Comparative Law News

BOOK: José María BENEYTO & Justo CORTI VARELA (eds.), At the Origins of Modernity: Francisco de Vitoria and the Discovery of International Law [Studies in the History of Law and Justice, eds. Georges MARTYN and Mortimer SELLARS] (Heidelberg/New York:...

                                           (image source: Springer)


Book Abstract: 
This book is based on an international project conducted by the Institute for European Studies of the University CEU San Pablo in Madrid and a seminar on Vitoria and International Law which took place on July 2nd 2015 in the convent of San Esteban, the place where Vitoria spent his most productive years as Chair of Theology at the University of Salamanca.  It argues that Vitoria not only lived at a time bridging the Middle Ages and Modernity, but also that his thoughts went beyond the times he lived in, giving us inspiration for meeting current challenges that could also be described as “modern” or even post-modern.There has been renewed interest in Francisco de Vitoria in the last few years, and he is now at the centre of a debate on such central international topics as political modernity, colonialism, the discovery of the “Other” and the legitimation of military interventions. All these subjects include Vitoria’s contributions to the formation of the idea of modernity and modern international law.The book explores two concepts of modernity: one referring to the post-medieval ages and the other to our times. It discusses the connections between the challenges that the New World posed for XVIth century thinkers and those that we are currently facing, for example those related to the cyberworld. It also addresses the idea of international law and the legitimation of the use of force, two concepts that are at the core of Vitoria’s texts, in the context of “modern” problems related to a multipolar world and the war against terrorism.This is not a historical book on Vitoria, but a very current one that argues the value of Vitoria’s reflections for contemporary issues of international law.Table of Contents:
Anthony Pagden, Introduction: Francisco de Vitoria and the Origins of the Modern Global Order (1-17)
Franco Todescan, From the “Imago Dei” to the “Bon Sauvage”: Francisco de Vitoria and the Natural Law School (21-43)
Simona Langella, The Sovereignty of Law in the Works of Francisco de Vitoria (45-61)
André Azevedo Alves, Vitoria, the Common Good and the Limits of Political Power (63-75)
Andrew Fitzmaurice, The Problem of Eurocentrism in the Thought of Francisco de Vitoria (77-93)
Yolanda Gamarra, On the Spanish Founding Father of Modern International Law: Camilo Barcia Trelles (1888–1977) (95-115)
Mauro Mantovani, Francisco de Vitoria on the “Just War”: Brief Notes and Remarks (119-139)
Francisco Castilla Urbano, Prevention and Intervention in Francisco de Vitoria’s Theory of the Just War (141-153)
Jörg Alejandro Tellkamp, Francisco de Vitoria on Self-defence, Killing Innocents and the Limits of “Double Effect” (155-173)
Pablo Zapatero Miguel, Francisco de Vitoria and the Postmodern Grand Critique of International Law (177-195)
Johannes Thumfart, Francisco de Vitoria and the Nomos of the Code: The Digital Commons and Natural Law, Digital Communication as a Human Right, Just Cyber-Warfare (197-217)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Paulo Emilio VAUTHIER BORGES DE MACEDO, Catholic and Reformed Traditions in International Law. A Comparison between the Suarezian and the Grotian Concept of Ius Gentium [Studies in the History of Law and Justice, eds. Georges MARTYN and Mortimer...

(image source: Springer)

Book abstract:This book compares the respective concepts of the law of nations put forward by the Spanish theologian Francisco Suárez and by the Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius. This comparison is based on the fact that both thinkers developed quite similar notions and were the first to depart from the Roman conception, which persisted throughout the entire Middle Ages and the early Renaissance. In Rome, jus gentium was a law that applied to foreigners within the Empire, and one which was often mistaken for Natural Law itself. These two features can be found even in the works of writers such as Francisco de Vitória and Alberico Gentili.
In Suárez and Grotius, the law of nations is applicable to an extra-national domain and inarguably becomes positive law. Yet, it also contains an ethical element that prevents it from transforming into a mere reflection of state interests.
This work argues that this resemblance is hardly a coincidence: Grotius has read Suárez, and that influence has modified the foundations of his early thoughts on jus gentium. This should not be taken to imply that the Dutch jurist wasn’t original: in both authors, the definition of the law of nations pursues his own internal logic. Nevertheless, Suárez’s oeuvre allowed Grotius to solve a fundamental problem touched on in his early writings that had remained unanswered. Accordingly, his oeuvre promises to clarify one of the most significant moments in the History of International Law.Table of contents:
Introduction (1-11)
The Law of Nations: Between Natural and Positive Law (13-63)
The Foundations of Law in Francisco Suárez (65-118)
The Foundations of Law in Hugo Grotius (119-182)
The Law of Nations in Francisco Suárez (183-243)
The Law of Nations in Hugo Grotius (245-303)
Conclusion (350-309)On the author:
Paulo Emílio Vauthier Borges de Macedo is an associate professor of International Law at the University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Vice-Coordinator of the Master and Doctorate Programme; Visiting Professor of Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University; Visiting Researcher at Murdoch University; Legal Adviser at the Brazilian Navy War School (EGN); Editor-in-chief of the Rio de Janeiro University Law School Journal; President of the Brazilian section of Communio Journal (Catholic International Journal of Theology and Culture).
Catégories: Comparative Law News

The Santillana Codes, by Dan E. Stigall

Juris Diversitas - lun, 09/11/2017 - 16:30
The Santillana Codes: the Civil Codes of Tunisia, Morocco, and Mauritania. In that book, my objects of focus are the civil codes in force in Tunisia, Morocco, and Mauritania.  The book also explores the history of their “intellectual father” – a Jewish man from Tunisia named David Santillana (1855 – 1931) who was a masterful comparativist and an expert in both Islamic law and European legal systems.  It also touches on the importance of civil codes in facilitating stability in volatile regions.These subjects are difficult and intriguing due to the persistent lacunae in the literature regarding the law and legal history of Maghrebian and Sahelian states—a veil of obscurity which has served to undervalue African, Islamic, and Jewish contributions to global legal development.  The aim of my forthcoming book is, therefore, to dispel this obscurity by illuminating the work of David Santillana, an influential jurist and lawyer who worked in North Africa and Europe during the latter nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and his innovative approach to codification.  Beyond that, I aim to show how the legal histories and cultures of each relevant country contributed to this distinct class of uniquely African civil codes that are still in force today in a legal arc that extends from the Maghreb to the Sahel.About the Author:Dan E. Stigall is an attorney with the U.S. Department of Justice, Counterterrorism Section, National Security Division. He previously served on active duty in the U.S. Army JAG Corps from 2001-2009, serving in Europe, the Middle East, and the United States. LL.M., 2009, George Washington University School of Law; J.D., 2000, Louisiana State University, Paul M. Hebert Law Center; B.A., 1996, Louisiana State University.Dan E. Stigall is a Contributing Fellow of the LSU Center of Civil Law Studies.Additional Information:This forthcoming book can already be ordered online. See: Friends of the Law Library of CongressTo download order form with 30% discount (valid until October 1, 2018), click here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Joe SAMPSON, The Historical Foundations of Grotius’ Analysis of Delict [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of Private Law, ed. by C.H. VAN RHEE, Matthew MIROW and DIRK HEIRBAUT; 24,13] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2018), ...

(image source: Brill)

Brill announces the forthcoming publication of the following work:
The Historical Foundations of Grotius’ Analysis of Delict explores the origins of a generalised model of liability for wrongdoing in the history of European private law. Using Grotius as its focal point, it analyses the extent to which earlier civilian and theological doctrine shaped his views. It divides Grotius’ approach into three elements – the infringement of a right, fault, and remediation – and traces the development of parallel concepts in earlier traditions. It argues that Grotius was influenced by the writings of Thomists to a far greater extent than has previously been acknowledged, virtually eclipsing any sign of civilian influence except where Romanist learning had already been incorporated into theological doctrine.On the author:
Joe Sampson, Ph.D. (2016) is the David Li Fellow in Law at Selwyn College in the University of Cambridge. The present work was his doctoral thesis, supervised by Professor David Ibbetson. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Mauricio NOVOA, The Protectors of Indians in the Royal Audience of Lima: History, Careers and Legal Culture, 1575-1775 [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of Private Law, eds. C.H. VAN RHEE, Matthew MIROW and Dirk HEIRBAUT; 19,10] ...

(image source: Brill)
Book abstract:
In The Protectors of Indians in the Royal Audience of Lima: History, Careers and Legal Culture, 1575-1775 Mauricio Novoa offers an account of the institution that developed in the vice-royalty of Peru for the protection of Indians before the high courts of justice. Making use of historical materials, Novoa provides a comprehensive view on the formation of the legal elite in Lima during the colonial period; reviews the litigation undertaken by indigenous plaintiffs, and explains the legal culture that allowed the development of juristic doctrine around the Indian personal status.Table of contents:
Acknowledgements ... ixList of Illustrations, Charts and Tables ... xiList of Abbreviations ... xiii
Introduction ... 11 Bishop Protectors ... 162 Protectors of Indians in the Audience of Lima ... 443 Social Characteristics ... 714 Advancement and Careers ... 1045 Economic Position ... 1456 Legal Culture ... 1797 Litigation at the Royal Audience of Lima ... 206Conclusion ... 231
Appendices ... 235Appendix 1: Biographical Notes ... 237Appendix 2: The Library of Cipriano de Medina (1635) ... 254Appendix 3: The Library of García José Lasso de Vega (1775) ... 277Appendix 4: Procurators of Indians in the Real Audiencia of Lima, 1552–1789 ... 285
Bibliography ... 291
Index ... 320 On the author:
Mauricio Novoa was educated in Lima and Cambridge, and has published on various aspects of Latin American legal and intellectual history. 
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: American Journal of Legal History LVII (2017), Nr. 2

(image source: Oxford UP)

The American Journal of Legal History published the second issue of its 2017 volume.

Contents:
"Law, Religion, and Debt Relief: Balancing above the ‘Abyss of Despair’ in Early Modern Canon Law and Theology" (Wim Decock)

"A Miscellaneous Network: The History of FIDE 1961-94" (Rebekka Byberg)

"The Poll Tax before Jim Crow" (Brian Sawers)

"Principle and Politics in the New History of Originalism" (Logan E. Sawyer, III)

Book symposium
"Introduction: The People’s Welfare, Law, and the Modern American State" (Roman J. Hoyos)

"William J. Novak’s The People’s Welfare and the New Historiography of the Early Federal State" (Gautham Rao)

"The Consequential State: Public Law and the Release of Energy in Nineteenth-Century America" (Kyle G. Volk)

"The People's Welfare, Police Powers, and the Rights of Free People of African Descent" (Kate Masur)

"From the Well-Regulated Society to the Modern American State" (Karen M. Tani)

"Response: The People’s Welfare Redux" (William J. Novak)

Book reviews
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Rechtsgeschichte - Legal History 25 (2017): Multinormativity, Criminal Law and Emotions

(image source: rechtsgeschichte)
The journal Rechtsgeschichte-Legal History, published in open access by the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt, released its 2017 issue.

Contents:

Focus 1: Multinormativity
Was ist ›Multinormativität‹? – Einführende Bemerkungen (Thomas Duve)
Collaborative Legal Pluralism. Confessors as Law Enforcers in Mercado’s Advice on Economic Governance (1571) (Wim Decock)
Formen und Konkurrenzen juristischer Normativitäten im »Ius Commune« und in der Differentienliteratur (17./18. Jh.) (Heinz Mohnhaupt)
Multinormativität in der Gelehrtenkultur? Versuche der Normierung »guter gelehrter Praxis« im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert (Marian Füssel)
Ehrengerichtliche Rechtsprechung im Kaiserreich und der Weimarer Republik. Multinormativität in einer mononormativen Rechtsordnung? (Peter Collin)
Normpluralismus als Ausdruck der Funktionsrationalität des Rechts (Oliver Lepsius)
Synästhetische Normativität (Daniel Daumler)
Translating Institutional Templates: A Historical Account of the Consequences of Importing Policing Models into Argentina (Matías Dewey, Daniel Pedro Míguez)
The History of National Contact Points and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (Sander van 't Foort)
Rechtspluralismus in der Rechtsgeschichte (Ralph Seinecke)
The Languages of Multinormativity (Gunnar Folke Schuppert)

Focus 2: Criminal Law and Emotions
Introduction: Criminal Law and Emotions in Modern Europe. With an Introductory Note on Images of Legal Feeling (Daphne Rozenblatt)
Negotiating Justice and Passion in European Legal Cultures, ca. 1500–1800 (Stephen Cummins)
Legal Insanity: Towards an Understanding of Free Will Through Feeling in Modern Europe (Daphne Rozenblatt)
Beyond Dispassion: Emotions and Judicial Decision-Making in Modern Europe (Pavel Vasilyev)
Rhetorical Engineering of Emotions in the Courtroom: the Case of Lawyers in Modern France (Gian Marco Vidor)

Research articles
Time, Law, and Legal History – Some Observations and Considerations (Andreas Thier)
Appetitus Socialis Berolinensis. Unternehmensrecht in der Berliner Republik (Jan Thiessen)

Book reviews
Rechtliche Gelegenheitsgedichte (Thilo Kunz)
Rechtspluralismen (Ralph Seinecke)
Eine Theorie mittlerer Reichweite (Peter Collin)
Von Gerichtslandschaften, Zentren und Peripherien (Caspar Ehlers)
Neue Forschungen zu alten Forschern. Über biographische Ansätze einer Historisierung der Mediävistik (Simon Groth)
Sobre los retos de pensar al Estado históricamente (Karla Escobar)
The Invention of the Printing Press: Changing Legal Culture in England (Niels Pepers)
El concepto de ley en los escolásticos salmantinos. Intereses y perspectivas cruzadas entre la historia de la filosofía y la historia del derecho (José Luis Egío)
Und grün des Lebens goldner Baum (Peter Oestmann)
»Zwei Seelen wohnen, ach! in meiner Brust …« – die zwei personae des Gesandten (Jessika Nowak)
Mit ›verbalen‹ und ›realen‹ Waffen kämpfen – italienische Diplomatie im langen Quattrocento (Jessika Nowak)
... el valore de’ prìncipi si cognosce dalla qualità degli uomini mandano fuora – gli incaricati di missioni diplomatiche di Massimiliano I (Jessika Nowak)
L’artista della negoziazione tra gli Stati: l’ambasciatore (Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina)
Zuviel der Ehre! (Milos Vec)
Mannigfaltig und veränderlich: Recht in der Geschichte der Diplomatie (Karl-Heinz Lingens)
Der Gemischtwarenladen des Europäischen Gesellschaftsrechts in den Niederlanden und Flandern (Jasper Kunstreich)
Seeleute in der frühen Neuzeit (Phillip Hellwege)
Columbus’s Inheritance. A New Edition of the (Misnamed) Pleitos Colombinos (José Luis Egío)
Multinormatividad cotidiana (Pilar Mejía)
Raza y nación en la longue durée del imperio español (siglos XVI–XIX) (Angela Ballone)
Koloniales Dreiecksverhältnis zwischen Religion, Sprache und Recht (Lorena Ossio Bustillos)
Normatividades religiosas en la conformación de un sistema jurídico colonial en México (David Rex Galindo)
Navegando hacia el Este. Nuevas investigaciones sobre la esclavitud en el Imperio Español (Max Deardorff)
Taking Legal Proceedings Seriously (Mariana Armond Dias Paes)
The Complexity of Settler Colonialism in Jamaica (Helen McKee)
»Protokonstitutionalismus« als eine neue Phase in der Geschichte der Verfassung des Alten Reiches? (Heinz Mohnhaupt)
Von den Schwierigkeiten, ein Imperium zu ordnen (Heinhard Steiger)
Recht und Arbeit in der französischen Geschichte (Michèle Dupré)
From Justice of the Peace to Women’s Rights: A Glimpse of Jean-Pierre Nandrin’s Contributions to Legal History (Quentin Jouan)
Gemeineigentum als Katalysator (Pamela Alejandra Cacciavillani)
In flagranti – Tötungsdelikte in der Ehe (Gerhard Fritz)
Fugitives and the Borderland in North America, 1819–1914 (Emily Whewell)
Escribir la historia global del derecho penal moderno (Alfons Aragoneses)
China als Spiegel der amerikanischen Rechtsidentität (Stefan Kroll)
Alter Kontinent neu (Ulrich Jan Schröder)
Quid novus on Schmitt and Space? (Caspar Ehlers)
The Epoch of Westintegration (Felix Lange)
Unity Through Law: Revisiting the Constitutionalisation of Europe (Karin Van Leeuwen)
Everyday Strategizing in Africa: Local Actors Negotiating State Norms, Histories and Local Custom (Katayoun Alidadi)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international XIX (2017), No. 3

(image source: Brill)
The Journal of the History of International Law/Revue d'histoire du droit international published its third issue.

Table of contents:
Emily Crawford, "Tracing the Historical and Legal Development of the Levée en Masse in the Law of Armed Conflict" (329-361)

Steven Harris, "Taming Arbitration: States’ Men, Lawyers, and Peace Advocates from the Hague to the War" (362-396)

Leonardo Valladares Pecheco de Oliveira, "Overcoming the Challenges in Establishing Arbitration in Brazil: A Historical Perspective" (397-421)

Book reviews:
"The Right to Wage War (jus ad bellum). The German Reception of Grotius 50 Years after De iure belli ac pacis , written by Harald H. Aure" (Frederik Dhondt) (423-428)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Giornale di Storia costituzionale n° 33 (2017/1): On Russia and around: visions and ideologies between past and present

(image source: University of Macerata)
The Giornale di Storia costituzionale published its 33th issue (2017, first Semester), featuring a theme issue "On Russia and around: visions and ideologies between past and present".

Table of contents:
Sommario / Contents:
Luigi Lacchè, Sulla Russia e dintorni / On Russia and aroundFONDAMENTI
Roberto Valle, Genealogie del costituzionalismo in Russia dal XVIII al XX secolo / The Genealogies of Russian constitutionalism from the 18th to the 20th centuriesRenata Gravina, Teorie e prassi delle costituzioni sovietiche e della costituzione post-sovietica del 1993: dall’URSS alla Federazione Russa / Theories and Practices of Soviet Constitutions and of the 1993’s Post-Soviet Constitution: from the USSR to the Russian FederationEvgeniy M. Kozhokin, Olga N. Zherelina, The nation at the change of epochs. Russian state and society at the turn of the XX century / La nazione nel mutamento di epoche. Lo Stato russo e la società al volgere del XX secoloTatyana Yu. Ampleeva, Julia A. Karaulova, Constitutional Control in Russia: issues of evolvement, theory and practice / Controllo costituzionale in Russia: elementi di evoluzione, teoria e prassiInna Vladimirovna Logvinova, Constitutional bases of the Russian Federation subjects’ international activity: historical context / Basi costituzionali dell’attività internazionale degli Stati federali della Federazione russa: il contesto storicoOlga Grigorieva, Constitutional basis for international cooperation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics / Basi costituzionali per la cooperazione internazionale dell’Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste SovieticheElena V. Voevoda, Anatoliy Yu. Belogurov, Lidiya P. Kostikova, Nadezhda M. Romanenko, Margarita V. Silantyeva, Language policy in the Russian Empire: legal and constitutional aspect / Politica della lingua nell’Impero russo: aspetti legali e costituzionaliStanislav Surovtcev, Historical aspects and the meaning of lobbying from a legal perspective / Aspetti storici e significato del lobbismo da una prospettiva giuridicaITINERARI
Genri T. Sardaryan, Dzerassa Eleeva , Post-revolutionary catholic social teaching: Risorgimento, Syllabus and the failed liberalization / L’insegnamento sociale cattolico post-rivoluzionario: Risorgimento, Sillabo e la liberalizzazione fallitaIgor Okunev, Capitals and capitalness: institutional and symbolic dimensions (comparative analysis of Russian and Italian cases) / Capitali e “capitalità”: dimensioni istituzionali e simboliche (analisi comparativa di casi russi e italiani)Igor Levakin, Juridification of freedom in Europe: legal history / Giuridicizzazione della libertà in Europa: storia legaleRobert Yengibaryan, The Institution of Presidency in the USA / L’istituzione della Presidenza negli USASergey G. Kamolov, Digital public governance: trends and risks / Governo pubblico digitale: tendenze e rischiMarina M. Lebedeva, Maxim V. Kharkevich, Elena S. Zinovieva, Ekaterina N. Koposova, The impact of information technologies on development of archaic state structures / L'impatto delle tecnologie dell’informazione sullo sviluppo di strutture statali arcaicheRICERCHE
Cristina BonImmaginare una nazione. Origini e contraddizioni del nation-building americano/ Imagining a nation. Origins and contradictions of the American nation-buildingMatteo Frau, L’equilibrio originario dei poteri di guerra nella Costituzione americana / The original balance of war powers in the US ConstitutionAlessandra Petrone, Carré de Malberg e l’eredità della Rivoluzione: sovranità nazionale versus sovranità del popolo / Carré de Malberg and the heritage of the Revolution: national sovereignty versus sovereignty of the people
LIBRIDO
Primo piano / In the foregroundGiuseppe Mecca legge / reads Romano Ferrari Zumbini, Tra norma e vita. Il mosaico costituzionale a Torino 1846-1849Venti proposte di lettura / Twenty reading proposalsMore information on the journal's website, where certain articles are available in open access (cf. green links above).
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ESCLH POSTGRADUATE CONFERENCE: Call for Papers, Augsburg University (22-24 Feb 2018); DEADLINE 31 OCT 2017

Postgraduate Conference in Comparative Legal History22–24 February 2018, Augsburg University, Germany
Call for Papers
The European Society for Comparative Legal History (ESCLH) is pleased to announce its first Postgraduate Conference. The ESCLH invites PhD-students (beyond their first year) and post-doctoral-researchers who work in the field of comparative legal history to participate in the conference. The conference will be held from 22 to 24 February 2018 at Augsburg University, Germany.The ESCLH wants to overcome the narrow nationalism and geographical segregation of legal history in contemporary European scholarship and professional organisations. The society, thus, aims to promote comparative legal history, the explicit comparison of legal ideas and institutions in two or more legal traditions.The first Graduate Conference of the ESCLH will give advanced PhD-students and post-doctoral-researchers the opportunity to present their research in the field of comparative legal history to a panel of six leading experts. Furthermore, the conference will give all participants the opportunity to build academic networks. The experts on the panel cover a broad range of subjects: Ulrike Babusiaux (Zürich), Mia Korpiola (Turku), Wim Decock (Leuven), Jan Hallebeek (Amsterdam), Aniceto Masferrer (Valencia), Stephen Skinner (Exeter).The ESCLH invites advanced doctoral candidates and post-doctoral researchers to submit abstracts for presentation. The abstract should be of no more than 300 words and give the title of your research project, your field of research, and your personal data (full name, email address, affiliated university, CV) to:phillip.hellwege@jura.uni-augsburg.de
The conference language is English and abstracts must be submitted in English. The closing date for receipt of abstracts is 31 October 2017. 12 applicants will be selected and invited to participate in the conference. Successful applicants will be informed by 15 December 2017. Participants are expected to cover their own travel expenses. Accommodation and catering will be provided without charge.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Jean-Louis HALPÉRIN, Introduction au droit en 10 thèmes [Séquences] (Paris: Dalloz, 2017), 300 p. ISBN 9782247169474, € 14,9


Jean-Louis Halpérin (ENS) published a new Introduction au droit.

Abstract:
Le présent ouvrage réinvente au travers de 10 séquences les grands thèmes abordés dans l'enseignement de l'introduction au droit. Liant histoire et sources du droit, hiérarchie des normes et droit européen, ces 10 séquences permettent d'aborder différemment la matière juridique en revenant sur les grandes notions qui la constituent mais également en proposant des situations qui montrent leur mise en application.Table of contents:
 1 Le droit créé par les lois
2 Le droit créé par les jugements
3 L'État créé par le droit
4 La constitution au sommet de chaque ordre juridique national
5 Le droit international et européen en surplomb
6 La défense des intérêts juridiquement protégés
7 Doctrines et sciences du droit
8 Unité et diversité du droit
9 Le travail des juristes et les cultures juridiques
10 Les pratiques des non-juristes et les représentations du droitMore information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

JOURNAL: Revue historique de droit français et étranger 2017/1

(image source: IHD)
The Institut d'histoire du droit (Paris II Panthéon-Assas) announced the new issue of the Revue historique de droit français et étranger:

Articles
- Anne Lefebvre-Teillard, 'Un précieux témoin de l'École de droit canonique parisienne à l'aube du XIIIe siècle: le manuscrit 649 de la bibliothèque municipale de Douai' (1-58)
- Julien Broch, 'L'intérêt général avant 1789. Regard historique sur une notion capitale du droit public français' (59-86)
- Mathilde Lemée, 'La "doctrine gouvernementale" de la justice administrative: l'exemple des projets de loi d'organisation du Conseil d'État (1833-1845) (87-104)

Comptes rendus (pp. 105-124)
Full list here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Dave DE RUYSSCHER, Albrecht CORDES, Serge DAUCHY & Heikki PIHLAJAMÄKKI (eds.), The Company in Law and Practice: Did Size Matter? (Middle Ages-Nineteenth Century) [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of Private Law, ed. C.H. van RHEE,...

(image source: brill)
Book abstract:This volume brings together nine chapters by specialist legal historians that address the topic of the scale and size of companies, in both legal and economic history. The bundled texts cover different periods, from the Middle Ages, the Early Modern Period, to the nineteenth century. They analyse the historical development of basic features of present-day corporations and of other company types, among them the general and limited partnership. These features include limited liability and legal personality. A detailed overview is offered of how legal concepts and mercantile practice interacted, leading up to the corporate characteristics that are so important today.
Contributors are: Anja Amend-Traut, Luisa Brunori, Dave De ruysscher, Stefania Gialdroni, Ulla Kypta, Bart Lambert, Annamaria Monti, Carlos Petit, and Bram Van Hofstraeten.Table of contents:
AcknowledgmentsList of Figures and Tables
IntroductionDave De ruysscher, Albrecht Cordes, Serge Dauchy and Heikki Pihlajamäki
1 What is a Small Firm? Some Indications from the Business Organization of Late Medieval German MerchantsUlla Kypta
2 Making Size Matter Less: Italian Firms and Merchant Guilds in Late Medieval BrugesBart Lambert
3 Late Scholasticism and Commercial Partnership: Persons and Capitals in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth CenturiesLuisa Brunori
4 Legal Structure of Early Enterprises—from Commenda-like Arrangements to Chartered Joint-Stock Companies (Early Modern Period)Anja Amend-Traut
5 Delving for Diversity in Early Modern Company Law: Mining Companies in Seventeenth-Century LiègeBram Van Hofstraeten
6 Incorporation and Limited Liability in Seventeenth-Century England: The Case of the East India CompanyStefania Gialdroni
7 From Commercial Guilds to Commercial Law: Spanish Company Regulations (1737–1848)Carlos Petit
8 Partnerships as Flexible and Open-Purpose Entities: Legal and Commercial Practice in Nineteenth-Century Antwerp (c. 1830–c. 1850)Dave De ruysscher
9 Form, Size, “Governance”: Remarks on Italian Late Nineteenth-Century CompaniesAnnamaria Monti
Index 
On the editors:
Dave De ruysscher, Ph.D. (2009), is Associate Professor at Tilburg University and at Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Being legal historian and lawyer, he specializes in the history of commercial and private law of the early modern period and the nineteenth century.

Albrecht Cordes is Professor of Medieval and Early Modern Legal History and Civil Law at the Goethe University Frankfurt/Main. His research is especially focused on the history of commercial law, Hanseatic legal history and the history of conflict resolution.
Serge Dauchy is Research Director at the CNRS (Lille-France) and Professor of Legal History at the University Saint-Louis of Brussels. His main research topics are the history of civil procedure, comparative history of central courts and the history of Québec.
Heikki Pihlajamäki is Professor of Comparative Legal History at the University of Helsinki. He has published extensively on the legal history of Scandinavia, Europe and America, including Conquest and the Law in Swedish Livonia (ca. 1630 – 1710): A Case of Legal Pluralism in Early Modern Europe (Brill, 2017).
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Ignacio DE LA RASILLA Y DEL MORAL, In the Shadow of Vitoria: A History of International Law in Spain (1770-1953) [Legal History Library; Studies in the History of International Law, 22/9] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Njihoff/Brill, Nov 2017), ISBN...

(image source: Brill)

Brill announced the forthcoming publication of In the Shadow of Vitoria: A History of International Law in Spain (1770-1953), written by Prof. dr. Ignacio de la Rasilla y del Moral (Brunel University, London).

Abstract:

In the Shadow of Vitoria: A History of International Law in Spain (1770-1953) offers the first comprehensive treatment of the intellectual evolution of international law in Spain from the late 18th century to the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War. Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral recounts the history of the two ‘renaissances’ of Francisco de Vitoria and the Spanish Classics of International Law and contextualizes the ideological glorification of the Salamanca School by Franco’s international lawyers. Historical excursuses on the intellectual evolution of international law in the US and the UK complement the neglected history of international law in Spain from the first empire in history on which the sun never set to a diminished and fascistized national-Catholicist state.On the author:
Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral, Ph.D. (2011) The Graduate Institute, Geneva, is Senior Lecturer in Law at Brunel University London. He has published and edited extensively in the fields of public international law and its history including Historia del Pensamiento Internacionalista Español del siglo XX (Thompson Reuters, 2012).  Table of contents:

Introduction
Chapter I - The Study of International Law in the Spanish Nineteenth Century
The Academic Study of International Law - An Early Spanish Awakening
Enlightened Despotism and the Study of the Law of Peoples in Spain
The Law of Peoples in Spain from the 1812 Constitution of Cadiz to the aftermath of the Independence of the Latin-American Republics
The First Professorships in International Law in Spain
Revolution in Spain and ‘Conscience Juridique de Monde Civilisée
The First ‘Professional’ Generation in Spain
The First ‘Renaissance’ of Francisco Vitoria

Chapter II – A Point of Inflection for International Law in Spain and the United States

The Spanish-American War – A Point of Inflection for International Law.
The Legacy of the Nineteenth Century in the U.S.’ International Legal Academia
The Insular Cases. The Standard of Civilization and Universal Particularism
Education and Spanish International Lawyers - The ‘Institutionist’ Creed
Revista de Derecho Internacional y Política Exterior
International Codification and The Hague Conferences
Colonial Policy of Substitution - The Moroccan Question.
The Founding of the American Society of International Law
James Brown Scott - the Omnipresent ‘amigo americano
Chapter III - The Silver Age of International Law in Spain
‘The Strongest Breakthrough for the World at Large’
The League - A Fundamental Transformation
The Spanish Policy of Prestige and Revisionism at the League and the Second ‘Professional‘ Generation of Spanish International Law Scholars
The Re-Awakening of the ‘International Community’ in the Interwar doctrine
The Founding of the Association Francisco de Vitoria
The Second Spanish Republic and International Law - A Principled Engagement with Internationalism
Chapter IV - The Spanish Civil War - Inter Armas Pugnant Leges
Non-Intervention in the ‘Last Great Cause’
Setting the Stage for the Localization of the Spanish Civil War and the League of Nations
International Legal Aspects of the Spanish Civil War
H. Lauterpacht and the Practitioner’s Approach to the Spanish Civil War
Francisco de Vitoria and the Spanish Civil War
Chapter V - Noli Foras Ire. In interiore Hispaniae Habitat Veritas
Unity of Fate in the Universal
The Fascist Mimesis of International Law in Spain and the Axis Temptation
The Vitorian Aftermath and Autarchic Ostracism
Hispanidad, International Law and International Re-Alignment
Conclusion

IndexMore information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

6th Annual Conference in South Africa: Mark your Calendar

Juris Diversitas - ven, 09/01/2017 - 19:34
Juris Diversitas will hold its 6th Annual Conference during the last week of June 2018 (25-29 June). 

Venue: 
Faculty of LawNorth-West University Potchefstroom
South Africa
Topic: Law, Roots & Space
Call for Papers to be sent shortly.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BOOK: Assaf LIKHOVSKI, Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel (New York: Cambridge University Press), 352 p. ISBN 9781107176294, £ 90

Assaf Likhovski (Tel Aviv University) published Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel in the “Studies in Legal History” series (Cambridge University Press).
(Image source: CUP)
About the Book:This book describes how a social-norms model of taxation rose and fell in British-ruled Palestine and the State of Israel in the mid-twentieth century. Such a model, in which non-legal means were used to foster compliance, appeared in the tax system created by the Jewish community in 1940s Palestine and was later adopted by the new Israeli state in the 1950s. It gradually disappeared in subsequent decades as law and its agents, lawyers and accountants, came to play a larger role in the process of taxation. By describing the historical interplay between formal and informal tools for creating compliance, Tax Law and Social Norms in Mandatory Palestine and Israel sheds new light on our understanding of the relationship between law and other methods of social control, and reveals the complex links between taxation and citizenship.
About the author:Assaf Likhovski is a professor of law and legal history at Tel-Aviv University Faculty of Law. He is the author of Law and Identity in Mandate Palestine (2006), which was awarded the Yonathan Shapiro Best Book Award in Israel Studies.

                                      
Table of contents:Introduction: the intimate fiscal state
Part I. The Rise of Income Taxation:
1. Before the income tax: Jewish Ottoman, and early mandatory taxation
2. The introduction of income taxation in mandatory Palestine
Part II. The Ascendancy of Social Norms:
3. Taxation without law: the Jewish voluntary tax system
4. Law and social norms in early Israeli taxation
Part III. The Transformation of Israeli Taxation and its Law:
5. The rise of tax experts: accountants, lawyers, and economists
6. The transformation of tax law: doctrinal and legislative changes

More information: http://www.cambridgeblog.org/2017/07/forgotten-lives-and-universal-lessons/
Catégories: Comparative Law News

SCHOLARSHIP: Lourdes Lascurain de Doucet & Gaston Ducet Library (DEADLINE 15 SEP 2017)

(image source: MPI Frankfurt)
The MPI for European Legal History has a scholarship available to work on the library of Lourdes Lascurain de Doucet and Gaston Doucet. The scholarship supports a stay in Frankfurt for scientific research related to the library collection, starting between January and March 2018, for maximum 90 days (lump sum of € 44/day). Travel costs will be reimbursed. An appartment at the Institute can be rented at about € 650/month.

The scholarship is specifically directed at scholars who do not reside in Frankfurt, or come from Latin America.

Information concerning the application (in Spanish):
Para facilitar el acceso a la colección a jóvenes investigadoras e investigadores no residentes en Frankfurt, especialmente provenientes de América Latina, interesados en hacer uso de este importante fondo, el Instituto Max Planck para la Historia del Derecho Europeo otorga anualmente un subsidio para una estancia de investigación durante un periodo de 3 meses en el Instituto. La primera convocatoria de la “Beca Doucet” se encuentra abierta y el plazo para el envío de las aplicaciones es el día Viernes 15 de Septiembre de 2017, para una estancia de Enero a Marzo de 2018 (02.01-30.03.18). Concretamente, el apoyo consta de: 44 € diarios, por un máximo de 90 días; reembolso del tiquete aéreo (hasta 1000 € para vuelos trasatlánticos, 500 € para vuelos desde Europa). Además existe la posibilidad de alquilar una habitación en las residencias del Instituto (disponible para meses completos y costos approx. 650 € por mes). Pueden presentarse jóvenes investigadores que presenten propuestas sobre la historia del derecho colonial, directamente relacionados con las monografías y ediciones de fuentes que conforman el Fondo Doucet. Para consultar los títulos que conforman el Fondo, puede acceder al catálogo de la biblioteca del instituto e ingresar “Provenienz Doucet” en el campo de búsqueda básica del Opac: https://sunrise.rg.mpg.de/webOPAC Las aplicaciones (CV, descripción del proyecto y carta de motivación en relación al uso del Fondo Doucet) se recibirán hasta el 15 de Septiembre 2017, dirigidas al Prof. Thomas Duve, al correo electrónico: sekduve@rg.mpg.de.More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

ARTICLE: Anne HOLTHOEFER, Construction International Crime: Lawyers, States, and the Origin of International Criminal Prosecution in the Interwar Period (Law & Social Inquiry XLII (2017), No. 3, 711-743)


Anne Holthoefer (Saint Anselm College) published an article on the "construction of international crime" and the interbellum.

Abstract:
This article explains the development of international crime as a legal category. I argue that states’ pursuit of political rights claims empowers international lawyers to develop new legal categories to grant states new tools to pursue their interests. At the same time, lawyers have a stake in defending the autonomy of law from politics, thus pushing for the development of legal norms and institutions that go beyond the original state intent. States’ turn to law thus begets more law, expanding the legal and institutional tools to solve international problems while simultaneously enforcing a commitment to principles of legality. To demonstrate the plausibility of the theory, the article studies the construction of the concept of an international crime in the interwar period (1919–1939). In response to the Allies’ attempt to prosecute the German Emperor, international lawyers sought the codification of international criminal law and drafted enforcement mechanisms. The interwar legal debate not only introduced international crime into the legal and political vocabulary, it also legitimized a new set of institutional responses to violations of international law, namely, international criminal prosecution.Source: International Law Reporter.
More information with Wiley.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

CONFERENCE: Humanitarianism and the Remaking of International Law: History, Ideology, Practice, Technology (Melbourne, 31 May-1 June 2018)

(image source: BloggerConference Humanitarianism and the Remaking of International Law: History, Ideology, Practice, Technology
Call for Papers: Deadline 1 September 2017
The language and logic of humanitarianism occupy an increasingly central place in international law. Humanitarian reason has shaped the ideology, practice, and technologies of international law over the past century, including through the redescription of the laws of war as international humanitarian law, the framing of mass displacement and armed conflict as ‘humanitarian’ crises, the use of humanitarian justifications for intervention, occupation, and detention, and the representation of international law as an expression of the conscience of humanity.
For some, this trend is clearly positive – international law is reimagined as humanity’s law, humanity as the alpha and omega of international law. Yet critics have pointed to the dark side of these developments and of the humanitarian logic operating within international law, arguing that consolidation of the laws of war has served the interests of powerful groups and states at key moments of potential challenge to existing systems of rule, humanitarianism has been taken up as a language to rationalise the violence of certain forms of occupation, intervention, and warfare, international humanitarian law has displaced other more constraining forms of law as the world becomes imagined as a global battlefield, humanitarian NGOs have served as a fifth column that has enabled particular forms of social transformation and constrained others, and a supposedly impartial humanitarianism has displaced politics.
This conference will bring together scholars working in law, history, international relations, and political theory to think critically about the ideology, institutions, practices, and technologies that condition modern humanitarianism and its relation to international law. Confirmed speakers include Amanda Alexander, Leila Brännström, Markus Gunneflo, Helen Kinsella, Martti Koskenniemi, Dino Kritsiotis, Frédéric Mégret, Naz Modirzadeh, Gregor Noll, Rose Parfitt, Hani Sayed, Ntina Tzouvala, Boyd van Dijk, and Fabia Veçoso. Selected papers will be published in an edited collection by a leading publisher.
Paper proposals related to the conference theme are now invited. Possible topics for papers include:
  • laws of war and the social question
  • international humanitarian law and revolution
  • decolonisation and the remaking of international humanitarian law
  • humanitarian intervention and occupation in international law and history
  • humanitarian and securitisation responses to dispossession, displacement, and refugees
  • international humanitarian law and the framing of civil war
  • international humanitarian law and national liberation movements
  • incidents and events in the history of international humanitarian law-making
  • humanitarian law and human rights law in the 'global' battle space
  • humanitarian organisations and the politics of intervention
  • the relation of humanitarianism and counter-terrorism in international law
  • knowledge production and international humanitarian law
  • humanitarian law and visual culture 
  • international humanitarian law and practices of distinction
  • the technologies of humanitarian law and war
  • humanitarian law and algorithmic warfare
  • humanitarianism and the penal turn in international law
  • the meanings of humanitarian law across time and space
  • the political economy of international humanitarianism
  • critical geographies of international humanitarian law
  • international law after humanity
Those proposing papers for presentation at the Conference should submit a one page abstract and brief bio by email to Professor Anne Orford at laureate-intlaw@unimelb.edu.au by 1 September 2017. 
(source: International Law Reporter)
Catégories: Comparative Law News

BIBLIOGRAPHY: David Berg Foundation for Law and History, Tel Aviv University (bibliography on Israeli legal history)

(image source: Tel Aviv University)
David Schorr reports on H-Law that a new bibliography of Israeli legal history has been published by the David Berg Foundation Institute for Law and History at Tel Aviv University.

More information here.
Catégories: Comparative Law News

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