Jessica van Horssen
Jessica van Horssen is a Postdoctoral Fellow in Quebec Environmental History is at McGill University and l’Université du Québec à Trois Rivières and specializes in the global asbestos trade, specifically, the town of Asbestos, Quebec. Her research interests include the histories of science, medicine, and the environment, as well as technology, culture, and risk. She completed her dissertation, Asbestos, Quebec: The Town, the Mineral, and the Local-Global Balance Between the Two, at the University of Western Ontario, and explored the historic connection between bodies of land, human bodies, and the body politic in this complex community. While completing her dissertation, Jessica also wrote a digital graphic novel based on her research, (http://megaprojects.uwo.ca/asbestos/), and produced a short online documentary series on the history of Asbestos (http://niche-canada.org/ehtv?page=1).
While preparing her monograph based on her dissertation for publication with UBC Press, Jessica is beginning her new project on transnational environmental contamination and justice, which focuses on the relationship between the asbestos mining communities of Quebec and the asbestos processing communities of the northeastern United States. In this work, she explores place-based understandings of risk and sacrifice within an industry that demanded both, and details the choices local populations made on each side of the border to shape the global industry for much of the 20th century.
I am currently a SSHRC postdoctoral fellow at McGill University under the supervision of Prof. Brian Cowan, where I am continuing to pursue my interests in early modern Britain, publicity, identity, empire, print culture, and more. In 2011, I completed a dissertation entitled “Talking Scot: English Perceptions of Scotland during the Regal Union,” which I am currently revising into a book manuscript. My postdoctoral research springs from this fascination with the dynamics of an internal empire and contemporary attempts to digest this situation through conversation. My new project therefore retains similar themes but expands the parameters of inquiry. Specifically, I am interested in the role that the empire proper played in the British imagination in its earliest stages, and have begun investing how people talked about the wealthy sugar-producing colony of Barbados in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries.
I am also a dedicated instructor, and though I am not teaching during the 2011-2012 academic year, I have taught a variety of seminars and lectures at the University of Alberta and at Queen’s University. Passionate in my belief that engagement with students is a worthy activity in itself, that it inspires the researchers of the future, and that it improves the quality of my own work by continuously exposing me to new perspectives and new questions, I look forward to returning to the classroom soon.
sarah [dot] waurechen [at] mail [dot] mcgill [dot] ca (Email Sarah Waurechen)
After originally studying aerospace engineering, Leslie Tomory completed his PhD at the University of Toronto on the history of the gaslight industry 1780-1820. His revised thesis will be published as a book entitled Progressive Enlightenment: The Origins of the Gaslight Industry 1780-1820 by MIT Press in early 2012. The book argues that the gas industry was representative of new trends that formed a second wave of industrial development in the Industrial Revolution. Specifically, the industry was based on technology that drew heavily from contemporary science, a characteristic more commonly associated with the late 19th century; that the industry used management structures and practices associated with complex businesses that incorporated large scale technologies; and that the the industry relied on extensive financing through capital markets, the first case of a new technology to do so. The book also explores a variety of other themes, including why Britain industrialized before the rest of Europe, the role of coal in its industrialization, and the effects of the Enlightenment's ambition of having science render a service to society. He has also published a number of journal articles on these and other subjects in Annals of Science, History of Science, British Journal for the History of Science, Notes and Records of the Royal Society, Ambix, and Technology and Culture.
Leslie's research interests include the interaction between science, technology and business in the Industrial Revolution throughout Europe, as well as the history of pneumatic chemistry. Currently a Mellon postdoctoral fellow, he is exploring how early industrial infrastructure networks, such as water supply systems, canals, and gas networks, were built and stabilized.
See here for details about research publications.
ltomory [at] gmail [dot] com (Email Leslie Tomory)
Passionnée par l’histoire de la santé, l’histoire militaire et l’histoire des femmes, Mélanie Morin-Pelletier s’intéresse depuis plusieurs années aux soins infirmiers militaires. Pendant ses études à la maîtrise, elle a examiné le vécu et l’expérience de guerre des infirmières militaires canadiennes de la Grande Guerre (Briser les ailes de l’ange. Les infirmières militaires canadiennes, 1914-1918, Athéna Éditions, 2006). Sa thèse doctorale porte sur la réinsertion civile des infirmières vétérans torontoises et montréalaises et sur leur participation au développement des réseaux de soins de santé et de services sociaux de l’entre-deux-guerres. Titulaire d’une bourse postdoctorale du CRSH, Morin-Pelletier étudie maintenant les grandes oubliées de l’historiographie, les infirmières vétérans des Maritimes. Elle veut faire la lumière sur leur contribution à l’expansion des réseaux sociosanitaires et dévoiler l’héritage qu’elles ont légué à la société civile de l’entre-deux-guerres. Morin-Pelletier travaille sous la supervision de la Professeure Suzanne Morton.
Don Nerbas holds a SSHRC postdoctoral fellowship at McGill University. His research interests span into a variety of areas, including the development of political and economic elites in Canada during the 19th and 20th centuries, the history of capitalism and regional economies, and the social history of ideologies. He recently completed a dissertation at the University of New Brunswick that examines the shifting accumulation and political strategies of Canada’s big bourgeoisie from 1917 to 1947, a period of political and economic crisis that significantly impaired the political effectiveness of wealthy Canadians intent on restoring the old order. He is in the process of preparing his dissertation for publication as a book. He has also published articles in the Canadian Historical Review, Acadiensis, Manitoba History, and the Journal of the Canadian Historical Association.
At McGill University, Don will pursue a postdoctoral project under the supervision of Professor Suzanne Morton. The project will examine the political economy of the post-Second World War “Golden Age” in Canada within the transnational context of the Cold War. The postdoctoral research will explore the economic, political, and ideological factors that caused the rise and fall of the so-called “Golden Age,” a paradoxically dynamic yet stable phase of capitalist expansionism that ran from the end of the 1940s to the early 1970s – and was felt throughout the advanced capitalist world. Emphasizing the dynamic interaction between ideologies, politics, and economic forces, the project sets out to tell the story of how Canadian capitalism and the country’s capitalist class adjusted and, for a time, prospered during the postwar period. While illuminating developments in a distinct era of Canadian capitalism, this research also promises to offer some much-needed historical perspective on contemporary public policy questions as we experience yet another period of economic crisis with uncertain outcomes.
don [dot] nerbas [at] unb [dot] ca (Email Don Nerbas)
Eva Alice Christine Ekholst, PhD in History, Stockholm University
I hold a postdoctoral fellowship at McGill funded by Wenner-Gren Foundations (Stockholm, Sweden). My main research interests concerns gender, sexuality, legal history and crime history during the Middle Ages. In my doctoral thesis For Each Criminal, a Punishment (Brill, forthcoming) I analyzed concepts of gender and legal responsibility in Swedish medieval law. I demonstrate that the various Swedish medieval laws depart from an implicit male legal subject and this influence the structure and function of the laws. The implicit male legal subject is presumed to be a free, land owning peasant who is the master of his household. All other social categories tend to be secondary both as possible victims and as perpetrators. One main aspect of the thesis is a discussion of the development of female legal responsibility. I argue that legal responsibility for women was introduced gradually in medieval Sweden. Legislators tended to place liability on women only for crimes they connected to female perpetrators and in particular for crimes that were considered very serious and which led to the death penalty. With the introduction of a law valid for the entire kingdom (replacing regional legislation), the criminal law has to some extent become gender-neutral. By the mid 14th century women had been introduced as possible perpetrators for almost all serious crimes while, respectively, men had been integrated in the law as possible perpetrators of femininely coded crimes such as witchcraft.
I am now pursuing a postdoctoral project under the supervision of Professor Nancy Partner. My postdoctoral research concerns medieval women's use of violence and is entitled Violent Women. Female Violence in Medieval law, Literature and Historical Writings. Violence tended to be closely linked to masculinity during the Middle Ages. But what happened if a woman used violence? Did she break societal and gender norms or did she in fact successfully adapt to a male norm? How physically violent women are described during the Middle Ages tend to vary depending on the type of violence used, the purpose of the violence and which social categories the women belong to. It also varies depending on the type and age of the historical source. I claim that descriptions of women using violence filled several different functions in the medieval society. It could serve as a warning by depicting violent women very negatively and as aberrations to their gender. However, it could also reinforce a violent male norm by idealizing the women. These positive descriptions often underline the women’s noble background and stress that their violence is justifiable (most often used for revenge). Lastly, female women could also be ridiculed, which was more often the case if the women came from a lower social group. My postdoctoral project examines these different aspects of medieval female violence and seeks to understand which functions it filled in the legal context, in historical writings and in fiction.
eva [dot] ekholst [at] mail [dot] mcgill [dot] ca (Email Christine Ekholst)
I am currently a Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at McGill University. Before accepting this position, I was a full-time Curator at the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments, Harvard University. For the past 10 years, I have studied instrumentation from the 17th to the 20th centuries. For my dissertation (Harvard, 2008) I focused the research on the relationship between artisans, savants and machines in early modern France. The dissertation is entitled Habits of Knowledge: Artisans, Savants and Mechanical Devices in Seventeenth-Century French Natural Philosophy. Since 2000, I have co-written and co-edited two prize-winning volumes as well as several articles and book reviews dealing with instruments and instrument making. For more information, visit my blog: jfgauvin2008.wordpress.com
jean-francois [dot] gauvin [at] mail [dot] mcgill [dot] ca (Email Jean-François Gauvin)
I work on the history and philosophy of early modern European science, particularly alchemy and chemistry from the seventeenth-century Scientific Revolution to the eighteenth-century Chemical Revolution. My research includes the historical ontology of chemical concepts, the didactic origins of chemistry, matter and elemental theories, chemical philosophies, imponderable fluid theories, Enlightenment scientific culture and the relationship between natural philosophy, religion and occultism.
My doctoral dissertation (Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto) explores the interplay between vitalism, mechanism and materialism in early modern French and British perceptions of matter and corresponding methodologies. Examining a series of interlinked scientific debates, it offers a new understanding of the relationship between early modern chemistry, natural philosophy and the emergent life sciences through the development and application of the notion of ‘scientific style’. Parts of my work appeared in Annals of Science, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, Historia Scientiarum, and edited volumes. I am currently completing work on a book entitled Matter and Method in the Long Chemical Revolution (Ashgate) and co-editing a volume on Controversies Within the Scientific Revolution (John Benjamins).
As a Tomlinson Postdoctoral Fellow, I carry out research on the early Parisian Royal Academy of Sciences, focusing on a multifaceted confrontation between (al)chemical agendas and (meta)physical doctrines, especially during the protectorate of the Academy’s establisher Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1666-1682), situating that period in the multiple contexts of matter theories, empiricism, religion, politics and the Scientific Revolution.
victor [dot] boantza [at] mail [dot] mcgill [dot] ca (Email Victor Boantza)