Science Research news
Fourteen of the 156 new 2012 Vanier Scholars will be attending McGill University, coming from countries as diverse as Australia, Belgium, Peru and the United States, as well as from Canada.
Cachexia, a syndrome characterized by rapid weight loss and muscle deterioration, is a major cause of death among patients suffering from diseases like cancer, AIDS and chronic infection. Now, a newly published study by McGill University researchers shows that a low dose of Pateamine A is effective at preventing cancer-induced muscle wasting, which may lead to cachexia-fighting drugs.
Whether it is for research into clean energy sources, the future of wireless communication or a better understanding of the processes involved in language learning, over 160 established McGill researchers and more than 80 graduate students will benefit from support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) over the next five years.
Prof. Ehab Abouheif, Dept. of Biology and a research team investigated which genes were being expressed during the development of antennae in male water striders. The antennae are used to grasp the females during mating. They then modified gene expression to see how this would be expressed in antennae development and success in mating. By doing so they were able to watch evolution in action.
McGill University is building on longstanding research collaborations with Brazil by announcing four partnership agreements with Brazilian universities. These agreements are being signed this week by Prof. Heather Munroe-Blum, Principal and Vice-Chancellor of McGill University.
The McGill University and Génome Québec Innovation Centre is pleased to announce that they have been awarded funding totalling $7.6 million over a two-year period from Genome Canada’s 2010 Competition. This award, a record for Québec, will fund the operations of the Innovation Centre as well as the services offered to scientific communities in Québec, the rest of Canada and around the world.
A current controversy raging in evolutionary biology is about whether adaptation to new environments is the result of many genes, each of relatively small effect, or just a few genes of large effect. A new study published in Molecular Ecology by McGill biologist Andrew Hendry and a colleague from Basel University strongly supports the first “many-small” hypothesis.
Nine McGill researchers were among the 132 newly awarded or renewed Canada Research Chairs just announced by the Honourable Gary Goodyear, Minister of State for Science and Technology. The McGill CRCs work in fields ranging from social statistics and family change to the cognitive neuroscience of attention and expectation.
In a study published in Nature, Alfonso Mucci, of the Department of Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences worked with colleagues from Concordia University to study the chemical makeup of sediment samples from oceans around the world to show how iron oxides can remove carbon dioxide from our atmosphere.
For those involved in managing the fallout from environmental disasters such as oil spills, it is essential to have tools that predict how the oil will move. McGill Engineering professor George Haller has worked with Prof. Josefina Olascoaga,from the University of Miami to develop a method that does not simply track: it actually forecasts major changes in the way that oil spills will move.
A research team led by neuroscientists Drs. Daniel Levitin and Vinod Menon, from McGill and Stanford Universities, analyzed the scores of close to 2,000 musical compositions written by more than 40 composers over the last 400 years in a large variety of Western musical genres. They discovered a mathematical formula governing the rhythmic patterns to which every single piece of music conformed.
A team of researchers led by McGill neuroscientist Terence Coderre, who is also affiliated with the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, has found the key to understanding how memories of pain are stored in the brain. More importantly, the researchers are also able to suggest how these memories can be erased, making it possible to ease chronic pain.
Researchers have discovered they can induce supersoldiers in Pheidole ant species that never had them before. These supersoldier anomalies represent dormant ancestral potential that can be invoked by changes in the environment. These findings are groundbreaking for evolutionary theory, because they show there is dormant genetic potential that can be locked in place for a very long time.
Users of game designed by McGill researchers contributing to analysis of DNA sequences Thousands of video game players have helped advance our understanding of the genetic basis of diseases such as Alzheimer’s, over the past year. They are the users of a web-based video game developed by Dr. Jérôme Waldispuhl of McGill's School of Computer Science and collaborator Mathieu Blanchette.