Quick Links

"Health Information Technologies in Geriatrics and Gerontology: A Mixed Systematic Review," Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

Published: 24 Jan 2014

Authors: Vedel, Isabelle; Akhlaghpour, Saeed; Vaghefi, Isaac; Bergman, Howard; Lapointe, Liette

Publication: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, November 2013

Abstract: 

Objective: To review, categorize, and synthesize findings from the literature about the application of health information technologies in geriatrics and gerontology (GGHIT).

Materials and Methods: This mixed-method systematic review is based on a comprehensive search of Medline, Embase, PsychInfo and ABI/Inform Global. Study selection and coding were performed independently by two researchers and were followed by a narrative synthesis. To move beyond a simple description of the technologies, we employed and adapted the diffusion of innovation theory (DOI).

Results: 112 papers were included. Analysis revealed five main types of GGHIT: (1) telecare technologies (representing half of the studies); (2) electronic health records; (3) decision support systems; (4) web-based packages for patients and/or family caregivers; and (5) assistive information technologies. On aggregate, the most consistent finding proves to be the positive outcomes of GGHIT in terms of clinical processes. Although less frequently studied, positive impacts were found on patients' health, productivity, efficiency and costs, clinicians' satisfaction, patients' satisfaction and patients' empowerment.

Discussion: Further efforts should focus on improving the characteristics of such technologies in terms of compatibility and simplicity. Implementation strategies also should be improved as trialability and observability are insufficient.

Conclusions: Our results will help organizations in making decisions regarding the choice, planning and diffusion of GGHIT implemented for the care of older adults.

Category:
Source Site: /desautels

Connect with the Desautels Faculty of Management

Desautels Faculty of Management at McGill on FacebookDesautels Faculty of Management at McGill on TwitterFollow the Desautels Faculty of Management University page on LinkedInDesautels Faculty of Management at McGill, BCom Program on LinkedInDesautels Faculty of Management at McGill, MBA Program on LinkedInDesautels Faculty of Management at McGill on YouTubeDesautels Faculty of Management at McGill on Facebook

Research at the Desautels Faculty of Management

Accounting at Desautels Faculty of ManagementFinance at Desautels Faculty of ManagementInformation Systems at Desautels Faculty of ManagementMarketing at Desautels Faculty of ManagementOperations Management at Desautels Faculty of ManagementOrganizational Behaviour at Desautels Faculty of ManagementStrategy and Organization at Desautels Faculty of ManagementHealth Care at Desautels Faculty of Management