Legislation and target groups
There are two levels of legislation covering equity: a federal and a provincial one. These laws and their related reporting requirements allow the governing bodies to ensure equal access to employment and to monitor the situation experienced by certain groups.
- As of April 1, 2001, the province of Quebec implemented a new Employment Equity legislation.
- Compliance and monitoring fall under the jurisdiction of La Commission des Droits de la Personne et des Droits de la Jeunesse (CDPDJ).
- It applies to public bodies that employ 100 or more persons such as colleges, universities, school boards, etc.
- In this initial phase, the employers are to provide the Commission with numbers of persons in the various positions within the targeted groups.
- The Federal Contractors Program (FCP) applies to provincially regulated employers with a workforce of 100 or more employees. It was initiated by a Cabinet decision in 1986.
- Specifically, FCP applies to contractors that receive federal government contracts of $200,000 or more.
- The obligation is to conduct a workforce analysis to identify any under-representation for the four designated groups compared to the total population.
- Data on the hiring, promotions and terminations must also be provided and analyzed.
|Aboriginal people: Inuit, Métis or North American Indian - status or non-status - are considered aboriginal people.||Aboriginal people: Inuit, Métis or North American Indian - status or non-status - are considered aboriginal people.|
|Visible minorities: Persons who are members of a minority because of race or skin colour.||Visible minorities: Persons who are members of a minority because of race or skin colour.|
|Ethnic minorities: Persons other than aborigines or persons of a visible minority, whose mother tongue is neither French nor English.||Persons with disabilities: Persons who have a significant or persistent physical, mental, psychiatric, sensory, developmental or learning impairement.|
|Persons with disabilities: Persons who have a significant or persistent physical, mental, psychiatric, sensory, developmental or learning impairement.|