenever we receive new materials.
Questions and Feedback
This data set is hosted by the Yale Law School Library. Questions about the data set may be emailed to Professor Oona Hathaway at oona.hathaway at yale.edu.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE - Second ESCLH Poster Competition funded by Springer




Please find the following notice regarding the 5th Biennal Conference of the ESCLH (Paris, 28-30 June 2018) below: The European Society for Comparative Legal History (ESCHL) is pleased to announce the Second ESCLH Poster Competition, for a second year generously sponsored bySpringer International Publishing AG. The ESCLH invites PhD-students to present their research in the field of comparative legal history in form of a poster. The idea is to communicate the core of your research visually through a DIN A1-poster. The competition will be part of the ESCLH 5th Biennal Conference in Paris from 28 June to 30 June 2018.Participants must submit their poster together with a CV and an abstract of their research before 3pm, Thursday 28 June 2018, when registering for the conference. Each participant will  present his or her poster on Friday 29 June 2018. The best poster will be selected by a prize committee. The prize will be awarded in the plenary session on Saturday 30 June 2018.The winner will receive a prize money of 200 Euro from Springer.If there are any remaining questions concerning the prize, please contact:phillip.hellwege@jura.uni-augsburg.de
Catégories: Comparative Law News

NOTICE: Basilica Online - Justinian's Corpus Iuris in the Byzantine world


(Source: Brill)
Brill has just announced that its new database “Basilica Online: Justinian's Corpus Iuris in the Byzantine World” is now available for trials. All information can be found on Brill’s website.
Basilica Online is a fully-searchable online edition of the 17 volumes of the Basilica text and its scholia, as edited between 1945 and 1988 by H.J. Scheltema, D. Holwerda, and N. van der Wal. TheBasilica is the single-most important source for Byzantine law throughout the period of the Byzantine empire, and is a major source for Byzantine studies more broadly. 
Added Features and Benefits 
- Most recent and accurate edition of the Basilica text and its scholia.
- Fully searchable in both Latin and Greek.
- All critical apparatus of the edition included.
- Browsing and navigation functionalities at volume (volumen), book (liber) or chapter (titulus) level.
- Full academic introduction written specifically for the online edition by Professor Dr B. H. Stolte.
- Comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography compiled by Dr T. E. van Bochove.
- Collective index to the text and scholia.

Readership:
Researchers with interests in Byzantine law, Byzantine society, medieval legal history, Roman law and its afterlives, and medieval Greek language.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Julia MOSES, ed., Marriage, Law and Modernity : Global Histories (New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017). ISBN 9781474276108, $102.60.


(Source: Bloomsbury)
Bloomsbury has recently published a new book on the modern history of marriage in a global perspective. Several articles deal with legal historical aspects of marriage law.
ABOUT
Marriage, Law and Modernity offers a global perspective on the modern history of marriage. Widespread recent debate has focused on the changing nature of families, characterized by both the rise of unmarried cohabitation and the legalization of same-sex marriage. However, historical understanding of these developments remains limited. How has marriage come to be the target of national legislation? Are recent policies on same-sex marriage part of a broader transformation? And, has marriage come to be similar across the globe despite claims about national, cultural and religious difference?

This collection brings together scholars from across the world in order to offer a global perspective on the history of marriage. It unites legal, political and social history, and seeks to draw out commonalities and differences by exploring connections through empire, international law and international migration.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction: Making Marriage 'Modern', Julia Moses (University of Sheffield, UK)
Part I: Marriage and Forms of the Family
1. From Liberalism to Human Dignity: The Transformation of Marriage and Family Rights in Brazil, 1822-2013, Sueann Caulfield (University of Michigan, USA)
2. From Toleration to Prosecution: Concubinage and the Law in Modern China, Lisa Tran (California State University at Fullerton, USA)
3. The Birth of Mistresses and Bastards: A History of Marriage in Siam (Thailand), Tamara Loos (Cornell University, USA)
4. Royal Marriage in Europe: An Inherently Conservative System, Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly (University of Oxford, UK)
Part II: Marriage, Religion and the State
5. 'Til death do you part': Catholicism, Marriage and Culture War in Austria(-Hungary), Ulrike Harmat (Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria)
6. Modernizing Marriage in Egypt, Kenneth M. Cuno (University of Illinois, USA)
7. 'A Babel of Law': Hindu Marriage, Global Spaces and Intimate Subjects in Late Nineteenth-Century India, Leigh Denault (University of Cambridge, UK)
8. English Exports: Invoking the Common Law of Marriage across the Empire in the Nineteenth Century, Rebecca Probert (University of Warwick, UK)
Part III: Marriage, Kinship and Community
9. Finding the Ordinary in the Extraordinary: Marriage Norms and Bigamy in Canada, Mélanie Méthot (University of Alberta, Augustana Campus, Canada)
10. Equality before the Law? The Intermarriage Debate in Post-Nazi Germany, Julia Woesthoff (DePaul University, USA)
11. Customary and Civil Marriage Law and the Question of Gender Equality in Twentieth and Twenty-First-Century Gabon and Africa, Rachel Jean-Baptiste (University of California at Davis, USA)
Postscript: How History Matters in Same-Sex Marriage Rights, Nancy F. Cott (Harvard University, USA)
More information on the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Mark GOODALE, ed., Letters to the Contrary : A Curated History of the UNESCO Human Rights Survey (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781503605343, $27.95.


(Source: Stanford University Press)
Stanford University Press has recently published a book on the history of the UNESCO Human Rights Survey of 1947-1948 and its subsequent influence on human rights.
ABOUT
Since its adoption in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) has served as the foundation for the protection of human rights around the world. Historians and human rights scholars have claimed that the UDHR was influenced by UNESCO's 1947–48 global survey of intellectuals, theologians, and cultural and political leaders, a survey that supposedly revealed a truly universal consensus on human rights. This book provides a curated history of the UNESCO human rights survey and demonstrates its relevance to contemporary debates over the origins, legitimacy, and universality of human rights.
Based on meticulous archival research, Letters to the Contrary revises and enlarges the conventional understanding of UNESCO's human rights survey. Mark Goodale's extensive archival research uncovers a historical record filled with letters and responses that were omitted, polite refusals to respond, and outright rejections of the universal human rights ideal. This volume collects these neglected survey responses, including letters by T. S. Eliot, Mahatma Gandhi, W. H. Auden, and other important artists and thinkers.
In collecting, annotating, and analyzing these responses, Goodale reveals an alternative history that is deeply connected to the ongoing life of human rights in the twenty-first century. This history demonstrates that the UNESCO human rights survey was much less than supposed, but also much more. In many ways, the intellectual struggles, moral questions, and ideological doubts among the different participants who both organized and responded to the survey reveal a strikingly critical and contemporary orientation, raising similar questions at the center of current debates surrounding human rights scholarship and practice.
This volume contains letters and survey responses from Jacques Havet, Jacques Maritain, Arnold J. Lien, Richard P. Mckeon, Quincy Wright, Levi Carneiro, Arthur H. Compton, Charles E. Merriam, Lewis Mumford, E. H. Carr, John Lewis, Harold J. Laski, Serge Hessen, John Somerville, Boris Tchechko, Luc Somerhausen, Hyman Levy, Ture Nerman, R. Palme Dutt, Maurice Dobb, Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, Marcel De Corte, Pedro Troncoso Sánchez, Mahatma Gandhi, Chung-Shu Lo, Kurt Riezler, Inocenc Arnošt Bláha, Hubert Frère, M. Nicolay, W. Albert Noyes, Jr., Aldous Huxley, Ralph W. Gerard, Johannes M. Burgers, Humayun Kabir, A. P. Elkin, S. V. Puntambekar, Leonard Barnes, Benedetto Croce, Jean Haesart, F. S. C. Northrop, Peter Skov, Emmanuel Mounier, Maurice Webb, John Macmurray, Julius Moór, L. Horváth, Alfred Weber, Don Salvador De Madariaga, Frank R. Scott, Jawaharlal Nehru, Margery Fry, Isaac Leon Kandel, René Maheu, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Morris L. Ernst, Arnold Schoenberg, W. H. Auden, Melville Herskovits, Theodore Johannes Haarhoff, Ernest Henry Burgmann, Herbert Read, and T. S. Eliot.
ABOUT THE EDITOR
Mark Goodale is Professor of Cultural and Social Anthropology at the University of Lausanne and Series Editor of Stanford Studies in Human Rights. The author or editor of 12 other volumes, his most recent book is Anthropology and Law: A Critical Introduction (2017).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
History: UNESCO in the Paradigmatic TransitionInterpretations: From a "Hollow Sham" to a "Plurality of Cultural Values"Memorandum and Questionnaire Circulated by UNESCO on the Theoretical Bases of the Rights of ManThe Grounds of an International Declaration of Human RightsForeword and Introduction to Human Rights, Comments and Interpretations, UNESCO 1949Liberalism from the AshesBeyond Egotistic Man: Communist, Socialist, and Social Democratic ChallengesRights in a Sacred UniverseThe Universal Declaration of Human DutiesThe Technological Society of the FutureUniversal Human Rights in a Colonial WorldHuman Rights as History and PracticeSpecific FreedomsFrom Repudiation to the Play of Fancy
For more information, see the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Fred L. BORCH, Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), ISBN 9780198777168, $90.00


(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press has recently published a book on the military trials of Japanese war criminals in the Dutch East Indies post-World War II.
ABOUT
From 1946 to 1949, the Dutch prosecuted more than 1000 Japanese soldiers and civilians for war crimes committed during the occupation of the Netherlands East Indies during World War II. They also prosecuted a small number of Dutch citizens for collaborating with their Japanese occupiers. The war crimes committed by the Japanese against military personnel and civilians in the East Indies were horrific, and included mass murder, murder, torture, mistreatment of prisoners of war, and enforced prostitution. Beginning in 1946, the Dutch convened military tribunals in various locations in the East Indies to hear the evidence of these atrocities and imposed sentences ranging from months and years to death; some 25 percent of those convicted were executed for their crimes. The difficulty arising out of gathering evidence and conducting the trials was exacerbated by the on-going guerrilla war between Dutch authorities and Indonesian revolutionaries and in fact the trials ended abruptly in 1949 when 300 years of Dutch colonial rule ended and Indonesia gained its independence.

Until the author began examining and analysing the records of trial from these cases, no English language scholar had published a comprehensive study of these war crimes trials. While the author looks at the war crimes prosecutions of the Japanese in detail this book also breaks new ground in exploring the prosecutions of Dutch citizens alleged to have collaborated with their Japanese occupiers. Anyone with a general interest in World War II and the war in the Pacific, or a specific interest in war crimes and international law, will be interested in this book.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Fred L. Borch, Regimental Historian & Archivist, The Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Army, 

Fred L. Borch is the Regimental Historian and Archivist for the Army's Judge Advocate General's Corps. He served 25 years as an Army lawyer before retiring from active duty and assuming his current position as a military legal historian. Having served as the first Chief Prosecutor for the Guantanamo Bay military commissions (from 2003-2004), he has special interest in the history of war crimes. Mr. Borch is the author of a number of books and hundreds of articles on legal and non-legal topics.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. Setting the Stage
II. III. Prosecuting the Japanese: The Role of International and Domestic Law in the Establishment of War Crimes Tribunals in the East Indies
IV. Preparing for Trial: Gathering Evidence and Selecting Cases for Prosecution
V. Trials of Prisoner of War and Internee Camp Personnel, and Trials for the Mistreatment of Prisoners of War
VI. Trials for Mass Murder and Unlawful Executions
VII. Trials for Enforced Prostitution
VIII. 'Collective Responsibility:' Prosecuting the Kempeitai, Tokkeitai, and 25th Army
IX. Trials for Violations of the Terms of the Armistice
X. 'Command Responsibility': Prosecutor v. Shoji, Prosecutor v. Maruyama, and Prosecutor v. Imamura & Okazaki
XI. An Unfortunate Sideshow: The Prosecution of Collaborators
XII. Aftermath: Impact of the Trials on the Netherlands and the Netherlands East Indies
More information on the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Dana Y. RABIN, Britain and Its Internal Others, 1750-1800 : Under Rule of Law (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2017), ISBN 9781526120403, £75.00


(Source: Manchester University Press)
Manchester University Press recently published a book dealing with several landmark cases in 18th century British Imperial legal history concerning the presence of “outsiders” in London.
ABOUT
The rule of law, an ideology of equality and universality that justified Britain's eighteenth-century imperial claims, was the product not of abstract principles but imperial contact. As the Empire expanded, encompassing greater religious, ethnic and racial diversity, the law paradoxically contained and maintained these very differences. 
This book revisits six notorious incidents that occasioned vigorous debate in London's courtrooms, streets and presses: the Jewish Naturalization Act and the Elizabeth Canning case (1753-54); the Somerset Case (1771-72); the Gordon Riots (1780); the mutinies of 1797; and Union with Ireland (1800). Each of these cases adjudicated the presence of outsiders in London - from Jews and Gypsies to Africans and Catholics. The demands of these internal others to equality before the law drew them into the legal system, challenging longstanding notions of English identity and exposing contradictions in the rule of law.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Dana Y. Rabin is Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction: Empire and law, 'Firmly united by the circle of the British diadem'
1 Internal others: Jews, Gypsies, and Jacobites
2 'In a country of liberty?': slavery, villeinage and the making of whiteness in the Somerset case (1772)
3 Imperial disruptions: City, nation, and empire in the Gordon Riots
4 'This fleet is not yet republican': Conceptions of law in the mutinies of 1797
5 Wedding and Bedding: making the Union with Ireland, 1800
Conclusion
Select bibliography
Index
More information on the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOB: PhD position in Legal History, Vrije Universiteit

Full details found at https://carriere.nrc.nl/vacatures/vu/phd-position-in-legal-history-8d23f

The main task of the PhD-student will be to conduct investigations within the research project The Impact of Canon and Roman Law in Frisia: Continuity or Discontinuity?, resulting in a PhD thesis. It will include a limited amount of undergraduate lecturing. For the performance of these tasks teaching modules will be applied.

The research is aimed at the reception of canon law and Roman law in the medieval Frisian law of the 15th century. In the Middle Ages Frisia had an autonomous tradition of indigenous law, characterized by a strong continuity. From the beginning of the 12th century Frisian monks set off for the newly established universities of Paris and Bologna to study law. From around 1400 the influence of learned law increased considerably. A text tradition emerged, that of the Excerpta Legum or Jurisprudentia Frisica, which fused together elements of indigenous Frisian law and learned law. The investigations of the PhD student will focus on this text tradition. How did this tradition come into being? Which were the sources used? Which concepts were problematic in the dialectical encounter of indigenous and learned law? To what extent was this tradition determinative for legal practice?

Functie-eisen


• A Master Degree in Law and/or History;
• Demonstrable affinity with legal historical research;
• Sound knowledge of Latin;
• Knowledge of Old Frisian or willingness to amess this knowledge within the first year of appointment;
• Capability of reading secondary literature in Dutch;
• Readiness to perform part of the investigations at the Fryske Akademy in Leeuwarden;
• Demonstrable good writing skills;
• Good analytical skills.
Conditions

The appointment will be initially for one year. After satisfactory evaluation the appointment can be extended with at most another three years. You can find information about our excellent fringe benefits of employment at http://www.workingatvu.nl like:

• remuneration of 8,3% end-of-year bonus and 8% holiday allowance;
• a maximum of 41 holidays, in the case of full-time employment;
• a wide range of sports facilities which staff may use at a modest charge.

The salary will be in accordance with VU University regulations for academic personnel and amounts € 2.222,- gross per month in the first year up to € 2.840,- in the fourth year, based on a full-time employment.

Additional information

For more information please contact Professor Jan Hallebeek, tel. + 31 20 598 6324, email j.hallebeek@vu.nl.

You are requested to write a letter in which you describe your abilities and motivation, accompanied by your curriculum vitae and an academic transcript (list of grades) from your BA and MA. Applications should be sent via e-mail before May 3, 2018 by e-mail to Vrije Universiteit, Faculty of Law, M.J.J. van Raaphorst, operational manager, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Please record the vacancy number in the email header.

Any other correspondence in response to this advertisement will not be dealt with.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Samuel MOYN, Not Enough : Human Rights in an Unequal World (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780674737563, €27.00


(Source: Harvard University Press)
Next week, Harvard University Press is due to publish a new book on the history of human rights and inequality.
ABOUT
The age of human rights has been kindest to the rich. Even as state violations of political rights garnered unprecedented attention due to human rights campaigns, a commitment to material equality disappeared. In its place, market fundamentalism has emerged as the dominant force in national and global economies. In this provocative book, Samuel Moyn analyzes how and why we chose to make human rights our highest ideals while simultaneously neglecting the demands of a broader social and economic justice.
In a pioneering history of rights stretching back to the Bible, Not Enough charts how twentieth-century welfare states, concerned about both abject poverty and soaring wealth, resolved to fulfill their citizens’ most basic needs without forgetting to contain how much the rich could tower over the rest. In the wake of two world wars and the collapse of empires, new states tried to take welfare beyond its original European and American homelands and went so far as to challenge inequality on a global scale. But their plans were foiled as a neoliberal faith in markets triumphed instead.
Moyn places the career of the human rights movement in relation to this disturbing shift from the egalitarian politics of yesterday to the neoliberal globalization of today. Exploring why the rise of human rights has occurred alongside enduring and exploding inequality, and why activists came to seek remedies for indigence without challenging wealth, Not Enough calls for more ambitious ideals and movements to achieve a humane and equitable world.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Samuel Moyn is Professor of Law and Professor of History at Yale University. His interests range widely over international law, human rights, the laws of war, and legal thought in both historical and contemporary perspective. He has published several books and writes in venues such as Boston ReviewChronicle of Higher EducationDissentThe NationNew RepublicNew York Times, and Wall Street Journal.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PrefaceIntroduction1. Jacobin Legacy: The Origins of Social Justice2. National Welfare and the Universal Declaration3. FDR’s Second Bill4. Globalizing Welfare after Empire5. Basic Needs and Human Rights6. Global Ethics from Equality to Subsistence7. Human Rights in the Neoliberal MaelstromConclusion: Croesus’s WorldNotesAcknowledgmentsIndex
More information on the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Amanda L. TYLER, Habeas Corpus in Wartime (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017). ISBN 9780199856664, $85.00

(Source: Oxford University Press)
Oxford University Press recently published a book on the legal history of Habeas Corpus during wartime in the Anglo-American legal tradition.
DESCRIPTION
Habeas Corpus in Wartime unearths and presents a comprehensive account of the legal and political history of habeas corpus in wartime in the Anglo-American legal tradition. The book begins by tracing the origins of the habeas privilege in English law, giving special attention to the English Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, which limited the scope of executive detention and used the machinery of the English courts to enforce its terms. It also explores the circumstances that led Parliament to invent the concept of suspension as a tool for setting aside the protections of the Habeas Corpus Act in wartime. Turning to the United States, the book highlights how the English suspension framework greatly influenced the development of early American habeas law before and after the American Revolution and during the Founding period, when the United States Constitution enshrined a habeas privilege in its Suspension Clause. The book then chronicles the story of the habeas privilege and suspension over the course of American history, giving special attention to the Civil War period. The final chapters explore how the challenges posed by modern warfare during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries have placed great strain on the previously well-settled understanding of the role of the habeas privilege and suspension in American constitutional law, particularly during World War II when the United States government detained tens of thousands of Japanese American citizens and later during the War on Terror. Throughout, the book draws upon a wealth of original and heretofore untapped historical resources to shed light on the purpose and role of the Suspension Clause in the United States Constitution, revealing all along that many of the questions that arise today regarding the scope of executive power to arrest and detain in wartime are not new ones.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Amanda L. Tyler is a Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law, where she teaches and writes about the federal courts, the Supreme Court, constitutional law, legal history, and civil procedure. Professor Tyler's scholarship has been published in leading law journals, including the Harvard Law Review, the Yale Law Journal, and the Stanford Law Review. She also serves as a co-editor of Hart and Wechsler's The Federal Courts and the Federal System. Professor Tyler is a graduate of Stanford University and Harvard Law School. Following law school, she served as law clerk to the Honorable Guido Calabresi at the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and the Honorable Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the Supreme Court of the United States. She has run eight Boston marathons.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acknowledgements

Introduction

Part I: Origins: The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus and Suspension in English Law

Chapter 1: The Making of the Privilege

Chapter 2: Suspension: Legislating an Emergency Power

Chapter 3: Rebellion and Treason

Part II: Incorporating the Privilege and Suspension into American Law

Chapter 4: Forging a New Allegiance

Chapter 5: Enshrining a Constitutional Privilege

Chapter 6: The Suspension Clause in the Early Republic

Part III: Suspension

Chapter 7: Civil War and the "Great Suspender"

Chapter 8: Liberty in the Shadow Constitution: Suspension and the Confederacy

Chapter 9: Reconstructing the Union and Suspending in the Name of Civil Rights

Part IV: The Forgotten Suspension Clause

Chapter 10: World War II: Suspension and Martial Law in Hawaii and Mass Detention of Japanese Americans on the Mainland

Chapter 11: Habeas Corpus Today: Confronting the Age of Terrorism

Conclusion

Notes

IndexMore information on the publisher’s website
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Conference: 'Risk and the Insurance Business in History' - Session 5: New Approaches to the History of Insurance Law (Seville, 11-14 June 2019) (Deadline 30 June 2018)


(Source: Risk and the Insurance Business)
We have received the following Call for Papers: 

CALL FOR PAPERS: Risk and the Insurance Business in HistoryAn International Conference, Seville 2019 
The International Conference on Risk and the Insurance Business in History will be held in June 11th to 14th 2019 on the historic city of Seville. 
The Scientific Committee has accepted a set of 23 parallel sessions to shape the program of the conference (please see the complete list in the attached files).
Now we are opening the call for participation in these sessions. Please feel free to consider the most suitable session for your paper. Proposals should include names and affiliations of the author/s; title and abstract. Please note that session organisers have the final decision to accept paper proposals for their sessions. Session organisers are requested to forward to the conference organisers any proposals for papers that they cannot include in their session, so that the conference organisers, with the assistance of the Scientific Committee, have an opportunity of placing the papers elsewhere in the conference if that proves possible. The definite list of accepted papers will be announced in September 30th 2018.
Proposals of sessions should be directed to the organiser/s of the session, with copy to the conference mail  insurance.international.conference@unia.es
The deadline to send paper proposals is June 30th 2018.
 ABSTRACT 
Modern scholars of insurance law refer to insurance as a legal product. In a contract of sale, for example, the parties exchange goods against money. By contrast, in an insurance transaction the parties exchange money against money: the insurer receives the premiums from the policy holder and in turn promises to pay the insured sum when a certain risk eventuates. The right of the insured to the insured sum is determined in the contract, a legal document, and the boundaries of what the parties can agree upon are set by the law. Against this background, it comes as a surprise that research in the history of insurance has been dominated by economic historians and that within the domain of legal history the history of insurance lawhas hitherto played onlya marginal role. And were research into the history of insurance law exists it is (as traditional research in legal history tends to be) confined to the boundaries of a given jurisdiction. As a consequence, different national  narratives  have  developed. The development  of  such national narratives  is  highly problematic. Only recently, legal historians have rediscovered the field of the history of insurance lawas a field of study. However, research into thehistory of insurance law faces a number of challenges. (1) It is an interdisciplinary field of study. Without a firm knowledge of the history of thesocio-economic background and without a thorough understanding of insurance markets an analysis of legal questions is impossible. (2) Nevertheless, legal historians haveto define their research object independently of other disciplines. Lawyers of all times tend to transpose known solutions to new problems. For the understanding where legal rules in insurance law originated from, legal historians, thus, have to look beyond the sphere of insurance. (3) Finally, insurance practice often has not left any traces in the legal discourse, in legislation or in the case law. And where ithas legal historians do not always appreciate that insurance practice may have followed different paths.
The session will have four presentations of 20 minutes each, followed by a discussion. The Organiser invites submissions which challenge, and go beyond, the traditional narratives of insurance legal history without restricting them to any specific field or time frame. Submissions related to, for example, marine insurance, fire insurance, life insurance, guild welfare or state run insurance schemes, to name just some, and covering any legal question will be considered.
For more information, please see the conference's website 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Quadrennial International Congress on the Enlightenment:‘Enlightenment Identities’ [International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies] (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University, 14-19 Jul 2019) (Deadline 19 FEB 2019)

(image source: Werkgroep 18de eeuw)The International Congress on the Enlightenment is the quadrennial meeting of the International Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (ISECS) and the world’s largest meeting of specialists on all aspects of the eighteenth century. Recent ISECS congresses have been held in Los Angeles (2003), Montpellier (2007), Graz (2011), and Rotterdam (2015). The 15th ISECS Congress will be held in Edinburgh, Scotland, from Sunday 14 July to Friday 19 July 2019. It is organized by the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (BSECS) and the Eighteenth-Century Scottish Studies Society (ECSSS), and hosted by the University of Edinburgh.Enlightenment Identities
While proposals for papers, panels, and roundtables on any topic relevant to the long eighteenth century are welcome, we particularly invite contributions that address the theme of ‘Enlightenment Identities’. The question of ‘identity’ was much disputed in the eighteenth century, in ways ranging from the local, regional, colonial, national, federal, imperial, to the global. Identities are complex. They are forged by factors ranging from the personal to wider political, military, religious, intellectual, techno-scientific, cultural, ethnic, social, sexual, economic, class/caste, geographical, and historical contexts. The idea of Enlightenment was itself much debated. Given these interlocking complexities, ‘Enlightenment Identities’ constitutes an important theme for an international gathering in the Enlightenment city of Edinburgh, whose eighteenth-century denizens, like Adam Smith, were at once Scottish, British, and ‘citizens of the world’.Call for Papers, Panels, and Roundtables
Proposals are invited for individual papers, preformed panels of three or four papers, and roundtables of between four and six participants. Proposals may be in English or French. The final deadline for submission of papers and panel proposals is Friday 1 February 2019. Submission is through the congress website.More Information
Complete information about the congress, the city and university of Edinburgh, travel and accommodation, proposal submission, registration, the ISECS bursary programme, and all other details, can be found here.

(source: Dutch-Belgian Werkgroep De Achttiende Eeuw)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CALL FOR PAPERS: Workshop Cycle "Teaching Law Outside National Borders" (19th-20th Centuries) [The Making of Legal Knowledge/La fabrique des savoirs juridiques/La fabbrica dei saperi giuridici] (CNRS/Université Lyon III/Université de Bordeaux) ...


APPEL A COMMUNICATIONSArgumentaireDepuis quelques décennies, l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit à l’époque contemporaine est, en France, un chantier en plein essor. En témoigne la création de la Société pour l’histoire des facultés de droit en 1983, qui a permis la coordination et le développement d’un champ de recherches jusqu’alors délaissé. Cependant, cette histoire des facultés de droit est longtemps restée une histoire des doctrines qui y étaient enseignées et des écoles qui s’y affrontaient. Il a fallu attendre une période plus récente pour que l’historiographie se saisisse des lieux de l’enseignement du droit en eux-mêmes, dans le cadre d’une socio-histoire attentive au fonctionnement de l’institution, à son personnel, ses étudiants, ou encore ses ressources budgétaires. Alors que de telles études fleurissaient déjà dans d’autres disciplines (v. par exemple les travaux de Charles, 2004 ; Picard, 2007 ; Singaravelou, 2009 ; Ferté et Barrera, 2010), les initiatives se sont multipliées ces dernières années chez les juristes, parfois en lien avec les débats actuels liés à l’autonomie des universités ou la rénovation de l’enseignement du droit dans un contexte de globalisation (Ancel et Heuschling, 2016 ; Jamin et Van Caeneghem, 2016).Ce renouvellement des approches s’est fréquemment adossé à la question des disciplines juridiques. Il a également emprunté le chemin d’un intérêt pour le collectif enseignant. Siprojuris, la base de données bio-bibliographique des professeurs de droit français entre 1804 et 1950, rassemblant 600 individus, a vu le jour, fruit d’un travail collectif coordonné par Catherine Fillon. Ouvrant de nouvelles perspectives pour l’histoire sociale des élites juridiques, cet important déport prosopographique s’est doublé d’un renouvellement de la biographie intellectuelle des professeurs de droit, désormais moins préoccupée de décréter l’existence de « grands juristes » que de décrypter les mécanismes concrets d’accession à la « grandeur intellectuelle ». Enfin, cette nouvelle histoire des facultés de droit s’est souvent concentrée sur des aires géographiques particulières, ce qui a donné lieu à la création, en 2008, du Réseau européen pour l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit.Le progrès de l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit est par conséquent substantiel pour ce qui concerne la période contemporaine. Ce cycle de journées d’études entend profiter de ces nouveaux acquis pour poursuivre le travail déjà accompli en interrogeant un phénomène peu investi jusqu’alors : l’histoire de l’enseignement du droit hors des frontières nationales aux XIXe et XXe siècles. Certes, l’époque contemporaine est marquée, par rapport au Moyen Âge, notamment, par une incontestable nationalisation du droit et de son enseignement, amorcée à l’époque moderne. A priori, l’on pourrait penser que le temps des pérégrinations académiques est révolu. À y regarder de plus près, toutefois, rien n’est moins sûr. Empruntant des formes variées, une dilatation certaine de l’espace académique français peut également être observée à l’époque contemporaine (Audren et Halpérin, 2013).– Dans le cadre de l’expansion militaire ou coloniale tout d’abord, la métropole entend plaquer son modèle d’enseignement du droit dans le cadre d’institutions dédiées (facultés de droit dans les départements annexés par l’Empire napoléonien ; École de droit d’Alger, expansion universitaire vers le Levant avec les Écoles de droit du Caire ou de Beyrouth, École de droit d’Hanoï, etc.).– En dehors du cadre « autoritaire » des régions militairement occupées ou colonisées ensuite, nombreux sont les professeurs de droit, surtout à partir de l’entre-deux-guerres, à promouvoir le droit français à l’étranger, dans le cadre d’une diplomatie culturelle bien comprise (conférences, cours au sein d’instituts culturels, etc.).Cette appréhension transnationale de l’enseignement du droit se situe par conséquent à l’articulation d’un triple questionnement : la réflexion similaire venue des historiens d’autres disciplines, qui se sont également saisis de cette question ; le tournant historiographique vers l’histoire globale ou connectée, ainsi que vers la question des circulations, qui entend interroger, voire dépasser les cadres nationaux habituellement retenus pour écrire l’histoire ; la problématique actuelle de la dénationalisation/ globalisation de l’enseignement du droit, qui agite la doctrine.Il nous a semblé qu’un tel questionnement relatif à l’enseignement du droit hors des frontières nationales était de nature à combler un vide historiographique important, tout en éclairant certains enjeux actuels de la globalisation de l’enseignement du droit. Par ailleurs, les contributions de collègues étrangers pouvant offrir un éclairage similaire dans leurs pays seront particulièrement appréciées. Ces trois journées d’études seront divisées thématiquement :1) Lyon, décembre 2018  « Les lieux et les formes de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole » La première journée d’études est consacrée aux diverses modalités structurelles de l’enseignement du droit en dehors du cadre métropolitain. Si, dans ses colonies, un État peut finir par envisager de créer des facultés calquées sur le modèle de la métropole, il lui faut généralement faire preuve de davantage d’inventivité dans les territoires étrangers demeurés maîtres de leur souveraineté où, par surcroît, il peut être en concurrence avec d’autres États tout aussi désireux de promouvoir leur influence politique et juridique. L’éventail des multiples formes retenues, ponctuelles ou plus pérennes (des tournées de conférences, à la main-mise sur des écoles locales, en passant par la création d’instituts culturels…) mérite d’être précisé, mais aussi cartographié. Où ? Suivant quelles formes ? Selon quels partenariats et avec quels financements ? sont autant de questions auxquelles cette première journée souhaite apporter des réponses plus précises. 2) Bordeaux, mars 2020  « Contenu et objectifs de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole » Cette deuxième journée d’études se concentrera sur la question des cours de droit dispensés hors de la métropole. Quels sont les objectifs de tels enseignements ? (former des élites locales ; apporter une connaissance du droit local aux étudiants français ; acculturer les populations conquises au droit français ; promouvoir la « grandeur » du droit français à l’étranger, etc.). En fonction des différents buts de ces cours, leur contenu diffère-t-il ? Enseigne-t-on de la même manière, par exemple, le droit civil français dans les colonies, dans les pays militairement conquis ou encore dans les instituts culturels à l’étranger ? Autrement dit, les professeurs de droit opèrent-ils une adaptation du contenu de leurs cours en fonction du contexte et/ ou du public auquel ils s’adressent ? C’est, par conséquent, la question des modalités intellectuelles de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole qui sera ici abordée. 3) Aix-Marseille, 2021  « Les acteurs de l’enseignement juridique hors de la métropole »Enfin, cette troisième journée d’études s’intéressera aux acteurs, qu’ils soient enseignants ou étudiants. Du côté des professeurs, les questionnements concernent, comme souvent dans les problématiques de l’exil durable ou temporaire, la question des profils, des parcours et des raisons, lorsqu’elles existent, qui encouragent à partir. Quelles sont les motivations de ces enseignants ? Matérielles ? Personnelles ? Idéologiques ? Qu’est-ce que l’expérience étrangère nous raconte de ces hommes et de ces femmes : est-elle la preuve d’une plus grande ouverture d’esprit ? A-t-elle des incidences sur leur façon de concevoir et d’enseigner le droit ? Peut-elle avoir un sens politique ?… En parallèle, des interrogations similaires se posent pour les étudiants, en tant qu’individus, mais également en tant que groupes. Les migrations estudiantines peuvent notamment avoir des conséquences sur les équilibres sociaux et culturels des États ou encore sur la circulation des savoirs. Afin de ne pas enfermer ces acteurs du droit dans des spécificités qui pourraient s’avérer trompeuses, nous encourageons leur remise en perspective dans le monde plus global de l’enseignement supérieur, ainsi que les approches comparées.Bibliographie indicativeColl., Actes des États généraux de la recherche sur le Droit et la Justice, Paris, Lextenso, 2018, voir en particulier les articles de la partie « professions juridiques et judiciaires ».Ancel (P.) et Heuschling (L.) (dir.), La transnationalisation de l’enseignement du droitBruxelles, Larcier, 2016.Audren (F.) et Halpérin (J.-L.), La culture juridique française entre mythes et réalités, XIXe-XXesiècles, Paris, CNRS éd., 2013.Audren (F.), « Alma Mater sous le regard de l’historien du droit. Cultures académiques, formation des élites et identités professionnelles », in Krynen (J.) et d’Alteroche (B.) (dir.), L’histoire du droit en France. Nouvelles tendances, nouveaux territoires, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2014, p. 145-172.Bastier (J.), « L’enseignement du droit à Alger de 1879 à 1914 », in Nélidoff (Ph.) (dir.), Les facultés de droit de province au XIXe siècle, tome 1, Bilan et perspectives de la recherche, Toulouse, Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole, 2009, p. 519-542.Charle (Ch.), « Enseignement supérieur et expansion internationale (1870-1930). Des instituts pour un nouvel empire ? », in Heilbron (J.), Lenoir (R.) et Sapiro (G.) (dir.), Pour une histoire des sciences sociales. Hommage à Pierre Bourdieu, Paris, Fayard, 2004, p. 323-347.Charle (Ch.), Schriewer (J.) et Wagner (P.) (dir.), Transnational Intellectual Networks. Forms of Academic Knowledge and the Search for Cultural Identities, Francfort, New York, Campus, 2004.De Mari (E.), Fabre (M.), Renucci (F.), Cours d’histoire du droit colonial, UNJF (en ligne), leçon 10 « De la connaissance à la réorganisation du droit ».Falconieri (S.), « Le « droit de la race ». Apprendre l’antisémitisme à la Faculté de droit de Paris (1940-1944) », Clio@themis. Revue électronique d’histoire du droit, n° 7, 2014 (en ligne).Ferté (P.) et Barerra (C.) (dir.), Étudiants de l’exil. Migrations internationales et universités refuges (XVIe-XXe s.), Toulouse, Presses universitaires du Mirail, 2010.Fillon (C.), « L’enseignement du droit, instrument et enjeu de la diplomatie culturelle française. L’exemple de l’Égypte au début du XXe siècle », Mil neuf cent. Revue d’histoire intellectuelle, n° 29 [La Belle Époque des juristes. Enseigner le droit dans la République], 2011/1, p. 123-144.Fillon (C.), « Le Jésuite, l’Universitaire et le Politique : stratégies de recrutement du corps enseignant de l’École Française de droit de Beyrouth (1913-1939) », in Gaven (J.-C.) et Audren (F.) (dir.), Les facultés de droit de province aux XIXe et XXe siècles, tome 3, Les conquêtes universitaires, Toulouse, Presses Universitaires de Toulouse 1 Capitole, 2011, p. 115-138.Gaillard (A.-M.) et (J.), Les enjeux des migrations scientifiques internationales. De la quête du savoir à la circulation des compétences, Paris, L’Harmattan, 1999.Gonzalez (C.), « Education and Empire : Colonial Universities in Mexico, India and the United States », Research and Occasional Paper Series, CSHE-Berkeley, 2014 (en ligne).Halary (Ch.), Les exilés du savoir. Les migrations scientifiques internationales et leurs mobiles, Paris, L’Harmattan, 1994.Halpérin (J.-L.) (dir.), Paris, capitale juridique (1804-1950). Études de socio-histoire sur la Faculté de droit de Paris, Paris, Éditions rue d’Ulm, 2011.Jamin (Ch.) et Van Caenegem (W.) (dir.), The Internationalisation of Legal Education, Switzerland, Springer, 2016.Outre-Mers. Revue d’histoire, t. 105, n° 394-395 [Enseignement supérieur et universités dans les espaces coloniaux : histoire, comparaisons (du XIXe siècle aux indépendances)], 2017, coordonné par Hélène Charton et Marc Michel.Picard (E.), « Étudiants et enseignants : du dossier individuel à la prosopographie », Revue administrative, 2007, p. 55-58 (en ligne sur HAL).Ponthoreau (M.-Cl.) (dir.), La dénationalisation de l’enseignement juridique. Comparaisons des pratiques, Paris, Institut Universitaire Varenne, coll. « Colloques & Essais », 2016.Singaravelou (P.), « L’enseignement supérieur colonial. Un état des lieux », Histoire de l’éducation, 122/2009, p. 71-92Renucci (F.) (dir.), Dictionnaire des juristes ultramarins (XVIIIe-XXe siècles), rapport de recherche gip « Mission de recherche Droit et Justice », 2012.Tronchet (G.), Savoirs en diplomatie. Une histoire sociale et transnationale de la politique universitaire internationale de la France (années 1870-années 1930), thèse de doctorat en histoire contemporaine, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, 2014.Pour la première journée de Lyon, les propositions de communication, accompagnées d’un bref CV, sont à envoyer aux quatre organisatrices pour le 1er septembre 2018. La décision du comité d’organisation sera notifiée aux intervenants le 20 septembre.Comité d’organisationSilvia Falconieri (chargée de recherches CNRS, IMAF) : silviafalconieri@gmail.comCatherine Fillon (professeur, Université Jean Moulin Lyon III) : catherine.fillon@univ-lyon3.frLaetitia Guerlain (maître de conférences, Université de Bordeaux) : laetitia.guerlain@u-bordeaux.frFlorence Renucci (directrice de recherches CNRS, IMAF) : florence.renucci@univ-amu.frComité scientifiqueFrédéric Audren (directeur de recherches CNRS, École de droit de Sciences Po)Isabelle Giraudou (professeur associée, Université de Tokyo)Jean-Louis Halpérin (professeur, ENS)Béatrice Jaluzot (maître de conférences, Sciences Po Lyon)Emmanuelle Picard (maître de conférences, ENS Lyon)Guillaume Tronchet (chercheur affilié à l’IHMC, ENS-Paris 1)More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Catherine GUYON, Bruno MAES, Marta PEGUERA POCH & Anne-Elisabeth SPICA (eds.), Liberté des consciences et religion. Enjeux et conflits (XIIIe-XXe siècle) [Histoire] (Rennes: PURennes, 2018), 328 p. ISBN 9782753555297, € 25

(image source: PURennes)
Book abstract:
Si le fait religieux est quelquefois présenté comme un moyen de contrainte sur les consciences, il est pourtant source de liberté des consciences morales, selon un paradoxe qui n’est qu’apparent. Cet ouvrage constitue autant de contributions à l’étude de la part du fait religieux dans l’émergence de la liberté de et des consciences. Dans une perspective résolument orientée en diachronie longue, l’ouvrage met au jour les questions récurrentes et leur évolution. Avec le soutien de l’université de Lorraine, du CRULH, de l’Institut François-Gény et du laboratoire « Écritures ».See introduction and table of contents.
More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOB: Postdoctoral Researchers: Spaces of Roman Republicanism (University of Helsinki, ERC Consolidator Grant prof. Kaius Tuori) DEADLINE 15 APR 2018

(image source: THE)The University of Helsinki – among the best in the worldFounded in 1640, the University of Helsinki is one of the best multidisciplinary research universities in the world. The University of Helsinki is an international academic community of 40,000 students and staff members. It operates on four campuses in Helsinki and at 15 other locations. The high-quality research carried out by the university creates new knowledge for educating diverse specialists in various fields, and for utilisation in social decision-making and the business sector.The Faculty of Social Sciences is Finland’s leading research and education institution in the social sciences and also the most diverse in terms of its disciplines. In several research fields the Faculty belongs to the top 50 in the international rankings. The Faculty has a strong international profile both in research and teaching programmes. The number of academic staff stands at 350. Each year the faculty awards some 350 Bachelor’s degrees, 400 Master’s degrees, and more than 40 doctoral degrees. For more information on the Faculty of Social Sciences, please visit www.helsinki.fi/en/faculty-of-social-sciences.The Faculty of Social Sciences invites applications for the position ofTWO (2) POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHERS, SPACES OF ROMAN REPUBLICANISMfor a three-year fixed term period from 1 June 2018 onwards (or as agreed) to contribute to the research project Law, Governance and Space: Questioning the Foundations of the Republican Tradition (SpaceLaw, www.helsinki.fi/en/law-governance-and-space).The SpaceLaw research project is located at the Centre of European Studies of the University of Helsinki. It is funded by an ERC Consolidator Grant and led by Kaius Tuori.The project has two main research questions that explore the theme by the confrontation of ideas and their contexts in both the ancient Roman Republican tradition and its afterlife in the European tradition:
1) What is the relationship between the Republican ideals and administrative practices and how is their change visible in the spaces of administration from the Roman Republic to modern Republicanism?
2) How the changes in the context and space of administration reflect in the social topography, the public and private spheres of governance?
Administrative professionalization has conventionally been the hallmark of a modern state. Ever since Weber, the conceptual separation of the office and its holder has defined the European way of governance. This separation equally defined it from both its feudalistic predecessors and failed states prone to corruption and nepotism. The origin of this European tradition of the separation of public and private has been seen in the Roman Republican state with its strict responsibilities, term limits and defined powers of its magistracies. This separation was made concrete in the building of public spaces for political and administrative purposes, in settings whose magnificence and grandeur reflected the value that the society held them. In the European tradition, public spaces were a demonstration of public power. While the spatial settings as have been studied in relation to monarchical settings like courts, Republican administration has been neglected. The problem is that much of what is known about the Roman Republican administrative practice fits this image badly. For example, how is it possible to have professional administration if the magistrates are not paid and have no offices to work? The purpose of this project is to challenge that assumption and to propose a new model of the Roman governance through a novel re-evaluation of the ancient Roman administrative tradition and its links with the European heritage through the issue of administrative space. Spatial analysis allows the observer to break beyond the limits of the self-understanding of the sources and to approach fundamental connections between questions of power, law and governance.The project is divided into four subprojects (A-D) that examine the different facets of the research questions. These subprojects will serve as a primary individual project for one team member.Subproject A: The Emergence of the Republican Tradition explores how the Republican tradition of administration was shaped by its historic, spatial, economic, social and philosophical contexts by examining four case studies. How does the change in the interpretations of the tradition correspond with the changes in its spatial and immaterial context? The results of a survey of the corpus of the Roman Republican texts on the theory and practice of administration and administrative space will be compared with the other case studies of the Republicanist tradition.Subproject B: The Transformation of Administrative Space between Public and Private will produce a new inquiry into the administrative space in the city of Rome and compare it with examples from both classical world and the later historical tradition. The aim is to combine archaeological and historical data to trace the work of administrative magistracies and their contexts.Subproject C: The Legal Framework and the Administrative Process analyses how Roman jurists and other elite authors conceptualized the legal framework of the administrative state and the process of administration. How jurisprudence and legal practice conceptualized space in administration? What were the needs and requirements of space for legal administration and how do legal texts reflect space? The result will be an unorthodox interpretation of how the law created space and was created in spaces such as the Forum.Subproject D: The Social Topography of the Administrative Space. Drawing from the political and social history of the domestic and public spheres, the subproject will investigate administrative space as a space in between the political and the private domains and how their boundaries were demarcated? It will equally look at how people from different backgrounds and tasks operated in these spaces. Using tools of social topography, historical geography and prosopography, the subproject will produce a new theory of the overlapping areas of privacy, intimacy and sociability in relation to the “public” areas of politics, military or religious activities as well as the spatial dimension of administration intermingling with them all.The postdoctoral researchers may apply for all four subprojects. The applicant must indicate clearly in her or his application, to which subproject she/he is applying to. Multidisciplinary backgrounds in law, humanities and/or social sciences are expected of the team members. In subproject A, the focus would be in the intellectual history of Republicanism, while in B a specialization in archaeology, ancient history or art history would be needed. In subproject C, the task at hand would require a specialization in areas such as legal history or Roman law, but in D the possibilities are much wider in terms of a suitable background, including anthropologists and other social scientists.An appointee to the position must hold a doctoral degree in a relevant field of Ancient history, general history, archaeology, Roman law, or equivalent. Moreover, she or he is expected to have the ability to conduct independent scientific research and possess the teaching skills required for the position. The period following the completion of doctoral degree must not exceed five years, excluding family leave and equivalent periods of absence. An appointee must be able to provide a clear contribution to the theme of the research project and to its general development, together with full-time researchers, postdocs, visiting faculty, Ph.D. students, and graduate students working as research assistants. To fulfil the research requirements of the position, the applicant chosen is expected to be physically present on a regular basis and actively participate in the research and teaching activities of the research project. An appointee is expected to contribute develop her/his own and our common research agenda, and contribute to collective academic tasks such as teaching, seminars and joint academic papers. Conventionally, the teaching load is 5%, corresponding roughly with a course of 20 hours contact teaching.The salary shall be based on level 5 of the job requirement scheme for teaching and research staff in the salary system of Finnish universities. In addition, a salary component based on personal performance will be paid. The annual gross salary range will be approx. 41,000–50,000 euros, depending on the appointee’s qualifications and experience. In addition, occupational healthcare will be provided. The employment contract will include a probationary period of four months.Applicants are requested to enclose with their applications the following documents in English as a single pdf file:
1) A curriculum vitae (max 4 pages).
2) A numbered list of publications on which the applicant has marked in bold her or his five key publications to be considered during the review.
3) A research plan (max 4 pages) outlining how the applicant’s expertise could contribute to the research project.
4) A summary (max 2 pages) on the applicant’s scholarly activities including original research at an international level, international academic networks, local co-operation, success in obtaining research funding, experience in research management.For instructions, please see https://www.helsinki.fi/en/faculty-of-social-sciences/faculty/applying-f....Please submit your application through the University of Helsinki Recruitment System via the link Apply for job. Applicants who are employees of the University of Helsinki are requested to submit their application via the SAP HR portal, https://saphr.it.helsinki.fi/irj.Further information about the position and about the research project Law, Governance and Space: Questioning the Foundations of the Republican Tradition may be obtained (in Finnish and English) from Dr. Kaius Tuori (kaius.tuori@helsinki.fi). In case you need support with the recruitment system, please contact recruitment@helsinki.fi.(Source: Rechtshistorische Courant, UGent)More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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