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Legislation and target groups

There are two levels of legislation covering equity: a federal and a provincial one. These laws and their related reporting requirements allow the governing bodies to ensure equal access to employment and to monitor the situation experienced by certain groups.

Provincial legislation

  • As of April 1, 2001, the province of Quebec implemented a new Employment Equity legislation.
  • Compliance and monitoring fall under the jurisdiction of La Commission des Droits de la Personne et des Droits de la Jeunesse (CDPDJ).
  • It applies to public bodies that employ 100 or more persons such as colleges, universities, school boards, etc.
  • In this initial phase, the employers are to provide the Commission with numbers of persons in the various positions within the targeted groups. 

Federal legislation

  • The Federal Contractors Program (FCP) applies to provincially regulated employers with a workforce of 100 or more employees. It was initiated by a Cabinet decision in 1986.
  • Specifically, FCP applies to contractors that receive federal government contracts of $200,000 or more.
  • The obligation is to conduct a workforce analysis to identify any under-representation for the four designated groups compared to the total population.
  • Data on the hiring, promotions and terminations must also be provided and analyzed.

Target groups

 

Provincial

Federal

Women Women
Aboriginal people: Inuit, Métis or North American Indian - status or non-status - are considered aboriginal people. Aboriginal people: Inuit, Métis or North American Indian - status or non-status - are considered aboriginal people.
Visible minorities: Persons who are members of a minority because of race or skin colour. Visible minorities: Persons who are members of a minority because of race or skin colour.
Ethnic minorities: Persons other than aborigines or persons of a visible minority, whose mother tongue is neither French nor English. Persons with disabilities: Persons who have a significant or persistent physical, mental, psychiatric, sensory, developmental or learning impairement.
Persons with disabilities: Persons who have a significant or persistent physical, mental, psychiatric, sensory, developmental or learning impairement.