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User resistance has long been acknowledged as a critical issue during information technology implementation. Resistance can be functional when it signals the existence of problems with the IT or with its effects; it will be dysfunctional when it leads to organizational disruption.
Policy initiatives for Health Information Technology: A qualitative study of U.S. expectations and Canada's experience
Objective: To investigate lessons learned from national policy initiatives in Canada and U.S. with respect to health information technical infrastructure, data standards, and interoperability; and to identify the implications of these lessons for other policy makers, as they guide the future of their own healthcare information technology initiatives.
In this paper, we consider the design problem of a public service facility network with existing facilities when there is a threat of possible terrorist attacks. The aim of the system planner, who is responsible for the operation of the network, is to open new facilities, relocate existing ones if necessary, and protect some of the facilities.
Local knowledge building is a crucial factor for upgrading small producers and improving their market competitiveness and livelihoods. The rise of global standards affecting food safety and environmental sustainability in agriculture sparks debates on the impact on smallholders in developing countries.
This special feature calls for forward thinking around paths of convergence for agriculture, health, and wealth. Such convergence aims for a richer integration of smallholder farmers into national and global agricultural and food systems, health systems, value chains, and markets.
In this paper, we describe our ongoing effort on the design and development of a knowledge-based system for monitoring and analyzing evidence-based population health indicators, with focus on indicators of chronic diseases related to obesity.
Seasonal energy storage operations with limited flexibility: The price-adjusted rolling intrinsic policy
The value of seasonal energy storage depends on how the firm operates storage to capture seasonal price spreads. Energy storage operations typically face limited operational flexibility characterized by the speed of storing and releasing energy, which makes the optimal policy, in general, difficult to compute.
McGill University and Intellectual Ventures have announced a partnership that provides an additional avenue for McGill faculty to commercialize their inventions and discoveries.
Mandatory IFRS Adoption and the Contractual Usefulness of Accounting Information in Executive Compensation
We examine how the mandatory adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in continental Europe affects the contractual usefulness of accounting information in executive compensation, as reflected in pay-performance sensitivity (PPS) and relative performance evaluation (RPE).
Why do women continue to earn less money than men -- approximately 20% less, according to some estimates -- and what can be done about it? At least half the pay gap reflects the fact that women tend to work in different kinds of occupations and industries than men, a phenomenon known as "gender segregation."
We’ve known for a while that the vestibular system in the inner ear is responsible for helping us keep our balance. And while researchers have already developed a basic understanding of how the brain constructs our perceptions of ourselves in motion, until now no one has understood the crucial step by which the neurons in the brain select the information needed to do so.
With widespread hunger continuing to haunt developing nations, and obesity fast becoming a global epidemic, any number of efforts on the parts of governments, scientists, non-profit organizations and the business world have taken aim at these twin nutrition-related crises. But all of these efforts have failed to make a large dent in the problems...
Lessons from the Canadian national health information technology plan for the United States: Opinions of key Canadian experts
Objective: To summarize the Canadian health information technology (HIT) policy experience and impart lessons learned to the US as it determines its policy in this area. Design: Qualitative analysis of interviews with identified key stakeholders followed by an electronic survey.
Do Women Choose Different Jobs from Men? Mechanisms of Application Segregation in the Market for Managerial Workers
This paper examines differences in the jobs for which men and women apply in order to better understand gender segregation in managerial jobs. We develop and test an integrative theory of why women might apply to different jobs than men.