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How might musical experience affect speech processing? Relation of musical skills to speech perception and speaker recognition

Event

13 Feb 2014 16:00
to
17:00
BRAMS Laboratory : BRAMS - 0120 1430 boul Mont Royal, Montreal, Québec H2V 4P3 Canada Map
Price: Admission is free

Abstract:

Although evidence suggests that music and language perception may be dissociable, there are also data demonstrating a relation between musical skills and the processing of lexical tones. Music conservatory students, unfamiliar with tonal languages, have demonstrated higher accuracy in identifying, discriminating, and imitating the four lexical tones of Mandarin Chinese, as compared to university students who had not received conservatory training. The nature of this advantage has not been fully explored, but it appears to be maintained after some training in tone discrimination. This “musician advantage” may also extend to learning other unfamiliar phonetic contrasts (e.g., vowels and consonants). Studies are proposed to test the advantage in cross-language perception of prosodic cues (important for speech segmentation and stress perception) and talker identification.

Bio:

Dr. Gottfried is a Professor of Psychology at Lawrence University in Wisconsin. His research interests include:

  •     Second language learning and the perception and production of speech;
  •     Effect of musical training on speech perception and production;
  •     Effect of vocal instruction on acoustics of the singing voice;
  •     Influence of literary form on comprehension and memory;
  •     Characteristics of autobiographical memory seen in literary memoir



Contact Information

Contact: Lisa Coady
Organization: CRBLM
Office Phone: 514.398.6962